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Guinness judges recently gave the title “World’s Smallest Dog” to a teeny-tiny brown and tan Chihuahua named Milly. At almost 2-years-old, Milly, or “Miracle Milly” as her owner, Vanesa Semler, calls her, is only 3.8 inches tall and only weighs about a pound.
Guinness judges recently gave the title “World’s Smallest Dog” to a teeny-tiny brown and tan Chihuahua named Milly . Sure Milly has taken the cake in this year’s Guinness race, but there are a couple of dog owners on both sides of the Atlantic who say their miniature canines could take the coveted title in the future. In fact, Poppet has proved to be so popular she will soon appear on a new British television show starring Scottish actor and comedian Ronnie Corbett . “I expect maybe we’ll have the smallest puppy,” he says, confident Angel will one day dethrone current record holder Milly — if she can stay healthy, that is. Passero says Angel has recently graduated to eating mushed up dog food, but she used to have to feed the pup nutrient-rich formula from a syringe. A small scale, self-described hobby breeder and Yorkshire Terrier enthusiast, Passero says she doesn’t breed for “tea cup” sized dogs like Angel, but it does happen occasionally.
Which is the smallest dog in the world?
At less than 4 inches tall, this 4-year-old Chihuahua named Milly is recognized by Guinness World Records as the world’s smallest full-grown dog.
What is the 2 smallest dog in the world?
#2 Smallest Dogs: Chiweenie – 5-to-9 Inches. They are a cross between dachshunds and chihuahuas. Most chiweenies have a short coat, but there are long-haired chiweenies. Ears can be erect like the chihuahuas or droopy like the dachshund. This breed makes terrific watchdogs, but they can be stubborn to train.
Is the world's smallest dog still alive?
The smallest dog living, in terms of height, is female Chihuahua Miracle Milly, who measures 9.65 cm (3.8 in) tall and is owned by Vanesa Semler of Dorado, Puerto Rico.
There’s little doubt that dogs are the most popular pets in most parts of the world. A large reason for that is their sheer versatility – there are hundreds of dog breeds, and they come in all shapes and sizes.
We also highlight a few canine records that don’t currently have holders, which mean we’re actively seeking applications. Think your pooch is off the scale? Then keep on reading to find out more…
When it comes to height, barring the odd exception, there are realistically two main contenders for the title: Irish wolfhounds and Great Danes. Although the former are generally regarded as the loftiest species overall, for two decades it is Great Danes that have reigned supreme in the record books. Standing on his hind legs (not a measurement that GWR officially counts), his height shoots up to 226 cm (7 ft 5.5 in). Freddy’s owner, Claire Stoneman (UK), confesses her pet’s growth spurt was unexpected: “As a puppy, he was the runt of the litter. While Great Danes may have stood head and shoulders above the competition for many years, Irish wolfhounds haven’t been completely sidelined. GWR is seeking a new longest living dog (see end of article), but excitingly there is a rumour going around that an application has been received from a potential contender – so watch this space! Bucking the wolfhound-Great Dane trend, this Old English mastiff measured 254.4 cm (8 ft 4 in) from nose to tail tip. Big in all respects, this humongous hound (known as Zorba for “short”) also had a shoulder height of 88.7 cm (2 ft 10 in) and weighed a ground-shaking 144.66 kg (319 lb)! According to the American Kennel Club , these mini marvels are depictions of Chihuahua-esque canines from a range of ancient civilizations, but these dinky dogs are, of course, mostly associated with the region of Mexico. The idea that Chihuahuas hold all the cards when it comes to superlative smallness is borne out by our most recently assessed shortest dogs. Owned by Vanesa Semier (PRI) from Puerto Rico, Milly was a mere 9.65 cm (3.8 in) to the shoulder, as confirmed in 2013 – that means she is dwarfed by an average can of soda! Support pet Cupcake has not only helped her owner, Angela Bain (USA), through some difficult times – she also regularly visits local hospitals to brighten the day of patients. It’s worth noting that Guinness World Records no longer monitors individual heaviest domestic animals, though historically we did include some categories based on weight in our books. Speaking more generally, the title of heaviest dog breed is shared by the St Bernard and Old English mastiff (the latter pictured above). Plus, you’ll even have a chance to try out some exclusive dog-themed records at the event, which means you and your four-legged friend could earn a GWR title during the weekend!
According to the Guinness Book of World Records, the tiniest dog alive is Milly, who stands 3.8-inches tall at her shoulders. If you think it would be fun to own a dog about the same size as Milly, then there are several choices to consider. When compiling our list, the dog breed’s minimum height was first considered. Then, we evaluated their weight when compiling the final list. Teacup designer dogs can be the perfect addition to your home, but do not overlook some standard breeds that stay small.
The Mal-shi is prone to heat-aggravated respiratory problems, so if you live in a warmer area, share your air conditioning with your pet. Unlike some designer pups, you cannot breed two chorkies together and get a similar-looking dog, so a Yorkshire terrier and a chihuahua must be bred each time. While one-or-two baths a month is generally enough, watch for hair growth inside this breed’s ears. Since their lineage on both sides were hunting dogs, you can expect this designer pooch to have strong prey instincts. Try limiting the amount of jumping that this dog does as they are prone to intervertebral disk disease. The mini dachshund is a highly loyal dog, but it can take the animal a while to warm up to outsiders. They have a long spine and a short rib cage, which can lead to back problems. The American Kennel Club’s chihuahua breed standard says this dog will grow to be between 5-and-8 inches tall and should not exceed 6 pounds.
The Shih Tzu is a highly valued Asian toy breed with a long straight coat and curved tail. They are very friendly, alert, and intelligent. The breed is also hypoallergenic. Also known as the Shih Tzu Kou, translating to Lion Dog in Chinese, Shih Tzus are affectionate house dogs that love spending time with their human companions but often enact clingy behavior.
Did you know that Pomeranians weren’t always this small? The earlier records of the breed show an average weight of 30 lbs – ten times greater than what the breed typically weighs today! Years of breeding made Pomeranians go from a medium-sized breed to a small companion dog.Poms demonstrate many traits you would expect to see in a companion dog. They want to be the center of attention, are loving, and create strong bonds with their humans.
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Maltese Dogs have been around for a long time, but not much is known about the origins of the breed. Both the ancient Romans and Greeks mentioned the Maltese Dog in their literature. Although it is believed that the breed gets its name from the Mediterranean island of Malta, there is little to no evidence available to prove this – and thus, the origins of the Maltese dog remain unknown. However, there is strong evidence that suggests that the Maltese originated in south-central Europe from spitz-type dogs and resembled the modern-day Pomeranian.The Maltese has a long coat and has the most fashionable array of haircuts among any dog. Hairstyles like the standard cut, show cut, bob cut, puppy clip, and teddy bear cut are popular among owners of this tiny breed.
Sometimes referred to as the butterfly dog because of their ears, the Papillon is a highly trainable companion dog.A large portion of the Papillion history is learned through paintings. Tiziano Vicelli (Titian) painted small dogs resembling Papillons along with many of the companion dogs that existed in the mid-1500s. A Papillon is also seen in a family portrait of Louis XIV. The early standards of the breed had a curled tail over the back, which led to the breed being nicknamed the ‘Squirrel Spaniel’.Despite their size, the Papillon is a breed that can really stand out in dog shows. They are easy to train and become comfortable with completing virtually any task their owners give them. With high energy and a friendly character, Papillons get along well with other pets and strangers.
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The Yorkshire Terrier is a hypoallergenic breed and one of the smallest terrier-type dogs. The breed standard is set for a maximum weight of 7 lbs. Even though Yorkies are a very small breed, they keep many of the Terrier characteristics. Being brave, feisty and bossy is in their nature.There is also the Teacup Yorkie – this is just a Yorkshire Terrier specifically bred to be small. Teacup Yorkies weigh only two to four pounds and stand between five and seven inches tall. Compared to the average size of a Yorkie, it isn’t hard to detect a Teacup Yorkie – but they can also reach weights of up to seven pounds while staying at their shorter height.
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The Toy Poodle is the smallest Poodle. They are hypoallergenic like other Poodles and display similar characteristics.The Toy Poodles first appeared in the early-1900s in France. Many Poodles were used in circuses, and a smaller Poodle than the Miniature Poodle was appreciated for the convenience of transporting and handling when traveling in circuses. Outside of the circus, Toy Poodles became very popular companion dogs.Although not as fast and agile as the Standard or Miniature Poodle, they are the perfect water-retrievers, and their trainability enables them to complete more challenging tasks.
Also known as the Min Pin, Miniature Pinschers originate from Germany. The earliest Min Pins are thought to be bred with Dachshunds, Italian Greyhounds, and German Pinschers. Even though they are about half the size of German Pinschers, they are very brave and energetic.Min Pins are playful little dogs that love spending time with family but can be possessive of their food and toys. This can raise a risk to families with small children, but training early on can prevent aggression.
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With their distinctive beard, the Brussel Griffons loosely resembles the Pug, although they have a completely different temperament. Known as Griffon Bruxellois in Europe, this small breed has many of the qualities of a companion dog. They are more alert than other companion dogs. Brussel Griffons make excellent watchdogs as they tend to be shy with strangers and don’t trust people at first, but do well with other dogs and pets.
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The Chinese Crested is a hypoallergenic dog that also has a hairless variation. The hairless Chinese Crested dogs mostly have concentrated hair in their face and tails. It is also common to hear them called Powderpuff because of their puff coats. Like the other Chinese companion dogs, the earliest ancestors of the Chinese Crested dog were bred as lapdogs, but little is know about the exact history of the breed.The Chinese Crested Dog was recognized by the AKC in 1991, making it a fairly new breed in comparison to the majority of the breeds on our list.
A history of the biggest and smallest dog breeds – from giant Great Danes to tiny Chihuahuas
Continuing our celebration of record-breaking dogs, in this instalment we focus on hounds with extreme proportions – at both ends of the spectrum!We also highlight a few canine records that don’t currently have holders, which mean we’re actively seeking applications. Think your pooch is off the scale? Then keep on reading to find out more…From the tallest and the longest to the shortest – both vertically and horizontally – the biggest and smallest dogs have always been some of our most popular animal record holders, capturing the imagination not just of dog-lovers but of Guinness World Records (GWR) fans the world over.Similar to our feature on ordinary dogs with extraordinary body parts, all these super-dogs had their records hardwired into their DNA. They were born to become record-worthy, with nobody able to anticipate their superlative size for certain until they were fully grown.That said, as you’ll discover in this feature, certain breeds are predisposed to particular record categories based around doggy dimensions…
When it comes to height, barring the odd exception, there are realistically two main contenders for the title: Irish wolfhounds and Great Danes.Although the former are generally regarded as the loftiest species overall, for two decades it is Great Danes that have reigned supreme in the record books.TheHe stood an unparalleled 111.8 cm (3 ft 8 in) from the ground to the withers (the ridge between the shoulders). To put that in context, it’s about the same as two golden retrievers standing on top of each another – or a stack ofTheStanding on his hind legs (not a measurement that GWR officially counts), his height shoots up to 226 cm (7 ft 5.5 in).Freddy’s owner, Claire Stoneman (UK), confesses her pet’s growth spurt was unexpected: “As a puppy, he was the runt of the litter. I actually got him a couple of weeks earlier than I should have, as he wasn’t feeding off [his] mum.”I had no idea he was going to get this big at all.”GWR is currently on the lookout for theThe last confirmed holder was the 96.41-cm-tall (3-ft 1.9-in) Lizzy. This harlequin Great Dane from Florida, USA, was the pride and joy of Greg Sample. He described her as a “show-stopper” owing to the amount of attention she drew whenever they ventured out.She was very much a gentle giant and “very sociable” – most likely, Greg believes, because she shared her home with two much smaller terriers and a cat. Sadly, Lizzy passed away in 2017, leaving a (big) space for a new top female dog.The
G(r)o(w)ing to great lengths…
While Great Danes may have stood head and shoulders above the competition for many years, Irish wolfhounds haven’t been completely sidelined.Since 2006, the record ofThe most recent of these was Farrell, who lived with Robert and Kate Fandetti (both USA) in Baneberry, Tennessee, USA. From the tip of his nose to the tip of his tail, this record-setting wolfhound was 237 cm (7 ft 9 in). GWR is seeking a newAll of our long hounds from post-2000 pale in comparison to theBig in all respects, this humongous hound (known as Zorba for “short”) also had a shoulder height of 88.7 cm (2 ft 10 in) and weighed a ground-shaking 144.66 kg (319 lb)!
It’s not all about colossal canines though.They say the best things come in small packages, something that lovers of toy dogs will no doubt agree with. For many, the de facto breed that represents the world’s more petite pooches is the Chihuahua.According to the American Kennel Club, these mini marvels are depictions of Chihuahua-esque canines from a range of ancient civilizations, but these dinky dogs are, of course, mostly associated with the region of Mexico. They rose to prominence around a millennium ago with the Toltec culture; back then, they were slightly more heavyset and known as “Techichi”.During the 12th century, the Techichi was adopted by the Toltec’s conquerors, the Aztecs, and over the coming centuries seems to have been bred towards the smaller dimensions that we’re more familiar with today.It wasn’t until the 19th century that people outside Mexico began to take interest in theseThe idea that Chihuahuas hold all the cards when it comes to superlative smallness is borne out by our most recently assessed shortest dogs.TheOr to put it another way, Milly is more than 11 times shorter than Zeus, theTheThere are reports of a dwarf Yorkshire terrier (name unknown) from the 1940s that was barely bigger than a human fist! Owned by Arthur Marples (UK) – a former editor ofTheBeyond Chihuahuas and Yorkies, other breeds in contention for the tiny crown are Pomeranians, Affenpinschers and Papillons to name a few.
A weighty issue
It’s worth noting that Guinness World Records no longer monitors individual heaviest domestic animals, though historically we did include some categories based on weight in our books.Speaking more generally, the title ofAdult males of both these breeds regularly tip the scales in the range of 77–91 kg (170–200 lb). Let’s just say, they’re not the kind of dogs you want jumping on you in bed in the morning!
#9 Maltichon – 6-to-12 Inches
Breeders created the Maltichon by breeding the Maltese and the Bichon Frise. This dog should stand between 6-and-12-inches tall and weigh between 6-and-14 pounds. It is a friendly family dog who loves to be involved in everything that your family is doing. This dog also does well in homes where there is already another dog.All Maltichons have soft wide hair. Some will have apricot, bluff, or cream markings. The coat can be a single layer or a double layer of variable length. This designer dog breed will have brown eyes and a black nose. A quick 20-minute romp is appreciated, but take precautions that those with a double-layer coat do not become overheated.
#8 Broodle Griffon – 6-to-11 Inches
Broodle griffons stand between 6-and-11 inches tall. Typically, they weigh between 6 and 12 pounds. This cross between a poodle and a Brussels griffon may also be called brussapoo, brusapoo, brus-A-Poo or griffinpoo.The head of the Broodle griffon can take after either parent, but it is seldom a mixture of both. This dog can have a wavy, smooth, or curly coat. If you are looking for a hypogenic dog, consider those with a curly coat. If the dog has a curly coat, expect to spend more time grooming it. This dog is eager to please her owners so that makes training much easier.
#7 Mal-shi – 6-to-10 Inches
The mal-shi is a cross between the Maltese and the Shih Tzu breeds. They stand between 6-and-10-inches tall and should weigh between 6-and-12 pounds. Most are gutsy and gregarious and love people. Therefore, they often make great therapy dogs. This dog does best when he has a place to romp.The Mal-shi is prone to heat-aggravated respiratory problems, so if you live in a warmer area, share your air conditioning with your pet. While this dog requires little clipping, you do need to brush it daily. Typically, these dogs do very well in homes with other dogs and children.
#6 Chorkie – 6-9 Inches
The chorkie is a designer pooch and is a cross between a Yorkshire terrier and a Chihuahua. They should be between 6-and-9-inches tall and weigh between 2-and-8 pounds. They may also be known as a Yorkiechi. Any color combination is possible, but most have a noticeable grizzled appearance because of their Yorkshire heritage. Unlike some designer pups, you cannot breed two chorkies together and get a similar-looking dog, so a Yorkshire terrier and a chihuahua must be bred each time.While one-or-two baths a month is generally enough, watch for hair growth inside this breed’s ears. This blocks the air from flowing into the air, which can cause ear infections. Frequent ear infections can lead to deafness.Learn more about chorkies.
#5 Smallest Dogs: Toy Poodle – 5-to-10 Inches
The toy poodle has been around since at least the 17th century when they were known as sleeve dogs. This breed usually measures between 5-and-10-inches tall and weigh 6-to-10 pounds.The American Kennel Club says that this dog can live between 10 and 18 years. It is the smallest of the three types of poodles that the club recognizes. A variety of colors are possible, including blues, grays, silvers, browns, cafe-aulaits, apricots and creams, but the dog should be one color over its entire body.Learn more about toy poodles.
#4 Smallest Dogs: Dorkie- 5-to-9 Inches
The Dorkie is a cross between Mini Dachshund and the Yorkshire Terriers. These dogs usually weigh between 5-and-12 pounds and stand between 5-and-9-inches tall. Black and tan is the most common color combination, but they can be chocolate and tan, fawn and tan, or gray and tan. They can be dapple, brindle, piebald or sable.Since their lineage on both sides were hunting dogs, you can expect this designer pooch to have strong prey instincts. Many owners report that they attach themselves to one person. They are often wary around young children. Try limiting the amount of jumping that this dog does as they are prone to intervertebral disk disease.Learn more about dorkies.
#3 Smallest Dogs: Mini Dachshund – 5-to-9 Inches
The mini dachshund can weigh up to 11 pounds and stands 5-to-9 inches tall. Its hanging ears on its oval head add to the lovable look of this dog. This breed can be red, tan, or yellow, or a combination of the three. They are brilliant dogs that can quickly get bored. Their coats can be smooth, long-haired, or wire-haired.The mini dachshund is a highly loyal dog, but it can take the animal a while to warm up to outsiders. They have a long spine and a short rib cage, which can lead to back problems. Most have almost boundless energy.
#2 Smallest Dogs: Chiweenie – 5-to-9 Inches
Chiweenies stand between 5-and-9 -inches tall and weigh between 4-and-11 pounds. They are a cross between dachshunds and chihuahuas. Most chiweenies have a short coat, but there are long-haired chiweenies. Ears can be erect like the chihuahuas or droopy like the dachshund.This breed makes terrific watchdogs, but they can be stubborn to train. These dogs usually do not have a high prey instinct, but they will bark to alert you to any changes in your environment. While this designer dog breed may have accidentally bred much earlier, breeders started intentionally breeding these dogs in the 1990s.