Russian Prison Guard Dogs?

The four-footed patrolman of Russias notorious prisons has gained a reputation worldwide. Bold, brave, and fabulously fluffy, the Caucasian shepherd captivates dog fanciers with his loyalty and striking good looks.

Many similar breeds hail from the same region, including the Georgian shepherd dog and to the south, the Akbash and Kangal. Theyre coveted as a protector , and their training is often filmed, showing super-sized dogs performing acts of might, from locking onto bite work sleeves to chasing down bad guys.

While these videos are entertaining, its important to remember that the Caucasian shepherd is a large, challenging breed who needs an experienced owner dedicated to lifelong socialization and training. This region is home to several large predators, including wolves and bears, and its farmers needed a dog that was formidable enough to protect livestock and deter these threats. The Caucasian shepherd is a farmers right-hand dog , keeping the flock safe while also protecting the homestead from human intruders.

His fiercely protective nature went on to make him an excellent companion for bear hunts, and in recent years, a top-notch military, prison, and police canine . A giant breed , the Caucasian shepherd dog tips the scales at up to 220 pounds and can stand up to 30 inches at the shoulder . The CSDs coat is his most notable feature, with his dense fur insulating him from the frigid mountain winters where he originated.

He needs brushing several times a week to strip away dead hair and prevent tangles, which can be an issue with long-coated CSDs, particularly around the feathering of the legs and tail. Daily walks are encouraged to keep him trim, though a romp in a large, secure area is best to stimulate him mentally with fun sights and smells to explore. Hes a large, powerful guardian that requires pup parents with heaps of experience to keep his natural gifts (and instincts) in check.

Hes also quite a pricey pup to care for, with high food and grooming bills to be expected (if he tolerates a professional groomer). Your Caucasian shepherd should start obedience training as soon as he comes home and have regular, ongoing sessions to strengthen his skills. The Caucasian shepherd dog isnt recommended for families with small children or those who frequently have gatherings in the home .

He has a hard time distinguishing between horsing around between friends and an actual threat, which can be incredibly dangerous with a dog his size. As a giant breed, he requires a great deal of space , and is happiest on a farm or similar acreage where he can stretch his legs while doing what he loves most: working.

What kind of dogs guard Russian prisons?

Caucasian Shepherd Dogs served as guard dogs, bear hunting dogs and today they work as prison guard dogs in Russia. During the twentieth century Soviet breeders selected some of these varieties among Caucasian dogs and created the Caucasian Shepherd Dog breed.

What are the big Russian dogs called?

They’re also known as Caucasian Mountain Dogs, Russian Bear Dogs, Baskhan (Karachay) Pariy, Caucasian Ovcharka Dogs, or just CO, and there are many variants and types. This massive breed is highly territorial and won’t back down from a fight, even against bears or wolves.

Are Russian bear dogs legal in the US?

Russian Bear Dogs are a large breed dog that was bred to watch over flocks of sheep in the Caucasus Mountains. They are often referred to as Caucasian Shepherd Dogs and are sometimes even used when hunting bears. Are Russian Bear Dogs legal in the US? No Russian Bear Dogs are not illegal in the United States.

The Caucasian Shepherd Dog or Caucasian Ovcharka is a breed of large livestock guardian dog native to the countries of the Caucasus region, notably Georgia, Armenia, Azerbaijan, and Dagestan.[1] It was developed in the Soviet Union from about 1920 from dogs of the Caucasus Mountains and the steppe regions of Southern Russia.[2] The Caucasus Mountains in Georgia has historically been the principal region of distribution of the Caucasian Shepherd dogs, both in terms of numbers and the quality of the dogs present in the area.[1]

Weight
Dogs
BitchesCoat
Straight, coarse, stand-off coat with well developed undercoatColour
Any solid colour, piebald or spotted colour, except liver, blue, and solid blackLitter size
5-10 puppiesLife span
1012 yearsDog ( domestic dog ) During the twentieth century Soviet breeders selected some of these varieties among Caucasian dogs and created the Caucasian Shepherd Dog breed. Caucasian shepherds were first described by the famous Russian cynologist Aleksandr Mazover, noting that the center of distribution of the breed, both in terms of numbers and quality, were Georgia , Azerbaijan , Armenia and Dagestan .

[1] While the dogs from different areas of the region shared the general features today present in Caucasian shepherds, Caucasian Shepherds from Georgia were considered to be the best examples of the breed due to their size, powerful musculoskeletal structure, and attractive long hair. For this reason, Georgian SSR became a principal region of cultivation of Caucasian Shepherd Dogs in the Soviet Union. The minimum heights and weights for registration are 64 cm and 40 kg for females, and 68 cm and 50 kg for males.

Dogs of the shepherds: a review of the pastoral breeds . Ramsbury, Wiltshire: The Crowood Press Ltd. pp. North Pomfret, VT: Trafalgar Square Publishing.

When people think about the prison environment, they dont usually think about the possibility of using guard dogs inside prisons in order to deter certain behaviors. However, that is precisely what they are doing in some of the most difficult prisons in Russia. Unfortunately, Russia is home to a number of prisons that are considered to be the most violent locations in the world. Over the years, there have been a number of altercations that have resulted in several deaths of both guards and prisoners. In an attempt to curb the violence, Russian prison dogs were introduced into the system as early as the 1920s. While theyre prison dogs at they core, is there a chance they are also the best dog breed for you? Lets take a closer look.

They may start out with several puppies, yet only one or two out of that group actually make it through the entire training program and go on to work as part of the Russian prison dogs. In addition to regular obedience training, the puppies are exposed to the unique types of situations that are likely to occur inside a prison.

Unfortunately, this involves deliberately scaring the dogs with loud and sudden noises as well as plunging them into complete darkness in unfamiliar surroundings. The whole thing is designed to put the dog on high alert while simultaneously manipulating their senses in order to see how they will react under situations of extreme stress. It sounds cruel but make no mistake about it; these are exactly the same types of situations that a prison guard dog is likely to experience.

As previously mentioned, these dogs are native to Russia and have largely remained in that region up until just a few short years ago.

History of the Russian Prison Dog

This region is home to several large predators, including wolves and bears, andThe Caucasian shepherd is also one of the breeds that was used to form the now extinct Moscow water dog.

Physical Attributes of the Russian Prison Dog

A giant breed,He’sWhen looking at the CSD, you’ll probably notice his mane first (in long coat varieties).

The Russian Prison Dog’s Coat

The CSD’s coat is his most notable feature, with his dense fur insulating him from the frigid mountain winters where he originated.As you’d expect,The CSD is also an impressive shedder, with one yearly hair dump that’ll leave your home in a hair-pocalypse for several weeks. Around this time, daily brushing is a must to keep up with it all.

Personality of the Russian Prison Dog

The Caucasian shepherd dog is a rugged breed withSince he’s such a large dog, it’s important to feed him a quality large-breed puppy food to nurture healthy growth. As an adult, keep your CSD’s weight in check to avoid stressing his joints.

History[edit]

For centuries dogs similar to the Caucasian mountain dogs have served shepherds in the Caucasus mountains as livestock guardian dogs, defending sheep from predators, mainly wolves, jackals and bears. Caucasian Shepherd Dogs served as guard dogs, bear hunting dogs and today they work as prison guard dogs in Russia.During the twentieth century Soviet breeders selected some of these varieties among Caucasian dogs and created the Caucasian Shepherd Dog breed. Caucasian shepherds were first described by the famous Russian cynologist Aleksandr Mazover, noting that the center of distribution of the breed, both in terms of numbers and quality, were Georgia, Azerbaijan, Armenia and Dagestan.The breed was definitively accepted by the Fédération Cynologique Internationale in 1984, under the patronage of the Soviet Union.

Characteristics[edit]

The Caucasian Ovcharka is a large dog. The preferred height at the withers is in the range 67–70 cm for females, and 72–75 cm for males. The minimum heights and weights for registration are 64 cm and 40 kg for females, and 68 cm and 50 kg for males.

Stopping a Dangerous Trend

As previously mentioned, Russian prison dogs have been used for approximately the last 100 years. The overwhelmingly popular breed for use in this type of environment is known as the Caucasian Ovcharka, sometimes also referred to as a Caucasian Shepherd dog. These dogs are absolutely massive in size. Try to imagine what it would look like if someone could crossbreed a bear with a wolf, with a little husky thrown in for good measure. That’s basically what these dogs look like. They can easily weigh more than 120 pounds and they would have no trouble taking down a fully grown man with energy left to spare. While it might seem like their size is the thing that makes them perfect Russian prison dogs, it’s really more about their temperament than anything else.

The Training Process

Like any other type of specialized dog training, the training process begins early on for these Russian prison dogs. More often than not, they start training them at approximately eight weeks of age. This training continues until the dogs are fully grown adults and are deemed ready for work as prison guard dogs. As you can imagine, they don’t all make the cut. Again, it’s similar to the situation with police dogs. They may start out with several puppies, yet only one or two out of that group actually make it through the entire training program and go on to work as part of the Russian prison dogs. This is because they have to show the right temperament in all types of situations. That includes the ones that would make most dogs overly aggressive or so panicked that they would want to run away.In addition to regular obedience training, the puppies are exposed to the unique types of situations that are likely to occur inside a prison. Unfortunately, this involves deliberately scaring the dogs with loud and sudden noises as well as plunging them into complete darkness in unfamiliar surroundings. The whole thing is designed to put the dog on high alert while simultaneously manipulating their senses in order to see how they will react under situations of extreme stress. It sounds cruel but make no mistake about it; these are exactly the same types of situations that a prison guard dog is likely to experience. Therefore, they must be exposed to similar situations in training in order to be effective guard dogs.

A Breed Perfectly Suited for the Region

This particular breed is well suited for work in Russia because of its thick coats. In fact, they have a coat that is similar to that of a husky. As such, they have both an outer coat and a thicker undercoat that keeps them warm, even in the coldest of climates. That makes them a natural choice for working as prison guard dogs in Russia. It gets extremely cold there and the environment where the dogs are working isn’t exactly the most forgiving experience in the world. Many times, the dogs spend their time in old buildings and are even outside for extended periods of time. Therefore, they need to have this coat in order to keep themselves warm so they can physically do the job at hand.

Are Other Breeds Ever Used?

It might come as a bit of a surprise, but there are some prisons in Russia that also use Pitbulls. In some cases, they use them in conjunction with the Caucasian Shepherd. In other locations, the Pitbulls are used almost exclusively. When it comes to training, Pitbulls have a very similar temperament to the Caucasian Shepherd. They’re also strong enough to handle themselves well in a volatile environment such as a prison. Moreover, the majority of them don’t tend to be easily frightened and they are also relatively easy dogs to train. In these ways, both the Pitbull and the Caucasian Shepherd are very similar. The biggest difference between them lies in their physical characteristics. Obviously, Pitbulls aren’t as big as the Caucasian Shepherd, nor do they have the same type of coat. Therefore, they are not quite as well suited for work in the cold because they may not be able to stand such temperature extremes as well as the Caucasian Shepherd. Despite their physical differences, these are two of the strongest dog breeds you’re ever likely to see.

Other Uses for the Caucasian Shepherd

If you think that these massive dogs are only used in a Russian prison, you would be mistaken. In truth, they were bred long before the idea ever existed of using them as prison guard dogs. In fact, farmers in that region have used them for centuries as a means of protecting sheep and other vulnerable herds from wildlife in the area. As such, these dogs have been trained to guard livestock against wolves and bears. They routinely run bears off of the property of farmers successfully. It’s interesting to think that a dog can be successfully used to fight off bears, but these are not exactly your routine breed of dog. They definitely have the size and temperament to get the job done. That’s exactly what makes them a perfect fit for use as prison guard dogs in the first place.

Why Are They So Hard to Find?

As previously mentioned, these dogs are native to Russia and have largely remained in that region up until just a few short years ago. It was not until then that a few breeders got the idea of breeding them as guard dogs for livestock in other parts of the world. In some cases, breeders in places such as the United States decided to start breeding them and making them available for sale because they are unique. This has a tendency to add monetary value, making it an appealing option for breeders. Even though the breed has not been widely recognized in other parts of the world, its popularity is definitely growing. This is large because of their ability to work as prison dogs. By performing that work consistently, they have gained a great deal of notoriety. This in turn makes them more popular for other uses as well.What should you do if you happen to run to a Russian prison dog unexpectedly? Fortunately, you probably won’t have to do anything at all. Despite their imposing size and the fact that they can be effectively trained to guard against some of the most violent prisoners in the world, they actually have a fairly mild temperament. Under the right circumstances, you might even come to want one as a pet.

What are the big Russian dogs called?

In most cases, it would be hard to know what someone is talking about when they ask a question as general as this one. However, anyone that has ever seen one of these dogs knows exactly what a person is talking about when someone mentions the big Russian dogs. They are truly unforgettable, largely because of their sheer size and their capacity to stare right into your soul. The dogs are called Caucasian Ovcharka or Caucasian Shepherds. More informally, you might hear someone refer to them as the Russian bear dog or even a Russian prison guard dog, as previously mentioned.