What Were Dachshunds Bred For?

Dachshunds are scent hound dogs bred to hunt badgers and other tunneling animals, rabbits, and foxes. Hunters even used packs of Dachshunds to trail wild boar. Today their versatility makes them excellent family companions, show dogs, and small-game hunters.

Do you have young kids, throw lots of dinner parties, play in a garage band, or lead a hectic life? Breed isn’t the only factor that goes into affection levels; dogs who were raised inside a home with people around feel more comfortable with humans and bond more easily.

Mouthy dogs are more likely to use their mouths to hold or “herd” their human family members, and they need training to learn that it’s fine to gnaw on chew toys, but not on people. Mouthy breeds tend to really enjoy a game of fetch, as well as a good chew on a toy that’s been stuffed with kibble and treats. These breeds generally aren’t a good fit for homes with smaller pets that can look like prey, such as cats, hamsters, or small dogs.

Nordic dogs such as Siberian Huskies were bred to range long distances, and given the chance, they’ll take off after anything that catches their interest. Originally bred to perform a canine job of some sort, such as retrieving game for hunters or herding livestock, they have the stamina to put in a full workday. They need a significant amount of exercise and mental stimulation, and they’re more likely to spend time jumping, playing, and investigating any new sights and smells.

When picking a breed, consider your own activity level and lifestyle, and think about whether you’ll find a frisky, energetic dog invigorating or annoying. These dynamos need lots of training to learn good manners, and may not be the best fit for a home with young kids or someone who’s elderly or frail. You can’t help but smile when you look at a confident Dachshund, proudly carrying his long, muscular body on short legs, his elongated head held high with a bold, intelligent look in his eyes.

Their long, sturdy tails, extending straight from the spine, provided hunters with a “handle” to pull the Dachshund out of the burrow. Their deep chest with ample lung capacity gave them the stamina to hunt, and their long noses enabled them to be good scent hounds. Inviting visitors over regularly, and taking him to busy parks, stores that allow dogs, and on leisurely strolls to meet neighbors will also help him polish his social skills.

Symptoms of a problem include an inability to raise up on the rear legs, paralysis, and sometimes loss of bowel and bladder control. Some owners have found that they can help ward off problems by taking their Dachshunds to chiropractors, acupuncturists, or rehabilitation therapists who have experience working with dogs. The dog is unable to belch or vomit to rid itself of the excess air in its stomach, and the normal return of blood to the heart is impeded.

Two-colored Smooth Dachshunds usually are black, chocolate, wild boar (grizzled), gray (blue) or Isabella (fawn) with tan or cream markings. For all varieties and sizes of Dachshunds, you need to pay special attention to their droopy ears, which can be a breeding ground for fungus, bacteria, and mites. As you groom, check for sores, rashes, or signs of infection such as redness, tenderness, or inflammation on the skin, in the ears, nose, mouth, and eyes, and on the feet.

What were Dachshunds originally used for?

They Were Bred to Hunt Badgers. Despite their small size, Dachshunds are brave and fierce. Over time, they were bred in different varieties to hunt different kinds of prey.

What two dogs were bred to make a Dachshund?

The dachshund was bred in Germany hundreds of years ago to hunt badgers. “Dach” means badger and “hund” means dog. The three varieties of dachshund, smooth-, wire-,and long-coated, originated at different times. The smooth was the first and arose from a mixture of a miniature French pointer and a pinscher.

What animal were Dachshunds originally bred to fight?

Although Dachshunds’ origins can be traced back to the 15th century, it’s in the 17th century in Western Germany that Dachshunds were specifically bred to sniff out and hunt down badgers and other burrow-dwelling animals like mice and rabbits. Dachshund, in german, actually means Badger-Dog!

Why were Dachshunds bred with short legs?

Dachshunds have short little legs due to a genetic condition called chondrodysplasia, a type of dwarfism. They were purposely bred this way to be able to run through the dense undergrowth and burrow down into the earth to hunt badgers.

The dachshund (UK: /dkshnd, -nd, -hnt/ DAKS-huund, -nd, -huunt or US: /dkshnt, -hnd, -nt/ DAHKS-huunt, -huund, -nt;[1][2][3][4] German: “badger dog”), also known as the wiener dog, badger dog, and sausage dog, is a short-legged, long-bodied, hound-type dog breed. They may be smooth-haired, wire-haired, or long-haired.

Look up Dachshund in Wiktionary, the free dictionary.A standard long-haired dachshundA black and tan miniature dachshundThe name dachshund is of Germanorigin and literally means “badger dog,” from Dachs (“badger”) and Hund (“hound, dog”). [11] Many dachshunds, especially the wire-haired subtype, may exhibit behavior and appearance that are similar to that of the terrier group of dogs.

Its skin is loose enough not to tear while tunneling in tight burrows to chase prey. The dachshund has a deep chest which provides plenty of space for heart development and lung capacity. Patterns such as dapple (merle), sable, brindle and piebald also can occur on any of the base colors.

Dachshunds in the same litter may be born in different coat colors depending on the genetic makeup of the parents. The reds range from coppers to deep rusts, with or without somewhat common black hairs peppered along the back, face and ear edges, lending much character and an almost burnished appearance; this is referred to among breeders and enthusiasts as an “overlay” or “sabling”. Upon closer examination, however, one can observe that along the top of the dog’s body, each hair is actually banded with red at the base near the skin transitioning to mostly black along the length of the strand.

[18] This characteristic has led them to be quite a recognizable breed, and they are featured in many jokes and cartoons, particularly The Far Side by Gary Larson . Dachshunds are playful, but as hunting dogs can be quite stubborn, [21] and are known for their propensity for chasing small animals, birds, and tennis balls with great determination and ferocity. Some day, if I ever get a chance, I shall write a book, or warning, on the character and temperament of the dachshund and why he can’t be trained and shouldn’t be.

I would rather train a striped zebra to balance an Indian club than induce a dachshund to heed my slightest command. [22] If left alone too frequently, some dachshunds are prone to separation anxiety and may chew objects in the house to relieve stress. A double dapple long-haired dachshundDachshunds can be difficult to housebreak, and patience and consistency are often needed in this endeavor.

According to the American Kennel Club’s breed standards, “the dachshund is clever, lively and courageous to the point of rashness, persevering in above and below ground work, with all the senses well-developed. [35] Their temperament and body language give the impression that they do not know or care about their relatively small size. [39] The risk of injury may be worsened by obesity , jumping, rough handling, or intense exercise, which place greater strain on the vertebrae .

In addition, studies have shown that development of calcified discs is highly heritable in the breed. A minimally invasive procedure called “percutaneous laser disk ablation” has been developed at the Oklahoma State University Veterinary Hospital . [45] Originally, the procedure [46] was used in clinical trials [46] only on dachshunds that had suffered previous back incidents.

Since dachshunds are prone to back issues, the goal is to expand this treatment to dogs in a normal population. In addition to back problems, the breed is prone to patellar luxation where the kneecap can become dislodged. In some double dapples, there are varying degrees of vision and hearing loss, including reduced or absent eyes.

[51] Not all double dapples have problems with their eyes and/or ears, which may include degrees of hearing loss, full deafness, malformed ears, congenital eye defects, reduced or absent eyes, partial or full blindness, or varying degrees of both vision and hearing problems; but heightened problems can occur due to the genetic process in which two dapple genes cross, particularly in certain breeding lines. [52] When occurring genetically within the eyes or ears, this white mutation can be detrimental to development, causing hearing or vision problems. Other dachshund health problems include hereditary epilepsy , [53] granulomatous meningoencephalitis , dental issues, Cushing’s syndrome , thyroid [53] and autoimmune problems, various allergies [55] and atopies , and various eye conditions including cataracts , glaucoma , progressive retinal atrophy , [53] corneal ulcers, nonucerative corneal disease, sudden acquired retinal degeneration , and cherry eye .

Dachshunds are also 2.5 times more likely than other breeds of dogs to develop patent ductus arteriosus , a congenital heart defect. Since the occurrence and severity of these health problems is largely hereditary, breeders are working to eliminate these. An old-style dachshund showing the longer legsThe first verifiable references to the dachshund, originally named the ” Dachs Kriecher ” (“badger crawler”) or ” Dachs Krieger ” (“badger warrior”), came from books written in the early 18th century.

Though the breed is famous for its use in exterminating badgers and badger-baiting , dachshunds were also commonly used for rabbit and fox hunting, for locating wounded deer , and in packs were known to hunt game as large as wild boar and as fierce as the wolverine . Double-dapple dachshunds, which are prone to eye disease, blindness, or hearing problems, are generally believed to have been introduced to the United States between 1879 and 1885. [28] Others believe it was a cross from a miniature French pointer and a pinscher; others claim that it was developed from the St. Hubert Hound , also a bloodhound, in the 18th century, [63] and still others believe that they were descended from Basset Hounds , based upon their scent abilities and general appearance.

One theory is that smooth dachshunds would occasionally produce puppies which had slightly longer hair than their parents. [68] The stigma of the association was revived to a lesser extent during World War II , though it was comparatively short-lived. Kaiser Wilhelm II and German Field Marshal Erwin Rommel were known for keeping dachshunds.

Several races across the United States routinely draw several thousand attendees, including races in Germantown, Tennessee ; Bossier City, Louisiana ; Buda, Texas ; Davis, California ; Phoenix, Arizona ; Los Alamitos, California ; Findlay, Ohio ; Milwaukee , Wisconsin ; Oklahoma City , Oklahoma ; Kansas City, Kansas ; Palo Alto, California ; and Shakopee, Minnesota . There is also an annual dachshund run in Kennywood , located in Pittsburgh , Pennsylvania , called the Wiener 100, in Huntington, West Virginia called the Dachshund Dash and in Lovettsville, Virginia as part of the town’s annual Oktoberfest celebration. Another favorite sport is earthdog trials , in which dachshunds enter tunnels with dead ends and obstacles attempting to locate either an artificial bait or live but caged (and thus protected) rats.

Dachshunds are one of the most popular dogs in the United States, ranking 13th in the 2016 AKC registration statistics. There are organized local dachshund clubs in most major American cities, including New York, New Orleans, Portland, Los Angeles, and Chicago. Die Dackelfamilie mit Jger und Magd (The Dachshund family with Hunter and Maid) by Adolf Eberle

The puppy, named Dunker, never left Germany after Kennedy started to get allergic reactions. [78] Lump ( pronounced [lmp] ; German for “rascal”), the pet of Pablo Picasso , who was thought to have inspired some of his artwork. Jack Ruby , the killer of Lee Harvey Oswald , had a dachshund named Sheba, which he often referred to as his wife.

[79] Andy Warhol had a pair of dachshunds, Archie and Amos, whom he depicted in his paintings and mentioned frequently in his diaries. Upon arriving at Archduke Franz Ferdinand ‘s country seat, chteau Konopit , on a semi-official visit, they promptly proceeded to do away with one of the Austro-Hungarian heir presumptive ‘s priceless golden pheasants , thereby almost causing an international incident. [82] Another one of his beloved dachshunds, Senta, is currently buried at Huis Doorn , Wilhelm’s manor in the Netherlands.

[83] Donald Rumsfeld was asked, in 2003, whether he had duct tape, plastic sheeting, and a three-day supply of bottled water at home. [86] Maxie, a dachshund owned by actress Marie Prevost , tried to awaken his dead mistress, who was found with small bites on her legs. “Mechanical Factors affecting the Occurrence of Intervertebral Disc Calcification in the Dachshund a Population Study”.

^ Mogensen, Mette Sloth; Karlskov-Mortensen, Peter; Proschowsky, Helle Friis; Lingaas, Frode; Lappalainen, Anu; Lohi, Hannes; Jensen, Vibeke Frkjr; Fredholm, Merete (1 September 2011). “Genome-Wide Association Study in Dachshund: Identification of a Major Locus Affecting Intervertebral Disc Calcification” . ^ Lappalainen, Anu K; Vaittinen, Elina; Junnila, Jouni; Laitinen-Vapaavuori, Outi (19 December 2014).

Waters DVM; PhD, Diplomate ACVS; -1#Sarit, Nita Glickman MS (1999). ^ “On the Forefront: Prophylactic laser disk ablation in dogs at Oklahoma State University Veterinary Medicine” . ^ a b Bartels, Kenneth E.; Higbee, Russell G.; Bahr, Robert J.; Galloway, David S.; Healey, Tiffany S.; Arnold, Christopher (15 June 2003).

^ Der vollkommene teutsche Jger (The Complete German Hunter), Johann Friedrich von Flemming, 17191724, Leipzig. Forest and Stream; A Journal of Outdoor Life, Travel, Nature Study, Shooting, Fishing, Yachting (1873-1930) : 149. ^ a b Bugliosi, Vincent Reclaiming History: The Assassination of President John F. Kennedy Norton.

Do you have a Dachshund? Are you wondering about the origins of the breed? Do you want to know where their natural instincts come from? Heres everything need to know about the history of a Dachshund.

This article is based on research and personal experience as a Dachshund owner of 10+ years. From the time the Royals brought Dachshunds back to the UK, they became popular dogs for people to keep in their homes.

For a short time in the US, they were called liberty hounds or badger dogs to try to reduce the association with Germany. Apparently the Dachshund was chosen, not just because of his association with Germany, but because he represented the resistance, tenacity and agility the athletes needed to be successful in the Olympic Games. Dachshunds are extremely popular across the world for their comedic , loyal , loving personalities and adorable lap dog size.

Your Dachshund might be a loveable , affectionate and funny companion, but youre bound to spot hints of his hunting heritage every so often! They were originally bred with their characteristically long, low bodies so they could easily tunnel down into badger setts or chase their prey through thick undergrowth. A Dachshunds chest is deep to give him enough lung capacity to stay underground for long periods of time.

Yes, if youre finding your Dachshund is hard to train , it all comes back to that stubborn and strong-willed nature he inherited from his hunting heritage! Dachshunds needed to have a loud, sharp bark (helped by their deep chest and lung capacity!) Nowadays, your Dachshund will probably bark when he hears or sees people walking past the house or coming to the door.

Standard Dachshunds were perfect for hunting larger animals like badgers and wild boar, or even tracking wounded deer. The miniature Dachshund was the perfect size for zipping down rabbit holes and flushing out smaller prey. Nowadays, miniature Dachshunds are hugely popular pets, with their affectionate nature and adorable looks.

Dachshunds were created by selectively breeding the dwarf gene into taller hunting dogs. This may have included Bloodhounds, Pinschers, Terriers, the Schweisshund (Hanover Hound) and the German Bibarhund.

Dachshunds, affectionately called Doxies, are famous for their adorable, funny shape. But their long bodies and short legs were meant for more than just making humans fall in love with them. Here are some interesting facts you didn’t know about Dachshunds:

Breeders probably crossed smooth Dachshunds with other dog breeds to produce the two other coat varieties. To counteract this effect, the AKC tried rebranding Dachshunds as badger dogs, the translation of their German name, or as liberty pups.

The official mascot of the 1972 Munich Olympic Games was a colorful Dachshund named Waldi.

Dachshund

Dachshunds are scent hound dogs bred to hunt badgers and other tunneling animals, rabbits, and foxes. Hunters even used packs of Dachshunds to trail wild boar. Today their versatility makes them excellent family companions, show dogs, and small-game hunters.But don’t let this pup fool you. Dogs of this breed might be, as legendary literary critic and humorous journalist H. L. Mencken said, “half a dog high and a dog and a half long,” but this small, drop-eared dog is tough enough to take on a badger. In fact, that’s how they got their name (However, you may know them by one of their many nicknames, including Wiener Dog, Sausage Dog, Doxie, and more. If you’re looking a little pooch who will keep you on your toes and shower you with love, this may be the breed for you. Opt toIt’s important to remember that dogs of any breed can suffer from health issues throughout their lives. A good pet insurance plan can help you prepare to give your dog the care they need at any age.See below for a complete list of dog breed traits and facts about Dachshunds!

Dachshund

TheThe standard-sized dachshund was developed to scent, chase, and flush out badgers and other burrow-dwelling animals, while the miniature dachshund was bred to hunt small animals such as rabbits and other smaller animals.According to the American Kennel Club, the dachshund was ranked 12th in popularity among dog breeds in the United States in 2018.

Etymology[edit]

The nameBecause of their long, narrow build, they are often nicknamed wiener dog

Classification[edit]

While classified in the hound group or scent hound group in the United States and Great Britain, the breed has its own group in the countries which belong to the Fédération Cynologique Internationale (World Canine Federation).

Appearance[edit]

A typical dachshund is long-bodied and muscular with short stubby legs. Its front paws are disproportionately large, being paddle-shaped and particularly suitable for digging. Its skin is loose enough not to tear while tunneling in tight burrows to chase prey. The dachshund has a deep chest which provides plenty of space for heart development and lung capacity. Its snout is long.

Coat and color[edit]

There are three dachshund coat varieties: smooth coat (short hair), long-haired, and wire-haired.The dominant color in the breed is red, followed by black and tan. Tan pointed dogs have tan (or cream) markings over the eyes, ears, paws, and tail. The reds range from coppers to deep rusts, with or without somewhat common black hairs peppered along the back, face and ear edges, lending much character and an almost burnished appearance; this is referred to among breeders and enthusiasts as an “overlay” or “sabling”. Sabling should not be confused with a more unusual coat color referred to as sable. At a distance, a sable dachshund looks somewhat like a black and tan dog. Upon closer examination, however, one can observe that along the top of the dog’s body, each hair is actually banded with red at the base near the skin transitioning to mostly black along the length of the strand. An additional striking coat marking is the brindle pattern. “Brindle” refers to dark stripes over a solid background—usually red. If a dachshund is brindled on a dark coat and has tan points, it will have brindling on the tan points only. Even one single, lone stripe of brindle is a brindle. If a dachshund has one single spot of dapple, it is a dapple.The Dachshund Club of America (DCA) and the American Kennel Club (AKC) consider both the piebald pattern and the double dapple (double merle) pattern to be nonstandard. However, both types continue to be shown and sometimes even win in the conformation ring.Dogs that are double-dappled have the merle pattern of a dapple, but with distinct white patches that occur when the dapple gene expresses itself twice in the same area of the coat. The DCA excluded the wording “double-dapple” from the standard in 2007 and now strictly uses the wording “dapple” as the double dapple gene is commonly responsible for blindness and deafness.

Size[edit]

Dachshunds come in three sizes: standard, miniature,A full-grown standard dachshund averages 7.5 kg (16 lb) to 14.5 kg (32 lb), while the miniature variety normally weighs less than 5.5 kg (12 lb).H. L. Mencken said that “A dachshund is a half-dog high and a dog-and-a-half long,”

Eye color[edit]

Light-colored dachshunds can sport amber, light brown, or green eyes; however, kennel club standards state that the darker the eye color, the better. Dapple and double dapple dachshunds can have multi-coloured “wall” eyes with fully blue, partially blue or patched irises due to the effect of the dapple gene on eye pigmentation expression.

Health[edit]

Dachshunds are playful, but as hunting dogs can be quite stubborn,Dachshunds can be aggressive to strangers and other dogs.Dachshunds can be difficult to housebreak, and patience and consistency are often needed in this endeavor.According to the American Kennel Club’s breed standards, “the dachshund is clever, lively and courageous to the point of rashness, persevering in above and below ground work, with all the senses well-developed. Any display of shyness is a serious fault.”Many dachshunds do not like unfamiliar people, and many will growl or bark at them.Dachshunds may not be the best pets for small children. Like any dog, dachshunds need a proper introduction at a young age. Well-trained dachshunds and well-behaved children usually get along fine. Otherwise, they may be aggressive and bite an unfamiliar child, especially one that moves quickly around them or teases them.A 2008 University of Pennsylvania study of 6,000 dog owners who were interviewed indicated that dogs of smaller breeds were more likely to be “genetically predisposed toward aggressive behaviour”. Dachshunds were rated the most aggressive, with 20% having bitten strangers, as well as high rates of attacks on other dogs and their owners. The study noted that attacks by small dogs were unlikely to cause serious injuries and because of this were probably under-reported.

History[edit]

The dachshund is a creation of German breeders and includes elements of German, French, and English hounds and terriers. Dachshunds have been kept by royal courts all over Europe, including that of Queen Victoria, who was particularly enamored of the breed.The first verifiable references to the dachshund, originally named the “There are huge differences of opinion as to when dachshunds were specifically bred for their purpose of badger hunting, as the American Kennel Club states the dachshund was bred in the 15th century, while the Dachshund Club of America states that foresters bred the dogs in the 18th or 19th century.Double-dapple dachshunds, which are prone to eye disease, blindness, or hearing problems, are generally believed to have been introduced to the United States between 1879 and 1885.The flap-down ears and famous curved tail of the dachshund have deliberately been bred into the dog. In the case of the ears, this is to keep grass seeds, dirt, and other matter from entering the ear canal. The curved tail is dual-purposed: to be seen more easily in long grass and, in the case of burrowing dachshunds, to help haul the dog out if it becomes stuck in a burrow.The exact origins of the dachshund are therefore unknown. According to William Loeffler, fromThere are two theories about how the standard long-haired dachshund came about. One theory is that smooth dachshunds would occasionally produce puppies which had slightly longer hair than their parents. By selectively breeding these animals, breeders eventually produced a dog which consistently produced long-haired offspring, and the long-haired dachshund was born. Another theory is that the standard long-haired dachshund was developed by breeding smooth dachshunds with various land and water spaniels. The long-haired dachshund may be a cross among any of the small dog breeds in the spaniel group, including the German Stoeberhund, and the smooth dachshund.The wire-haired dachshund, the last to develop, was bred in the late 19th century. There is a possibility the wire-haired dachshund was a cross between the smooth dachshund and various hard-coated terriers and wire-haired pinschers, such as the Schnauzer, the Dandie Dinmont Terrier, the German Wirehaired Pointer, or perhaps the Scottish Terrier.

Symbol of Germany[edit]

Dachshunds have traditionally been viewed as a symbol of Germany. Political cartoonists commonly used the image of the dachshund to ridicule Germany.Due to the association of the breed with Germany, as well as its particular popularity among dog keepers in Munich back then, the dachshund was chosen to be the first official mascot for the 1972 Summer Olympics in Munich, with the name Waldi.

Sports[edit]

Some people train and enter their dachshunds to compete in dachshund races, such as the Wiener Nationals. Several races across the United States routinely draw several thousand attendees, including races in Germantown, Tennessee; Bossier City, Louisiana; Buda, Texas; Davis, California; Phoenix, Arizona; Los Alamitos, California; Findlay, Ohio; Milwaukee, Wisconsin; Oklahoma City, Oklahoma; Kansas City, Kansas; Palo Alto, California; and Shakopee, Minnesota. There is also an annual dachshund run in Kennywood, located in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, called the Wiener 100, in Huntington, West Virginia called the Dachshund Dash and in Lovettsville, Virginia as part of the town’s annual Oktoberfest celebration.Despite the popularity of these events, the Dachshund Club of America opposes “wiener racing”, as many greyhound tracks use the events to draw large crowds to their facilities. The DCA is also worried about potential injuries to dogs, due to their predisposition to back injuries. Another favorite sport is earthdog trials, in which dachshunds enter tunnels with dead ends and obstacles attempting to locate either an artificial bait or live but caged (and thus protected) rats.In Germany, dachshunds are widely called

Notable dogs and owners[edit]

Dachshunds are one of the most popular dogs in the United States, ranking 13th in the 2016 AKC registration statistics.There are organized local dachshund clubs in most major American cities, including New York, New Orleans, Portland, Los Angeles, and Chicago.