Types of Siamese Cats?

The Siamese cat is one of the oldest breeds in existence. Dating back hundreds of years in Thailand, there are hieroglyphic depictions of what researchers believe is the Siamese feline. If that was not enough to give this sleek and beautiful cat an air of royalty, the fact that they are revered as some of the best show cats in the world would put them over the top.

Image: ARLOUK from PixabayThese adorable cats are very friendly, they love people, and enjoy cuddling while sitting on your lap. Image: rihaij from PixabayThe Old-Style Siamese cat has a medium-size build and is lankier than the Applehead.

You can also tell this type of apart due to their bigger ears and nose that points straight ahead. They are prone to the same ear infections and obsessive grooming as the other two, yet their self-fur care is not as prominent a part of their personality. Image: Tania Van den Berghen from Pixabay The Modern Wedge became popular in the 1980s.

Unlike their traditional cousins, they have slanted eyes and wide noses that point straight out. This breed of Siamese feline is the current show cat, and they share the same affectionate and sweet disposition as the rest of their family. They have a base of white or cream, but their face, paws, and tails are darker in color.

Image Credit: webandi, PixabayThis style of Siamese has a cream-colored base with chocolate brown colored points. This Siamese cat has a white to the cream base with reddish fawn spots.

How can I tell what kind of Siamese cat I have?

The beauty of their fur is the point of color. They have a base of white or cream, but their face, paws, and tails are darker in color. In contrast to their bright eyes, it is striking. Also, any version of the Siamese cat can have any type of color point fur.

What is the most common type of Siamese cat?

Seal Point Siamese: The most common of all Siamese cat colors, it features a cream-colored body with seal (chocolate brown) points that can appear black..Chocolate Point Siamese: Ivory-colored body with milk chocolate points..Lilac Point Siamese: Pale to white-colored body with grey-pinkish points.

What is the rarest Siamese cat?

Does This Breed Get Along with Other Pets? Yes, the Red Point Siamese cat is one of the friendliest cat breeds, especially when it comes to other cats. It usually adapts really well to other cats, even later in life, when many other breeds are to set in their ways to allow a new family member.

What are half Siamese cats called?

Tonkinese is a domestic cat breed produced by crossbreeding between the Siamese and Burmese. Members of the breed share many of their parents’ distinctively lively, playful personality traits and are similarly distinguished by a pointed coat pattern in a variety of colors.

The Siamese cat is one of the most sophisticated felines youll ever find. With tanzanite eyes and a flashy coat, the cat looks like its dressed for a serious black tie party invitees only. Siamese cats have been around for centuries, even appearing in ancient manuscripts from Thailand. However, it was only until the late 19th century that the cats became popular in the West. They were regarded as fashionable pets, and they soon found themselves in the United States. Even the president at that time, Rutherford B. Hayes, together with the first lady Lucy Hayes had a Siamese cat shipped to them by a U.S diplomat stationed in Thailand called David B. Sickels. Take a look at the different types of Siamese cats available today.

The Lilac point Siamese cat received official recognition in 1955, making it the last in line for that privilege.

The Siamese cat (Thai: , Maeo Thai; , Maeo Sayam) is one of the first distinctly recognized breeds of Asian cat. Derived from the Wichianmat landrace, one of several varieties of cat native to Thailand (formerly known as Siam), the original Siamese became one of the most popular breeds in Europe and North America in the 19th century. The carefully refined, more extreme-featured, modern-style Siamese is characterized by blue almond-shaped eyes; a triangular head shape; large ears; an elongated, slender, and muscular body; and various forms of point colouration. Other than colouration, the modern-style Siamese bears little resemblance to the original stock, and the more moderate, traditional, or “old-style” Siamese, with a much rounder head and body, has been re-established by multiple registries as the Thai cat. The International Cat Association describes the modern Siamese as affectionate, social, intelligent, and playful into adulthood, often enjoying a game of fetch.[1] Siamese tend to seek human interaction and also like companionship from other cats.

The carefully refined, more extreme-featured, modern-style Siamese is characterized by blue almond-shaped eyes; a triangular head shape; large ears; an elongated, slender, and muscular body; and various forms of point colouration . The International Cat Association describes the modern Siamese as affectionate, social, intelligent, and playful into adulthood, often enjoying a game of fetch .

The Siamese (sometimes in the traditional form) is among the foundation stock of several other breeds developed by crossbreeding with other cats; some examples are the Oriental Shorthair and Colourpoint Shorthair , developed to expand the range of coat patterns ; the long-haired variant most often dubbed the Himalayan ; and hair-mutation breeds, including the Cornish Rex , Sphynx , Peterbald , and blue-point Siamese cat. Thailand[ edit ] A description and depiction of the Wichienmaat (Siamese cat) first appears in a collection of ancient manuscripts called the Tamra Maew (The Cat-Book Poems), thought to originate from the Ayutthaya Kingdom (1351 to 1767 AD). When the capital city Ayutthaya was sacked on 7 April 1767 at the end of the Burmese-Siamese war , the Burmese army burned everything in sight and returned to Burma, taking Siamese noblemen and royal family members with them as captives.

[2] In 1878, U.S. President Rutherford B. Hayes received the first documented Siamese to reach the United States, a cat named “Siam” sent by the American Consul in Bangkok. [3] In 1884, the British Consul-General in Bangkok , Edward Blencowe Gould (18471916), [4] brought a breeding pair of the cats, Pho and Mia, back to Britain as a gift for his sister, Lilian Jane Gould (who, married in 1895 as Lilian Jane Veley, [5] went on to co-found the Siamese Cat Club in 1901). In 1885, Gould’s UK cats Pho and Mia produced three Siamese kittensDuen Ngai, Kalohom, and Khromatawho were shown with their parents that same year at London’s Crystal Palace Show.

Their unique appearance and distinct behaviour attracted attention but all three of the kittens died soon after the show, their cause of death not documented. By 1886, another pair (with kittens) was imported to the UK by Eva Forestier Walker (surnamed Vyvyan after 1887 marriage) [7] and her sister, Ada. Compared to the British Shorthair and Persian cats that were familiar to most Britons, these Siamese imports were longer and less “cobby” in body types, had heads that were less rounded with wedge-shaped muzzles and had larger ears.

In their early days in Britain, they were called the “Royal Cat of Siam”, reflecting reports that they had previously been kept only by Siamese royalty. In the 1950s1960s, as the Siamese was increasing in popularity, many breeders and cat show judges began to favor the more slender look. The breed has a long neck, a slender tail, and fur that is short, glossy, fine, and adheres to the body with no undercoat.

Its pointed color scheme and blue eyes distinguish it from the closely related Oriental Shorthair . The pointed pattern is a form of partial albinism , resulting from a mutation in tyrosinase , an enzyme involved in melanin production. The mutated tyrosinase enzyme is heat-sensitive; it fails to work at normal body temperatures , but becomes active in cooler (< 33 C) areas of the skin.

[12] This results in dark colouration in the coolest parts of the cat’s body, including the extremities and the face, which is cooled by the passage of air through the sinuses . All Siamese kittens , although pure cream or white at birth, develop visible points in the first few months of life in colder parts of their body. The World Cat Federation has also adopted this classification, treating the color point Short hair as a distinct breed.

The most common variety of progressive retinal atrophy (PRA) in cats (among them the Abyssinian, the Somali, and the big group of Siamese-related breeds) is related to a mutation on the rdAc-gene, for which a DNA test is available. [22] The optic chiasm has abnormal uncrossed wiring; many early Siamese were cross-eyed to compensate, but like the kinked tails, the crossed eyes have been seen as a fault, and due to selective breeding the trait is far less common today. Clare Turlay Newberry ‘s Babette [26] features a Siamese kitten escaping from a New York apartment in 1937.

British publisher Michael Joseph recorded his relationship with his Siamese cat in Charles: The Story of a Friendship (1943). [28] The 1958 film adaptation of Bell, Book and Candle features Kim Novak ‘s own Siamese cat as “Pyewacket”, a witch’s familiar. The Incredible Journey (1961) [29] by Sheila Burnford tells the story of three pets, including Siamese cat “Tao”, as they travel 300 miles (480 km) through the Canadian wilderness searching for their beloved masters.

The book was a modest success when first published, but became widely known after 1963 when it was loosely adapted into a film of the same name from Walt Disney . Please reorganize this content to explain the subject’s impact on popular culture, providing citations to , rather than simply listing appearances. ( Learn how and when to remove this template message ) In The Wizard of Oz , a Siamese Cat is the cause for Dorothy’s missing the balloon ride back to Kansas.

The original Hang in there, Baby poster by Victor Baldwin featured a Siamese kitten named Sassy. In the Skippyjon Jones book series, the titular character is a Siamese cat who befriends a group of Chihuahuas . My Favorite Murder podcast host Georgia Hardstark owns a cross-eyed Siamese Cat named Elvis.

He has garnered much attention from the fandom due to his prominent meow and crossed eyes, and often acts as a mascot for the show.

The Siamese cats are considered to be a unique breed among the cat family. You must have encountered them before as blue-eyed, unique fur patterns, long neck, dark-colored paws, and face. This kind of coloration is known as points. This means that their extremities are those parts or points of the body which are colored. The points are mostly darker in color. They include paws, ears, face mask, and tail. The pattern would mostly remain the same but the coloration would vary.

Hence, if you are planning on purchasing a Siamese , it would be better to check which colors are accepted in your country. However, the main acceptable Siamese cat colors are Blue, Seal Point, Lilac, Chocolate, Fawn, Caramel, Cinnamon, Red, Tabby, Tortie, and Cream.

The body colour of this Siamese cat should be ivory white without any kind of shading. Due to the lack of shading, it causes a contrast effect between the points and the body. Amongst all the other Siamese cat, the lilac point has the lightest body color.

The Tortie was also created in the same manner as Red Point Siamese cat. They were created by the breeding of red domestic shorthair, Siamese and Abys. The eye rims, paw pads, and nose leather are in pinkish grey.

They have a hot cream colored point with a shot metallic sheen to it. The body coat color is warm creamy white and if there are any shading then it would be tone to the points. The paw pads, eye rims, and nose leather are pinkish.

The face especially around the eyes and nose, should be having clear defined striped markings. The tortie points can be of any basic Siamese cat color except cream and red. It should have cinnamon brown colored points with a certain amount of red shades.

The 9 Types of Siamese Cats

Within the Siamese family, there are two different groups: traditional and modern. Within the traditional family, they have been further broken down into three groups. Let’s take a look at the traditional side first.

1. Traditional Applehead Siamese Cat

The Traditional Applehead is the stocky version of the Siamese cat. They have a very round “apple” like head with a nose that points downward. They have larger frames than their counterparts, and they have smaller ears. They tend to stand taller, as well.These adorable cats are very friendly, they love people, and enjoy cuddling while sitting on your lap. They also are quite vocal and will let you know if they want or need something. As far as care, this feline has short fur so grooming is minimal. They also rarely require baths. That being said, they can obsessively groom themselves and create bald spots. This is typically due to stress though.

2. Old Style Siamese Cat

The Old-Style Siamese cat has a medium-size build and is lankier than the Applehead. This frisky feline has bigger ears and is more athletic in the body, as well. You can also tell this type of apart due to their bigger ears and nose that points straight ahead. You can also tell they have a slightly longer face.The Old Style puss is another Siamese who is attached to their owners. They love to follow you about and stick their nose in your business. Although they are not as vocal as the Applehead, you will still hear about it if there’s an issue. What’s more, their larger ears make them more prone to ear infections.

3. Classic Siamese Cat

The Classic version is the most athletic and tall version of the traditional Siamese. They have long, sleek bodies with a long tail. Their ears are slightly bigger along with a pointed face and slightly upturned nose. The Classic cat is more energized then the other two, as well.Just like the other two, however, this is an affectionate cat. In fact, they can be pushy about getting pats and cuddles, even if you are busy doing something else. They are prone to the same ear infections and obsessive grooming as the other two, yet their self-fur care is not as prominent a part of their personality.

4. Modern Wedge Siamese Cat

The Modern Wedge became popular in the 1980s. They have a very narrow “wedge-like” heads with big pointy ears that are set lower on the side of their heads. Their body is lean, long, and very athletic. Unlike their traditional cousins, they have slanted eyes and wide noses that point straight out.This breed of Siamese feline is the current show cat, and they share the same affectionate and sweet disposition as the rest of their family. Unfortunately, though, the cross-breeding has caused some of the Modern Wedges to develop kidney disease. Though it does not affect them all, some only live five or six years.

Siamese Fur Coats

Besides the specific family, the Siamese cat also comes in five different coat styles. All of them have short, silky fur, however. They don’t require much grooming besides finger combing. The beauty of their fur is the point of color. They have a base of white or cream, but their face, paws, and tails are darker in color. In contrast to their bright eyes, it is striking. Also, any version of the Siamese cat can have any type of color point fur.

5. Seal Points

The Seal Points have a cream color base with darker fawn points on their face, paws, and tail.

7. Blue Points

This style of Siamese has a cream-colored base with chocolate brown colored points. They typically look similar to the Seal Points, but with a more marked contrast in color.

9. Red Point

This is a rare Siamese that has a white base contrasted with gray points that have a pink twinge.

Siamese cat

TheThe Siamese (sometimes in the traditional form) is among the foundation stock of several other breeds developed by crossbreeding with other cats; some examples are the Oriental Shorthair and Colourpoint Shorthair, developed to expand the range of coat patterns; the long-haired variant most often dubbed the Himalayan; and hair-mutation breeds, including the Cornish Rex, Sphynx, Peterbald, and blue-point Siamese cat. The Siamese cat comes in two distinct variations: traditional, with an apple-shaped head and a slightly chubby body; or the modern Siamese, which are very skinny and have a wedge-shaped head. The long-haired Siamese is recognized internationally as a Balinese cat. Siamese cats are one of the more common breeds to have non-white irises.

Thailand[edit]

A description and depiction of the Wichienmaat (Siamese cat) first appears in a collection of ancient manuscripts called the Tamra Maew (The Cat-Book Poems), thought to originate from the Ayutthaya Kingdom (1351 to 1767 AD). Over a dozen are now kept in the National Library of Thailand, while others have resurfaced outside of Thailand and are now in the British Library and National Library of Australia. In addition to the old Siamese cat, the Tamra Maew also describes other heritage cats of Thailand including the Korat cat (Malet), which are still bred for preservation in Thailand today and have become popular in other countries, and Konja cat (Black cat), Suphalak (a controversy in Burmese cat).When the capital city Ayutthaya was sacked on 7 April 1767 at the end of the Burmese-Siamese war, the Burmese army burned everything in sight and returned to Burma, taking Siamese noblemen and royal family members with them as captives. Buddha images were hacked apart for their gold, and all the royal treasures were stolen. Thai legend has it that the King of Burma Hsinbyushin found and read the poem for the Thai cats in the Tamra Maew. The poem describes Thai cats as being as rare as gold, and anyone that owns this cat will become wealthy. He told his army to round up all the Suphalak cats and bring them back to Burma along with the other treasures. Today in Thailand, this legend is told as a humorous explanation as to the rarity of Thai cats.

Traditional Siamese versus modern development[edit]

The pointed cat known in the West as “Siamese“, recognized for its distinctive markings, is one of several breeds of cats from Siam described and illustrated in manuscripts called “Tamra Maew” (Cat Poems), estimated to have been written from the 14th to the 18th century.By 1886, another pair (with kittens) was imported to the UK by Eva Forestier Walker (surnamed Vyvyan after 1887 marriage)

Appearance[edit]

The breed standard of the modern Siamese calls for an elongated, tubular, and muscular body and a triangular head, forming a perfect triangle from the tip of the nose to each tip of the ear. The eyes are almond-shaped and light blue, while the ears are large, wide-based, and positioned more towards the side of the head. The breed has a long neck, a slender tail, and fur that is short, glossy, fine, and adheres to the body with no undercoat. Its pointed color scheme and blue eyes distinguish it from the closely related Oriental Shorthair. The modern Siamese shares the pointed color pattern with the Thai, or traditional Siamese, but they differ in head and body type.The pointed pattern is a form of partial albinism, resulting from a mutation in tyrosinase, an enzyme involved in melanin production. The mutated tyrosinase enzyme is heat-sensitive; it fails to work at normal body temperatures, but becomes active in cooler (< 33 °C) areas of the skin.In the United Kingdom, all pointed Siamese-style cats are considered part of the Siamese breed. In the United States, a major cat registry, the Cat Fanciers’ Association, considers only the four original fur colors as Siamese: seal point, blue point, chocolate point, and lilac point. Oriental Shorthair cats with color points in colors or patterns aside from these four are considered color point Shorthairs in that registry. The World Cat Federation has also adopted this classification, treating the color point Short hair as a distinct breed.Many Siamese cats from Thailand had a kink in their tails, but over the years this trait has been considered a flaw. Breeders have largely eradicated it, but the kinked tail persists among street cats in Thailand.

Temperament[edit]

Siamese are usually very affectionate and intelligent cats, renowned for their social nature. Many enjoy being with people and are sometimes described as “extroverts”. Often they bond strongly to a single person.Siamese cats, due to their desire to be near people or other cats, occasionally suffer from depression or separation anxiety if left alone for long periods of time, and it is for this reason that Siamese cats are often bought in pairs so that they can keep each other company.

Health[edit]

Based on Swedish insurance data, which tracked cats only up to 12.5 years, Siamese and Siamese-derived breeds have a higher mortality rate compared to other breeds. The median lifespan of the Siamese group was somewhere between 10 and 12.5 years; 68% lived to 10 years or more and 42% to 12.5 years or more. Siamese Scooter holds the record as the world’s oldest male cat, dying at the age of 30.The most common variety of progressive retinal atrophy (PRA) in cats (among them the Abyssinian, the Somali, and the big group of Siamese-related breeds) is related to a mutation on the rdAc-gene, for which a DNA test is available.The same albino allele that produces coloured points means that Siamese cats‘ blue eyes lack aFurthermore, the Siamese cat is more prone than other breeds to lung infections, especially in kittenhood, such as feline osteochondrodysplasia, vestibular disease and feline hyperesthesia syndrome.

In literature and film[edit]

Siamese cats have been protagonists in literature and film for adults and children since the 1930’s. Clare Turlay Newberry’s