What Category Was Wilma When It Hit Florida?

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Hurricane Wilma crossed Florida on this date in 2005 Hurricane Wilma rapidly intensified in the Caribbean, growing from a tropical storm with winds of 69 mph on Oct. 18 to a Category 5 hurricane with winds of 172 mph on Oct. 19. Wilma produced 10 tornadoes over the Florida peninsula on Oct.

The third storm of the season, Hypercane Cara developed out of a weak low pressure system which migrated across the Atlantic and over an erupting underwater volcano. The deadliest hurricane in Florida’s recent recorded history is also its costliest. Hurricane Irma made landfall along the Florida Keys destroying homes and boats and causing widespread power outages as well as extensive tree damage to the Florida islands. These warm, shallow waters help hurricanes strengthen before making landfall, which has led to some pretty bad storms in recorded history. Hurricane season in Florida typically lasts from June 1 through November 30, although it’s not uncommon for tropical storms to form as early as May. May 21, 2020 An above-normal 2020 Atlantic hurricane season is expected, according to forecasters with NOAA’s Climate Prediction Center, a division of the National Weather Service. #2: Orange County (Orlando): 7,805 violent crimes, including 94 murders.

What category was Wilma when it hit Fort Lauderdale?

Category 3

What category was Hurricane Wilma when it hit Palm Beach County?

By the time Wilma reached western Palm Beach County, it was a Category 2 storm. While Florida’s record-breaking hurricane drought ended this year with Hurricane Hermine, which plowed into the Big Bend region with Category 1 winds, Wilma is the last Category 3 or higher to breach Florida coastline.

What category was the hurricane in Florida?

The cyclone made landfall in Cudjoe Key, Florida, at 13:00 UTC on September 10, at Category 4 intensity, with winds of 130 mph (215 km/h).

An Air Force Reserve hurricane hunter WC-130 had measured the record-low surface pressure and reported “the dreaded pinhole eye” as forecaster Jack Beven referred to it in his forecaster’s storm discussion bulletin. In general, the stronger a hurricane, the smaller its eye. At the time Wilma’s eye was roughly 2.3 miles across. Its peak wind speed was 184 mph.

In addition, Linda’s dad (Vaughn Carmichael) used to work as a forecaster at NHC—that’s how I met Linda—and she knew very well how significant it was for Wilma to go from a tropical storm to a Category 5 Hurricane within 24 hours. Mayfield adds: With Wilma stalled for several days over some of the warmest seawater in the Caribbean south of Cuba, “we knew there was a good possibility of rapid intensification, but the bottom really did drop out on this storm.” Fortunately, for the thousands of residents and tourists on Mexico’s Yucatan Peninsula, where Wilma was heading, the inner eye dissipated as the hurricane went though an eyewall replacement cycle . The two days between Wilma reaching Category 5 and its landfall gave Mexican authorities time to move thousands of residents and tourists to safety.

Hurricane Wilma was the most intense tropical cyclone ever recorded in the Atlantic basin, and the second-most intense tropical cyclone recorded in the Western Hemisphere, after Hurricane Patricia in 2015. Part of the record-breaking 2005 Atlantic hurricane season, which included three of the ten most intense Atlantic hurricanes ever in terms of barometric pressure (along with #4 Rita and #7 Katrina), Wilma was the twenty-second storm, thirteenth hurricane, sixth major hurricane, fourth Category 5 hurricane, and the second-most destructive hurricane of the 2005 season. A tropical depression formed in the Caribbean Sea near Jamaica on October 15, headed westward, and intensified into a tropical storm two days later, which abruptly turned southward and was named Wilma. Wilma continued to strengthen, and eventually became a hurricane on October 18. Shortly thereafter, explosive intensification occurred, and in only 24 hours, Wilma became a Category 5 hurricane with wind speeds of 185 mph (298 km/h).

FormedOctober 15, 2005DissipatedOctober 27, 2005( Extratropical after October 25)Highest winds 1-minute sustained : 185 mph (295 km/h)Lowest pressure882 mbar ( hPa ); 26.05 inHg ( Record low in the Atlantic basin )Fatalities52 totalDamage$27.4 billion (2005 USD )Areas affected Jamaica , Puerto Rico , Cuba , Cayman Islands , Central America , Mexico (mainly in Quintana Roo ), United States (mainly in Florida ), Bahamas , Bermuda , Canada (mainly in Nova Scotia ) and France (mainly in Saint Pierre and Miquelon )Part of the 2005 Atlantic hurricane season Hurricane Wilma was the most intense tropical cyclone ever recorded in the Atlantic basin , and the second-most intense tropical cyclone recorded in the Western Hemisphere, after Hurricane Patricia in 2015. Wilma’s intensity slowly leveled off after becoming a Category 5 hurricane, and winds had decreased to 150 mph (240 km/h) before it reached the Yucatán Peninsula on October 20 and 21. As Wilma was crossing Florida, it briefly weakened back to a Category 2 hurricane, but again re-intensified as it reached the Atlantic Ocean. Wilma made several landfalls, with the most destructive effects felt in the Yucatán Peninsula of Mexico , Cuba , and the U.S. state of Florida. On October 15, the National Hurricane Center (NHC) classified the system as Tropical Depression Twenty-Four while located about 220 mi (350 km) east-southeast of Grand Cayman . Initial intensification was slow, due to Wilma’s large size and a flat pressure gradient , although the associated convection gradually organized. On October 18, Wilma intensified into a hurricane, and subsequently underwent explosive deepening over the open waters of the Caribbean Sea. During the same intensification period, the winds increased to a peak intensity of 185 mph (295 km/h), making Wilma a Category 5 on the Saffir-Simpson scale . An eyewall replacement cycle caused Wilma to weaken below Category 5 status on October 20, as it drifted northwestward toward Mexico’s Yucatán Peninsula . Late on October 21, Wilma made landfall on the island of Cozumel , Quintana Roo , with sustained winds of 150 mph (240 km/h). Wilma rapidly crossed the state and weakened, emerging into the Atlantic Ocean near Jupiter, Florida . The hurricane briefly re-intensified while passing north of the Bahamas, absorbing the smaller Tropical Storm Alpha to the east. At 09:00 UTC on October 16, a hurricane watch and tropical storm warning were posted for the Cayman Islands ; these were dropped three days later. A tropical storm warning was issued in Honduras from the border with Nicaragua westward to Cabo Camaron at 15:00 UTC on October 17. By October 22, a hurricane warning was in place for the city of Havana , as well as the provinces of La Habana and Pinar del Río . Passenger travel was halted for all trains nationwide, as well as ferry service between Batabanó and Isla de la Juventud . Poor weather conditions forced three airports to briefly close – José Martí International in Havana, Juan Gualberto Gómez in Varadero and Jardines del Rey in Cayo Coco . [17] Schools around Fort Myers and Tampa, as well as Sumter , Marion , Osceola , Pasco , and Polk counties, were closed on October 24. [22][23] The hurricane halted production of Disney ‘s Pirates of the Caribbean: Dead Man’s Chest , forcing the cast and crew to evacuate. The Bermuda Weather Service issued a gale warning for the island early on October 24, due to uncertainty whether Wilma would be tropical or not. The rains triggered river flooding and landslides in Haiti, killing 12 people, and forcing 300 residents into shelters. Less than a week after Wilma formed, Tropical Storm Alpha struck Hispaniola and caused additional deadly floods in Haiti. While Wilma was moving northeast in the Gulf of Mexico, the hurricane produced high tides and gusty winds across western Cuba. The Cuban government tabulated the hurricane’s economic cost at US$704.2 million, which included the expenses for preparations and lost production from factories. [12] Due to high floodwaters, nearly 250 people required rescue from their homes in Havana, using inflatable rafts and amphibious vehicles to reach the most severely flooded areas. [33] The hurricane wrecked 167 ha (410 acres) worth of agriculture products in Pinar del Río and Havana provinces, [34] which included damaged fruit trees, bee colonies, and tobacco houses. High floodwaters inundated parts of Havana and along Cuba’s northwest coast, damaging roads and rail lines. Officials cut electricity in Havana after winds reached 45 mph (70 km/h); after the storm, there were power and water outages in the city, nearby neighborhoods, and in Pinar del Río province. NOAA.Across the Yucatán peninsula, Hurricane Wilma dropped torrential rainfall, inundated coastlines with a significant storm surge , and produced an extended period of strong winds. [38] Throughout Mexico, Wilma’s damage was estimated at $4.8 billion (MXN, US$454 million), mostly in Quintana Roo, where it was the state’s costliest natural disaster. [40] The water level in Cancún reached the third story of some buildings due to 5 to 8 m (16 to 26 ft) waves, in addition to the storm surge. [44] Across Mexico, Wilma damaged 490 km 2 (190 sq mi) worth of crops, majority of which was in Yucatán state. [1] The very large eye of Wilma moved across all of or portions of six counties – Broward , Collier, Hendry , Miami-Dade , and Palm Beach . [56] Damage in Monroe County reached at least $200 million, with approximately half the total occurring in Key West, though the figure did not include incorporated areas. Surge destroyed around 200 recreational vehicles in Chokoloskee and covered Everglades City with about 4 ft (1.2 m) of water, [55] flooding structures including the Old Collier County Courthouse . [47] Bonita Springs experienced the worst impact in Lee County, with 972 homes reporting minor to major damage. [63] Numerous homes and businesses experienced some degree of impact, with over 55,000 dwellings and 3,600 workplaces damaged in Palm Beach County alone. [55][64] An aerial survey in Broward County indicated that 70% of homes and businesses in Coconut Creek , Davie , Margate , North Lauderdale , Plantation , and Sunrise experienced some degree of impact. In Martin County , which recorded a wind gust as high as 108 mph (174 km/h) in Hobe Sound , the storm extensively damaged 120 dwellings and destroyed 48 others. Rainfall totals ranging from 10 to 13 in (250 to 330 mm) in parts of Brevard County left freshwater flooding; about 200 homes in Cocoa suffered water damage. [47][46] In the Florida Panhandle , abnormal high tides generated by Wilma washed the Cape St. George Lighthouse into the Gulf of Mexico. [73] As Wilma was moving out to sea, a nor’easter developed near Cape Hatteras ; the two systems produced high waves, coastal flooding, and beach erosion from Delaware to Maine, resulting in some road closures. The high winds resulting in downed trees and scattered power outages, with traffic blocked on parts of Interstate 95 in Rhode Island and the Green Line train in Newton, Massachusetts . The hurricane disrupted the flight path of migratory birds, resulting in an unusual increase in frigatebird sightings around the island. [40][85] While Cancún’s airport was closed to the public, stranded visitors filled taxis and buses to Mérida, Yucatán. On November 28, Mexico declared a disaster area for 9 of Quintana Roo’s 11 municipalities – Benito Juárez, Cozumel, Felipe Carrillo Puerto , Isla Mujeres, Lázaro Cárdenas , Othon P. Blanco , and Solidaridad . Quintana Roo’s state government began a temporary work program for residents whose jobs were impacted by the hurricane. [84] The Mexican Red Cross provided food, water, and health care to residents affected by the hurricane. Within a few days of Wilma’s passage by Cuba, workers restored power and water access to impacted residents. On October 24, 2005, the same day Wilma made landfall in Florida, President George W. Bush approved a disaster declaration for Brevard, Broward, Collier, Glades, Hendry, Indian River, Lee, Martin, Miami-Dade, Monroe, Okeechobee, Palm Beach, and St. Lucie counties. Additionally, public assistance from FEMA totaled over $1.4 billion and grants for hazard mitigation projects exceeded $141.5 million. These included allocating $66.7 million to improving shelters, mandating that high-rise buildings have at least one elevator capable of operating by generator, and requiring gas stations and convenience stores to possess a back-up electrical supply in the event that they have fuel but no power. [96] Forecasts projected a decrease of 28 million boxes of oranges, the smallest crop since the 1989-1990 growing season, caused by a severe freeze. By late-September 2010, roughly $9.2 billion had been paid for more than 1 million insurance claims that had been filed throughout Florida in relation to Hurricane Wilma. [99] During this time, major hurricanes occurred in the Atlantic slightly more frequently than average; they just did not make landfall in the United States. ^ Randall Cerveny; Valentina Davydova Belitskaya; Pierre Bessemoulin; Miguel Cortez; Chris Landsea; Thomas C. Peterson (2007). “Pirates of the Caribbean curse: Film franchise has disastrous history with fire, animals and Mother Nature” .

What category was Hurricane Wilma when it hit Broward County?

What category was Hurricane Wilma when it hit Broward County?

Category 3

What category was Hurricane Dorian when it hit Florida?

Category 2

What was Hurricane Wilma when it hit Florida?

Hurricane Wilma crossed Florida on this date in 2005 Hurricane Wilma rapidly intensified in the Caribbean, growing from a tropical storm with winds of 69 mph on Oct. 18 to a Category 5 hurricane with winds of 172 mph on Oct. 19. Wilma produced 10 tornadoes over the Florida peninsula on Oct.

What’s the strongest hurricane ever recorded?

Hurricane Wilma

What’s the worst hurricane in history?

Great Galveston Hurricane of 1900

Has there ever been Hypercane?

Hypercane Cara was third named storm, second major hurricane, and the first hypercane of the 2776 Atlantic hurricane season. The third storm of the season, Hypercane Cara developed out of a weak low pressure system which migrated across the Atlantic and over an erupting underwater volcano.

Which hurricane was the worst in Florida?

The deadliest hurricane in Florida’s recent recorded history is also its costliest. Hurricane Irma made landfall along the Florida Keys destroying homes and boats and causing widespread power outages as well as extensive tree damage to the Florida islands. In Miami-Dade County, about 1,000 homes sustained major damage.

Where do hurricanes hit the most in Florida?

The Florida Panhandle is the most hurricane-prone area in Florida due to the warm, shallow waters of the Gulf of Mexico, which hurricanes tend to favor dearly. These warm, shallow waters help hurricanes strengthen before making landfall, which has led to some pretty bad storms in recorded history.

What month do most hurricanes hit Florida?

Hurricane season in Florida typically lasts from June 1 through November 30, although it’s not uncommon for tropical storms to form as early as May. Three-fourths of all storms in Florida occur between August and October, with September being the peak month for storm activity.

Will there be a hurricane in 2020 in Florida?

May 21, 2020 An above-normal 2020 Atlantic hurricane season is expected, according to forecasters with NOAA’s Climate Prediction Center, a division of the National Weather Service. An average hurricane season produces 12 named storms, of which 6 become hurricanes, including 3 major hurricanes.

What city has the most murders in Florida?

#1: Miami-Dade County: 13,732 violent crimes, including 198 murders. #2: Orange County (Orlando): 7,805 violent crimes, including 94 murders.

What is the deadliest snake in Florida?

Eastern Coral Snake

What is the Florida state nickname?

The Sunshine State

Hurricane Wilma

Wilma’s intensity slowly leveled off after becoming a Category 5 hurricane, and winds had decreased to 150 mph (240 km/h) before it reached the Yucatán Peninsula on October 20 and 21. After crossing the Yucatán, Wilma emerged into the Gulf of Mexico as a Category 2 hurricane. As it began accelerating to the northeast, gradual re-intensification occurred, and the hurricane was upgraded to Category 3 status on October 24. Shortly thereafter, Wilma made landfall in Cape Romano, Florida with winds of 120 mph (190 km/h). As Wilma was crossing Florida, it briefly weakened back to a Category 2 hurricane, but again re-intensified as it reached the Atlantic Ocean. The hurricane intensified into a Category 3 hurricane for the last time, before weakening while accelerating northeastward. By October 26, Wilma transitioned into an extratropical cyclone southeast of Nova Scotia.Wilma made several landfalls, with the most destructive effects felt in the Yucatán Peninsula of Mexico, Cuba, and the U.S. state of Florida. At least 52 deaths were reported and damage totaled to $22.4 billion, most of which occurred in the United States. After Wilma, no other major hurricane made landfall in the contiguous United States until Hurricane Harvey made landfall in southern Texas on August 26, 2017, ending a record period of 11 years 10 months. During this time, major Atlantic hurricanes occurred slightly more frequently than average; they just either did not make landfall at that strength in the United States or just missed the United States entirely. Also, after Wilma, no hurricane struck the state of Florida until Hurricane Hermine did so nearly 11 years later in 2016, and no major hurricane struck Florida until nearly 12 years later when Hurricane Irma made landfall in early September 2017.

Meteorological history

During mid-October 2005, a large monsoon-like system developed in the Caribbean Sea. A broad low pressure area formed on October 13 to the southeast of Jamaica, which slowly became more defined. On October 15, the National Hurricane Center (NHC) classified the system as Tropical Depression Twenty-Four while located about 220 mi (350 km) east-southeast of Grand Cayman. The depression drifted southwestward through a favorable environment, including warm sea surface temperatures. The depression strengthened into a tropical storm on October 17, whereupon the NHC named itOn October 18, Wilma intensified into a hurricane, and subsequently underwent explosive deepening over the open waters of the Caribbean Sea. In a 30–hour period through October 19, Wilma’s barometric pressure dropped from 982 mbar (29.00 inHg) to 882 mbar (26.05 inHg); this made Wilma the most intense Atlantic hurricane on record, based on pressure. During the same intensification period, the winds increased to a peak intensity of 185 mph (295 km/h), making Wilma a Category 5 on the Saffir-Simpson scale. An eyewall replacement cycle caused Wilma to weaken below Category 5 status on October 20, as it drifted northwestward toward Mexico’s Yucatán Peninsula. Late on October 21, Wilma made landfall on the island of Cozumel, Quintana Roo, with sustained winds of 150 mph (240 km/h). About six hours later, Wilma made a second landfall on the Mexican mainland near Puerto Morelos.The hurricane weakened over land, but re-intensified once it reached the Gulf of Mexico. Wilma accelerated to the northeast, steered by a powerful trough. After passing northwest of the Florida Keys, the hurricane struck southwestern Florida near Cape Romano on October 24 with winds of 120 mph (195 km/h). Wilma rapidly crossed the state and weakened, emerging into the Atlantic Ocean near Jupiter, Florida. The hurricane briefly re-intensified while passing north of the Bahamas, absorbing the smaller Tropical Storm Alpha to the east. The hurricane passed west of Bermuda on October 25. After cold air and wind shear penetrated the core of convection, Wilma transitioned into an extratropical cyclone on October 26 to the south of Nova Scotia; it was absorbed by another extratropical storm a day later over Atlantic Canada.

Records

At 18:01 UTC on October 19, a Hurricane Hunters dropsonde measured a barometric pressure of 884 mbar (26.1 inHg) in the eye of Wilma, along with sustained winds of 23 mph (46 km/h); the wind value suggested that the central pressure was slightly lower, estimated at 882 mbar (26.0 inHg). This is the lowest central pressure on record for any Atlantic hurricane,While striking Mexico, it dropped torrential rainfall on the offshore Isla Mujeres. Over 24 hours, a rain gauge recorded 1,633.98 mm (64.330 in) of precipitation, which set a record in Mexico for the nation’s highest 24–hour rainfall total, as well as the highest 24 hour rainfall total in the western hemisphere.When Tropical Storm Wilma formed on October 17, it became the first named “W” storm in the basin since naming began in 1950. It would be 15 years until another season would have a W-named storm – Tropical Storm Wilfred in 2020.

Preparations

The various governments of the nations threatened by Wilma issued many tropical cyclone warnings and watches. At 09:00 UTC on October 16, a hurricane watch and tropical storm warning were posted for the Cayman Islands; these were dropped three days later. A tropical storm warning was issued in Honduras from the border with Nicaragua westward to Cabo Camaron at 15:00 UTC on October 17. In Belize, another tropical storm warning became in effect at 15:00 UTC on October 19 from the border with Mexico to Belize City. On October 21, the tropical storm warning in Honduras was discontinued at 03:00 UTC, while the other in Belize was canceled twelve hours later.The Mexican government issued hurricane warnings from Chetumal near Belize to San Felipe, Yucatán; a tropical storm warning was extended westward to Celestún.The Cuban government issued several watches and warnings in relation to Wilma. By October 22, a hurricane warning was in place for the city of Havana, as well as the provinces of La Habana and Pinar del Río. A tropical storm warning was also issued for Isla de la Juventud, and a hurricane watch was issued for Matanzas Province.The NHC issued tropical cyclone warnings and watches across much of southern Florida, with a hurricane warning ultimately covering all of south Florida from Longboat Key on the west coast to Titusville, including Lake Okeechobee and the Florida Keys. A tropical storm watch extended northward on the west coast to Steinhatchee River. On Florida’s east coast, a tropical storm warning stretched northward from Titusville to St. Augustine, with a tropical storm watch extending north to Fernandina Beach.Wilma’s passage through Florida disrupted festival and sporting matches. Key West postponed Fantasy Fest, usually held annually around Halloween, until December, which resulted in a loss of millions of dollars in revenue for hotels, restaurants, and stores.The government of The Bahamas issued a hurricane warning for the northwestern Bahamas at 12:00 UTC on October 23, about 24 hours before Wilma made its closest approach to the archipelago.The Bermuda Weather Service issued a gale warning for the island early on October 24, due to uncertainty whether Wilma would be tropical or not. After consulting with the NHC, the agency maintained the gale warning rather than changing it to a tropical storm warning to reduce confusion.

Impact

Caribbean

For several days in its formative stages, Wilma’s outer rainbands dropped heavy rainfall in Haiti and as far east as the Dominican Republic. The rains triggered river flooding and landslides in Haiti, killing 12 people, and forcing 300 residents into shelters. The storm cut communications between Les Cayes and Tiburon. Less than a week after Wilma formed, Tropical Storm Alpha struck Hispaniola and caused additional deadly floods in Haiti.Wilma caused one death in Jamaica as a tropical depression on October 16. It pounded the island for three days ending on October 18, flooding several low-lying communities and triggering mudslides that blocked roads and damaged several homes. Almost 250 people were in emergency shelters on the island.While Wilma was moving northeast in the Gulf of Mexico, the hurricane produced high tides and gusty winds across western Cuba. The highest recorded gusts was 84 mph (135 km/h) at Casablanca near Havana.

Mexico

Across the Yucatán peninsula, Hurricane Wilma dropped torrential rainfall, inundated coastlines with a significant storm surge, and produced an extended period of strong winds. The hurricane lashed parts of the Yucatán peninsula with hurricane-force winds gusts for nearly 50 hours. On the Mexican mainland, a station in Cancún recorded 10–minute sustained winds of 160 km/h (100 mph), with gusts to 212 km/h (132 mph) before the anemometer failed; gusts were estimated at 230 km/h (140 mph).Across Mexico, Wilma killed eight people – seven in Quintana Roo, and one in Yucatán.Flooding damaged houses in low-lying areas of eastern Yucatán state.

United States

Florida

In Florida, Wilma’s swift movement across the state resulted in mostly light precipitation totals of 3 to 7 in (76 to 178 mm), while some areas recorded only 1 to 2 in (25 to 51 mm) of rainfall or less.Wind damage accounted for much of the storm’s overall damage.In Monroe County, storm surge from Wilma impacted the Florida Keys twice, with the second event causing the worst coastal flooding in the island chain since Hurricane Betsy in 1965.Storm surge in Collier County mostly impacted Chokoloskee, Everglades City, and Plantation Island. Surge destroyed around 200 recreational vehicles in Chokoloskee and covered Everglades City with about 4 ft (1.2 m) of water,Wilma inflicted a multi-billion dollar disaster in the Miami metropolitan area, including $2.9 billion in damage in Palm Beach County,In Hendry County, high winds damaged around 90 percent of buildings and homes in Clewiston and other eastern sections of the county.

Other states

Rainfall from Hurricane Wilma extended up the east coast of the United States from Florida to Virginia. Precipitation reached 3 in (76 mm) along the Outer Banks of North Carolina.

Bahamas and Bermuda

After exiting Florida, Wilma passed just north of the northwestern Bahamas.On Bermuda, Hurricane Wilma produced wind gusts of 51 mph (81 km/h). The strongest winds on the island were short-lived due to the hurricane’s fast forward motion at the time. The hurricane disrupted the flight path of migratory birds, resulting in an unusual increase in frigatebird sightings around the island.

Aftermath

Due to the hurricanes’ widespread damage, the World Meteorological Organization retired the name “Wilma” in April 2006, at the 28th session of the regional hurricane committee. The name was replaced with “Whitney” on the naming list for the 2011 season.

Mexico

In Mexico, residents and tourists staying in shelters faced food shortages in Wilma’s immediate aftermath.On November 28, Mexico declared a disaster area for 9 of Quintana Roo’s 11 municipalities – Benito Juárez, Cozumel, Felipe Carrillo Puerto, Isla Mujeres, Lázaro Cárdenas, Othon P. Blanco, and Solidaridad.

Cuba

Within a few days of Wilma’s passage by Cuba, workers restored power and water access to impacted residents. The Revolutionary Armed Forces cleared and repaired roads around Havana that were flooded.

United States

On October 24, 2005, the same day Wilma made landfall in Florida, President George W. Bush approved a disaster declaration for Brevard, Broward, Collier, Glades, Hendry, Indian River, Lee, Martin, Miami-Dade, Monroe, Okeechobee, Palm Beach, and St. Lucie counties. The Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) expended $342.5 million to the 227,321 approved applicants. The agency paid out $150.8 million for housing and $191.5 million for other significant disaster-related needs, including loss of personal property, moving and storage, and medical or funeral expenses relating to the hurricane. Additionally, public assistance from FEMA totaled over $1.4 billion and grants for hazard mitigation projects exceeded $141.5 million.Florida governor Jeb Bush activated an emergency bridge loan program in early November 2005, allowing small businesses damaged by Wilma to apply for interest-free loans up to $25,000.Florida’s sugar industry was greatly affected; the cropping had already started and had to be halted indefinitely. Damage to sugarcane crops was critical and widespread. Citrus canker spread rapidly throughout southern Florida following Hurricane Wilma, creating further hardships on an already stressed citrus economy due to damage from Wilma and previous years’ hurricanes. Citrus production estimates fell to a low of 158 million boxes for the 2005–2006 production seasons from a high of 240 million for 2003–2004.By late-September 2010, roughly $9.2 billion had been paid for more than 1 million insurance claims that had been filed throughout Florida in relation to Hurricane Wilma.After Wilma, the United States would not be struck by another major hurricane until Hurricane Harvey made landfall in southern Texas on August 26, 2017, ending a record period of 11 years and 10 months, a total of 4,323 days.

Notes

Anna Mitchell
Who else thinks the U.S. Marine jailed in Mexico would be getting a lot more attention from the U.S. government if he looked like Obama's son...if he had a son? "God loves each of us as if there were only one of us" - Saint Augustine Devoted bacon guru. Award-winning explorer. Internet junkie. Web lover. Interests: Organizing, Floral Arranging
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