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This little donkey must have been watching some wild mustangs because he just wants to run and buck. Hopefully the farmhands let him out of his pen to stretch his legs a bit and give his mom a break.

A male donkey is an ass, a female is a jenny, and a baby is also called a foal , like a horse. This little guy is less than two weeks old and is already giving his jenny mama a headache.

What is a horse and donkey baby called?

A hinny is a domestic equine hybrid that is the offspring of a male horse (a stallion) and a female donkey (a jenny). It is the reciprocal cross to the more common mule, which is the product of a male donkey (a jack) and a female horse (a mare).

What two animals make a donkey?

Donkeys are descended from the African wild ass. They were likely first bred around 5,000 years ago in Egypt or Mesopotamia. A mule, on the other hand, is a hybrid animal. Mule foals are the offspring of female horses and male donkeys (a “jack” — hence the word “jackass”).

The donkey or ass is a domestic animal in the horse family. It derives from the African wild ass, Equus africanus, and has been used as a working animal for at least 5000 years. There are more than 40 million donkeys in the world, mostly in underdeveloped countries, where they are used principally as draught or pack animals. Working donkeys are often associated with those living at or below subsistence levels. Small numbers of donkeys are kept for breeding or as pets in developed countries.

Look up donkey or bray in Wiktionary, the free dictionary.Donkey Scientific classification Kingdom: Animalia Phylum: Chordata Class: Mammalia Order: Perissodactyla Family: Equidae Genus: Equus Species:
Subspecies: Trinomial name Equus africanus asinus The donkey or ass is a domestic animal in the horse family . [14] The change may have come about through a tendency to avoid pejorative terms in speech and may be comparable to the substitution in North American English of rooster for cock , or that of rabbit for coney , which was formerly homophonic with cunny (a variation of the word ). Donkey in an Egyptian painting c. 1298–1235 BCThe genus Equus , which includes all extant equines, is believed to have evolved from Dinohippus , via the intermediate form Plesippus . The genus appears to have spread quickly into the Old World, with the similarly aged Equus livenzovensis documented from western Europe and Russia. Molecular phylogenies indicate the most recent common ancestor of all modern equids (members of the genus Equus ) lived ~5.6 (3.9–7.8) mya. [17] The oldest divergencies are the Asian hemiones (subgenus E. ( Asinus ) , including the kulan , onager , and kiang ), followed by the African zebras (subgenera E. ( Dolichohippus ) , and E. ( Hippotigris ) ). Donkeys were probably first domesticated by pastoral people in Nubia , and they supplanted the ox as the chief pack animal of that culture. The domestication of donkeys served to increase the mobility of pastoral cultures, having the advantage over ruminants of not needing time to chew their cud , and were vital in the development of long-distance trade across Egypt. By the Gold Rush years of the 19th century, the burro was the beast of burden of choice of early prospectors in the western United States. Africa2626.9
Asia and Pacific3237.6
Europe and the Caucasus513.7
Latin America and the Caribbean2419.9
Near and Middle East4711.8
United States and Canada50.1
World18541 million head
In 1997 the number of donkeys in the world was reported to be continuing to grow, as it had steadily done throughout most of history; factors cited as contributing to this were increasing human population, progress in economic development and social stability in some poorer nations, conversion of forests to farm and range land, rising prices of motor vehicles and fuel, and the popularity of donkeys as pets. The rapid increase is attributed to attention paid to identification and recognition of donkey breeds by the FAO’s Animal Genetic Resources project. Donkeys vary considerably in size, depending on both breed and environmental conditions, and heights at the withers range from less than 90 centimetres (35 in) to approximately 150 cm (59 in). Each adult donkey establishes a home range; breeding over a large area may be dominated by one jack. Although jennies come into heat within 9 or 10 days of giving birth, their fertility remains low, and it is likely the reproductive tract has not returned to normal. Some large donkey breeds such as the Asino di Martina Franca , the Baudet du Poitou and the Mammoth Jack are raised only for mule production. [46] Likely based on a stronger prey instinct and a weaker connection with humans, it is considerably more difficult to force or frighten a donkey into doing something it perceives to be dangerous for whatever reason. Although formal studies of their behaviour and cognition are rather limited, donkeys appear to be quite intelligent, cautious, friendly, playful, and eager to learn. Of the more than 40 million donkeys in the world, about 96% are in underdeveloped countries, where they are used principally as pack animals or for draught work in transport or agriculture. [50] Some cultures that prohibit women from working with oxen in agriculture do not extend this taboo to donkeys, allowing them to be used by both sexes. Donkey-hide gelatin is produced by soaking and stewing the hide to make a traditional Chinese medicine product. Ejiao , the gelatine produced by boiling donkey skins, can sell for up to $388 per kilo, at October 2017 prices. In their native arid and semi-arid climates, donkeys spend more than half of each day foraging and feeding, often on poor quality scrub. [63] The donkey has a tough digestive system in which roughage is efficiently broken down by hind gut fermentation , microbial action in the caecum and large intestine . They can meet their nutritional needs on 6 to 7 hours of grazing per day on average dryland pasture that is not stressed by drought. If they are worked long hours or do not have access to pasture, they require hay or a similar dried forage, with no more than a 1:4 ratio of legumes to grass. [70] In temperate climates the forage available is often too abundant and too rich; over-feeding may cause weight gain and obesity, and lead to metabolic disorders such as founder ( laminitis [71] ) and hyperlipaemia , [69] or to gastric ulcers . [ citation needed ] Feral donkeys can also cause problems, notably in environments that have evolved free of any form of equid , such as Hawaii. They may compete with livestock and native animals for resources, spread weeds and diseases, foul or damage watering holes and cause erosion. This is believed to be caused by two factors, the first being proven in cat hybrids, that when the chromosome count of the male is the higher, fertility rates drop. It is commonly believed that mules are more easily handled and also physically stronger than hinnies, making them more desirable for breeders to produce. The foregoing terms generally refer to hybrids produced by breeding a male zebra to a female donkey. “The horse family: on the evolution of the field and its metaphorization process”, in Javier E. Díaz Vera, A changing world of words: Studies in English historical lexicography, lexicology and semantics . “The horse family: on the evolution of the field and its metaphorization process”, in Javier E. Díaz Vera, A changing world of words: Studies in English historical lexicography, lexicology and semantics . ^ Albano Beja-Pereira, ” African Origins of the Domestic Donkey “, in Science , 2004 ^ a b c Olsen, Sandra L. (1995) Horses through time Boulder, Colorado: Roberts Rinehart Publishers for Carnegie Museum of Natural History. Donkey Breeds in Europe: Inventory, Description, Need for Action, Conservation; Report 2007/2008 (PDF) . Animal Traction Network for Eastern and Southern Africa (ATNESA) [ permanent dead link ] ^ Blench, R. 2000. Animal Traction Network for Eastern and Southern Africa (ATNESA) ^ Starkey, Paul (1997) “Donkey Work”, in Elisabeth Svendsen (ed. ^ Bérard, Laurence; Marie Cegarra; Marcel Djama; Sélim Louafi; Philippe Marchenay; Bernard Roussel; François Verdeaux (2005) Biodiversity and Local Ecological Knowledge in France [ permanent dead link ] Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique; Centre de Coopération Internationale en Recherche Agronomique pour le Développement; Institut du Développement Durable et des Relations Internationales; Institut Français de la Biodiversité. ^ a b Aluja, Aline S. de; Francisco López; Graciela Tapia Pérez (2004) Estimación del peso corporal en burros del Centro de México a partir de la circunferencia torácica (Spanish-language version of A. S. de Aluja, G. Tapia Pérez, F. López and R. A. Pearson “Live Weight Estimation of Donkeys in Central México from Measurement of Thoracic Circumference”, Tropical Animal Health and Production , 37 , Supplement 1: 159–171, DOI 10.1007/s11250-005-9007-0) ^ World Bank , Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations , International Fund for Agricultural Development (2009). ^ Tavola AMR13 – Bestiame macellato a carni rosse – (Gennaio – Dicembre) – Anno 2010 (in Italian) Istat — Istituto Nazionale di Statistica. “Table AMR13: Livestock slaughtered for red meat, January–December 2010” ^ “Il Prezzo Del Latte Di Asina” (in Italian). “Pasture and Hay for Horses – Argonomy facts 32,” 1992 University of Pennsylvania, Cooperative Extension Service. “Necropsy survey of gastric ulcers in a population of aged donkeys: prevalence, lesion description and risk factors” .

Donkey

TheA male donkey or ass is called a jack, a female a jenny or jennet;Asses were first domesticated around 3000 BC, probably in Egypt or Mesopotamia,

History

Traditionally, the scientific name for the donkey isAt one time, the synonymFrom the 18th century,

Conservation status

About 41 million donkeys were reported worldwide in 2006.In 1997 the number of donkeys in the world was reported to be continuing to grow, as it had steadily done throughout most of history; factors cited as contributing to this were increasing human population, progress in economic development and social stability in some poorer nations, conversion of forests to farm and range land, rising prices of motor vehicles and fuel, and the popularity of donkeys as pets.The Domestic Animal Diversity Information System (DAD-IS) of the FAO listed 189 breeds of ass in June 2011.In prosperous countries, the welfare of donkeys both at home and abroad has become a concern, and a number of sanctuaries for retired and rescued donkeys have been set up. The largest is The Donkey Sanctuary near Sidmouth, England, which also supports donkey welfare projects in Egypt, Ethiopia, India, Kenya, and Mexico.In 2017, a drop in the number of Chinese donkeys, combined with the fact that they are slow to reproduce, meant that Chinese suppliers began to look to Africa. As a result of the increase in demand, and the price that could be charged, Kenya opened three donkey abattoirs. Concerns for donkeys’ well-being, however, have resulted in a number of African countries (including Uganda, Tanzania, Botswana, Niger, Burkina Faso, Mali, and Senegal) banning China from buying their donkey products.In 2019, The Donkey Sanctuary warned that the global donkey population could be reduced by half over the next half decade as the demand for ejiao increases in China.

Characteristics

Donkeys vary considerably in size, depending on both breed and environmental conditions, and heights at the withers range from less than 90 centimetres (35 in) to approximately 150 cm (59 in).Donkeys are adapted to marginal desert lands. Unlike wild and feral horses, wild donkeys in dry areas are solitary and do not form harems. Each adult donkey establishes a home range; breeding over a large area may be dominated by one jack.

Breeding

A jenny is normally pregnant for about 12 months, though the gestation period varies from 11 to 14 months,Although jennies come into heat within 9 or 10 days of giving birth, their fertility remains low, and it is likely the reproductive tract has not returned to normal.Donkeys can interbreed with other members of the family Equidae, and are commonly interbred with horses. The hybrid between a jack and a mare is a mule, valued as a working and riding animal in many countries. Some large donkey breeds such as the Asino di Martina Franca, the Baudet du Poitou and the Mammoth Jack are raised only for mule production. The hybrid between a stallion and a jenny is a hinny, and is less common. Like other inter-species hybrids, mules and hinnies are usually sterile.

Behaviour

Donkeys have a notorious reputation for stubbornness, but this has been attributed to a much stronger sense of self-preservation than exhibited by horses.Although formal studies of their behaviour and cognition are rather limited, donkeys appear to be quite intelligent, cautious, friendly, playful, and eager to learn.

In warfare

The donkey has been used as a working animal for at least 5000 years. Of the more than 40 million donkeys in the world, about 96% are in underdeveloped countries, where they are used principally as pack animals or for draught work in transport or agriculture. After human labour, the donkey is the cheapest form of agricultural power.In developed countries where their use as beasts of burden has disappeared, donkeys are used to sire mules, to guard sheep,A few donkeys are milked or raised for meat.In China, donkey meat is considered a delicacy with some restaurants specializing in such dishes, and Guo Li Zhuang restaurants offer the genitals of donkeys in dishes. Donkey-hide gelatin is produced by soaking and stewing the hide to make a traditional Chinese medicine product. Ejiao, the gelatine produced by boiling donkey skins, can sell for up to $388 per kilo, at October 2017 prices.

Care

Shoeing

Donkey hooves are more elastic than those of horses, and do not naturally wear down as fast. Regular clipping may be required; neglect can lead to permanent damage.

Nutrition

In their native arid and semi-arid climates, donkeys spend more than half of each day foraging and feeding, often on poor quality scrub.Donkeys obtain most of their energy from structural carbohydrates. Some suggest that a donkey needs to be fed only straw (preferably barley straw), supplemented with controlled grazing in the summer or hay in the winter,Throughout the world, working donkeys are associated with the very poor, with those living at or below subsistence level.

Feral populations

In some areas domestic donkeys have returned to the wild and established feral populations such as those of the burro of North America and the Asinara donkey of Sardinia, Italy, both of which have protected status. Feral donkeys can also cause problems, notably in environments that have evolved free of any form of equid, such as Hawaii.

Donkey hybrids

A male donkey (jack) can be crossed with a female horse to produce a mule. A male horse can be crossed with a female donkey (jenny) to produce a hinny.Horse-donkey hybrids are almost always sterile because horses have 64 chromosomes whereas donkeys have 62, producing offspring with 63 chromosomes. Mules are much more common than hinnies. This is believed to be caused by two factors, the first being proven in cat hybrids, that when the chromosome count of the male is the higher, fertility rates drop. The lower progesterone production of the jenny may also lead to early embryonic loss. In addition, there are reasons not directly related to reproductive biology. Due to different mating behavior, jacks are often more willing to cover mares than stallions are to breed jennies. Further, mares are usually larger than jennies and thus have more room for the ensuing foal to grow in the womb, resulting in a larger animal at birth. It is commonly believed that mules are more easily handled and also physically stronger than hinnies, making them more desirable for breeders to produce.The offspring of a zebra-donkey cross is called a zonkey, zebroid, zebrass, or zedonk;

See also