What Can Guinea Pigs Eat?

Guinea pigs are herbivores, so their diet should be one based on high-quality guinea pig hay, pelleted guinea pig food and limited amounts of fresh vegetables and fresh fruit. An imbalance in nutrition can cause chronic diarrhea, obesity and diseases of the heart, liver or kidneys. Gradually introduce new foods to your guinea pig’s diet as abrupt or significant dietary changes can cause problems (such as diarrhea).

Guinea pigs will overeat if given the chance, so, to prevent obesity, remove pelleted food that is left uneaten after one hour and discard fresh fruits or vegetables that are left uneaten after 24 hours. Fresh, filtered, chlorine-free water must be constantly available, especially during warmer weather, as guinea pigs are susceptible to heat stroke.

Chewing on hay also helps to wear down your guinea pig’s teeth, which grow continuously. Pellets : Commercial is specially formulated to provide balanced nutrition with the ideal dosage of Vitamin C and other essential nutrients. Choose pelleted food that has been veterinarian-tested and approved and follow the feeding instructions on the packaging as a guide.

Romaine lettuce (never iceberg lettuce) Carrots and carrot tops Peas Broccoli spears Spinach Artichokes Kale Tomatoes (not the stems or leaves) Green and red bell peppers Other dark green veggies Wash all produce thoroughly to remove traces of harmful pesticides and avoid serving vegetables cold. Oranges Apples Pears Strawberries Blueberries Kiwi Papayas Peaches Cucumbers

Some commercially produced treats contain artificial sweeteners, sugar or salt, so carefully read labels when selecting healthy options for your pet.Since your guinea pig’s teeth grow continuously, you should provide a variety of fun chews, including sticks, toys, balls, blocks and treats made especially for small animals. Cecotropes : Nature has provided guinea pigs with an unusual method for supplementing their unique nutritional needs. Cecotropes are small, soft pellets that contain nutrients absorbed from plants during the digestive process.

While this process may look bizarre or even revolting, you must not discourage it as cecotropes are a necessary part of your guinea pig’s diet. Some foods can be poisonous, some are too high in fat or sugar, some are a choking hazard, some have no nutritional value, some can cause gas and some can cause bloat. A short list of the foods to avoid feeding your guinea pig includes:

Chocolate (or anything else containing caffeine) Onions Garlic Mushrooms Iceberg lettuce Avocados Nuts Potatoes Seeds Corn kernels Peanut butter Rhubarb Cabbage Bok choy Dairy products Bread Meat You should also never offer your guinea pig any plants, flowers or grass from your yard or garden as they may contain pesticides or other hazards; many houseplants are also toxic, so always supervise your little pet when they out of their habitat. Pellets and treats fortified with Vitamin C should provide your guinea pig’s daily needed intake, but there are also additional options.

Supplementing with treats in the form of citrus fruits and vegetables allows you to provide Vitamin C from natural sources, while still giving him the opportunity to enjoy the diversity and fulfillment that comes from a well-balanced diet. Consult with your veterinarian to ensure that your guinea pig is getting the proper nutrition they need.

What foods are guinea pigs allowed to eat?

Romaine lettuce (never iceberg lettuce).Carrots and carrot tops..Peas..Broccoli spears..Spinach..Artichokes..Kale..Tomatoes (not the stems or leaves)

What fruit and veg can guinea pigs eat?

Guinea pigs can eat a wide variety of fruits, vegetables and herbs with some of their most popular foods being lettuce, kale, parsley, coriander, cucumber, carrot, sweet bell peppers, tomato and apple.

Do guinea pigs cry?

So, do Guinea Pigs Cry? Guinea Pigs do not cry in the conventional sense. While Guinea Pigs have an impressive emotional range, tears that form are often a natural response to keeping their eyes moist and healthy.

Providing everything their guinea pig needs is the aspiration of every responsible owner. We know and understand, however, that life doesnt always cooperate with yours and your guineas desires.

Follow along to discover our favorite options that you can find around the house or with a quick trip to the grocery store, and your guinea pig need never go hungry again. With all of these nutritional requirements in mind, lets look at some common foods that can be used to round out your guinea pigs base diet of hay and water:

Recommended by the Humane Society for feeding to your guinea pig, kale is a popular superfood thats great for your pets digestive health. Fruits are generally recommended only as a treat, as their high sugar content can quickly lead to diabetes and obesity in small animals. However, if youre going to choose one fruit for your guinea pig, orange segments are an excellent choice thanks to their high Vitamin C content.

On the sweet side for a vegetable, carrots are still a good occasional food for your guinea pig thanks to their high Vitamin C and fiber contents. Image Credit: Myagi, PixabayIn the wild, guinea pigs eat a wide variety of foods everything from fruits and leaves to grasses, herbs, and root vegetables. Like humans, guinea pigs do not produce their own Vitamin C. This makes supplementation a necessity for their continued health and well-being, which can be accomplished by feeding them dark leafy greens and brightly colored vegetables like bell peppers.

Just because you love your guinea pig as much as family doesnt mean you can feed her straight from your table. While some human food is safe for your guinea pig to eat, feeding guinea pigs should involve far more care than just giving them table scraps.

Any guinea pig owner needs to keep two important things in mind when choosing food: Guinea pig pellets should include Vitamin C to keep your pet healthy.

Some alfalfa hay is acceptable but it contains too much calcium to be the main part of your pets diet. Guinea pig hay needs to be stored in a cool, dry place to stay clear of mold or mildew. Supplement your guinea pigs hay with a small amount of high-quality pellets.

Opt for plain pellets rather than a mix, as this prevents your guinea pig from just picking out the tasty bits and ignoring the healthy ones! Fresh fruits and veggies are great treats and supplements for your guinea pig. Always be sure to clean up any uneaten fresh foods at the end of the day to avoid mold or rot.

Always avoid feeding your guinea pig sweet or salty human junk food, even if none of the ingredients are toxic. Its generally best to stick to feeding your guinea pig a diet of hay and high-quality pellets, with occasional treats of fresh fruits and veggies.

Guinea pigs are always eating. Whether its pellets, grass hay, daily greens, or the occasional fruit snack, it may often seem like your guinea pig is born to eat (and create magic beans).

There are so many types of fruits, vegetables, and herbs that guinea pigs can eat. Which vegetables , fruits , and herbs are safe to feed your guinea pig?

Are the foods you have been giving your cavy guinea pig safe ? Besides water , hay , and pellets , what else can your guinea pig eat? First, lets take a look at the basics of a guinea pig diet or jump to What The Happy Cavy Herd Eats for a general guide on the daily dietary requirements of guinea pigs.

Hay delivers the fiber that that is essential for your guinea pig to be able to properly digest and proces food and nutrients. Without a constant intake of fresh hay, guinea pigs digestive tracks can shut down. High-quality hay should be green with pliable stalks, free of mold and foreign particulates, and fragrant (not dusty or void of smell).

Cheap, store-bought hay is no substitute for fresh, high-quality yummy goodness. Most hay purchased at big box stores (PetCo, etc.) Farm-to-cage is ideal and special caution should be taken when providing the most important food of your guinea pigs diet: high-quality, pesticide(?)

NOTE : An alfalfa hay mix (1/2 timothy, 1/2 alfalfa) should be primarily fed to young guinea pigs under the age of 4 months and pregnant or nursing cavies. Because alfalfa hay is high in calcium, it should NOT be fed to healthy, adult cavies. Guinea pig pellets should consist of only high-quality hay and should be served in a ceramic bowl, which is large enough to not tip over.

High-quality grass hay is a must for proper guinea pig health. Like Humans, guinea pigs cannot manufacture their own vitamin C. To prevent survy and other health issues, each guinea pig should get 10 to 30 milligrams of Vitamin C each day; young, ill, nursing and/or pregnant animals require extra Vitamin C. While many guinea pigs will get an adequate serving of Vitamin C from vegetables and pellets, you may wish to supplement your cavys diet with a small amount of Vitamin C, either in power or tablet form. Guinea should be fed only up to 1 cup (240 mL) each (adults) of vegetables per day.

Please remember that your guinea pigs food supply should NOT be mainly vegetables. Foods high in calcium can lead to the formation of bladder stones and other health issues. To help you find which vegetables, herbs, and fruits are safe to feed your guinea pig, please refer to the Guinea Pig Food List below.

NOTE : Always introduce new foods to your guinea pig slowly and patiently. Begin introducing new foods by providing a small piece or two during the first try. Then, portions of a particular guinea pig safe food may be increased slightly with each subsequent serving.

Guinea pigs have a sensitive digestive system which is easily upset. Share This Guinea Pig Nutrition & Diet Info Click a letter to view that vegetable and refer to the Notes for cautionary advice.

Information on this chart is derived from the USDA Nutrient Database , from SR22 to SR25 datasets. This chart takes into consideration several factors to arrive at our feeding frequency suggestions: sugar, calcium, phosphorous, Vitamin C, Vitamin A, oxalic acid content, and calcium to phosphorous (Ca:P) ratio. Chemical composition can be referenced at the USDA Nutrient Database .

Alfalfa pellets 02200 Alfalfa pellets are suitable for young, growing and/or pregnant guinea pigs (under 1 year of age).Ref. Beet greens/leaves(beetroot greens/leaves) 30.00117.00 Beets (beetroot) 4.9016.00 Bell pepper See Peppers (capscium) Blackberries 21.0032.00 Blueberries 9.76.00 Feed in moderation. Broccoli raab, rabe, rapini 93.0048.00 May cause gas or bloating.

Broccolini 93.0048.00 Stems are liked better than flowers Brussels sprouts 85.0042.00 May cause gas or bloating. Carrots, top greens unknownunknown Unknown nutrient makeup. Cauliflower / Broccoflower 46.4022.00 Celery 7.0040.00 Choking hazard.

Cherries (without pits) sour 10.0016.00 Cherries (without pits) sweet 7.0013.00 Chicory, greens 24.00100.00 Chicory, witloof 2.8019.00 ** Cilantro (corriander)27.0067.00 Feed in moderation. Corn on the cob (1 med ear) 6.102.00 May cause gas or bloating. Cress, garden 69.0081.00 Cucumber with peel 5.3014.00 Dandelion Greens 35.00187.00 Dill 85.00208.00 Eggplant 6.56.5 Elderberries 36.0038.00 Feed in small amounts.

Grapefruit, white 37.0015.00 Sour foods can cause mouth sores. Honeydew 120.00135.00See Melon honeydew Kale 120.00135.00 Kiwifruit, fuzzy (kiwi or kiwi fruit) 92.7034.00 Remove brown, fuzzy skin. Nectarine 5.405.00 ** Okra 21.1081.00 Orange 53.2040.00 Citrus can cause mouth sores.

Papaya 61.8024.00 ** Parsley (curly or flat) 133.00138.00 Parsnip 17.0036.00 Passionfruit, purple 30.0012.00 Peach 6.605.00 Peas, edible-podded 40.0025.00 Pears Asian 3.804.00 Pears European 6.6018.15 Peppermint 31.8243.00 Peppers (capscium), sweet green 80.4010.00 May cause gas or bloating. Peppers (capscium), sweet orange 146.70.00 May cause gas or bloating. Peppers (capscium), sweet red 127.707.00 May cause gas or bloating.

Peppers (capscium), sweet yellow 183.5011.00 May cause gas or bloating. Plum 9.504.00 Pumpkin 11.0039.00 High in Vitamin A. Pumpkin Leaves 11.0039.00 High in Vitamin A. Quince 15.0011.00 Radicchio 8.0019.00 Radishes 14.8025.00 Raspberries 26.0025.00 Raspberry leaves (from raspberry plant) 25.0022.00 Spearmint 13.3199.00 Feed in very small amounts ** Spinach 28.1099.00 May cause gas or bloating. # Tomato, red, cherry tomatoes 19.105.00Avoid leaves and stems (poisonous) See Dangerous Food List Turnip greens 60.00190.00 Watercress 43.00120.00 Watermelon See Melon watermelon Watermelon rind Vitamin & mineral content unknown.

# Vitamin C values for tomatoes differ depending on variety and season. ** Contains oxalic acid which may contribute to the formation of bladder stones. HappyCavy is the Internet’s only 4-webcam broadcast inside the lives of a female guinea pig herd from Portland, Oregon.

Diet What are good veggies and fruits to feed my guinea pigs

Guinea Pig Food Alternatives and Supplements

With all of these nutritional requirements in mind, let’s look at some common foods that can be used to round out your guinea pig’s base diet of hay and water:

1. Romaine Lettuce

Much more nutritionally dense than Iceberg lettuce, the high fiber content in Romaine lettuce (as well as red and green lettuces) can help keep your guinea pig’s digestion working smoothly. Always thoroughly wash your leafy green vegetables to remove any bacteria and harmful residues before feeding to your pet.

2. Broccoli

High in fiber and low in sugar, every part of the broccoli plant can be fed to your guinea pig. It’s also high in antioxidants, vitamins, and minerals, making it an excellent choice to supplement your pet’s diet.

3. Cauliflower

Low in calories but extremely high in vitamins and fiber content, cauliflower is an excellent choice for guinea pigs thanks to its high Vitamin C content.

4. Kale

Recommended by the Humane Society for feeding to your guinea pig, kale is a popular superfood that’s great for your pet’s digestive health. It’s high enough in Vitamin C to warrant feeding on a daily basis, too.

5. Bell Peppers

While every color of bell pepper will provide necessary fiber for your pig’s diet, the brighter red and orange bell peppers contain more of the Vitamin C that’s essential for your guinea’s health. You can feed the whole pepper to them, stem and all, but be careful not to overdo it; bell peppers are fairly high in sugar.

6. Oranges

Fruits are generally recommended only as a treat, as their high sugar content can quickly lead to diabetes and obesity in small animals. However, if you’re going to choose one fruit for your guinea pig, orange segments are an excellent choice thanks to their high Vitamin C content.

7. Carrots

On the sweet side for a vegetable, carrots are still a good occasional food for your guinea pig thanks to their high Vitamin C and fiber contents. You can feed the whole plant to your pet, including the green tops.

8. Squash

All of the many squash varieties can be a useful addition to your guinea pig’s diet if fed only in moderation. Zucchini and butternut squash are two common varieties that, while high in sugar, are packed with helpful nutrients as well.

9. Tomatoes

Avoid the stems and leaves of the tomato plant and feed your guinea pig only the flesh. It’s fairly high in sugar but has the benefit of fairly high levels of Vitamin C as well, making it a good occasional treat.

Understanding Your Guinea Pig’s Dietary Needs

In the wild, guinea pigs eat a wide variety of foods – everything from fruits and leaves to grasses, herbs, and root vegetables. While none of these is sufficient on its own to provide for all your guinea pig’s dietary needs, they can form a useful supplement to your pet’s usual meals.Aside from the dry guinea pig food that is so ubiquitous on pet store shelves, your guinea pig should ideally have access to abundant amounts of fresh timothy hay. This hay is essential, not only for keeping their gut bacteria happy and healthy, but also to wear down their continually growing teeth.In addition to this unlimited access to hay, a balanced guinea pig diet will include copious amounts of freshwater, as well as small amounts of fruits and vegetables.Like humans, guinea pigs do not produce their own Vitamin C. This makes supplementation a necessity for their continued health and well-being, which can be accomplished by feeding them dark leafy greens and brightly colored vegetables like bell peppers.

When Should I Feed My Guinea Pig?

At the most basic level, guinea pigs are herbivores. That means that they just eat fruits and veggies—no dairy, eggs, meat, or insects for these little guys. Fresh hay and fresh leafy vegetables should make up the bulk of your guinea pig’s diet.Any guinea pig owner needs to keep two important things in mind when choosing food:That said, it’s also important not to transition your guinea pig’s diet too quickly. If needed, be sure to go slow while you transition your guinea pig from her original diet in her old home or from the pet store to a healthier diet.You might also catch your guinea pig eating her own poop, but don’t be alarmed! Guinea pigs actually produce two different types of feces. One is soft and nutritious, and the guinea pigs re-ingest this to get more nutrients. Rabbits do the same thing!The other type of poop is harder and is produced after the food has been digested twice. That’s the poop that you clean up when you clean your guinea pig’s cage!

Feeding Guinea Pigs Store-Bought Food

Most owners will opt to feed their guinea pigs store-bought pellets and hay. Be sure to purchase pellets that are specifically formulated for guinea pigs.For hay, a mix of timothy, orchard, and oat is best. Some alfalfa hay is acceptable but it contains too much calcium to be the main part of your pet’s diet. Guinea pig hay needs to be stored in a cool, dry place to stay clear of mold or mildew.Supplement your guinea pig’s hay with a small amount of high-quality pellets. Opt for plain pellets rather than a mix, as this prevents your guinea pig from just picking out the tasty bits and ignoring the healthy ones!

#1. Water

A constant fresh source of fresh (preferably filtered but NOT distilled) clean, room-temperature water is an absolute must.Water bottles should be emptied, rinsed, and re-filled each day.

#2. Grass Hay

High-quality grass hay (such as timothy hay) should be available at all times for your guinea pig. Hay delivers the fiber that that is essential for your guinea pig to be able to properly digest and proces food and nutrients. Without a constant intake of fresh hay, guinea pigs’ digestive tracks can shut down. Plus, hay helps guinea pigs keep their teeth clean prevents their teeth from growing too long.How do you know if hay is high-quality? High-quality hay should be green with pliable stalks, free of mold and foreign particulates, and fragrant (not dusty or void of smell).Most hay purchased at “big box” stores (PetCo, etc.) is NOT high-quality hay. Farm-to-cage is ideal and special caution should be taken when providing the most important food of your guinea pig’s diet: high-quality, pesticide(?) free hay.

#3. Pellets

Provide your guinea pig with about 1/4 – 1/8 cup of plain, corn- and seed-free guinea pig pellets for eating each day.Guinea pig pellets should consist of only high-quality hay and should be served in a ceramic bowl, which is large enough to not tip over.

Vitamin C

Like Humans, guinea pigs cannot manufacture their own vitamin C. To prevent survy and other health issues, each guinea pig should get 10 to 30 milligrams of Vitamin C each day; young, ill, nursing and/or pregnant animals require extra Vitamin C. While many guinea pigs will get an adequate serving of Vitamin C from vegetables and pellets, you may wish to supplement your cavy’s diet with a small amount of Vitamin C, either in power or tablet form.

Vegetables, Herbs, & Other Foods

To help you find which vegetables, herbs, and fruits are safe to feed your guinea pig, please refer to the

Help Us Maintain The Food List!

There are so many foods a guinea pig can eat. If you know of a food that is not included in this list which you think we should add, please let us know!
ThenClick a letter to view that vegetable and refer to the “Notes” for cautionary advice.Information on this chart is derived from the USDA Nutrient Database, from SR22 to SR25 datasets. Information may have changed since the publication of this chart.This chart takes into consideration several factors to arrive at our feeding frequency suggestions: sugar, calcium, phosphorous, Vitamin C, Vitamin A, oxalic acid content, and calcium to phosphorous (Ca:P) ratio. Not all fields are displayed due to space requirements. Chemical composition can be referenced at the USDA Nutrient Database.