Types of Small Monkeys?

Monkeys look adorable and almost seem relatable since humans share genetic material with these creatures, but the care for these creatures can be challenging. There are more than 350 species of primates hailing from habitats in Asia, Africa, and the New World. Of those primates, only seven are usually kept as pets. All primates (a chimpanzee is technically not a monkey) have unique needs. Review some quick points about owning capuchins, chimpanzees, and more. And, take a look at some significant considerations before you bring one home.

Larger monkeys and chimps have a potential for greater damage, personal injury, or even death. Monkeys or apes need a varied, fresh diet, and several hours of daily enrichment and interaction with you.

They need a large, secure cage so they don’t get lost in your house or run outside and climb up electric poles. Tamarins are tiny New World monkeys that weigh less than a pound but will live about 15 years in captivity.

What types of small monkeys are there?

Squirrel Monkey. Size: 9” – 14” Weight: 9.6 ounces to 1.7 pounds. ….Pygmy Marmoset. Size: 4” – 6” ….Common Marmoset. Size: 7.28” to 7.40” ….Golden Lion Tamarin. Size: 9.5” – 9.8” ….Capuchin Monkey. Size: 13” – 18” ….Tarsiers. Size: 4”-6” ….Red-handed Tamarin. Size: 8”-11” ….Night Monkey. Size: 13.4”-13.6”

What is the best small pet monkey?

#1. Chimpanzees. chimpanzee. ….#2. Capuchin. capuchin monkey. ….#3. Macaque. Macaque monkey. ….#4. Tamarin. Tamarin monkey. ….#5. Squirrel Monkey. Squirrel monkey. ….#6. Marmoset. Marmoset Monkey.

What is the smallest breed of monkeys?

Weighing less than an apple, pygmy marmosets are the tiniest monkeys on earth. They have the ability to leap over 30 times their body length across the treetops in the Amazon jungle.

What are mini monkeys called?

Marmosets are small monkeys that live high up in the canopies of South American rainforests. There are more than 20 species, and most could fit comfortably in an adult human’s hand.

Monkeys are exotic and unlike any other type of animal on the planet. These unique mammals that share many human characteristics are found in the forests of Africa, Central America, South America and Asia. Monkeys can come in a wide range of sizes, from tiny to large. Small monkeys have long been coveted exotic pets in many countries. They are very cute, and their small size means less space requirements than a large monkey. In this article we will look at the small monkey breeds that have historically been favored as pets.

Squirrel monkeys are considered to be very smart and have a large brain compared to the size of their body. As pets they are highly active and require an abundance of attention, stimulation and entertainment and are prone to destructive behavior if they do not get enough.

From the rainforests of the western Amazon basin in South America, pygmy marmosets are the smallest monkey in the world. In the wild their diet consists of insects and the liquids produced by plants, such as sap, resin, gum and latex, which they use very sharp incisor teeth to retrieve. They live in social groups of 3 15 monkeys that usually consist of 2 or 3 family generations (siblings and offspring).

They require a strict diet rich in particular nutrients, and they also need access to UV rays each day to maintain their health, They are affectionate and playful when young but, like all monkeys, can grow to be aggressive or unpredictable. It is one of the most popular breeds of tamarins, and is known for its bright orange coat thats thicker around the neck like a lions mane. Their cleverness and varied diet helps them adapt to new environments more easily than other monkeys, however they are not immune to the threats of habitat loss and deforestation.

Tarsier monkeys are found in the wild in Southeast Asia on island such as the Philippines, Malaysia and Indonesia. They have unusually large fingers and feet that help them climb and cling to vertical branches. This and their very specific habitat and prey needs make it almost impossible for even professionals to have successful captive breeding programs.

They are excellent climbers, partly due to having sharp claws on their fingers and toes instead of nails like some monkeys. They can be very intelligent and friendly when they are raised properly, but require lots of attention and stimulation to prevent boredom. Night monkeys mainly eat fruit, which can be easy to sniff out in the dark, but also supplement with insects.

This is due to high rates of smuggling and trading, loss of habitats in their native countries, and their use in biomedical testing.

There are 7 known sub species of the Spider Monkey. They belong to the class of New World Monkeys. They are believed to be the biggest of all the different Monkeys in that particular class. read more

In this article, well introduce you to the 25 most amazing types of monkeys in the world. From intelligent chimpanzees to beautifully colosred mandrills, we have photos and fun facts about all the worlds most spectacular primate species.

However, weve compiled this list of the 25 most astounding types of monkeys so you can learn more about these amazing primates. These beautiful primates have long, golden orange fur coats and bright blue faces.

Due to the extreme habitats that they call home, scientists believe that theyve evolved to have flattened snub boats to protect them against frostbite. While these monkeys do live in forested terrain, the frigid winter temperatures of the Tibetan Plateau can easily drop well below freezing. When this happens, the golden snub-nosed monkey is known to huddle with its young and other members of its social group to stay warm.

Its believed that deforestation is one of the main causes of the species decline, though poaching for fur, meat, and the traditional medicine trade is also a concern. Arguably one of the most recognizable of the Old World monkeys, mandrills are large primates native to western and central Africa. They visually resemble baboons, though recent genetic studies suggest that they are less closely related than we originally thought.

Mandrills are best known for their extreme sexual dimorphism, which means that the males and females vary greatly in terms of visual presentation. Interestingly, proboscis monkeys have a unique multi-chambered stomach thats specifically designed to help them digest leaves. They prefer to live in some of the coldest regions of Japan where they seek out thermal springs for warmth.

Indeed, theyll often be found gathering in groups in thermal baths that are heated by Japans geothermal activity. Also called the Yunnan snub-nosed monkey, this primate features a characteristic snub-nose and a beautiful black fur coat to help it stay warm in its mountainous habitat. They are often found up to 15,000 feet (4,700 m) above sea level and they will travel to higher elevations in the winter in search of food.

Europes only primary species, the Barbary macaque is found throughout northern Africa and in a small, isolated part of Gibraltar on the European mainland. However, the population of the macaque in Gibraltar was completely wiped out by disease in the 1900s, so officials reintroduced them to the region from North Africa. However, they dont thrive in captivity and the illegal trade of common marmosets has caused their population numbers to twindle in recent years.

The worlds smallest monkey, the pygmy marmoset is an adorable primate that lives throughout the rainforests of South America. Its small stature and brownish fur coat make it look a lot like a type of squirrel , but the pygmy marmoset is, indeed, a monkey! While the pygmy marmosets tail isnt prehensile, it does help the monkey keep its balance as it travels through the trees.

That being said, the very small size of pygmy marmosets means that they are often preyed upon by cats, like jaguars, that also roam the rainforest. The pygmy marmoset is currently listed as a species of least concern by the IUCN, so it is one of the relatively few primates that is not endangered. These monkeys are considered to be sacred in many local cultures, though they are currently decreasing in population due to habitat loss and fragmentation.

Northern plains gray langurs prefer to live in dry and deciduous forests, but you can also find them in regions with human-dominated landscapes, like cities. These monkeys have tails that are more than one and a half times the length of their bodies, which helps them with balance when swinging through the trees. An unmistakable species, the bald uakari is a large primate found in the western part of the Amazon.

Most at home in rainforests, the bald uakari prefers to live in highly fertile regions that experience seasonal floods. Although they are currently listed as a species of least concern, their population numbers are dropping due to hunting and habitat destruction. Distributed widely throughout the rainforests of South America, the Colombian red howler is one of the largest of the New World monkey species.

They prefer to spend most of their time in the canopy, where their prehensile tail helps them grasp branches and other objects. Furthermore, despite habitat loss, the Colombian red howler is listed as a species of least concern, which bodes well for its future population growth. One of the few non-human primates that prefers to spend its time with both feet planted firmly on the ground, the gelada is a large, Old World monkey that lives in the grasslands of the Ethiopian Highlands.

They have a distinctive brownish coloring with a large, pink, hourglass-shaped red area located firmly in the middle of their chests. Geladas are listed as a species of least concern, though they are preyed upon by hyenas, leopards, jackals, servals, and wild dogs. These adorable primates have a black coat with a large, white, mustache-like tuft of fur extending from each side of their face.

When combined with their small size, extra-long tail, and big brown eyes, theres a lot to love about this cuddly-looking monkey. It lives almost exclusively in habitats within karst topographical landscapes, which boast limestone cliffs that the monkeys like to call home. Boasting a striking black and white coloration, the Roloway monkey is a large primate found in Cte dIvoire and Ghana.

The Roloway monkey lives mostly in dense forests where it feeds off of various fruits, insects, seeds, and leaves. Among the most endangered primates in the world, the stunning red-shanked douc is found only in parts of Cambodia, Vietnam, and Laos. Red-shanked docs prefer to live in tropical and subtropical forests where they can feed on leaves, fruits, bark, and flowers.

Traditionally found throughout southern and central Asia, the rhesus macaque is a small, tan-colored monkey with a pink face. There are now some troops of rhesus macaques that can be found in the US states and territories of Florida, South Carolina, and Puerto Rico, where they were introduced, mostly in a failed attempt to drive tourism to those respective areas. Since they can live in a wide variety of habitats, scientists arent too concerned about their population, though diseases introduced by humans may be a potential problem in the future.

Distributed widely throughout eastern and central Africa, the blue monkey , or diamed, is a handsome-looking species thats known to dwell high in the forest canopy. All monkeys are classified within the kingdom Animalia, phylum Chordata, class Mammalia, and order Primates. The first suborder, Strepsirrhini, contains the lemurs, galagos (bush babies), and lorises, none of which are generally considered to be monkeys.

Home to the squirrel monkeys and the capuchins, the family Cebidae is native to South and Central America. Like other New World monkeys, this family prefers to live in the trees where they can find fruit and insects to feed on. Unfortunately, many night monkey species are classified as threatened or endangered due to habitat loss and illegal hunting.

Although they are generally smaller than apes and Old World monkeys, the 29 species in the family Atelidae do have fairly large bodies. They also live only in Asia, Africa, and Europe, so the geographic differences make them easier to distinguish from their New World counterparts. That being said, wed be remiss if we didnt also clue you into some general monkey biology and facts for you to share with your friends and family.

They were also introduced to Europe by the Moors during the Middle Ages, though the only current European population of monkeys lives in Gibraltar. The majority of species that are at risk of extinction are listed as such due to the effects of habitat loss, human conflict, hunting, or trapping for the international pet trade. Although you can find monkeys in a variety of different habitats around the world, the majority of these primates live in tropical rainforests .

While its hard to quantify precisely which species is the most dangerous, many people regard baboons and mandrills as particularly violent toward humans. But, one study on animal behavior did find that rhesus monkeys are afraid of snakes , a fear that appears to be quite common in the primate world.

Major Considerations Before Getting a Primate

If you are thinking about adopting or buying a pet primate, there are a few things you need to know before you finalize your decision. Overall, primates do not make good pets, and larger ones like chimpanzees are one of the worst household pets.The cost of a primate, whether it is a smaller monkey like a capuchin ($7,000) or a great ape like a chimpanzee ($70,000), is expensive. But, mounting costs like a lifetime supply of food, diapers, and veterinarian bills can be astronomical.All primates are a potential risk to you and your family. Even if you raise the animal from birth, it is still a wild creature that can lose control at any minute and harm you. Smaller monkeys may become aggressive, bite you, or become destructive in your home or their enclosure. Larger monkeys and chimps have a potential for greater damage, personal injury, or even death. While there are some cases where a monkey is well-trained and lives out its entire life without causing harm, the risk is too high in most cases.Most primates are long-lived creatures, and despite looking huggable, they are not cuddly creatures. They require a substantial amount of your time every day and need large enclosures. In terms of space requirements, even some zoos with large naturalistic enclosures are under fire for not providing ample space. Though some of the animals can live in enclosures that are 30 square feet or more, some never acclimate well to life in an enclosure.Monkeys or apes need a varied, fresh diet, and several hours of daily enrichment and interaction with you. If these needs are not addressed appropriately, the animal will become lonely or depressed and can get aggressive.

Capuchin

The capuchin is a New World monkey that often appears in television or movies as the hat-and-vest-wearing monkey that collects money from street performances. These long-lived monkeys (average life span is 40 years) are highly intelligent, mischievous, and territorial. Smart as they are, they never learn to use the toilet and need diapers for their entire life span.

Chimpanzee

Although people have kept chimpanzees as pets, it is not recommended; they can be aggressive. Chimps are not monkeys. Technically, they are great apes native to the forests and savanna of Africa. Humans do share the most DNA in common with this species; however, chimps are large, strong, and can overpower humans when it comes to brute strength. Chimps have mauled and even killed humans. This species also lives long—about 60 years in captivity—and requires diapers if it is outside of its enclosure.

Macaque

Macaques are smaller monkeys that hail from Asia. They can get up to 40 pounds and can live up to 30 years. They also need to wear diapers throughout their lifetime. They need a large, secure cage so they don’t get lost in your house or run outside and climb up electric poles. Even though these are smaller primates, they require massive enclosures that are at least 30 square feet.

Tamarin

Tamarins are tiny New World monkeys that weigh less than a pound but will live about 15 years in captivity. Despite their small mouths, they can still give nasty bites. They need a very secure cage with small bar spacing; if not, they will escape or get stuck in the bars. For an indoor cage, you can house one in a 7-feet square enclosure. But, they will need access to a larger outdoor enclosed space for highly needed vitamin D for their growth and development.

Squirrel Monkey

Squirrel monkeys are acrobats. They live up to 25 years, use their tails to hang on branches, and need a lot of space and hanging branches for clinging and moving around. They will also wear diapers for their entire life. They have extensive dietary requirements and require a wide variety of foods.

Marmoset

Similar to tamarins in size and housing requirements, marmosets are squirrel-like monkeys from South America. Their natural diet is insects, fruit, tree sap, and other small animals. They are quick, scampering creatures that are not suited to handling. These are generally not suited as pets for their particular diet and UV light needs.

List 8 of small monkey breeds

In the below list of tiny monkeys, we’ll check out some pictures and learn some fun facts about these petite primates.

Squirrel Monkey

Squirrel monkeys are a small monkey breed with grey fur along most of its body and yellow along its arms and tail. These monkeys live in the canopy layer of the forest in Central and South America in groups of up to 500! Unlike some other monkey’s, they cannot use their tail to grasp onto branches.Their tails are only to help them balance. Squirrel monkeys are considered to be very smart and have a large brain compared to the size of their body.As pets they are highly active and require an abundance of attention, stimulation and entertainment and are prone to destructive behavior if they do not get enough. They are also highly social monkeys and it is not advised to make them solo pets for this reason.

Pygmy Marmoset

From the rainforests of the western Amazon basin in South America, pygmy marmosets are the smallest monkey in the world. They only grow to be a few inches long and weigh mere ounces. Their tails are longer than their bodies, helping them to keep excellent balance while running through the treetops.Being so tiny they are prey to many larger predators such as cats, eagles, snakes and hawks. But they are very fast, and can even turn their head around almost entirely backwards to keep an eye out on all sides.Known as “finger monkeys”, pygmy marmosets have often been kept as companions. However, they need constant attention and a large space to roam and play. Pygmy marmosets require companionship at all times, so they’d need several cage-mates of the same species. They can be very territorial and may become aggressive in captivity.

Common Marmoset

Common Marmosets are native to Brazil. In the wild their diet consists of insects and the liquids produced by plants, such as sap, resin, gum and latex, which they use very sharp incisor teeth to retrieve. They live in social groups of 3 – 15 monkeys that usually consist of 2 or 3 family generations (siblings and offspring).Caring for common marmosets can be difficult because they are so high maintenance. They require a strict diet rich in particular nutrients, and they also need access to UV rays each day to maintain their health, They are affectionate and playful when young but, like all monkeys, can grow to be aggressive or unpredictable.

Golden Lion Tamarin

The golden lion tamarin is a small monkey native to Brazil. It is one of the most popular breeds of tamarins, and is known for its bright orange coat that’s thicker around the neck like a lion’s mane. They live in family groups of 2-9 monkeys and will share their food with group members at meal time. At night they like to sleep in tree cavities. Sadly they are an endangered species with only about 1500 left in the wild.Even though they are small they still need a large enclosure with lots of platforms and room to play. Enclosure bars need to be very close together to prevent them from reaching through and unlocking the door.These intelligent monkeys must fed a constantly rotating diet to prevent boredom. Like most monkeys they do better living in a group, and can become hostile if left under-stimulated.

Capuchin Monkey

Capuchin monkeys are native to Central and South America. They are perhaps one of the most intelligent of the “new world” monkeys and have learned to use sticks and stones as tools. Capuchins have opposable thumbs, unlike many of the other small monkeys on this list.They also have a prehensile tail which they can use for grasping tree branches. Most of their day is spent looking for food, and they eat a wider variety than most monkeys. Their cleverness and varied diet helps them adapt to new environments more easily than other monkey’s, however they are not immune to the threats of habitat loss and deforestation.Capuchin monkeys are one of the most common to keep as pets. They live for an average of 40 years and are highly intelligent. This is the breed of monkey you’ll most often see on television or in movies such as Ace Ventura or Friends.While it’s true that they’re intelligent, capuchin monkeys are not capable of being potty trained. As a result, they’ll often need diapers for the entirety of their life if kept as a pet. Also, while their mischievousness can lead to light-hearted fun, they’re also known for being territorial and aggressive as adults. They require a lot of space for exercise and the company of other capuchins.

Tarsiers

Tarsier monkeys are found in the wild in Southeast Asia on island such as the Philippines, Malaysia and Indonesia. They have the largest eyes, relative to body size, of any mammal. Tarsiers are mostly nocturnal and their huge peepers evolved to help them see at night.Their large eyes cannot rotate, so they must move their head around to look in a different direction, like an owl. And like an owl, they can rotate their neck 180 degrees in either direction. They have unusually large fingers and feet that help them climb and cling to vertical branches.Tarsiers are also tremendous jumpers, with the ability to leap 40 times their body length. This helps them ambush prey such as insects, bats, lizards and frogs. Unlike other monkeys, Tarsiers do not eat plants.It has been found that Tarsiers do not do well in captivity, often developing mental issues that can result in suicide. They become incredibly stressed by cages that are too small, certain lights, sounds, or even proximity to humans or human touch. They become so upset they will bash their heads on any hard surface of their enclosure.This and their very specific habitat and prey needs make it almost impossible for even professionals to have successful captive breeding programs. Their future survival will be dependent on maintaining their habitat in the wild.

Red-handed Tamarin

Also called the golden-handed tamarin, this monkey has distinct reddish – golden colored hands and feet. They also sport long ears that protrude from their head. The red-handed tamarin originates from South America specifically in the northern forests of the Amazon River.They are excellent climbers, partly due to having sharp claws on their fingers and toes instead of nails like some monkeys. Sporting super shock-absorbing joints, they can leap 60 feet from a tree to the ground without injury.Like other Tamarins, the red-handed Tamarin is tends to be a more energetic pet and needs a spacious enclosure. They can be very intelligent and friendly when they are raised properly, but require lots of attention and stimulation to prevent boredom. Bored Tamarins can display many behavioral issues.

Night Monkey

Night monkeys, of which there are 11 species, are the only truly nocturnal monkey. Due to their nocturnal nature, and large eyes, they are also called owl monkeys. Night monkeys are found across Panama and most of South America.They don’t have color vision, but this actually improves their vision at night and they can detect visual cues in the dark better than other monkeys. Night monkeys mainly eat fruit, which can be easy to sniff out in the dark, but also supplement with insects.Many of the monkeys that fall in the category of night money are endangered or fall under the risk of becoming so. This is due to high rates of smuggling and trading, loss of habitats in their native countries, and their use in biomedical testing.These monkeys can be harder to own and raise compared to others due to their nocturnal nature. This combined with their tendency for violence does not make them a very good pet.

Squirrel Monkey

The Common Squirrel Monkey is one that gets its name for looking very similar to the Squirrel. They are part of the New World Monkeys. The tropical regions of South America is where you will find the Common Squirrel Monkey.

Vervet Monkey

The Vervet Monkey is an Old World classification. There are 5 known subspecies that have been identified. They have a very unique appearance to them which helps them to be separated from other types of Monkeys found in the world.

Monkey Species

There are more than 260 species of Monkeys found in the world today. They are derived from early primates that have been around for millions of years. There isn’t enough information about evolution to say with certainty how they came to be.

Proboscis Monkey

The Proboscis Monkey is also called the Monyet Belanda Monkey, which means the long nosed Monkey. It belongs to the Old World classification. In the Egyptian Culture they were worshipped as a very unique animal and believed to be special to the gods.

Rhesus Macaque

The Rhesus Macaque is also known as the Rhesus Monkey. It belongs to the Old World category and is among the best known. These are small Monkeys with pink faces that don’t have any fur on them.

Common Marmoset

The Common Marmoset is a very different type of Monkey. It is often called the Cotton Eared Marmoset. The unique physical appearance of this Monkey is very different. They have a gray body and as they get older they develop white tuffs that extend from the sides of the face.

Gibbon

Gibbons are sometimes wrongly taken as monkeys but they are small apes. The controversy often continues and so you will find information out there about them in both categories. You may hear them called the Lesser Apes at times too.

Japanese Macaque

The Japanese Macaque is also called the Snow Monkey. It belongs to the Old World species. Two subspecies have been identified. They have a vital role in the early Buddhist religion. This continues today throughout the works of this particular religion.

Mandrill

Many people mistake the Mandrill for the Baboon but they are different. Yet they do look similar to each other. They are members of the Old World Monkeys. In fact, they were once classified as Baboons.

Baboon

Sharing 91% DNA similarities with humans is the Baboon. This particular Monkey is often argued to be an Ape instead. However, science has placed them into the area of being a Monkey based on a variety of contributing factors.

The 25 Most Extraordinary Types of Monkeys

There are more than 260 different types of monkeys in the world today, so we couldn’t possibly list them all here. However, we’ve compiled this list of the 25 most astounding types of monkeys so you can learn more about these amazing primates.

Golden Snub-Nosed Monkey (

One of the most visually striking types of monkeys, the golden snub-nosed monkey, also known as the Sichuan snub-nosed monkey, is a highly sociable type of Old World monkey that lives in a small, fragmented area of the Tibetan Plateau in China.These beautiful primates have long, golden orange fur coats and bright blue faces. Due to the extreme habitats that they call home, scientists believe that they’ve evolved to have flattened snub boats to protect them against frostbite.In fact, it’s believed that the golden snub-nosed monkey is the most cold-tolerant of all non-human primate species.While these monkeys do live in forested terrain, the frigid winter temperatures of the Tibetan Plateau can easily drop well below freezing. When this happens, the golden snub-nosed monkey is known to huddle with its young and other members of its social group to stay warm.Unfortunately, these monkeys are considered to be one of the most endangered primates in the world. It’s believed that deforestation is one of the main causes of the species’ decline, though poaching for fur, meat, and the traditional medicine trade is also a concern.

Mandrill (

Arguably one of the most recognizable of the Old World monkeys, mandrills are large primates native to western and central Africa. They visually resemble baboons, though recent genetic studies suggest that they are less closely related than we originally thought.Mandrills are best known for their extreme sexual dimorphism, which means that the males and females vary greatly in terms of visual presentation. For example, the male mandril will usually be three times larger than the female. It will also have a brightly colored face and a distinctive blue backside.These monkeys like to live in densely forested areas where they try to avoid human contact. Most mandrills prefer to stay on the ground, though they are also adept climbers.Mandrills are currently listed as vulnerable by the IUCN. The main reason for its vulnerable status is the widespread deforestation that takes place in its range. However, it is also regularly hunted for bushmeat, which is believed to be the species’ chief concern.

Proboscis Monkey (

Featuring a truly distinctive face, the proboscis monkey, or long-nosed monkey, is a stunning primate that lives in mangrove forest areas in Indonesia, Malaysia, and Brunei. The proboscis monkey is best known for its spectacularly large nose, which is much more evident in males than in females.Proboscis monkeys’ large nose is believed to be an echo chamber. In fact, scientists believe that this echo chamber helps to amplify the male proboscis monkey’s call to females in order to help them attract a mate.These monkeys prefer to live in wetlands, coastal areas, swamps, and other low-lying regions where they can find their preferred food: leaves. Interestingly, proboscis monkeys have a unique multi-chambered stomach that’s specifically designed to help them digest leaves.Nevertheless, like most types of monkeys, proboscis monkeys are listed as endangered due to widespread habitat loss. They are also hunted both for food and for various body parts that are used in traditional medicines.

Snow Monkey (

Another highly recognizable type of monkey, snow monkeys (a.k.a. Japanese macaques) are found throughout the islands of Kyushu, Shikoku, and Honshu in Japan. These furry monkeys have a thick coat of tan-colored fur and pink faces with strikingly human-esque characteristics.They prefer to live in some of the coldest regions of Japan where they seek out thermal springs for warmth. Indeed, they’ll often be found gathering in groups in thermal baths that are heated by Japan’s geothermal activity.Furthermore, snow monkeys are known for being highly sociable. They live in social groups where they pass along certain behaviors, like making snowballs just for fun, from generation to generation.Thankfully, snow monkeys are one of the least threatened primate species. They are currently listed as a species of least concern and their population seems to be increasing.

Black Snub-Nosed Monkey (

A close cousin of the golden snub-nosed monkey, the black snub-nosed monkey is a medium-sized monkey that lives in the mountainous regions of southwestern China.Also called the Yunnan snub-nosed monkey, this primate features a characteristic snub-nose and a beautiful black fur coat to help it stay warm in its mountainous habitat.These monkeys love to feed on lichens, which make up about two-thirds of its diet. This is actually quite rare among primates, but the black snub-nosed monkey has a multi-chamber-type stomach that helps it digest its food.It’s believed that the black snub-nosed monkey lives at a higher elevation than any other primate species besides humans. They are often found up to 15,000 feet (4,700 m) above sea level and they will travel to higher elevations in the winter in search of food.These days, the black snub-nosed monkey is considered to be endangered as there are believed to be fewer than 2,000 individuals in the wild. The main concern for this species is poaching and habitat loss.

Barbary Macaque (

Europe’s only primary species, the Barbary macaque is found throughout northern Africa and in a small, isolated part of Gibraltar on the European mainland. They are medium-sized primates with thick fur and pink faces that are known to get very habituated to humans, particularly in Gibraltar.The Barbary macaque is believed to have been introduced to Gibraltar between the years 700 and 1500 as they were kept as pets by the Moors. However, the population of the macaque in Gibraltar was completely wiped out by disease in the 1900s, so officials reintroduced them to the region from North Africa.Interestingly, the Barbary macaque is one of the few Old World monkey species that does not have a tail. Furthermore, they are highly social monkeys that like to live in troops of up to about 60 individuals.Due to the small, fragmented nature of the Barbary macaque population, it is considered to be endangered. But, the monkeys are easy enough to spot in Gibraltar, where they like to hang out by the visitor center on the Rock of Gibraltar.

Crab-Eating Macaque (

Contrary to their name, crab-eating macaques don’t actually eat crabs. Rather they live in parts of southeastern Asia, particularly around Indonesia and the Philippines, where they prefer to eat fruit.They have an excitable personality and a highly social disposition, though they have sometimes become pests in densely-populated human environments. However, fighting within the monkey’s social groups is common, though the crab-eating macaque has also been seen reconciling with others after a fight.The species is listed as vulnerable even though it has one of the largest ranges of any primate species. This is mostly because of habitat loss and fragmentation. Furthermore, the species has long been used in scientific research, so demand for the monkey for human purposes is quite high.

Common Marmoset (

Sometimes called the white-tufted-ear marmosets, the common marmoset is a small primate found mostly in Brazil. They can live in a wide range of different habitats, including in rainforests and urban locales.These monkeys prefer to eat insects, though they will also snack on tree sap, gum, resins, and the like. For the most part, common marmosets like to live in groups of around nine individuals. Their social groups can contain up to three generations of a single family, which is rare in the monkey world.Common marmosets have adorable white-tufted ears, which has made them popular as pets. However, they don’t thrive in captivity and the illegal trade of common marmosets has caused their population numbers to twindle in recent years.

Panamanian White-Faced Capuchin (

One of the most adorable capuchin species, the Panamanian white-faced capuchin is traditionally found throughout Ecuador, Colombia, and Panama. It is often regarded as one of the most resourceful of the New World monkeys because it will often create tools and weapons for hunting and self-protection.Panamanian white-faced capuchins like to live in forested habitats, particularly wherever there are old-growth trees. They also have a prehensile tail, which helps them hang from branches and perform certain tasks.Like many other primates in their region, the Panamanian white-faced capuchin is considered to be vulnerable. Its main threats are habitat degradation and hunting, though it is often illegally trapped and sold as a pet.

Central American Spider Monkey (

Sometimes called the Geoffroy’s spider monkey or the black-handed spider monkey, the Central American spider monkey is a small, mostly black-colored primate that lives throughout Central America.It prefers to live in forested locales, particularly in the rainforest where it can swing from tree to tree. They like to eat fruit, though you can sometimes find them eating leaves, nuts, seeds, and even eggs.In the wild, Central American spider monkeys are listed as endangered. While they are somewhat tolerant of logging and habitat fragmentation, the widespread habitat loss in their range has caused a decline in the population.However, the main reason behind the species’ endangered status is the fact that it’s very popular in the pet trade. These monkeys have also been known to spread diseases to humans, so most experts strongly advise against keeping them as pets.

Pygmy Marmoset (

The world’s smallest monkey, the pygmy marmoset is an adorable primate that lives throughout the rainforests of South America. Its small stature and brownish fur coat make it look a lot like a type of squirrel, but the pygmy marmoset is, indeed, a monkey!Pygmy marmosets are closely related to tamarins, which are also quite small. However, they are identified by their massive tail, which is usually longer than their bodies. While the pygmy marmoset’s tail isn’t prehensile, it does help the monkey keep its balance as it travels through the trees.For the most part, pygmy marmosets like to eat tree sap, which they collect by creating tiny holes in the trees in their native habitat. That being said, the very small size of pygmy marmosets means that they are often preyed upon by cats, like jaguars, that also roam the rainforest.The pygmy marmoset is currently listed as a species of least concern by the IUCN, so it is one of the relatively few primates that is not endangered.

Northern Plains Gray Langur (

One of the eight species of gray langurs, the northern plains gray langur is a large primate that’s found throughout the forests of India. These monkeys are considered to be sacred in many local cultures, though they are currently decreasing in population due to habitat loss and fragmentation.Northern plains gray langurs prefer to live in dry and deciduous forests, but you can also find them in regions with human-dominated landscapes, like cities.Perhaps the most unique aspect of the northern plains gray langur is its large tail. These monkeys have tails that are more than one and a half times the length of their bodies, which helps them with balance when swinging through the trees.Interestingly, these monkeys are very vocal. They are known to make more than 20 different vocalizations to communicate with the rest of their troop. These monkeys will also use facial expressions to communicate, just like us humans.

Gee’s Golden Langur (

Featuring a handsome golden coat, the Gee’s golden langur is a beautiful monkey that lives in India and Bhutan. The Gee’s golden langur is actually one of the more recently identified species of monkey, so it’s not well studied.These monkeys tend to live in a range of habitats, including in highly forested terrain. Nevertheless, its habitat is highly fragmented, which is one of the reasons why it is listed as endangered.The Gee’s golden langur has a slim body, long limbs, and a gorgeous golden color that contrasts beautifully with its black face. Despite their distinct coloration, these monkeys are quite shy, so consider yourself lucky if you see one in the wild.

Bald Uakari (

An unmistakable species, the bald uakari is a large primate found in the western part of the Amazon.The bald uakari has a very long, shaggy brown coat and a prominent, bright-pink head that you can’t miss. Their forehead is large and bumpy, too, so it’s next to impossible to misidentify them.Most at home in rainforests, the bald uakari prefers to live in highly fertile regions that experience seasonal floods. As a result, they have a diet that varies seasonally. They will eat anything from fruits and leaves to roots, insects, and nuts depending on the season.Habitat loss and hunting are the main concerns for the bald uakari, which is a vulnerable species. In fact, it is likely already extinct in Colombia, which was once an important part of its range.

De Brazza’s Monkey (

Most at home along rivers in central Africa, the small and adorable De Brazza’s monkey is an Old World monkey that’s known for its unique coloration.The De Brazza’s monkey got its name from Pietro Savorgnan di Brazza, who was one of the original colonizers of the land that is now Brazzaville in the Republic of the Congo. It has a greyish-black coat with a red tuft on its forehead and a white beard-like patterning that makes it easy to identify.These monkeys are highly territorial and they can sometimes form family groups that stay together throughout their lives.Although they are currently listed as a species of least concern, their population numbers are dropping due to hunting and habitat destruction. However, they are legally protected in Ethiopia.

Colombian Red Howler (

Distributed widely throughout the rainforests of South America, the Colombian red howler is one of the largest of the New World monkey species.As their name suggests, Colombian red howlers have bright red colorations, which make them relatively easy to identify in their home range. They prefer to spend most of their time in the canopy, where their prehensile tail helps them grasp branches and other objects.If it had its way, the Colombian red howler would eat only leaves. But, it will also eat fruits, flowers, nuts, and even other small animals to supplement its diet.Furthermore, despite habitat loss, the Colombian red howler is listed as a species of least concern, which bodes well for its future population growth.

Gelada (

One of the few non-human primates that prefers to spend its time with both feet planted firmly on the ground, the gelada is a large, Old World monkey that lives in the grasslands of the Ethiopian Highlands.As the only non-human primate to feed on grass, geladas can live in groups of up to 350 individuals that roam through the highlands. They have a distinctive brownish coloring with a large, pink, hourglass-shaped red area located firmly in the middle of their chests.Geladas are listed as a species of least concern, though they are preyed upon by hyenas, leopards, jackals, servals, and wild dogs. Furthermore, the IUCN notes that their population is decreasing due to habitat loss.

Emperor Tamarin (

Some of the smallest monkeys in the world, the emperor tamarin is objectively cute (in our opinion, at least!).These adorable primates have a black coat with a large, white, mustache-like tuft of fur extending from each side of their face. When combined with their small size, extra-long tail, and big brown eyes, there’s a lot to love about this cuddly-looking monkey.Emperor tamarins are found in the Amazon River Basin where they are considered to be a species of least concern. They live in the rainforest where they feed mostly on fruit, insects, tree gum, and leaves.Most emperor tamarins will live in large family groups, some of which can have up to 15 individuals. They can also live to be about 20 years old, which is impressive for such a small primate.

François’ Langur (

Sometimes called the Tonkin leaf monkey, the François langur is a rare species of langur found only in southwestern China and Vietnam. These monkeys feature a medium size and jet-black, silky fir. Their most distinctive feature, though, is their white sideburns which make them easy to identify.Interestingly, the François langur has a unique digestive system with four separate stomach chambers. This allows them to survive off of a diet that’s almost exclusively made up of leaves.Nevertheless, the François langur is listed as endangered. It lives almost exclusively in habitats within karst topographical landscapes, which boast limestone cliffs that the monkeys like to call home. But, habitat loss is rampant in their range, which has caused the population to dwindle to about 2,000 individuals.

Roloway Monkey (

Boasting a striking black and white coloration, the Roloway monkey is a large primate found in Côte d’Ivoire and Ghana.The Roloway monkey lives mostly in dense forests where it feeds off of various fruits, insects, seeds, and leaves. They tend to live in large troops that travel as a group through their native habitat.Unfortunately, the Roloway monkey is one of the world’s most endangered primates. It is listed as critically endangered by the IUCN and its population continues to decrease. The species is already extinct in much of its range as it is not resilient in the face of widespread habitat loss.

East Javan Langur (

Relatively small monkeys with a funky coloration, the east Javan langur is a relatively rare primate found only on the island of Javan and its minor outlying islands.The east Javan langur has a very long tail, like other langurs. In fact, its tail is often more than twice its body length.However, the most distinctive aspect of the east Javan langur is its unique coloration. In adulthood, the monkey has a bright orange-colored coat. But, when young, the east Javan langur is almost completely black in color. Interestingly, some east Javan langurs never lose their juvenile coloration, so you can find both black and orange langurs in the wild.

Red-Shanked Douc (

Among the most endangered primates in the world, the stunning red-shanked douc is found only in parts of Cambodia, Vietnam, and Laos. These monkeys have fantastically beautiful black and grey fur coats with reddish face colorations, red legs, and white, wispy fur tufts around their heads.Red-shanked docs prefer to live in tropical and subtropical forests where they can feed on leaves, fruits, bark, and flowers. Most of them will live in family groups of less than 10 individuals.Unfortunately, red-shanked doucs are listed as critically endangered. They are hunted both for bushmeat and for traditional medicine. Additionally, they are captured as part of an illegal international pet trade. Thankfully, the species is protected under law in many countries, though more work is needed to save the species from extinction.

Rhesus Macaque (

Traditionally found throughout southern and central Asia, the rhesus macaque is a small, tan-colored monkey with a pink face. Rhesus macaques are very resilient monkeys and they seem to be unperturbed by environmental issues and deforestation.They can be found in a range of environments, including forests, cities, mountains, and deserts. As a result, they are considered to be a species of least concern as they tend to find a way to survive in inhospitable landscapes.Rhesus macaques, while native to Asia, have been introduced elsewhere. There are now some troops of rhesus macaques that can be found in the US states and territories of Florida, South Carolina, and Puerto Rico, where they were introduced, mostly in a failed attempt to drive tourism to those respective areas.

Olive Baboon (

One of the most widely-distributed primates in the world, the olive baboon can be found in more than two dozen countries in Africa. It can live in a variety of habitats, including forests, steppes, and savannahs where it lives in complex social groups.Olive baboons have brownish-grey colored coats and they walk on the ground using all four limbs. You will often see mother baboons harrying their young on their backs as they walk.Many people think that olive baboons look quite a lot like a dog, thanks to their long muzzle. They often have large rumps and curved tails, which give them a distinctive appearance.Due to their vast range, the olive baboon is considered to be a species of least concern. Since they can live in a wide variety of habitats, scientists aren’t too concerned about their population, though diseases introduced by humans may be a potential problem in the future.

Blue Monkey (

Distributed widely throughout eastern and central Africa, the blue monkey, or diamed, is a handsome-looking species that’s known to dwell high in the forest canopy.Despite their name, blue monkeys are not blue. Instead, they are speckled grey in color with a white tuft under their chin.These monkeys are considered to be very adaptable and there are about 16 subspecies found throughout their range. They have a very diverse diet that consists of fruit, eggs, small reptiles, and even small primates.Although they are a species of least concern, the blue monkey is threatened by habitat loss. They are also hunted both for food and for traditional medicine, as well as to stop them from damaging crops in their home range.

Parvorder Platyrrhini (New World Monkeys)

With so many different types of monkeys out there, classifying all of them is a challenge. Thankfully, taxonomists have done the hard work for us, so we’re here to explain how monkeys are classified to clear the air once and for all.All monkeys are classified within the kingdom Animalia, phylum Chordata, class Mammalia, and order Primates. The order Primates includes two suborders, so that’s where this classification system starts to get a little tricky.The first suborder, Strepsirrhini, contains the lemurs, galagos (bush babies), and lorises, none of which are generally considered to be monkeys.Therefore, all of the monkeys are classified within the suborder Haplorhini, which contains the monkeys, apes, and the tarsiers. Below the suborder Haplorhini, there are two infraorders, Tarsiiformes (tarsiers) and Simiiformes (simians/higher primates).As tarsiers aren’t considered to be monkeys, either, we’ll focus on the infraorder Simiiformes. Within the infraorder Simiiformes, there are two parvorders, Platyrrhini (Thus, all monkeys are found in either the parvorder Platyrrhini or the parvorder Catarrhini. However, there are some important differences between the species within each of these two parvorders that are worth discussing here.So, in this next section, we’ll offer you a closer look at the complex monkey classification system within these two parvorders.

Family Callitrichidae

The family Callitrichidae includes all of the monkeys that are commonly referred to as lion tamarins, tamarins, and marmosets. There are about 7 extant genera in this family, most of whom live in the Amazon River Basin.These monkeys prefer to live in smaller groups in the upper canopies of the rainforest. Interestingly, these monkeys are one of the few primates that regularly have twins. While this can happen in other primates, it’s estimated that more than three-fourths of all Callitrichidae births are twins.

Family Cebidae

Home to the squirrel monkeys and the capuchins, the family Cebidae is native to South and Central America. Like other New World monkeys, this family prefers to live in the trees where they can find fruit and insects to feed on.There are two subfamilies and three genera within this family. However, this family was once merged with the family Callitrichidae until scientific research showed that the capuchins and squirrel monkeys were genetically distinct from tamarins, lion tamarins, and marmosets.

Family Aotidae

The family Aotidae contains just one genus,As their common name suggests, the night monkeys are active at night, thanks to their massive eyes, which provide them with great low-light vision. They usually form small social groups that they communicate with using an interesting collection of vocalizations.Unfortunately, many night monkey species are classified as threatened or endangered due to habitat loss and illegal hunting. They are also one of the few species of monkeys that can be affected by malaria.

Family Pitheciidae

One of the more unique families of New World monkeys, the family Pitheciidae contains the titis, uakaris, and saki monkeys. These species are generally found in the Amazon River Basin, particularly in Brazil.They tend to be medium- to small-sized with colorful patterning. There are more than 54 living types of monkeys in this family, making them one of the largest groups of New World monkeys.

Family Atelidae

The family Atelidae contains some of the largest New World monkey species. Within this family, you can find the spider monkeys, the woolly monkeys, the wooly spider monkeys, and the howler monkeys, all of which live in forested areas of Central and South America.Although they are generally smaller than apes and Old World monkeys, the 29 species in the family Atelidae do have fairly large bodies. The spider monkeys are the smallest of the group, though they have prehensile tails, which is unique in the primate world.

Superfamily Cercopithecoidea (Old World Monkeys)

The superfamily Cercopithecoidea contains all of what we call the Old World monkeys. As we’ve mentioned, these monkeys have distinct nose structures which help to differentiate them from New World monkeys. They also live only in Asia, Africa, and Europe, so the geographic differences make them easier to distinguish from their New World counterparts.Within the superfamily Cercopithecoidea, there are 24 genera and 138 recognized species. This makes them one of the largest primate families. In fact, this superfamily contains the baboons, talapoins, mandrills, proboscis monkeys, and the macaques, all of which are quite large when compared to New World monkeys.

General Monkey Biology

Although this superfamily is home to the apes, which are not technically monkeys, the superfamily Hominoidea is well worth a mention here. This superfamily contains the gibbons and the great apes, all of which are tailless primates.Within the superfamily Hominoidea, there are two families. These include:

Habitat & Distribution

Monkeys are native to Africa, Asia, South America, Central America, and parts of Mexico. They were also introduced to Europe by the Moors during the Middle Ages, though the only current European population of monkeys lives in Gibraltar. Furthermore, monkeys were also introduced to parts of the United States, though these are highly isolated populations.Monkeys are, as a group, very adaptable to a wide range of environments. They can live anywhere from the rainforest to the mountains. Additionally, many monkeys will live in urban areas where they quickly become habituated to humans.

Social Behavior

Most monkeys exhibit complex social behavior. They usually live in groups, called troops, which can vary from a small family group to a collection of many hundreds of individuals.Like humans, most monkeys are very communicative. Depending on the species, they may communicate through sounds, facial expressions, and pheromones. They will also fight with each other, particularly over mates, but some monkeys have also been seen reconciling with others after a fight.

Diet & Eating Habits

Monkey diets vary widely depending on the species. Most monkeys will eat either fruit, nuts, seeds, tree sap and gum, or leaves. But, some species are more omnivorous and will eat insects, eggs, and even small animals. Others, like geladas, only eat grass. So, there’s a great variety in monkey eating habits.

Conservation Status

Monkeys and humans have a long history of both successful coexistence and conflict. Many cultures view certain species as sacred, while, in others, monkeys are hunted for food or for traditional medicine.That being said, it is impossible to say that all monkeys are threatened or endangered. While approximately half of all monkey species are listed as at least threatened, many more are species of least concern.The majority of species that are at risk of extinction are listed as such due to the effects of habitat loss, human conflict, hunting, or trapping for the international pet trade. However, some countries have instituted protections for vulnerable and endangered species to combat this issue.

Monkey Fun Facts

Want to impress your friends with your monkey knowledge? Here are some great fun facts about monkeys that are great to have on hand:

Howler Monkeys Are Very Loud

With a name like “howler monkey,” it shouldn’t come as a surprise that these primates are very loud. Just how loud are howler monkeys, you might ask? Well, it turns out that their screeches can be heard from up to 3 miles (4.8 km) away in the forest!

Old World Monkeys Have Cheek Pouches

Have you ever had a meal that you loved so much that you wished you could save some for later? If only you were an Old world monkey. In fact, many Old World monkeys, like macaques, have cheek pouches that can be used to store food until a later meal. Who knew?

Monkey FAQs

Here are answers to some of your most common questions about monkeys:

Can Monkeys Hurt You?

When provoked or scared, monkeys can, indeed, hurt humans. Monkeys have been known to seriously injure humans, often while they are kept in captivity. Additionally, monkeys in the wild that have become very habituated to humans, such as those that like to hang around temples and tourist sites, can bite humans in search of food.Therefore, while most monkeys generally don’t want anything to do with humans, it’s best to keep your distance from them, just in case.

What Animals Are Monkeys Afraid Of?

Monkeys, like humans, are very intelligent creatures. So, they don’t tend to run away from a situation for no reason. But, one study on animal behavior did find that rhesus monkeys are afraid of snakes, a fear that appears to be quite common in the primate world.