When Can a Male Dog Breed?

This article was co-authored by Pippa Elliott, MRCVS. Dr. Elliott, BVMS, MRCVS is a veterinarian with over 30 years of experience in veterinary surgery and companion animal practice. She graduated from the University of Glasgow in 1987 with a degree in veterinary medicine and surgery. She has worked at the same animal clinic in her hometown for over 20 years.

The groomer he goes to, owns a golden cocker spaniel and is very keen to breed using my young, tri coloured dog. This is all new to me, hence I needed and got some great answers eg is he too immature etc?!”

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How do you know when a male dog is ready to mate?

Signs seen during this phase include a swollen vulva, blood-tinged discharge, excessive licking of the genital area, clingy behavior, and aggression toward male dogs. … Your dog may also hold her tail close to her body.

At what age can a male dog get a female dog pregnant?

A male dog usually reaches sexual maturity when they are over a year old, however they usually begin puberty when they are six months to eight months old. They can impregnate a female dog from the point of puberty on.

Can a 5 month old male dog get a female pregnant?

Male dogs are sexually active year-round and can be capable of siring puppies when they’re as young as 5 months, but they are most fertile after 12-to-15 months of age, once they are fully physically mature.

Humans take years to develop. Dogs though, in our eyes, mature almost overnight. One morning you have an adorable little puppy on your hands, and the next your puppy is starting to act like a teenager, complete with mood swings and behavioral changes. Sexual maturity is an important part of this process, and it is something that we need to understand if we want to be responsible dog owners. Here is what you need to know about sexual maturity to keep your puppy healthy and prevent unwanted breedings.

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Male dogs, like females, attain puberty at different ages. Smaller breeds normally become fertile at a younger age, than larger breeds. Across all breeds, the average age for being able to mate is 6 12 months. Thus most male dogs will be fertile by the time they are 1 year old.

Recommendations for the minimum age of breeding a male dog generally ranges from 1 to 2 years. a young dog has yet to fully develop and as such may not reach full sexual maturity until the 12 15 months of age.

Like humans, male dogs stay fertile from puberty until the end of their lives. Reason being that in old age, health issues may appear that makes it inadvisable to complete the mating process. From the AKC, we find two reasons to hold back on breeding older dogs.

First, as a dog grows older, he will become less fertile and unable to reliably sire puppies. This could mean that the puppies develop weaker traits like the coat or markings, are slower and potentially more prone to illness. There are occasions when older dogs successfully sire good quality litters.

For purebreds, kennel clubs often have restrictions on the minimum age of the stud as well as health requirements for the resulting litter to be registered. Being who he is, he will likely display his natural sexual instincts, making him harder to control than normal. 1) Make sure he has reached puberty.If he is too young, he wont be sexually mature and therefore unable to sire puppies.

Thus, in order to ensure consistently quality sperm, collection should happen no more often than every few days. That said, if a male dog is not bred on a regular basis it is possible to harvest good quality sperm every day. If you have a male dog and you are thinking of allowing it to mate, then you should bear a few things in mind before you go ahead.

Approach a good breeder to find a suitable female for your dog to mate with. If you are worried a lot about pedigree and purity of breed, check the certification of the dog before going ahead. One should be careful with over breeding a male dog as it can lead to the popular sire syndrom.

When Do Puppies Reach Sexual Maturity?

The timing of sexual maturity is largely size- and breed-dependent. So, talk to your vet and breeder about your puppy. Sexual maturity in puppies typically begins to occur between 6-to-9 months of age, although certain giant breeds may not reach sexual maturity until they are older.However, most dogs are at least 9-to-11 months old before their growth plates close. This also varies based on size and breed. Many veterinarians believe it can be harmful to spay or neuter your dog before the growth plates close. The reason is that such procedures can alter hormones, which are critical to proper bone growth.

Spaying & Neutering

The most important decision you need to make as your puppy reaches sexual maturity involves spaying and neutering. Unless you plan on breeding or showing your dog, many veterinarians recommend spaying and neutering.Timing is an important consideration, in addition to whether or not to spay or neuter at all. Allowing a female pup to have one heat cycle helps to be sure she is mature and finished growing. When a puppy is spayed or neutered before reaching full maturity, there may be a risk of future orthopedic problems. In puppies, hormones instruct the growth plates when to close. Spaying before puberty causes the growth plates, which are still open, to remain open longer. This can make the dog or bitch orthopedically out of balance.AKC Canine Health Foundation-funded research has led to the following conclusion: “Most dogs in the United States are spayed or neutered, and for years the procedures have been completed prior to maturity. The research suggests that veterinarians should be more cautious about the age at which they spay and neuter in order to protect the overall health of dogs.”Research results have shown that early spay or neuter (before the age of 12 months) can impact the incidence of different types of cancer, hip dysplasia, and development of canine cruciate ligament ruptures.In an article entitled “Long-Term Health Risks and Benefits Associated with Spay / Neuter in Dogs,” author Laura J. Sanborn, M.S. says: “An objective reading of the veterinary medical literature reveals a complex situation with respect to the long-term health risks and benefits associated with spay/neuter in dogs. The evidence shows that spay/neuter correlates with both positive and adverse health effects in dogs. It also suggests how much we really do not yet understand about this subject.”“The decision of when and whether to spay or neuter a dog isn’t one to be taken lightly,” says Dr. Jerry Klein, AKC chief veterinarian officer. “The AKC believes that these important decisions should be made on an individual basis by the owner of the dog in conjunction with his or her veterinarian.”

Can male dogs go into heat?

So far we can generally divide breeding a male dog into 3 phases.Before the dog has fully sexually matured, it is not optimal to let him mate. Once he reaches old age, breeding may once again become inadvisable.Therefore, the best age is in between. When he is fully sexually mature and his health is still in excellent condition. This is often somewhere between 18 – 24 months and 7-9 years of age.For purebreds, kennel clubs often have restrictions on the minimum age of the stud as well as health requirements for the resulting litter to be registered.

Going ahead

If you are still interested in proceeding with allowing your dog to breed, it is better to plan out the breeding and take adequate measures to prevent your dog from breeding with strays as it increases the population of dogs on the street.Approach a good breeder to find a suitable female for your dog to mate with.Check the lineage of the mate and try to ascertain if there are any hereditary disorders that may be passed on.It is essential to check that your dog is healthy in all respects and the vaccinations that need to be administered to the dog are given and is up-to-date.If you are worried a lot about pedigree and purity of breed, check the certification of the dog before going ahead.Both the dogs have to undergo courtship to get to know each other before mating. If the dogs are mating for the first time, the female may become very nervous and a good breeder will know how to calm the dog to allow successful mating.One should be careful with over breeding a male dog as it can lead to the popular sire syndrom. In this case a male dog is breed so much that the offspring will eventually mate with each other, increasing the chances of genetic diseases in future generations.Once there is no longer a desire to breed the male dog. It is often advised to have him neutered. One occasion for this could be when he enters the later stages of life.