What Is the Smallest Cat in the World?

The smallest cat on record was a male blue point Himalayan-Persian, named Tinker Toy that measured only 7 cm (2.75 in) tall and 19 cm (7.5 in) long when full grown (aged 2.5 years). The unusually tiny feline was owned by Katrina and Scott Forbes (USA) of Taylorville, Illinois, USA.

What is the smallest breed of cat?

World’s Smallest Cat Breed: Singapura. The smallest cat breed in the world, the Singapura may be half the size of the average cat (as little as 4 pounds!) but he has a big presence.

How small is the world's smallest cat?

The Rusty-Spotted Cat (Prionailurus rubiginosus) wins the title for the world’s smallest wild cat weighing a mere 1.8-3.5 lbs (0.8-1.6 kg) and is 14 to 19 inches (35 to 48 cm) in length (not counting the tail which is half the size of the body).

What's the name of the smallest cat in the world?

The smallest cat on record was a male blue point Himalayan-Persian, named Tinker Toy that measured only 7 cm (2.75 in) tall and 19 cm (7.5 in) long when full grown (aged 2.5 years).

What kind of cats stay tiny?

Singapura. Known as one of the smallest cat breeds in the world, the Singapura is half the size of the average cat. Possessing a kitten size throughout their lives, their bodies are petite and delicate and they usually don’t weigh more than 5 pounds (yep, you heard that right!).

The Rusty-Spotted Cat (Prionailurus rubiginosus) wins the title for the worlds smallest wild cat weighing a mere 1.8-3.5 lbs (0.8-1.6 kg) and is 14 to 19 inches (35 to 48 cm) in length (not counting the tail which is half the size of the body). This feline has short grey fur over most of its body with rusty spots over its back and flanks from where it derives its name. Their underbellies are white with large dark spots and they have six dark streaks on each side of their heads, extending over their cheeks and forehead.

In parts of South Africa they are called “miershooptier” or anthill tigers due to this tenacity and the fact that during the day they like to rest in abandoned termite mounds or burrows.

The rusty-spotted cat (Prionailurus rubiginosus) is one of the cat family’s smallest members, of which historical records are known only from India and Sri Lanka.[3] In 2012, it was also recorded in the western Terai of Nepal.[4] Since 2016, the global wild population is listed as Near Threatened on the IUCN Red List as it is fragmented and affected by loss and destruction of prime habitat, deciduous forests.[2]

Illustration of a skull [3] The rusty-spotted cat has a short reddish grey fur over most of the body with rusty spots on the back and flanks. Its chin, throat, inner side of the limbs and belly are whitish with tiny brownish spots.

In western Maharashtra, the rusty-spotted cat is breeding in a human dominated agricultural landscape, where rodent densities are high. [20] In December 2014 and in April 2015, it was photographed by camera traps in Kalesar National Park , Haryana . [21] It was also recorded by camera traps in Mirzapur Forest Division of Uttar Pradesh in 2018.

In 2016, it was recorded for the first time in Horton Plains National Park at elevations of 2,0842,162 m (6,8377,093 ft). At Horton Plain National Park in Sri Lanka, they were mostly recorded between sunset and sunrise, with limited daytime activity. It hunts primarily on the ground, making rapid, darting movements to catch its prey.

At birth, the kittens weigh just 60 to 77 g (2.1 to 2.7 oz), and are marked with rows of black spots. They reach sexual maturity at around 68 weeks, by which time they have developed the distinctive adult coat pattern of rusty blotches. Rusty-spotted cats have lived for twelve years in captivity, but their lifespan in the wild is unknown.

Habitat loss and the spread of cultivation are serious problems for wildlife in both India and Sri Lanka. Rusty-spotted cat in Berlin Zoo, 2008The Indian population is listed on CITES Appendix I . The species is fully protected over most of its range, with hunting and trade banned in India and Sri Lanka.

“Le Chat Taches de Rouille, Felis rubiginosa (Nob.)” “Phylogenomic evidence for ancient hybridization in the genomes of living cats (Felidae)” . “Rusty spotted cat Felis rubiginosa Geoffroy: A new record for Gir Wildlife Sanctuary and National Park”.

“Sighting of rusty spotted cat in Tadoba Andhari Tiger Reserve, Maharashtra”. ^ Ghaskadbi, P.; Habib, B.; Mir, Z.; Ray, R.; Talukdar, G.; Lyngdoh, S.; Pandav, B.; Nigam, P. & Kaur, A. Wildlife Inventory and Proposal for Sloth Bear Conservation Reserve in Marihan-Sukrit-Chunar Landscape of Mirzapur Forest Division, Uttar Pradesh .

^ Nimalrathna, T.; Choo, Y. R.; Kudavidanage, E.; Amarasinghe, T.; Bandara, U.; Wanninayaka, W.; Ravindrakumar, P.; Chua, M.A.H. “First photographic record of the Rusty-spotted Cat Prionailurus rubiginosus (I. Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire, 1831) (Mammalia: Carnivora: Felidae) in Horton Plains National Park, Sri Lanka” . “Rusty-spotted cat in Katerniaghat Wildlife Sanctuary, Uttar Pradesh State, India”.

“Record of rusty-spotted cat from Kuno Wildlife Sanctuary, Madhya Pradesh, India”.

Some of the smallest cats in the world weigh in at a little over a pound and measure only six to seven inches long. These tiny felines get their diminutive size from genetic defects, environmental conditions, and sometimes, breed characteristics.

A gray tabby, Mr. Peebles weighs three pounds and is just a little over six inches in height. His small size is due to a genetic defect that kept him from growing normally.

A photoshopped image of tiny black and white kitten displayed in the video below went viral claiming this was Mr. Peebles. Another cat that attempted to get the world‘s shortest title from Guinness is Pixel, who is 5 inches tall. Fizz Girl was named Shortest Living Cat by Guinness in 2011.

She developed a huge YouTube following with the fifth most-watched animal video worldwide that year. A Munchkin is a normal sized cat on shorter than average legs. Many of these feline anomalies end up in the Guinness Book of World Records.

If you are choosing a cat breed for teacup size, be sure to ask plenty of questions.

Phylogeny[edit]

Phylogenetic analysis of the nuclear DNA in tissue samples from all Felidae species revealed that the evolutionary radiation of the Felidae began in Asia in the Miocene around 14.45 to 8.38 million years ago.The

Characteristics[edit]

The rusty-spotted cat has a short reddish grey fur over most of the body with rusty spots on the back and flanks. Four blackish lines run over the eyes, and two of them extend over the neck. Six dark streaks are on each side of the head, extending over the cheeks and forehead. Its chin, throat, inner side of the limbs and belly are whitish with tiny brownish spots. It has a rusty band on the chest. Its paws and tail are uniform reddish grey.It is the smallest wild cat in Asia and rivals the black-footed cat as the world‘s smallest wild cat. It is 35 to 48 cm (14 to 19 in) in length, with a 15 to 30 cm (5.9 to 11.8 in) tail, and weighs only 0.9 to 1.6 kg (2.0 to 3.5 lb). The bushy tail is about half the length of the body.

Distribution and habitat[edit]

The distribution of the rusty-spotted cat is relatively restricted. It occurs mainly in moist and dry deciduous forests as well as scrub and grassland, but is likely absent in evergreen forest.In India, it was long thought to be confined to the south, but records have established that it occurs over much of the country.In western Maharashtra, the rusty-spotted cat is breeding in a human dominated agricultural landscape, where rodent densities are high.In March 2012, a rusty-spotted cat was photographed in Bardia National Park for the first time, and in March 2016 also in Shuklaphanta National Park, both in Nepal.In Sri Lanka, there are a few records in montane and lowland rainforest. There are two distinct populations, one in the dry zone and the other in the wet zone.

Ecology and behaviour[edit]

Very little is known about the ecology and behaviour of the rusty-spotted cat in the wild. Captive ones are mostly nocturnal but also briefly active during the day.It feeds mainly on rodents and birds, but also preys on lizards, frogs, and insects. It hunts primarily on the ground, making rapid, darting movements to catch its prey. It apparently ventures into trees to escape larger predators. Captive females and males both scent-mark their home range by spraying urine.

Reproduction[edit]

The female’s oestrus lasts five days, and mating is unusually brief. Since the female is likely to be vulnerable during this period, its brevity may be an adaptation to help it avoid larger predators. She prepares a den in a secluded location, and after a gestation of 65–70 days gives birth to one or two kittens. At birth, the kittens weigh just 60 to 77 g (2.1 to 2.7 oz), and are marked with rows of black spots. They reach sexual maturity at around 68 weeks, by which time they have developed the distinctive adult coat pattern of rusty blotches. Rusty-spotted cats have lived for twelve years in captivity, but their lifespan in the wild is unknown.

Threats[edit]

Habitat loss and the spread of cultivation are serious problems for wildlife in both India and Sri Lanka. Although there are several records of the rusty-spotted cat in cultivated and settled areas, it is not known to what degree these populations are able to persist in such areas. There have been occasional reports of rusty-spotted cat skins in trade.

Conservation[edit]

The Indian population is listed on CITES Appendix I. The Sri Lankan population is included on CITES Appendix II. The species is fully protected over most of its range, with hunting and trade banned in India and Sri Lanka.As of 2010, the captive population of

Local names[edit]

In Sri Lanka, the rusty-spotted cat is known as

Examples of Smallest Cats in the World

Several tiny cats have competed for the Smallest Cat and Shortest Cat in the World titles. The Guinness Book of World Records tracks entries to find the cat that “fits” the title.

Mr. Peebles

The current record holder for the smallest cat in the world is Mr. Peebles. A gray tabby, Mr. Peebles weighs three pounds and is just a little over six inches in height. His small size is due to a genetic defect that kept him from growing normally. Mr. Peebles is registered with the Guinness Book of World Records. Mr. Peebles was actually the subject of an Internet hoax that was exposed by websites like Snopes.com. A photoshopped image of tiny black and white kitten displayed in the video below went viral claiming this was Mr. Peebles.

Bitsy

Bitsy is a cat that lives in Florida. She is 1.5 pounds and 6.5 inches long. Bitsy competed for the title of world‘s smallest feline and was assessed by the people at Guinness Book of World Records.

Tinker Toy

A Blue Point Himalayan from the United States was measured 2.75 inches tall and only about 7.25 inches long. He only weighed a little over a pound. His name was Tinker Toy. He passed away in 1997. Tinker Toy is the smallest cat ever on record with the Guinness Book of World Records.

Lilieput

Lilieput was the shortest cat on record with Guinness. This munchkin cat was 5.25 inches high when fully grown.

Pixel

Another cat that attempted to get the world‘s shortest title from Guinness is Pixel, who is 5 inches tall. Pixel is a munchkin cat who resides in California. Her mother is Fizz Girl, who was recognized as the shortest cat in 2011.

Fizz Girl

Fizz Girl was named Shortest Living Cat by Guinness in 2011. This munchkin cat was 6 inches tall. She developed a huge YouTube following with the fifth most-watched animal video worldwide that year.

Cye

Cye was recognized as the shortest living cat in 2014 by Guinness. Another munchkin cat, Cye measured 5.35 inches high.

Singapura

Munchkins have only recently been accepted as a breed, but not by all cat associations. They have a genetic defect that keeps the leg bones from growing properly. A Munchkin is a normal sized cat on shorter than average legs. These cats are often used to breed with other types of cats in order to get a smaller cat. Some names for these hybrids are:

Teacup Breeds

Like dog breeders, cat breeders are seeking to create small versions of the normal sized cats. Often these cats are hybrids; a cross between a Munchkin and a normal sized breed. There are exceptions to this. Sometimes a breeder can breed two small stature purebred cats and continue to get smaller cats with each generation. This keeps the kittens small through genetics.