What Causes Kidney Failure in Cats?

Your cats kidneys do many important things. They help manage blood pressure, make hormones, stimulate the bone marrow to make more red blood cells, and remove waste from the blood.

Trauma, especially involving a broken pelvis or burst bladder Shock from losing a lot of blood quickly or rapid dehydration ; overheating in hot weather, a significant rise in activity, vomiting, and diarrhea can all cause a big dip in fluids. Kidney infections and blockages, which may not result in acute renal failure, but wear down kidney function at a low level for months or years Other conditions, from advanced dental disease and high blood pressure to thyroid problems and cancer

X-rays, an ultrasound (an image of your cats insides), or biopsy (tissue sample) might also be needed to make a diagnosis. If kidney disease is found, treatments can range from surgery to remove blockages to IV fluids to a special diet and medications. A kidney diet is low in both phosphorus and protein, and is enriched with vitamin D and omega-3 fatty acids.

plenty of clean fresh water, a serene environment, and regular check-ups, you can help your cat live their best life possible. Sources Cornell University College of Veterinary Medicine: Diagnosis: Kidney Disease.”

What is the most common cause of kidney failure in cats?

It happens in cats of all ages and is usually the result of: Poisons, which are the most common cause of acute renal failure. Antifreeze, toxic plants like lilies, pesticides, cleaning fluids, and certain human medications are highly poisonous to your cat’s kidneys.

What food causes kidney disease in cats?

While there are many different factors that contribute to your cats renal disease. The most common and most preventable cause is off the shelf commercial dry cat food. The reason is that cats fed exclusively dry food suffer from chronic dehydration, which leads to stress on the kidneys over time.

Can a cat recover from kidney failure?

Unfortunately, once the kidneys are damaged, they have very limited ability to recover. However, with proper management, most CRF cases progress very slowly. With treatment, your cat may have several years of good quality, active life ahead.

Kidney disease is a common problem in cats, affecting more than 1/3 of older cats1,2. There are a number of causes that may affect different age groups and have different consequences. Ultimately though, chronic kidney disease (occurs over time) or acute kidney injury (occurs suddenly) will always have the same resulta sick kitty. The signs of illness in your cat reflect the failure of the kidneys to do their many jobs well enough. (Click here to learn the basics of chronic kidney disease in cats.)

The petals, leaves and pollen of true lilies, even the water in their vase, can cause severe kidney injury when cats nibble, lick or chew them. Cats that are known for being finicky about food , and almost everything else, will still eat pills they find on the counter or floor, so keep all meds in cat- proof containers.

Early on, we expect no signs of illness from this condition, but since glomerular disease may be caused by infections such as FIP / FeLV, or by cancer (amongst other things), time can make the problems worse. FIP (feline infectious peritonitis)The kidneys are a common target for this severe inflammatory disease of domestic and wild cats. Some cats, especially youngsters, develop fever and effusions (fluid buildup) in the chest or abdomen, and decline rapidly.

Cats with noneffusive (dry) FIP tend to be older and show more vague signs of illness. Microscopic analysis of a biopsy or small needle sample is needed for the correct diagnosis of cancer and for an appropriate treatment plan. It is an uncommon consequence of chronic inflammation affecting other parts of the body, or it may be genetically programmed in some breeds , like the Abyssinian , Siamese , or Oriental shorthair .

Amyloid deposits cannot be cleared away, and the functional kidney tissue that is lost cannot be replaced, so the prognosis is not good.

The kidneys perform several essential functions that play a vital role in your cat’s health. Today, our Huntersville vets explain some of the causes, treatments, and signs of end stage kidney failure in cats.

Poisons, such as toxic plants, pesticides, cleaning fluids and human medications, are the most common cause of acute renal failure. When the kidneys arent removing waste from your cat’s body properly, you may notice that your kitty is drinking larger than usual amounts of water and attempting to urinate more often.

While there is no cure for chronic kidney disease, if its detected and treated early your cats longevity and quality of life can be improved. Symptoms of End Stage Kidney Failure in Cats The most common symptoms of end stage kidney failure in cats include dull sunken eyes, inability to walk, body odour, incontinence in bladder or bowels, refusal to eat or drink, seizures, confusion, pacing and restlessness, withdrawing, hiding and running away. Your vet will do a comprehensive examination of your cat, including blood and urine tests, X-rays, and possibly an ultrasound.

If kidney disease is found, treatments could include intravenous fluids to correct dehydration, vitamin injections, supplements, medications, and possibly surgery to remove blockages. You can support your cats treatment with a carefully managed diet and plenty of clean fresh water. Your vet will recommend that you gradually transition your cat to a kidney diet that is low in both phosphorus and protein and is enriched with vitamin D and omega-3 fatty acids.

In their final days this will mean keeping them warm and comfortable, with food, water and a litter box nearby, as well as lots of loving human companionship.

Your Cat’s Kidneys

When your cat’s kidneys are healthy they work to remove toxins, manage blood pressure, maintain a normal electrolyte balance, regulate hydration and calcium, and produce hormones that stimulate the production of red blood cells.If your cat is diagnosed with kidney failure – also known as renal failure – the kidneys are no longer functioning efficiently. This can be caused by a number of factors and conditions, such as infections, tumors or ingesting something toxic.The immediate risk of failing kidneys in cats is that they cannot clear the blood of dangerous toxins.

Types of Kidney Failure in Cats

There are two types of kidney failure in cats. Each type differs in causes, treatment options and prognosis.

Acute Renal Failure

If your cat is suffering from acute kidney failure, it means that their kidneys are suddenly unable to function properly. This type of kidney failure occurs suddenly, within days or weeks. If diagnosed in time, acute renal failure can often be reversed.It can happen in cats of any age and typically results from poisons, trauma, infection, organ failure, urethral blockages, dehydration and other causes. Poisons, such as toxic plants, pesticides, cleaning fluids and human medications, are the most common cause of acute renal failure.

Chronic Kidney Failure

Chronic kidney failure in cats is a gradual condition that typically develops over several months or even years. This type of kidney failure is typically caused by autoimmune diseases, cysts in the kidneys, and genetics.Chronic kidney failure is a progressive illness that can lead to total kidney failure, where the kidneys gradually stop working as they lose the ability to filter toxins out of the blood.