What Happens When a Dog Is in Heat?

There comes a time in the life of an intact female dog when theyre ready to breed. This period is called being in heat. The stage of heat, also called estrus or season, has distinct physical and behavioral signs.

If your dog prides themselves on their appearance and grooms themselves regularly, you probably won’t find much blood spotting around the house. Even though they are old enough to get pregnant, your young dogs eggs arent yet fully matured.

Continued Similar to the start time, the exact frequency of estrus depends on your dogs size, breed, and age . She will start attracting male dogs, but she isnt ready to mate yet. If your dog is in heat, shell require a bit of extra supervision and care.

If youre worried about your dog bleeding around the house, you can create a limited space for her to roam in. Continued Creating a nest for your dog to nap in with towels to catch the blood will help prevent any accidents from occurring.

How long does a dog in heat bleed?

You may also observe that her vulva is large, red, or swollen with some bleeding or blood-tinted discharge. Your dog will only bleed for around half of the total cycle, usually 7 to 10 days. Generally, bigger dogs bleed more than smaller dogs, but it varies between dogs. Some dogs bleed very little.

What are the symptoms of a dog in heat?

A large, red, swollen vulva..Bleeding from the vulva (or a yellow/red/brown discharge).Licking the back end more than usual..Weeing more than usual..Behaviour changes such as: being over friendly to other dogs. roaming to find male dogs. mounting and humping.

What do you do with a dog in heat?

DON’T: Leave Your Dog Outside Alone. ….DO: Exercise Your Dog. ….DO: Give Your Dog Some Extra Love and Attention. ….DON’T: Allow Her Around Other Dogs. ….DO: Strike a Balance Between Rest and Exercise. ….DO: Use Doggie Diapers. ….DO: Consider Spaying Your Dog.

Is my dog in pain when in heat?

However, since the female dog heat cycle bears symptoms comparable to a woman’s menstrual cycle in many ways, it is possible to conclude that during your dog’s heat cycle she is uncomfortable and maybe even experiences cramping and mild amounts of pain. Any of these issues can lead to vocalizations in our female dogs.

When a female dog is in heat, it means she is ovulating and can breed and get pregnant. Dogs can go into heat when they are as young as 6-8 months of age, which means if they go into heat and have sex with a male dog, then they can get pregnant, even if they themselves are growing still.

The first heat cycle often is missed by pet parents, which is why many veterinarians advocate for spay surgery at 6 months of age to prevent unwanted pregnancies. Heat cycles vary depending on the dogs age, size and breed.

Diestrus lasts around 8 weeks, and the female is no longer fertile or receptive to males. If you have an unspayed female dog who is experiencing heat cycles, then you must prepare ahead of time to prevent unwanted pregnancies, bloody messes, escapes or aggression. On your phone, record the day your dogs heat cycle started, and then set a reminder for 6 months in the future with a 1-week alert ahead of time so you know it is coming.

Alternatively, you can purchase human diapers and make them dog-friendly by cutting a hole for her tail. Its important to keep her supervised at all times or contained in a crate or other secure enclosure that she cannot get out of and other dogs cannot get in. If your dog accidentally mates during her heat cycle, there is a morning after injection that will terminate an unwanted pregnancy.

If you must take her out, make sure she is on a secure leash, and bring a spray bottle filled with water to ward off any would-be wooers. If you plan to spay your dog, wait until one month after her heat cycle ends. With proper attention and tools, your dogs heat cycle can be easy to manage.

A: Proestrus and estrus, the heat phases during which a dog has bloody discharge, can last between 1 and 3 weeks. Use doggie diapers to keep messes to a minimum, and unless she initiates interactions with you, give her space. A: Typically, female dogs will have a swollen vulva and bloody vaginal discharge when they are in heat.

This page may contain affiliate links. We earn a commission for qualifying purchases at no cost to you. Our mission is to help save dogs’ and cats lives through our educational content. To help us create more veterinarian- and trainer-approved content, please consider buying one of our web-books for yourself or as a gift.

No matter the reason, it’s important to know what kind of behavior changes you might see as your dog hits sexual maturity. Especially if you have a female dog going into heat, you’ll want to prepare for what that means and have supplies on hand to make your (and her) life easier.

However, many factors other than neuter status play an important role in these outcomes, including breed, sex, genetics, lifestyle, and body condition.” The first heat cycle usually happens between the age of six to sixteen months old but this can vary greatly depending on your dog‘s breed. PRO TIP: Ask your breeder when their dogs typically went into heat for the first time, as they can give you an idea of when they usually see females in their breeding lines have their first cycle.

Preventive Vet office pup, Clover the Portuguese Water Dog, went through her first heat cycle before being spayed. She was almost 11 months old when her owners noticed the first visible signs of heat a few drops of bloody discharge on the floor where she’d been sitting. Prior to the physical signs of heat, Clover’s owners had also noticed she’d become more intense in her interactions with other females at the dog park, but didn’t show the same kind of attitude with the males she encountered.

By using disposable pads inside her heat pants , they were able to cut down on how often they needed to launder the cloth diaper. By taking some time before your dog‘s spay surgery to desensitize them to wearing a cone , you can make the experience much less stressful. Restless Behavior: You might notice that your dog seems to be on edge, pacing more than usual, or panting excessively.

If your dog seems unusually tired, or not as interested in playing with you, it could be a sign they are beginning their heat cycle. She might start to present her rear and flag her tail to one side when around male dogs as an invitation. If physical signs of heat, primarily swelling of the vulva and discharge, are not present and the condition persists, it is recommended that you have your dog examined by a veterinarian.

When your dog begins to have discharge during her proestrus and estrus phases, having wearable “heat pants” or diaper can help keep your home clean. Female dogs can also feel the need to wander in search of a mate, so you want to make sure they don’t decide to go on an adventure. In addition, an ID tag with your contact information attached to her collar will make it easy for your neighbors to return your girl if she is out galavanting with the boys.

Even when kept separate, your intact male will become stressed as they can still smell a female in season and might go to great lengths in efforts to get to her. Giving your dog lots of outlets for her pent-up energy will go a long way in easing restless behavior. Enrichment activities like puzzle toys can burn off excess energy in appropriate ways and decrease clingy behavior.

Decompression activities, like working on a Licking Mat , are excellent for reducing stress and anxiety your dog might experience during heat. Speak with any prospective boarders or pet sitters about their policies and how they manage boarding intact dogs. Intact males also might tend to mark their territory more frequently or practice humping behavior during play, which often puts them at odds with other dogs.

Dogs will have their first estrous (reproductive or heat) cycle when they reach puberty. Each cycle consists of several stages; the stage called estrus refers to when the female can become pregnant. Often a dog that is in the estrus stage is said to be in heat or in season.

In many cases, a bloody vaginal discharge is the first sign that a pet owner will notice when their dog comes into heat. Male dogs can detect a female in heat from a great distance and may begin marking your property with their urine in an attempt to claim their territory.

However, sperm can survive for a week in the reproductive tract and still be capable of fertilizing the eggs, so it is possible for her to get pregnant at any point while she is in estrus. The best way to prevent your dog from becoming pregnant is to have her surgically sterilized (an ovariohysterectomy or spay operation) before she has her first estrous cycle. Since it can be difficult to predict when this first cycle will occur, most veterinarians recommend performing an ovariohysterectomy before the dog is six to seven months of age.

When Does Estrus Start?

Keep a leash handy, because your dog may have to urinate more when she’s in heat. You may also observe that her vulva is large, red, or swollen with some bleeding or blood-tinted discharge.Your dog will only bleed for around half of the total cycle, usually 7 to 10 days. Generally, bigger dogs bleed more than smaller dogs, but it varies between dogs. Some dogs bleed very little. If your dog prides themselves on their appearance and grooms themselves regularly, you probably won’t find much blood spotting around the house.Your dog’s behavior will likely change as well. She may:Even though your dog will bleed, she isn’t in pain during heat. However, being in heat can make your dog uncomfortable and fidgety. If her symptoms seem to be causing her pain, consult your vet.

How Often Do Dogs Go Into Heat?

Similar to the start time, the exact frequency of estrus depends on your dog’s size, breed, and age. Female dogs who have not been spayed go into heat twice a year, around every 6 months. Each heat cycle lasts around 18 days, for generally anywhere from 2 to 3 weeks.The frequency depends on your dog, but her estrus cycles should be consistent. If these are inconsistent, your vet can determine if your dog has irregular seasons.As your dog gets older, the frequency of her seasons may slow down. However, she will be going into heat for her whole life. Even though she goes into heat less often, she can still get pregnant.

Care

If your dog is in heat, she’ll require a bit of extra supervision and care. She’ll be feeling hormonal. Keeping her entertained and distracted will help relieve some of her anxiety and discomfort. Extra walks will also help her to reduce stress.Not only will she be attracting male dogs, but she’ll be attracted back! To avoid pregnancy, you’ll probably want to keep her away from other non-neutered dogs. This is true even in your own household.If you’re worried about your dog bleeding around the house, you can create a limited space for her to roam in. This usually means restricting her to easy-to-clean areas without carpeted floors or upholstered furniture.

When Do Dogs Go Into Heat?

When a female dog isin heat,” it means she is ovulating and can breed and get pregnant. Dogs can go into heat when they are as young as 6-8 months of age, which means if they go into heat and have sex with a male dog, then they can get pregnant, even if they themselves are growing still.The first heat cycle often is missed by pet parents, which is why many veterinarians advocate for spay surgery at 6 months of age to prevent unwanted pregnancies. Heat cycles vary depending on the dog’s age, size and breed. Small dog breeds can cycle every 3-4 months, medium and large breeds typically cycle every 6 months, and giant breeds may only cycle every 6-12 months. Older female dogs may cycle less often than younger dogs. Bleeding during proestrus typically lasts around 7 days.

Signs of a Dog in Heat

There are 4 stages, or heat periods, in a dog’s heat cycle: proestrus, estrus, diestrus, and anestrus.

How long does estrus last?

The earliest sign of estrus is swelling or engorgement of the vulva, but this swelling is not always obvious. In many cases, a bloody vaginal discharge is the first sign that a pet owner will notice when their dog comes into heat. In some cases, the discharge will not be apparent until several days after estrus has begun. The amount of discharge varies from dog to dog.The vaginal discharge will change in color and appearance as the cycle progresses. At first, the discharge is very bloody, but as the days pass, it thins to become watery and pinkish-red in color. A female dog that is in heat will often urinate more frequently than normal, or may develop marking behavior, in which she urinates small amounts on various objects either in the home or when out on a walk. During this phase of her cycle, the urine contains pheromones and hormones, both of which signal her reproductive state to other dogs. This is the reason that dogs in heat will attract other dogs, particularly males.Male dogs can detect a female in heat from a great distance and may begin marking your property with their urine in an attempt to claim their territory.