What Category Was Hurricane Dolly When It Made Landfall??

Hurricane Dolly was a strong tropical cyclone that made landfall in Deep South Texas in July 2008. Dolly was the fourth tropical cyclone and second hurricane to form during the 2008 Atlantic hurricane season. Dolly developed on July 20 from an area of disturbed weather in association with a strong tropical wave. It was named at the same time it formed, as the precursor wave already had tropical storm-force winds. This marked the earliest time a fourth named cyclone formed since the 2005 season, which used to hold the record until it was surpassed by the 2012 season, the 2016 season, and the 2020 season.[1]

[4] The storm caused 212,000 customers to lose power in Texas as well as 125,000 in Tamaulipas , and dropped estimated amounts of over 16 inches (410 mm) of rain in isolated areas . [5] Rip currents throughout the entire Gulf Coast resulted in one person drowning off the Florida Panhandle .

Despite producing strong convection and tropical storm-force sustained winds, it failed to develop a low-level circulation until July 20. That morning, reconnaissance aircraft found a low-level circulation and the system was identified as a tropical cyclone by the National Hurricane Center (NHC). Originally, the storm was forecast by the Servicio Meteorolgico Nacional (Mexico’s national weather service) to make landfall between Playa del Carmen and Tulum .

However, as the storm approached the Quintana Roo coastline, it lost its organization and its surface circulation center disappeared. In essence, this caused the storm to briefly move parallel to the coastline, shifting the point of Dolly‘s first landfall to north of Cancn. The northward shift also caused the bulk of the storm to stay over water, reducing its impact on the Yucatn Peninsula.

After moving into the Gulf of Mexico , conditions became favorable for additional intensification , with low wind shear and warm sea surface temperatures . [4] At 1:00 pm CDT (1800 UTC) that same day, Dolly made landfall on South Padre Island , Texas , slightly weaker as a Category 1 hurricane with 85 mph (140 km/h) sustained winds and a pressure of 967 mbar. [4] Hurricane Dolly then moved west-northwestward over the Laguna Madre crossing onto the mainland near the Cameron-Willacy County line.

South Padre Island, Port Isabel, Laguna Vista, Los Fresnos, Bayview, Brownsville, San Benito, Rio Hondo, Arroyo City and especially Harlingen suffered heavy wind and flooding. Hurricane Dolly then thrashed the Delta Region along and north of Highway 107 with its most fierce winds and rain. Towns like Santa Rosa, La Villa, Edcouch, Elsa, Monte Alto and San Carlos were hit hard by the slow-moving, wet hurricane which dumped 10-20 inch rains.

According to Mid Valley Town-Crier newspaper, the Weslaco Airport clocked gusts of 68 knots (78 mph). The circulation weakened into a remnant low over northern Mexico on the afternoon of July 25, then crossed back into the United States, passing through the Ciudad Jurez, Chihuahua / El Paso, Texas metropolitan area on the morning of July 26 and then north across New Mexico . The remnant low of Dolly finally began to dissipate late in the evening of July 27 approximately 100 km (62 mi) west-northwest of Dalhart, Texas .

That same morning, the Quintana Roo Civil Protection authorities in Chetumal declared a “blue alert” for the entire state due to the storm’s proximity. Later, evacuation orders were also made for Holbox Island , causing the total number of evacuees to reach 2,000. Diamond Offshore Drilling removed non-essential employees from some of its rigs, and Rowan Companies also evacuated one of its eight oil platforms in the Gulf.

Also on July 21, Chevron announced that it was evacuating some of its workers from its oil rigs in the Gulf, but did not disclose how many were removed. On July 21, the state of Veracruz put 166 municipalities in preventive alert, and expected that the storm would exacerbate existing flooding. In Tamaulipas , state authorities put the municipalities of Soto la Marina , San Fernando , Matamoros , Valle Hermoso , Ro Bravo and Reynosa on alert and prepared shelters.

SEGOB also ordered 600 Army troops and 350 Marines deployed to Tamaulipas, a number that later grew to 4,800 military and police. On July 23, Coahuila authorities emitted an orange alert due to the risk of flooding from Dolly‘s remnants, and activated 2,000 military and police to the state. Coast Guard video of the aftermath of Hurricane Dolly in south Texas In Guatemala, the rain caused landslides and at least 17 deaths, with 12 members of one family killed near La Unin in the department of Zacapa and four from another family in San Pedro Soloma , Huehuetenango .

Flooding from Hurricane DollyIn the United States , PresidentGeorge W. Bush declared 15 counties of Texas as a federal disaster area . No deaths were reported as a result of the storm, but one boy was injured after falling seven floors from a condominium balcony in South Padre Island . Early on July 23, an apartment complex roof partially collapsed in South Padre Island .

Dolly‘s strongest winds and heaviest rains were generally on the left or south side of the eyewall. In addition, at least two tornadoes were reported in San Patricio County , well to the north of the landfall location. After weakening to a tropical storm, Dolly spun off another tornado near Poth early on July 24 with minor damage.

Flash flooding from the remnant low of Dolly occurred in El Paso, Texas , on July 26: one person was killed in an adjacent portion of New Mexico from a weather-related traffic accident. Additional flash flooding and river flooding on the Rio Ruidoso in the Sacramento Mountains of New Mexico occurred on the morning of July 27, after more than 6 in (150 mm) of rainfall from Dolly‘s remnants: hundreds of tourists, campers and residents were evacuated and the storm caused damage at the Ruidoso Downs racetrack. Elsewhere[ edit ] Distant effects included high waves and rip currents throughout the Central and Eastern Gulf Coast .

One person was killed and at least nine others had to be rescued from Panama City Beach, Florida , as a result of rip currents caused by Dolly. In Matamoros, Tamaulipas , downed power lines fell on floodwaters and electrocuted one man. On July 26, the remnant low of Dolly dropped heavy rains on Ciudad Juarez, Chihuahua , causing landslides, flooding, the collapse of a historic church and evacuation of numerous colonias .

“Alerta naranja en Quintana Roo por Dolly : maana estar a 15 km al noreste de Mrida” (in Spanish).

What category was Hurricane Dolly when it made landfall group of answer choices 1 2 3 4 5?

Moving quickly through the Gulf of Mexico, the eye of Dolly made landfall on South Padre Island, Texas, along the Cameron and Willacy County line, as a Category 2 hurricane on July 23 at approximately 12:15 pm CDT with instantaneous peak wind gust speeds exceeding 100 mph and sustained winds at Category 1 strength (NWS …

What level was Hurricane Dolly?

Category 2

What category of a hurricane was Dolly in 2008?

Hurricane Dolly / Category

How many people were killed in Hurricane Dolly?

Hurricane Dolly / Direct fatalities

|This page uses content from Wikipedia. The original article was at wikipedia:en:Hurricane Dolly (2008). The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with Hurricane Wiki, the text of Wikipedia is available under the GNU Free Documentation License.|

Originally, the storm was forecast by the Servicio Meteorolgico Nacional (Mexico’s national weather service) to make landfall between Playa del Carmen and Tulum . ] After moving into the Gulf of Mexico , weather conditions became favorable for additional intensification , with low wind shear and warm sea surface temperatures . ]

[4 ] At 1:00 pm CDT (1800 UTC) that same day, Dolly made landfall on South Padre Island , Texas , slightly weaker as a Category 1 hurricane with 85 mph (140 km/h) sustained winds and a pressure of 967 mbar. South Padre Island, Port Isabel, Laguna Vista, Los Fresnos, Bayview, Brownsville, San Benito, Rio Hondo, Arroyo City and especially Harlingen suffered heavy wind and flooding. Towns like Santa Rosa, La Villa, Edcouch, Elsa, Monte Alto and San Carlos were hit hard by the slow-moving, wet hurricane which dumped 10-20 inch rains.

That same morning, the Quintana Roo Civil Protection authorities in Chetumal declared a “blue alert” for the entire state due to the storm’s proximity. ] In Tamaulipas , state authorities put the municipalities of Soto la Marina , San Fernando , Matamoros , Valle Hermoso , Ro Bravo and Reynosa on alert and prepared shelters. ] Flash flooding from the remnant low of Dolly occurred in El Paso, Texas on July 26: ] one person was killed in an adjacent portion of New Mexico from a weather-related traffic accident. ]

The remnants of Dolly also impacted the south and middle of the midwest including the Chicago metropolitan area and Illinois , Indiana , Tennessee , and some parts of southern Missouri causing severe weather reports and some damage of property.

Hurricane Dolly (2008)

The tropical storm made landfall on the Yucatán Peninsula near Cancún early on July 21, leaving at least 17 people dead in Guatemala,

Meteorological history[edit]

An area of disturbed weather formed over the tropical Atlantic about 1,600 miles (2,600 km) east of the southern Windward Islands on July 13 in association with a strong tropical wave. The wave tracked across the Caribbean Sea during the third week of July. Despite producing strong convection and tropical storm-force sustained winds, it failed to develop a low-level circulation until July 20. That morning, reconnaissance aircraft found a low-level circulation and the system was identified as a tropical cyclone by the National Hurricane Center (NHC). The reconnaissance data showed that the storm had maximum sustained winds exceeding the 34-knot (39 mph; 63 km/h) threshold for tropical storm status. Additionally, buoy data corroborated that the system was producing speeds of this velocity at sea level, so the NHC declared the system to be a tropical storm—bypassing the tropical depression stage altogether—and giving it the nameAt this point, Dolly was located 270 mi (435 km) east of Chetumal, and 230 mi (365 km) southeast of Cozumel;After moving into the Gulf of Mexico, conditions became favorable for additional intensification, with low wind shear and warm sea surface temperatures.

Yucatán Peninsula[edit]

On July 20, the Mexican government issued a tropical storm warning for the Yucatán Peninsula from Campeche to the international border with Belize. A few hours later, Belize’s government issued a tropical storm watch from Belize City to the Mexican border.That same morning, the Quintana Roo Civil Protection authorities in Chetumal declared a “blue alert” for the entire state due to the storm’s proximity.

United States and Mexico[edit]

The National Hurricane Center and the Mexican government issued hurricane watches for the coast between the San Fernando River in Tamaulipas and Port O’Connor, Texas. At the same time, a tropical storm watch was issued for the Texas coast between Port O’Connor and San Luis Pass, and for the Gulf coast from the San Fernando River southward to La Pesca, Tamaulipas.In the Gulf of Mexico, Royal Dutch Shell evacuated 125 personnel from its oil rigs on July 20, and evacuated another 60 on July 21. Diamond Offshore Drilling removed non-essential employees from some of its rigs,In Texas, Governor Rick Perry activated 1,200 members of the Texas Military Forces, among other emergency personnel. Perry also ordered 250 buses to be placed in San Antonio, so they could be used if evacuations became necessary.On July 21, the state of Veracruz put 166 municipalities in preventive alert, and expected that the storm would exacerbate existing flooding.

Northwestern Caribbean[edit]

In Guatemala, the rain caused landslides and at least 17 deaths, with 12 members of one family killed near La Unión in the department of Zacapa and four from another family in San Pedro Soloma, Huehuetenango. One more person drowned after trying to cross the flooded Punilá River in La Unión.

United States[edit]

In the United States, President George W. Bush declared 15 counties of Texas as a federal disaster area.The Governor of Texas, Rick Perry, declared 14 counties in South Texas a disaster area.

Elsewhere[edit]

Distant effects included high waves and rip currents throughout the Central and Eastern Gulf Coast. One person was killed and at least nine others had to be rescued from Panama City Beach, Florida, as a result of rip currents caused by Dolly.

Mexico[edit]

In Matamoros, Tamaulipas, downed power lines fell on floodwaters and electrocuted one man.

[edit]Meteorological history

An area of disturbed weather formed over the tropical Atlantic about 1600 miles (2600 km) east of the southern Windward Islands on July 13, in association with a strong tropical wave. The wave tracked across the Caribbean Sea during the third week of July. Despite producing strong convection and tropical storm-force sustained winds, it failed to develop a low-level circulation until July 20. That morning, reconnaissance aircraft found a low-level circulation and the system was identified as a tropical cyclone by the National Hurricane Center (NHC). The reconnaissance data showed that the storm had maximum sustained winds exceeding the 34-knot (39 mph; 63 km/h) threshold for tropical storm status. Additionally, buoy data corroborated that the system was producing speeds of this velocity at sea level, so the NHC declared the system to be a tropical storm—bypassing the tropical depression stage altogether—and giving it the nameAt this point, Dolly was located 270 mi (435 km) east of Chetumal, and 230 mi (365 km) southeast of Cozumel;After moving into the Gulf of Mexico, weather conditions became favorable for additional intensification, with low wind shear and warm sea surface temperatures.

[edit]First landfall

[3][4]Dolly, shortly after being named.On July 20, the Mexican government issued a tropical storm warning for the Yucatán Peninsula from Campeche to the international border withBelize. A few hours later, Belize’s government issued a tropical storm watch from Belize City to the Mexican border.[5][6]Dolly, just after crossing Yucatan Peninsula.That same morning, the Quintana Roo Civil Protection authorities in Chetumal declared a “blue alert” for the entire state due to the storm’s proximity.

[edit]Second landfall

[7][8]Hurricane Dolly at peak intensity, just before landfall.The National Hurricane Center and the Mexican government issued hurricane watches for the coast between the San Fernando River inTamaulipas and Port O’Connor, Texas. At the same time, a tropical storm watch was issued for the Texas coast between Port O’Connor andSan Luis Pass, and for the Gulf coast from the San Fernando River southward to La Pesca, Tamaulipas.In the Gulf of Mexico, Royal Dutch Shell evacuated 125 personnel from its oil rigs on July 20, and evacuated another 60 on July 21. Diamond Offshore Drilling removed non-essential employees from some of its rigs,In Texas, Governor Rick Perry activated 1,200 members of the Texas Military Forces, among other emergency personnel. Perry also ordered 250 buses to be placed in San Antonio, so they could be used if evacuations became necessary.On July 21, the state of Veracruz put 166 municipalities in preventive alert, and expected that the storm would exacerbate existing flooding.

[edit]Impact

[9][10]Coast Guard video of the aftermath of Hurricane Dolly in south Texas===[edit]First landfall===In Guatemala, the rain caused landslides and at least 17 deaths, with 12 members of one family killed near La Unión in the department ofZacapa and four from another family in San Pedro Soloma, Huehuetenango. One more person drowned after trying to cross the floodedPunilá River in La Unión.

[edit]Second landfall

The storm contributed to a $2.16 price increase in oil futures in the New York Mercantile Exchange on July 21,

[edit]Mexico

[11][12]Flooding from Hurricane DollyIn the United States, President George W. Bush declared 15 counties of Texas as a federal disaster area.[13][14]Storm total rainfall from DollyThe Governor of Texas, Rick Perry, declared 14 counties in South Texas a disaster area.[15][16]Flooding in southern Texas, as taken from a United States Coast Guard aircraftDistant effects included high waves and rip currents throughout the Gulf of Mexico. One person was killed and at least nine others had to be rescued from Panama City Beach, Florida, as a result of rip currents caused by Dolly.