Why Is My Cat Peeing Blood?

You are doing your normal scooping of the litterbox and you notice drops of blood outside or in the box, what does this mean? Blood in your cat‘s urine is always a concern and can be due to a variety of issues from stress to lower urinary tract disease.

In some cases, urine may appear normal and the bleeding can be on a microscopic level. When cats are urinating blood, the owner often discovers it because of the other symptoms that tend to happen at the same time, these include:

This symptom can be seen with a variety of heath conditions and if noticed, your cat should see a veterinarian. More commonly what cats have is Pandora Syndrome which does not in most cases have a bacterial component and treatment consists more of just an antibiotic. The underlying causes are likely due to multiple factors: among these include bladder and hormone abnormalities, obesity, environmental stressors, history of early adverse experience or severe stressful events, living with other cats, infections, urinary stones, and/or rock-hard collections of minerals formed in the urinary tract of cats which obstructs the normal flow.

The obstruction can be due to several causes, including, obstructions such as urethral plugs, urinary stones, strictures, or tumors and can occur secondary to urethral spasm or swelling secondary to inflammation in the lower urinary tract. Left untreated, the urethral obstruction can lead to kidney failure and death within 24 to 48 hours. At your veterinary visit, your vet will perform an exam and diagnostics to rule out the known causes of blood in urine and form a diagnosis.

A urine culture test is a method of identifying the specific bacteria that may be causing a urinary tract infection. Monitor your cat‘s behavior and elimination patterns and be sure to alert your veterinarian to any changes or concerns. Keep your cats active with play and food puzzle toys to help prevent obesity.

Do your best to provide your cat with a routine and consistent schedule and be aware of the stress caused by changes such as construction in the home, vacation, etc. If you ever feel as though your cat is experiencing a urinary tract problem, especially if they are straining to urinate and seem uncomfortable, please seek veterinary attention.

How do I treat blood in my cat's urine?

Medication: Your veterinarian may prescribe any of a number of medications (e.g., antibiotics or urinary acidifiers) depending on the underlying cause of your cat’s hematuria..Surgery: Surgical procedures, like those that remove bladder stones, may be necessary in some cases.

What would cause a cat to pee blood?

The two major causes of blood in a cat’s urine are cystitis and feline lower urinary tract disorder or FLUTD. What is hematuria? Blood in the urine is called hematuria. Hematuria can be identified by the presence of pink, red, brown or black urine or by the microscopic presence of blood cells.

Can blood in cat urine go away on its own?

Unfortunately, these issues won’t go away on their own. In most cases, they’ll get worse if they’re left untreated. Bladder infections, for example, can progress into kidney infections.

How can I treat my cats UTI at home?

The acidity of cranberries can lower the pH of your cat’s urine, which can help treat a UTI and stop it from coming back. Many cranberry juices are high in sugar. Instead, you can find cranberry capsules (pills), supplements, or powder to add to your cat’s diet.

Cherished Companions Animal Clinic is a veterinary clinic in Castle Rock, Colorado. Specializing in the care of cats and dogs, our goal is to help you and your pet feel more comfortable, keeping your stress to a minimum.

If your cat is straining to pee but is unable to produce any urine, seek immediate veterinary help. In most cases, theyll get worse if theyre left untreated.

This means your cats kidney function will decrease. It all depends on the length of time youve waited to seek help. You may start discovering blood spots on your rugs, furniture or a pile of clothes.

It jumped up and peed in the sink while the family was doing dishes! Antibiotics (usually available as an injection, tablet or liquid, so you can choose what works best for your cat) Lots of fresh water Pain relievers A special calming diet and/or Dietary supplements Well add to it if your cat is having recurring issues.

Your cat should go back to using the litter box pretty consistently within a couple of days. Occasionally, your cat will get gastrointestinal upset from the oral medications. This article is intended to provide general guidance on what to do if your cat is peeing blood.

If you have specific questions or concerns, please contact your local veterinarian. 2019, Cherished Companions Animal Clinic, All Rights Reserved

Why does my cat have blood in his urine?Cystitis, or bladder inflammation, is a common and painful condition in cats that can cause bloody urine. If your cat has ever shown signs of pain when urinating or passed small amounts of urine in odd places around the house, keep reading to learn about diagnosing and treating cystitis.Are you concerned about your pet? Book a video consultation with an experienced veterinarian within minutes. Professional vet advice online Unlimited vet visits – for just $90 Open 24 hours a day, 365 days a year Rating: 4.9 – more than 1600 reviewsRating: 4.9 – more than 1300 reviewsRating: 4.9 – more than 1600 reviews Book Video Consultation Signs of Cystitis in CatsFrequent visits to the litter boxPain while urinating. Your cat might vocalize or squat for extended times*Straining to urinate*Peeing bloodUrinating frequently in unusual places (eg on beds, floor)Over-grooming around the genital area (because cystitis causes pain and irritation of these places too)*VERY IMPORTANT to differentiate this from signs of a blocked bladder! See this article for further information.Causes of Cystitis in CatsUnlike humans, cystitis is often not caused by a bacterial infection. Around 60-70% of cystitis in cats is classified as Feline Idiopathic Cystitis or FIC. In these cases, a cause is not determined. However, these cats all suffer from the signs listed above.Other causes of cystitis or bloody urine include:Bacterial infection. Though less common, older cats that have chronic kidney disease or diabetes are at much higher risk of infection.Bladder stonesBladder growths such as tumors or polypsIf you suspect cystitis, you must seek treatment from a vet as soon as possible. A blocked bladder is a true emergency. While cystitis isnt quite as life-threatening, it is uncomfortable and in some cases may progress to cause a blockage with a urethral plug.Diagnosis of Cystitis in CatsYour vet will examine your cat and should be able to determine the size of the bladder, ruling out a blockage. They will recommend collecting a urine sample to look for signs of infection, stones, or other underlying causes such as diabetes. In older cats, blood tests may be recommended as well.Further tests can include bladder ultrasound (very sensitive if stones or polyps are suspected), bladder x-rays, and less commonly, bladder biopsy or cystoscopy.Treatment of Cystitis in CatsCystitis is always painful, so the number one priority is to administer painkillers. There is a range of options from opioids to anti-inflammatories. Your vet will be the best judge of whats appropriate.Fluids are sometimes given subcutaneously or intravenously to encourage frequent emptying of the bladder. Also, your vet may recommend additional water in the diet to increase their intake at home (see below for tips on how to increase your cats water consumption).Dietary change may be appropriate for some patients to change the pH or reduce the formation of bladder crystals/stones. Some bladder stones can be successfully dissolved with a correct diet.Antibiotics are appropriate only if an infection is suspected.Longer-term medications such as anti-anxiety drugs may be used in persistent cases of FIC.Prevention of Cystitis in CatsIf an underlying cause is detected, treatment is crucial to preventing recurrence. Unfortunately, FIC can be a recurring problem even if no underlying disease is identified.Risk factors for FIC include:Middle-agedOverweightCats that are inactive and exercise very littleReduced water intakeA multi-cat householdPrevention of FIC should include a weight control diet and consideration of environmental factors:There should be adequate access to litter boxes, preferably the number of cats in the house +1. These should be situated in accessible areas, if the house is very large, more litter boxes may be necessary.If there is a multi-cat household, any inter-cat aggression/bullying should be identified and minimized. Aggression can be subtle and consulting a behaviorist could be appropriate. Cats are often solitary creatures and prefer somewhere to sleep away from the others. Giving them a safe high perch and a quiet room can help.Using anti-stress pheromones such as Feliway around the house may help. If there is a strong suspicion of stressors that cant be easily resolved, tricyclic antidepressants may be prescribed. These are not usually a first-line treatment but play a part in reducing the recurrence of long-term FIC.Ensuring an enriched environment (eg scratching posts, toys) and making time to play with your cat can also help.Water Intake is very important. Cats can be encouraged to drink by flavoring the water or providing a water fountain. Adding additional water to the diet is also appropriate.Read more:Feline Lower Urinary Tract DiseaseNoise Anxiety in Cats and DogsSeparation Anxiety in CatsNeed to speak with a veterinarian regarding your cat‘s blood or another condition?Click here to schedule a video consult to speak to one of our vets. You can also download the FirstVet app from the Apple App Store and Google Play Stores.Dr. Fiona StrangeLast updated: 2021-10-31

What Is Hematuria (Blood in the Urine)?

Hematuria is the medical term used to describe blood in the urine. When this happens, you may notice orange or red tinged urine or blood clots. In some cases, urine may appear normal and the bleeding can be on a microscopic level. In these cases, blood will be detected by diagnostics and laboratory analysis.

Causes of Blood in Cat Urine

When cats are urinating blood, the owner often discovers it because of the other symptom’s that tend to happen at the same time, these include:

Pandora Syndrome

Bacterial UTI’s occur much less frequently in cats than in dogs, with only one to two percent of cats suffering from UTI’s in their lifetime. More commonly what cats have is Pandora Syndrome which does not in most cases have a bacterial component and treatment consists more of just an antibiotic.Disease of the lower urinary tract is one of the most common problem in cats. It involves inflammation and discomfort in the bladder and the urethra which is the tube leading from the bladder out of the body. This has gone by various names, FLUTD (Feline Lower Urinary Tract Disease) or FIC (Feline Idiopathic Cystitis, Idiopathic means the cause is unknown) and most recently, Pandora Syndrome.Pandora syndrome, like the name implies, has no single cause. The underlying causes are likely due to multiple factors: among these include bladder and hormone abnormalities, obesity, environmental stressors, history of early adverse experience or severe stressful events, living with other cats, infections, urinary stones, and/or rock-hard collections of minerals formed in the urinary tract of cats which obstructs the normal flow.Cats with Pandora syndrome most often show signs of bladder inflammation, difficulty and pain when urinating, increased frequency of urination, urinating outside of the box and blood in the urine. Often cats who have Pandora Syndrome will have chronic urinary issues that wax and wane.

Urethral Obstruction

A cause of blood in your cat’s urine that is an emergency is a urethral obstruction. This condition, is most common in male cats, but can be seen in female cats as well. This is because the urethra of a male cat is much longer and much narrower than that of a female cat, and so is more susceptible to becoming blocked.A urethral obstruction occurs when there is an obstruction in the urethra, the tube that carries urine from the bladder to the outside of the body. The obstruction can be due to several causes, including, obstructions such as urethral plugs, urinary stones, strictures, or tumors and can occur secondary to urethral spasm or swelling secondary to inflammation in the lower urinary tract. When this happens, it is difficult or impossible for a cat to empty the bladder, making it a life-threatening emergency. If you cat is having trouble urinating, they should be seen by a veterinarian immediately. Left untreated, the urethral obstruction can lead to kidney failure and death within 24 to 48 hours.

Other Causes

Diseases such as diabetes and hyperthyroidism can cause lower urinary tract disease in cats. Although, they are less common causes, hematuria can also be caused by constipation, tumors of the urinary tract, congenital abnormalities (birth defects), or injury to the urinary tract or spinal cord.

Treatment

If you notice blood in your cat’s urine, its best to contact your veterinarian immediately. At your veterinary visit, your vet will perform an exam and diagnostics to rule out the known causes of blood in urine and form a diagnosis.These include:

Always do what’s best for your cat

If your cat is straining to pee but is unable to produce any urine, seekFor the other scenarios, take action quickly. Reach out to your veterinarian as soon as you can.These issues can become serious and costly before you know it.