Safe What Can Guinea Pigs Eat?

Guinea pigs are always eating. Whether its pellets, grass hay, daily greens, or the occasional fruit snack, it may often seem like your guinea pig is born to eat (and create magic beans).

There are so many types of fruits, vegetables, and herbs that guinea pigs can eat. Which vegetables , fruits , and herbs are safe to feed your guinea pig?

Are the foods you have been giving your cavy guinea pig safe ? Besides water , hay , and pellets , what else can your guinea pig eat? First, lets take a look at the basics of a guinea pig diet or jump to What The Happy Cavy Herd Eats for a general guide on the daily dietary requirements of guinea pigs.

Hay delivers the fiber that that is essential for your guinea pig to be able to properly digest and proces food and nutrients. Without a constant intake of fresh hay, guinea pigs digestive tracks can shut down. High-quality hay should be green with pliable stalks, free of mold and foreign particulates, and fragrant (not dusty or void of smell).

Cheap, store-bought hay is no substitute for fresh, high-quality yummy goodness. Most hay purchased at big box stores (PetCo, etc.) Farm-to-cage is ideal and special caution should be taken when providing the most important food of your guinea pigs diet: high-quality, pesticide(?)

NOTE : An alfalfa hay mix (1/2 timothy, 1/2 alfalfa) should be primarily fed to young guinea pigs under the age of 4 months and pregnant or nursing cavies. Because alfalfa hay is high in calcium, it should NOT be fed to healthy, adult cavies. Guinea pig pellets should consist of only high-quality hay and should be served in a ceramic bowl, which is large enough to not tip over.

High-quality grass hay is a must for proper guinea pig health. Like Humans, guinea pigs cannot manufacture their own vitamin C. To prevent survy and other health issues, each guinea pig should get 10 to 30 milligrams of Vitamin C each day; young, ill, nursing and/or pregnant animals require extra Vitamin C. While many guinea pigs will get an adequate serving of Vitamin C from vegetables and pellets, you may wish to supplement your cavys diet with a small amount of Vitamin C, either in power or tablet form. Guinea should be fed only up to 1 cup (240 mL) each (adults) of vegetables per day.

Please remember that your guinea pigs food supply should NOT be mainly vegetables. Foods high in calcium can lead to the formation of bladder stones and other health issues. To help you find which vegetables, herbs, and fruits are safe to feed your guinea pig, please refer to the Guinea Pig Food List below.

NOTE : Always introduce new foods to your guinea pig slowly and patiently. Begin introducing new foods by providing a small piece or two during the first try. Then, portions of a particular guinea pig safe food may be increased slightly with each subsequent serving.

Guinea pigs have a sensitive digestive system which is easily upset. Share This Guinea Pig Nutrition & Diet Info Click a letter to view that vegetable and refer to the Notes for cautionary advice.

Information on this chart is derived from the USDA Nutrient Database , from SR22 to SR25 datasets. This chart takes into consideration several factors to arrive at our feeding frequency suggestions: sugar, calcium, phosphorous, Vitamin C, Vitamin A, oxalic acid content, and calcium to phosphorous (Ca:P) ratio. Chemical composition can be referenced at the USDA Nutrient Database .

Alfalfa pellets 02200 Alfalfa pellets are suitable for young, growing and/or pregnant guinea pigs (under 1 year of age).Ref. Beet greens/leaves(beetroot greens/leaves) 30.00117.00 Beets (beetroot) 4.9016.00 Bell pepper See Peppers (capscium) Blackberries 21.0032.00 Blueberries 9.76.00 Feed in moderation. Broccoli raab, rabe, rapini 93.0048.00 May cause gas or bloating.

Broccolini 93.0048.00 Stems are liked better than flowers Brussels sprouts 85.0042.00 May cause gas or bloating. Carrots, top greens unknownunknown Unknown nutrient makeup. Cauliflower / Broccoflower 46.4022.00 Celery 7.0040.00 Choking hazard.

Cherries (without pits) sour 10.0016.00 Cherries (without pits) sweet 7.0013.00 Chicory, greens 24.00100.00 Chicory, witloof 2.8019.00 ** Cilantro (corriander)27.0067.00 Feed in moderation. Corn on the cob (1 med ear) 6.102.00 May cause gas or bloating. Cress, garden 69.0081.00 Cucumber with peel 5.3014.00 Dandelion Greens 35.00187.00 Dill 85.00208.00 Eggplant 6.56.5 Elderberries 36.0038.00 Feed in small amounts.

Grapefruit, white 37.0015.00 Sour foods can cause mouth sores. Honeydew 120.00135.00See Melon honeydew Kale 120.00135.00 Kiwifruit, fuzzy (kiwi or kiwi fruit) 92.7034.00 Remove brown, fuzzy skin. Nectarine 5.405.00 ** Okra 21.1081.00 Orange 53.2040.00 Citrus can cause mouth sores.

Papaya 61.8024.00 ** Parsley (curly or flat) 133.00138.00 Parsnip 17.0036.00 Passionfruit, purple 30.0012.00 Peach 6.605.00 Peas, edible-podded 40.0025.00 Pears Asian 3.804.00 Pears European 6.6018.15 Peppermint 31.8243.00 Peppers (capscium), sweet green 80.4010.00 May cause gas or bloating. Peppers (capscium), sweet orange 146.70.00 May cause gas or bloating. Peppers (capscium), sweet red 127.707.00 May cause gas or bloating.

Peppers (capscium), sweet yellow 183.5011.00 May cause gas or bloating. Plum 9.504.00 Pumpkin 11.0039.00 High in Vitamin A. Pumpkin Leaves 11.0039.00 High in Vitamin A. Quince 15.0011.00 Radicchio 8.0019.00 Radishes 14.8025.00 Raspberries 26.0025.00 Raspberry leaves (from raspberry plant) 25.0022.00 Spearmint 13.3199.00 Feed in very small amounts ** Spinach 28.1099.00 May cause gas or bloating. # Tomato, red, cherry tomatoes 19.105.00Avoid leaves and stems (poisonous) See Dangerous Food List Turnip greens 60.00190.00 Watercress 43.00120.00 Watermelon See Melon watermelon Watermelon rind Vitamin & mineral content unknown.

# Vitamin C values for tomatoes differ depending on variety and season. ** Contains oxalic acid which may contribute to the formation of bladder stones. HappyCavy is the Internet’s only 4-webcam broadcast inside the lives of a female guinea pig herd from Portland, Oregon.

Diet What are good veggies and fruits to feed my guinea pigs

What foods are bad for guinea pigs?

Make sure you do not feed your guinea pigs the following foods (this is not an exhaustive list): cereals; grains ; nuts; seeds; dried beans, corn, and peas; buttercups; garden shrubs (such as hemlock or privet); lilies of any kind; sweet peas; nightshade; oak; avocado; onion grass; onions; potato tops; mushrooms; …

What healthy things can guinea pigs eat?

Timothy hay : Provide an unlimited quantity of fresh timothy hay every day. Guinea pigs need continuous access to hay to aid their digestion and limit the growth of their teeth. Fruit and vegetables: Fresh vegetables can be offered once a day and should be equivalent to about one cup total per guinea pig per day.

What are safe treats for guinea pigs?

Beetroot..Bell Peppers..Broccoli..Brussel Sprouts..Carrot..Celery..Corn on the Cob..Kale.

What fruit and veg can guinea pigs eat?

Guinea pigs can eat a wide variety of fruits, vegetables and herbs with some of their most popular foods being lettuce, kale, parsley, coriander, cucumber, carrot, sweet bell peppers, tomato and apple.

Guinea pigs can eat a wide variety of fruits, vegetables and herbs with some of their most popular foods being lettuce, kale, parsley, coriander, cucumber, carrot, sweet bell peppers, tomato and apple. Our comprehensive guinea pig food list of over 60 fruit and veg tells you how often it is safe to feed these foods to your guinea pigs.

Mixing several vegetables in their daily fresh food portion helps your guinea pigs get a good range of vitamins rather than a lot of a select few nutrients. About cup of vegetables is a good amount of fresh food for a daily portion for one guinea pig.

Guinea pigs tend to stop eating when theyve had enough so after a few minutes, remove whatever veggies are left so it doesnt attract flies or go bad. However, if they arent eating fruit and veg properly for whatever reason, it may be necessary to give a supplement.

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However, as your Guinea Pig grows you should switch to a hay with a lower calcium content. Access to unlimited amounts of hay and grass is essential as it helps control the growth of her teeth, and keeps her gut healthy.

Without lots of hay and grass your Guinea Pig could develop serious dental disease and digestive issues. Guinea pigs love grass and hay, and it’s important they have constant access to it. Pelleted foods can also form part of your Guinea Pig’s diet.

Guinea Pigs can eat unlimited amounts of hay and grass. Don’t forget though that hay and grass should make up the vast majority of your piggy’s diet. Cabbage: This contains high amounts of vitamin C. However, don’t over feed it to your Guinea Pig as it can cause gas and bloating.

Carrots: These are loved by Guinea Pigs, however, they contain sugar, which can lead to tooth problems and diabetes. Corn on the cob: This contains vitamin C, however it’s high in starch so only feed occasionally, once or twice a week. Cucumber: Guinea Pigs can eat both the flesh, seeds (not too much) and the skin.

Spinach: Your Guinea Pig can eat this occasionally, however be aware that it can cause stones if mixed with calcium. They also have a reasonable amount of vitamin C. They can be fed occasionally to your Guinea Pig, once or twice a week. Red peppers: These contain high amounts of vitamin C and can be fed frequently.

You should be aware that different vegetables contain different levels of vitamin C, phosphorous, oxalates and sugar. Guinea Pigs can eat a range of fruit in limited quantities. Yes, piggies can eat grapes frequently, however, be aware that they’re high in sugar, which could lead to dental and obesity issues.

Yes, piggies can eat celery and it also contains vitamin C. You should be cautious though as it’s got a stringy texture that could present a choking hazard. Yes, they can eat apples, however only occasionally, due to the high sugar content. Yes your piggy can eat cauliflower, as it contains vitamin C. However, it can also cause gas, so don’t feed it too often.

Yes, they can eat raspberries however only feed occasionally due to the sugar content. Other than Iceberg, which has no nutritional content, lettuce is a delicious salad vegetable for your Guinea Pig Courgette contains a lot of vitamin C, and can be fed to your Guinea Pig frequently.

There is very little nutritional content in mushrooms, and as such won’t provide any health benefits to your piggy. Remember, the most important thing you can feed your Guinea Pig is hay and/or grass. Read our list to see what foods Guinea Pig’s can‘t eat and why:

This can slow down digestion Fruit cores, pits and seeds – many of these cannot be eaten, so its best to avoid Buttercup – these contain acrid poison which can cause intestinal irritation Dairy products – dairy products such as milk, cheese, yoghurt etc are derived from animals and should not be fed to your Guinea Pig Garlic – there is much debate about the safety of Garlic. You shouldn’t feed your Guinea Pigs grass cuttings from a lawnmower as these can cause digestive problems according to the RSPCA. Vegetables however are a valuable source of vitamin C, which is an essential part of your Guinea Pig’s diet.

Don’t ever feed your Guinea Pig cooked food, as he is unable to digest it. You should also never feed your Guinea Pig lawnmower clippings as these can also upset his tummy. You should ensure that food that contains high levels of oxalate acid and calcium are fed in moderation.

Yes, Guinea Pig’s will eat their soft droppings called caecotrophs. Guinea Pig’s also produce a hard shiny poo, which they do not eat. Guinea Pigs, like humans, don’t produce their own vitamin C. Therefore its up to you go provide it in their diet.

Pelleted foods should contain the vitamin, as should fresh vegetables and limited quantities of fruit. This shouldn’t be added into their water though, as it can degrade quickly, and you won’t know how much of the vitamin your Guinea Pig has drunk. Even if your Guinea Pig eats these regularly, you can still put these into a bowl chopped up into bite size pieces.

You want to feed your guinea pig the best, but do you know what your cavy should actually be eating? Well, now you will. Weve outlined the ultimate guinea pig food list to help you understand what a healthy guinea pig diet looks like, as well as some safe and healthy treats and snacks. Well also share some feeding tips like, how much you should feed your cavy?

Many pet store pellets are filled with artificial fillers, dyes, preservatives, and other junky ingredients. For example, our Premium Guinea Pig Pellets are made with Timothy hay as the very first ingredient.

Ideally, your guinea pigs food list should be 80% hay and 20% healthy pellets and veggies, with the occasional snack. You should give your piggy an unlimited amount of hay (as long as its not a fattening legume type). Guinea pigs are so sweet and loveable, its no wonder we want to give them some special treats every now and then.

But, be careful which treats youre adding to your guinea pig food list. Many commercial treats are super high in sugar and can have potentially dangerous chemicals and fillers. Look for treats that are made with human-grade ingredients and only have the good stuff, like hay, fruits and vegetables, and healthy grains (like oats).

Our Healthy Snackers are made with clean, human-grade pumpkin, pears, blueberries, bananas, carrots, apples, and oats, all mixed up with our own farm fresh hay. This guinea pig food list can be potentially toxic to your little guy or gal: Chocolate Candy Caffeine Onions Garlic Mushrooms Iceberg Lettuce Avocados Nuts Potatoes Seeds Corn Kernels Peanut Butter Bok Choy Cabbage Dairy Bread Meat

As we mentioned earlier, in the wild, guinea pigs have access to countless different types of hays and grass. These herb blends might include dandelions, rosemary, nettle leaf, chamomile, hibiscus, and much more. Guinea pig hay is the most important part of your cavys diet; it provides the fiber they need to keep their digestive systems moving.

We call this hay our gold standard because it has the right levels of fat, protein, and fiber. Another great cut is orchard hay because it creates variety and can add interest to your guinea pig food list. This is a terrific “lure” hay to get your furry friend interested in eating more fiber.

Water

A constant fresh source of fresh (preferably filtered but NOT distilled) clean, room-temperature water is an absolute must.Water bottles should be emptied, rinsed, and re-filled each day.

Grass Hay

High-quality grass hay (such as timothy hay) should be available at all times for your guinea pig. Hay delivers the fiber that that is essential for your guinea pig to be able to properly digest and proces food and nutrients. Without a constant intake of fresh hay, guinea pigs’ digestive tracks can shut down. Plus, hay helps guinea pigs keep their teeth clean prevents their teeth from growing too long.How do you know if hay is high-quality? High-quality hay should be green with pliable stalks, free of mold and foreign particulates, and fragrant (not dusty or void of smell).Most hay purchased at “big box” stores (PetCo, etc.) is NOT high-quality hay. Farm-to-cage is ideal and special caution should be taken when providing the most important food of your guinea pig’s diet: high-quality, pesticide(?) free hay.

Pellets

Provide your guinea pig with about 1/4 – 1/8 cup of plain, corn- and seed-free guinea pig pellets for eating each day.Guinea pig pellets should consist of only high-quality hay and should be served in a ceramic bowl, which is large enough to not tip over.

Vitamin C

Like Humans, guinea pigs cannot manufacture their own vitamin C. To prevent survy and other health issues, each guinea pig should get 10 to 30 milligrams of Vitamin C each day; young, ill, nursing and/or pregnant animals require extra Vitamin C. While many guinea pigs will get an adequate serving of Vitamin C from vegetables and pellets, you may wish to supplement your cavy’s diet with a small amount of Vitamin C, either in power or tablet form.

Vegetables, Herbs, & Other Foods

To help you find which vegetables, herbs, and fruits are safe to feed your guinea pig, please refer to the

Help Us Maintain The Food List!

There are so many foods a guinea pig can eat. If you know of a food that is not included in this list which you think we should add, please let us know!
ThenClick a letter to view that vegetable and refer to the “Notes” for cautionary advice.Information on this chart is derived from the USDA Nutrient Database, from SR22 to SR25 datasets. Information may have changed since the publication of this chart.This chart takes into consideration several factors to arrive at our feeding frequency suggestions: sugar, calcium, phosphorous, Vitamin C, Vitamin A, oxalic acid content, and calcium to phosphorous (Ca:P) ratio. Not all fields are displayed due to space requirements. Chemical composition can be referenced at the USDA Nutrient Database.

What fruit can Guinea Pigs eat?

Guinea Pigs can eat a range of vegetables. Don’t forget though that hay and grass should make up the vast majority of your piggy’s diet.The following vegetables are safe for your Guinea Pig:You should be aware that different vegetables contain different levels of vitamin C, phosphorous, oxalates and sugar.When can Guinea Pigs go outside? Find out more…

Can Guinea Pigs eat grapes?

Yes, piggies can eat grapes frequently, however, be aware that they’re high in sugar, which could lead to dental and obesity issues.

Can Guinea Pigs eat celery?

Yes, piggies can eat celery and it also contains vitamin C. You should be cautious though as it’s got a stringy texture that could present a choking hazard.

Can Guinea Pigs eat dandelions?

Yes, piggies love dandelions, both the stem and the flower. Be sure to wash them carefully though before feeding them, and don’t pick pick from the roadside or anywhere there may be pollutants or pesticides.

Can Guinea Pigs eat apples?

Yes, they can eat apples, however only occasionally, due to the high sugar content. Don’t feed your piggy the pips as these can be toxic.

Can Guinea Pigs eat beetroot?

You can feed your Guinea Pig beetroot occasionally. Beetroot contains vitamin C, however it also contains some phosphorus and calcium which should be fed in balance. Beetroot is low in oxalates.

Can Guinea Pigs eat cauliflower?

Yes your piggy can eat cauliflower, as it contains vitamin C. However, it can also cause gas, so don’t feed it too often.

Can Guinea Pigs eat raspberries?

Yes, they can eat raspberries however only feed occasionally due to the sugar content.

Can Guinea Pigs eat radishes?

These should be fed to your piggy rarely as they contain oxalic acid. Radish leaves are high in calcium, so you should be careful with these as too much calcium can lead to bladder stones.

Can Guinea Pigs eat lettuce?

Other than Iceberg, which has no nutritional content, lettuce is a delicious salad vegetable for your Guinea Pig

Can Guinea Pigs eat courgette?

Courgette contains a lot of vitamin C, and can be fed to your Guinea Pig frequently.

Can Guinea Pigs eat banana?

These should be fed rarely as they are high in sugar and can cause constipation.

Can Guinea Pigs eat swede?

Yes, Guinea Pigs can eat swede. Some piggy’s love it, while others hate it.

Can Guinea Pigs eat sweet potato?

This is not very good for your Guinea Pig as it’s high in oxalates and starch

Can Guinea pigs be fed mushrooms?

There is very little nutritional content in mushrooms, and as such won’t provide any health benefits to your piggy. If you do choose to feed mushrooms you should only do so rarely. And completely avoid wild mushrooms, and there are many toxic varieties.Remember, the most important thing you can feed your Guinea Pig is hay and/or grass. This should make up the majority of its diet.

Guinea Pigs and grass cuttings

There are a few foods that are unsafe for your Guinea Pig and that you should avoid.Read our list to see what foods Guinea Pig’s can‘t eat and why:

General advice about your Guinea Pig’s diet

Fruit tends to contain a lot of sugar, so these should be fed in moderation, as the sugar will be bad for your piggies teeth.Vegetables however are a valuable source of vitamin C, which is an essential part of your Guinea Pig’s diet. You should ensure that you provide a range of vegetables, to ensure that your piggy doesn’t receive too much oxalate, phosphorus or calcium.Don’t ever feed your Guinea Pig cooked food, as he is unable to digest it. It will upset his tummy.You should also never feed your Guinea Pig lawnmower clippings as these can also upset his tummy.

Calcium to Phosphorus

Foods should contain more calcium than phosphorus as a ratio. The opposite ratio can lead to phosphate stones.

Vegetables give my Guinea Pig diarrhea

If you give your piggy too many veg, or you introduce a new veg into their diet too quickly, then this could upset her little tummy, causing diarrhea. It can also cause bloating.When introducing new foods, do so slowly. A small amount, every so often.

Do Guinea Pig’s eat their own poop?

Yes, Guinea Pig’s will eat their soft droppings called caecotrophs. These are an essential part of their diet, and help them to absorb the full goodness of their high fibre diet. Guinea Pig’s also produce a hard shiny poo, which they do not eat.

Vitamin C in your Guinea Pig’s diet

Guinea Pigs, like humans, don’t produce their own vitamin C. Therefore its up to you go provide it in their diet. Pelleted foods should contain the vitamin, as should fresh vegetables and limited quantities of fruit.You can also add vitamin C supplements into their diet. This shouldn’t be added into their water though, as it can degrade quickly, and you won’t know how much of the vitamin your Guinea Pig has drunk.Without adequate vitamin C, your Guinea Pig could develop Scurvy.

Guinea Pig treats

You can give your Guinea Pig vegetables as a treat. Even if your Guinea Pig eats these regularly, you can still put these into a bowl chopped up into bite size pieces. Ensure that you remove them after a few hours, as they will begin to go brown.You can also hide some hay inside a toilet roll. Your Guinea Pig will have fun trying to get the hay out!If you prefer to buy guinea pig treats Jollyes offer a selection that you can buy online.