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Much of the switching in religious identity in the United States over the past several years occurred among the “nones,” specifically Americans who identify as agnostic or as “nothing in particular.” But the Christian landscape hasn’t remained static in the meantime.
Much of the switching in religious identity in the United States over the past several years occurred among the “nones ,” specifically Americans who identify as agnostic or as “nothing in particular.” But the Christian landscape hasn’t remained static in the meantime. Though academics have long wondered whether the US will follow the secularizing trend found in most of Europe, the greatest shifts among believers have occurred within Christianity, not away from it. The three-wave Cooperative Congressional Election Study (CCES)—which surveyed the same individuals in 2010, 2012, and 2014, and started with 9,500 respondents—reveals how few Catholics and Protestants have changed affiliations and how many have moved from one denomination (or nondenomination) to another. (This data only includes individuals who switch into or out of Catholicism as adults, and excludes birth or death rates, which also have a tremendous impact on the total number of adherents.) Even without tracking movement to or from specific denominations like the Southern Baptist Convention or the United Methodist Church, the CCES data shows the general trends in intra-Protestant switching. Fellow political scientist Paul Djupe has written about some of the possible downsides of nondenominational Christianity, including how the movement lacks an organizational structure to act in coordinated ways.
The Episcopal Church traces its history back through the Church of England, which broke away from the Roman Catholic Church in the 16th century over issues both political and theological.
The theological issues were ones raised during the Reformation by theologians such as Martin Luther and John Calvin: the place of Scripture and tradition; worship in the language of the people; certain sacramental practices and understandings; and mandatory celibacy for priests. While affirming the “real presence” of Christ’s body and blood in the eucharistic elements of bread and wine, they have refused overly specific definitions of how this happens such as the Roman Catholic concept of “transubstantiation,” which uses medieval philosophical categories to define a holy mystery.
|About ||Belonging to the Church Founded By Christ, when He chose St. Peter as His Rock (first Pope). Apostles creed gives summary of Catholic creed, man fell and Christ came to redeem mankind.
Place of originRoman province of Judea, which is part of present-day Israel, Palestine and LebanonEngland (as the Anglican Church).Place of worshipChurch, chapel, cathedral, basilica.Church, chapel, cathedralAboutBelonging to the Church Founded By Christ, when He chose St. Peter as His Rock (first Pope). Apostles creed gives summary of Catholic creed, man fell and Christ came to redeem mankind.Belonging to the Church Founded by Jesus Christ. Nicene and Apostles’ Creeds give summary of belief. All included in the Book of Common Prayer.ClergyHeirarchial clergy in Holy Orders Deacons, monks, nuns, Priests and Bishops, other ranks are only offices (archibshop, cardinal Pope etc. although several other offices also exist)Heirarchial clergy in 3 Holy Orders of Deacons, Priests and Bishops. Anglican and Episcopal Religious Orders of priests, monks and nuns.Belief of GodOne God: The Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit. Apostles and Nicene’s Creed states beliefsFather, Son and Holy spirit. Beliefs included in historic Apostle’s and Nicene CreedHuman NatureMan has inherited “original sin” from Adam. Mankind then is inherently evil and is in need of forgiveness of their sin.Man has inherited “original sin” from Adam, and must be baptized to wash away this sin. Then, forgiveness must be sought throughout life for all other sins committed by an individual.Birth of JesusVirgin Birth, through God.Virgin Birth, through God.Use of statues and picturesCrosses, statues and pictures are acceptable in Catholicism. Catholics widely use them as depictions of Christ, Mary, and the Saints.Crucifixes, crosses, statues, icons, pictures depict Christ, the Blessed Virgin Mary, Saints. Stations of the Cross in use in some Episcopal Churches.Holy days/Official HolidaysSunday (The Lord’s Day), Advent, Christmas, Lent, Holy Week, Easter, Pentecost.Easter, Christmas, All Saints’ Day, Pentecost, Epiphany, Trinity Sunday, Ascension Day, Feast of the Baptism of Our Lord.Second coming of JesusAffirmed.Affirmed.Death of JesusDeath by Crucifixion, Resurrection, and Ascent to HeveanDeath by Crucifixion followed by Resurrection on the 3rd day and Ascension to HeavenConfessing sinsConfess to priests for absolution from sins in the name of Christ (John 20:22-23). Prayer to the Saints.Sacramental Rite of Reconciliation (Confession) included in Book of Common Prayer.The Priest offer’s God’ absolution.Life after deathEternal Salvation in Heaven; Eternal Damnation in Hell; Temporal third state before Heaven for those who desire purification, known as Purgatory.Eternal Salvation in Heaven is the final home of the elect. No belief in purgatory. No foundation in Holy Scripture for the existence of such a place.Means of salvationReceived at baptism; may be lost by mortal sin; salvation through faith and penance. Belief in Jesus as the sole savior of humanity. Good Works. Faith in the merit of Christ and denial of self-righteousness. The Sacraments of the church.LegislationCanon Law, diocesan Law, Papal Decree.General Convention of the The Episcopal Church, USA.FounderJesus Christ, St. Peter the Apostle .Jesus Christ. St. Augustine (1st Archbishop of Canterbury) converted the English people in the 4th c.Identity of JesusGod Incarnate. The Messiah saviour of mankind sole mediator between God and man.Jesus is God Incarnate as the Son of God. The Christ or Messiah. Sole mediator between God and man.MarriageMarriage is sacrament between one man and one woman. Divorce does not exist in Catholicism, but there is annulment (that the marriage was invalid to begin with) by competent church official.Officially, the Episcopal Church holds that marriage is available to both heterosexual and homosexual couples. Many Episcopalians and the Church of England do not recognize the validity of Sacramental Marriage between same-sex couples.Literal Meaningcatholic – from the Greek adjective καθολικός, (katholikos) meaning “general” or “universal”.Episcopal -meaning ‘of the Bishop’s’Resurrection of JesusAffirmedAffirmedProphetMoses, Abraham, John the Baptist, many others.Moses, Abraham, John the Baptist, many othersGeographical predominanceCatholicism has spread worldwide across all six settled continents, predominantly Europe, North, Central, and South America, Australia, Africa and New Zealand.The United States of America. The Episcopalian Church is the American Province of the Worldwide Anglican Communion.Virtue on which religion is based uponLove.Love and the grace of GodRites7 Sacraments: Baptism, Eucharist, Penance, Confirmation, Marriage, Holy Orders, Anointing of the Sick; exorcisms, blessings of objects, dedication of churches sacred garments installation into clerical offices. Roman Missal and eastern rites.7 Sacraments: 2 “Dominical Sacraments of Baptism and Holy Eucharist-(meaning instituted by Christ) Five “Sacramental Rites: Holy Matrimony, Reconciliation (Confession), Holy Orders, Anointing of the Sick.Offshoot religionsProtestant denominations and many others.Puritan Separatists, including Presbyterians, Congregationalists, and Baptists. Also the Quakers and Methodists.God’s role in salvationGod sent His only Divine Son to save humanity from their sins. “We are accounted righteous before God, only for the merit of our Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ by Faith, and not for our own works or deservings. “View of Animistic religionsPagan Idolatrous.Pagan and idolatrous.Status of womenWomen are Equal to men and have the same dignity as men, but women are not eligible for Ordination in Catholicism. They can be religious (sister, or commonly called “Nun”) and can lead many offices assisting the clergy within the church.Women are equal to men in every way; have the same dignity as men and are eligible for ordination to the three orders of : Deacon, Priest and Bishop, unlike the Roman Catholic Church which prohibits women from serving in ordained ministry.BranchesLatin rite & Eastern rite and as of 2008 the Anglo-Catholic derivative of Latin Rite; Orthodox Christianity.Episcopal Church, USA is a Province of the Worldwide Anglican Communion and is in a covenanted relationship with the Evangelical Lutheran Church of America, the Old Catholic Church and Churches of Eastern Orthodoxy.PracticesCatholics are expected to participate in the liturgical life, celebrate and revere Jesus’ sacrifice on the cross at Mass. The celebration of seven sacraments Baptism, Eucharist, Confirmation, Matrimony, Anointing of Sick, Holy Orders and Confession.Episcopalians witness as the Body of Christ into which they are incorporated through the Baptismal Covenant.DefinitionUniversal; Apostolic succession; Papal authority.Belonging to or characteristic of bishops.PrincipleAdam and Eve sinned, as have all subsequent human beings because God created us with a free will to make choices. Man was unable to adhere to laws of God, so Christ came as the ultimate sacrifice to reconcile us to God.Because our first parents sinned, all human beings sin. So Christ Came down from Heaven to Save us from our sins.Goal of religionTo give glory to God and share Eternal Life in Him.To glorify God, Father, Son and Holy Spirit and to seek Eternal Life.Position of MaryThe Queen of all Saints. View is similar to the Orthodox church – the title ‘Mother of God’ being used more commonly than Theotokos. In addition, it is claimed that at various points in history, Mary has revealed herself to the world in apparitions.The Blessed Virgin Mary is the Mother of God in Christ. The “handmaid” of the Lord.Time of originAbout 30 C.E. ; 1st century Holy Land, Roman Empire16th centuryGoal of PhilosophyEternal Salvation.Eternal salvationPromised Holy one.Second Coming of ChristSecond coming of ChristAuthority of Dalai LamaN/A.NoneBeliefBelieve that Jesus Christ is the Messiah, the King of Heaven, and Saviour of the entire world.Jesus Christ is Messiah who came as a sacrifice for our sins to put us right with God.View of other Oriental religionsN/A.N/AStatus of AdamAdam was the first man created by God. He fell into temptation and brought sin and death to the human race.Adam was the first man created by God. He fell into temptation and brought sin and death to the human race.Status of MuhammadFalse Prophet.NoneOriginal LanguagesLatin and Greek; Aramaic, Hebrew.English.Three JewelsFaith, Hope and CharityFaith, Hope and Love.Authority of PopeSuccessor of St. Peter.Recognized as the Bishop of Rome with no jurisdictional authority over churches of the Worldwide Anglican Communion.Concept of DeityBelieve in the Trinity. Three persons in one God: Father, Son and Holy Spirit.God is trinity in unity.PurgatoryAffirmedNoneReligious Law10 Commandments, Canon law , Catechism of the Catholic Church (CCC), papal decrees and orders.10 Commandments. Canon Law, the Catechism in the Book of Common Prayer. Christ’s Summary of the Law.View of other Abrahamic religionsAccording to Catholic doctrine, Catholicism is the original Christian Church. Christianity is the true religion, and Catholicism is true Christianity. “For Holy Scripture doth set out unto us only the Name of Jesus Christ, whereby men must be saved. “Direction of PrayerFacing the Blessed Sacrament (when in Church).No special directionDay of worshipWorship should be a continual process in the lives of Roman Catholics. Sunday is not the only day Catholics can attend Church for Mass.The Principle day of worship is The Lord’s Day- Sunday and Vigil mases on Saturday; Holy Days and Eucharist and Daily Offices as scheduled locally.ClothesClergy dresses in robes, and many other garments depending on rite and season.Clergy have different robes and vestments depending on rite and Liturgical season in the Church calendar.Praying to Saints, Mary, and AngelAllowed. They can intercede with God on your behalf.AllowedDenomination of which religionChristianityChristianityPresence of Christ in EucharistYes.No. Transubstantiation is rejected. Eucharist is only a symbol with no actual presence.AngelsAngels are God’s messengers. Spirits seen as immortal and always praising God. They never disobey God except for Lucifer (Satan) and the angels who follow him (demons).Angels are messengers from God.Religion which atheists may still be adherents ofNone. Faith is integral to Catholicism, a christian who rejects Christianity altogether is considered an Apostate. Atheism is a sin against Faith.Atheism is the antithesis of faith and religion.Views on other religionsThe Catholic Church contains the fullness of Truth and is the only means of salvation. Other faiths have access to that truth and non-Catholics may be saved by a special grace of God.4 Essential conditions to Christian Unity 1. Holy Scriptures of Old and New Testaments. Sacraments of Baptism + Holy Eucharist; 4. The Historic EpiscopatePopulation1.33 Billion Globally1.5 million in the USAOriginal LanguageEcclesiastical Latin and Greek; also Aramaic and Hebrew historically. Vernacular languages are permitted.EnglishGeographical distribution and predominanceRoman Catholic church is located in Vatican City, an independent City-state. Catholicism is geographically dispersed throughout the world. 69% of Catholics are located in Latin America.Episcopal Church USA is the American Province of the Worldwide Anglican Communion.Holy daysSundays; Solemnity of Mary, January 1; Ascension of Jesus, May 13 — Celebrated on the sixth Thursday after Easter Sunday; Solemnity of All Saints, November 1; Immaculate Conception of the Blessed Virgin Mary, December 8; Christmas, December 25Easter, Ash Wednesday, Palm Sunday, Holy Thursday, Good Friday, Pentecost, Saints’Feast Days, Christmas, Feast of the Ascension, Epiphany, Baptism of Our Lord.View of GodTrinitarian: God the Father, Son, and Holy Spirit. Father, Son and Holy Ghost.Use of statuesPermitted. Statues are not worshipped.Not forbidden.Virtue in which religion is based uponPrudence, temperance, fortitude, justice and faith, hope, charityLoveConcept of GodTrinitarian: God the Father, the son and the holy spirit.One God: The Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit.View of other Dharmic religionsN/AN/A.Status of BrahamaN/AN/ARessurection of JesusAffirmedaffirmedView of the BuddhaN/AN/A.Introduction (from Wikipedia)As the world’s oldest and largest continuously functioning international institution, it has played a prominent role in the history and development of Western civilization.An episcopal church has bishops in its organisational structure which is called Episcopal polity