Which Mountain Range Makes the Northeastern Border of Spain?

The two most important mountain ranges of France are the Alps and the Pyrenees. The highest peak is the Mont Blanc 4,808 metres above sea level and is in the Haute Savoie region of the French Alps.

Terms in this set (12) Found where the Mediterranean Sea joins the Atlantic Ocean; The countries of Spain and Portugal are located on the Iberian Peninsula. The Pyrenees are the home of a variety of peoples , including the Andorrans, Catalans, Barnais, and Basques.

Separating France from Spain, this mountain range creates an imposing and continuous barrier between the Mediterranean and the Atlantic across a distance of 430km. The Pyrenees Mountains separates this country from the rest of Europe . As its eastern alpine cousin the Pyrenees are well known for their sharp peaks.

What mountain range borders Spain?

The Pyrenees, nature at its peak. The Pyrenees extend for more than 400 kilometres between Navarre, Aragon and Catalonia. Acting as a natural border between Spain and the rest of Europe, this mountain range runs horizontally along the north of the country.

Which mountain range creates the border between Spain and France?

The Pyrenees Mountains

The Pyrenees are a range of mountains in southwestern Europe that form a natural border between France and Spain. They separate the Iberian Peninsula from the rest of continental Europe, and extend for about 267 miles (430 km) from the Bay of Biscay to the Mediterranean Sea.

The Spanish Pyrenees are part of the following provinces, from east to west: Girona, Barcelona, Lleida (all in Catalonia), Huesca (in Aragon), Navarra (in Navarre) and Gipuzkoa (in the Basque Country). In the extreme south of Spains mainland lie the Straits of Gibraltar , which separate the Iberian peninsula and the rest of Europe from Ceuta and Morocco in North Africa .

The Spanish mainland is bordered to the south and east almost entirely by the Mediterranean Sea (except for a small land boundary with Gibraltar); to the north by France, Andorra, and the Bay of Biscay; and to the west by the Atlantic Ocean and Portugal. The majority of Spains peninsular region consists of the Meseta Central, a highland plateau rimmed and dissected by mountain ranges.

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Do people live in the Pyrenees Mountains?

The Pyrenees are the home of a variety of peoples , including the Andorrans, Catalans, Béarnais, and Basques.

What separates Africa from Europe quizlet?

What separates Africa from Europe ? The Pyrenees Mountains separates this country from the rest of Europe .

What are the Pyrenees famous for?

The Pyrenees mountains form one of the seven mountain ranges of France alongside the Alps, the Vosges, the Jura, the Massif Central, the Armorican Massif and the Corsican Massif. As its eastern alpine cousin the Pyrenees are well known for their sharp peaks.

What mountain range borders Spain Gaul?

The Pyrenees are a range of mountains in southwestern Europe that form a natural border between France and Spain. They separate the Iberian Peninsula from the rest of continental Europe, and extend for about 267 miles (430 km) from the Bay of Biscay to the Mediterranean Sea.

Pyrenees

Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article.The Pyrenees long have been a formidable land barrier between Spain and Portugal on the Iberian Peninsula and the rest of Europe; as a consequence, these two countries traditionally have developed stronger associations with Africa than with the rest of Europe, and they have become tied to the sea. From Carlit Peak (9,584 feet) near the eastern limit of the Pyrenees to the peaks of Orhy and Anie, a succession of mountains rise nearly 9,800 feet; at only a few places, all well to the west, can the chain be crossed through passes lower than 6,500 feet. In both the lower eastern and northwestern sectors, rivers dissect the landscape into numerous small basins. The range is flanked on both sides by broad depressions—the Aquitaine and Languedoc to the north and the Ebro to the south—both receiving waters from the major rivers flowing out of the mountains, the Garonne of France and the major tributaries of the Ebro of Spain.

Geology

The Pyrenees represent the geologic renewal of an old mountain chain rather than the more recent and vigorous mountain-building process that characterizes the Alps. The Variscan (or Hercynian) orogeny, a mountain-building event that lasted from the late Devonian Period to the early Permian Period (a span of time extending from 370 million to 290 million years ago), generated the folded region that is now occupied by the present-day Pyrenees (The earliest formations, which were sediments severely folded over a granitic base, were submerged and covered by secondary sediments. They later were lifted once again into two parallel chains running to the north and south of the original Hercynian massif. These became the two zones of pre-Pyrenean ridges—of which the Spanish is the more fully developed—that are now great spurs of the main chain of the Pyrenees. This most-recent period of uplift was caused by the collision of the Iberian and European tectonic plates that began during the second half of the Cretaceous Period (100.5 million to 66 million years ago); however, the majority of the mountain building associated with this collision occurred during the Eocene and Oligocene epochs (56 million to 23 million years ago).Under the forces of folding, the more recent and comparatively more plastic layers folded without breaking, but the original rigid base fractured and became dislocated. In the vicinity of the breaks, hot springs appeared and some metal-containing deposits formed. This upheaval affected chiefly the central and eastern regions. During this era, erosion continued incessantly, and, in the most exposed of the raised areas, weathering wore away the softer terrain and uncovered the old Hercynian sedimentary formations, occasionally reaching the deeper granitic bedrock.Even today the old rocks, slates, schists, limestones transformed into marble (all of which come from old sediments transformed by great pressures and enormous heat), and granites of various kinds make up the spine, or axial zone, of the chain. The geologic phases of this zone, which rises and widens from west to east and ends by sinking, with a steep drop of nearly 9,800 feet, into the depths of the Mediterranean, have determined the evolution of the massif as a whole.

Physiography

The structure of the Pyrenees is characterized by patterns of relief and of underlying structure running in a north–south sequence (like the base rock); these alternate with depressions, some of which are the result of internal deformations, others of erosion of less resistant overlying deposits. In a cross section directly through the central area, where the tectonic activity reached its fullest width and development, it is possible to distinguish, from north to south, two strips of the comparatively recent pre-Pyrenean fold, one Spanish and one French, in juxtaposition with the axial massifs. An outer strip to the north consists of folds constituting the Petites Pyrénées. Cut into channels, they permit the passage of rivers. Nearer the middle of the range rise the Inner Ridges, represented by the mighty cliffs of the Ariège, which contain the primary, or granitic, axial zones. On the Spanish side the series is repeated in the opposite direction, but it is more highly developed and thicker. Thus the Interior Ridges—e.g., Mount Perdido and the massif of Collarada—are sometimes higher than the neighbouring primary axial peaks. They are followed, to the south, by a broad, pre-Pyrenean, middle depression, with a succession of marine and continental deposits of varying hardness that constitute the valleys of such tributaries of the Ebro as the Aragón. This depression continues across the rest of the pre-Pyrenean ridges, among which are new secondary outcrops that form the fringe of Exterior Ridges and the northern rim of the depression of the Ebro; they are not, however, as thick or as important as the Interior Ridges.From the structure of their relief and from the climatic conditions (especially on the south) that derive from the geographic situation of the chain, the Pyrenees have been divided into three natural regions: the Eastern (or Mediterranean), Pyrenees, the Central Pyrenees, and the Western Pyrenees. The different vegetation, the linguistic divisions of the people, and—to a point—certain ethnic and cultural distinctions appear to confirm this classification.