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Even though dogs are a different species, their bodies function very similarly to human bodies. Dogs have kidneys to balance nutrients in their bodies and filter out waste.
If kidney function is impaired, it can cause a domino effect of health problems for your pet. Acute kidney problems are most frequently attributed to your dog ingesting a toxin. When blood flow decreases, it leaves your dog’s kidneys less oxygenated and more prone to infection. Severe dehydration Heat strokes Snake Bites Leptospirosis (a bacterial infection) Chronic kidney disease is most common in older dogs, and the exact cause is often difficult to pinpoint because of its slow onset. Early symptoms of chronic kidney disease are easily overlooked or dismissed because they are mild in nature. Dental disease is a leading cause of chronic kidney failure in older dogs. Bacteria build up on your dog’s teeth and enter the digestive system when eating and drinking. Drinking more or less water Change in volume and frequency of urination Loss of interest in playing or interacting Decreased appetite Vomiting or diarrhea Unexplained weight loss Blood in urine Signs of dental disease like pale gums, smelly breath, mouth ulcers Keep your dog safe by taking preventative measures to ensure they don’t have access to household chemicals and cleaners. Dogs can easily chew through plastic bottles and drink dangerous chemicals. In addition to keeping your dog away from dangerous household cleaners and chemicals, it may also be important to avoid having your pet near medications, food, and other substances. Raisins Prescription and over-the-counter drugs, like ibuprofen Grapes Contaminated water sources Since chronic kidney disease can occur from poor dental hygiene, keeping your dog’s teeth clean is crucial for long-term health. Your vet will begin by addressing issues related to underlying conditions like chemical poisoning, dehydration, or infection. Alcohol Chocolate, coffee, and caffeine Coconut Grapes and raisins Macadamia and other nuts Milk and dairy Onions, garlic, chives Raw or undercooked meat and eggs Salty/processed snack foods Xylitol Yeast dough If you suspect your dog has kidney failure, don’t try to self-diagnose and treat the condition at home. If left untreated, end-stage kidney failure may occur, leading to a fatal outcome. Talk to your vet or take your dog to an after-hours emergency clinic for a diagnosis and treatment. Sources American Kennel Club: “Does your dog have UTI symptoms or something worse?” Blue Pearl Pet Hospital: “Acute Renal (Kidney) Failure in Dogs.” Washington State University College of Veterinary Medicine: “Chronic Kidney Disease and Failure (CKD, CRF, CRD).”
How Long Can dogs live with renal failure?
It’s best if some treatments are started when the pet is at a specific stage of chronic kidney disease. Median survival time for dogs in Stage 1 is more than 400 days, while Stage 2 ranged from 200 to 400 days and Stage 3 ranged from 110 to 200 days.
What are the final signs of kidney failure in dogs?
Symptoms of kidney failure include excessive thirst and an excessive volume of urine in the early stages. Later symptoms of acute kidney failure include lethargy, poor appetite, and vomiting. In severe kidney failure, the amount of urine may actually decrease, or the pet may stop making urine altogether.
Is renal failure in dogs painful?
The good news is that early-stage chronic kidney disease can be treated at home. For a lot of dogs, kidney disease might be more uncomfortable rather than painful for the rest of their lives.
Can a dog recover from kidney failure?
Sadly, many dogs with acute renal failure will not survive more than several days. 2 However, if caught early enough and treated aggressively, some dogs can fully recover. Treatment generally involves intravenous fluid therapy and supportive medications.
Renal failure (also referred to as kidney failure) can be caused by many conditions that negatively affect the health and functioning of the kidneys and its related organs.
A healthy dog’s kidneys work to regulate hydration, release hormones required to produce red blood cells, remove toxins and maintain a normal balance of electrolytes. This type of infection can cause the kidneys to become inflamed and renal cells to be destroyed. The elevation of blood waste product and abnormalities in urine, including the presence of protein, can indicate the severity of chronic kidney disease. It’s best if some treatments are started when the pet is at a specific stage of chronic kidney disease. Median survival time for Stage 4 kidney disease ranges from 14 to 80 days, according to IRIS. Signs of chronic disease in dogs can vary from subtle and slowly progressive to severe. Drinking too much and producing large volumes of urine General depression associated with elevation of waste products in blood Overall weakness caused by low potassium in the blood Increased volume of urine in the bladder By the time a dog experiences renal failure, the disease has advanced and you may notice such signs as: Blood in urine Lethargy Pale gums Ulcers in the mouth Intestinal seizures Significant weight loss Drunken behavior or uncoordinated movement such as stumbling Significant decrease in appetite Breath that smells like chemicals Vomiting Factors to be considered may include the type of renal failure your dog may be experiencing, the extend of loss of function in the kidneys, progression of the condition and its underlying causes. Your veterinarian will perform diagnostic blood and urine tests to detect the presence of any abnormalities. While a diagnosis of renal disease or failure can usually be made based on physical examination, in addition to the blood and urine tests. Aggressive treatments may include hospitalization for fluid therapy, dialysis or a kidney transplant. As your dog progresses through stages of renal disease, survival time is likely to grow shorter. Your dog’s initial response to conservative therapy may be relatively slow — it may take weeks or months to see progress. Your vet may also suggest changes in diet to improve your pet’s quality of life and potentially limit the progression of disease, leading to a longer lifespan.
Also referred to as renal failure, kidney failure can be caused by a number of diseases that may affect the kidneys and related organs. Healthy kidneys regulate hydration, maintain a normal electrolyte balance, release hormones needed to produce red blood cells, and remove toxins.
Acute Renal Failure Kidney function may suddenly decrease within hours or days. Congenital Disease: This category is comprised of hereditary conditions and underlying illnesses – everything from cysts to agenesis (being born missing one or both kidneys). The bacteria accumulates here, then enters the bloodstream to attack multiple organs, causing irreversible damage to kidneys, along with the liver and heart. This can happen if your dog consumes drugs or poisons (including substances or foods that are toxic to them). Lethargy Significant weight loss Pale gums Breath that smells like chemicals Significant decrease in appetite Vomiting Increase or decrease in water intake Increase or decrease in urine volume Ulcers in the mouth Drunken behavior or uncoordinated movement such as stumbling Blood in urine Intestinal seizures Vets generally plan to tackle chronic kidney failure by focusing on slowing down the disease’s progression and considering ways to improve the patient’s quality of life. Fluid imbalances, nausea, fluctuations in blood pressure and other symptoms will require treatment, typically with changes to diet and medication. Your veterinarian may also recommend therapeutic diet, nutritional supplements or specific nutrients to manage the condition. Since acute kidney failure is commonly caused by consuming tainted foods, foods they shouldn’t ingest (including grapes), or interactions with toxins, in many instances dog owners can prevent this type. However, bringing your dog in for regular physical exams and annual wellness checkups will increase the opportunity to detect these problems early. With your veterinarian’s assistance, your dog’s kidney failure can be diagnosed and potentially treated to give her an opportunity to live a long, contented life.
What Are Some Signs of Kidney Disease in Dogs?
Kidney problems in dogs can be acute or chronic. Acute kidney failure happens quickly over several days, while chronic kidney failure happens slowly over time.
Acute kidney problems are most frequently attributed to your dog ingesting a toxin. It may be a chemical like antifreeze, household cleaners, or bad food.Problems also occur due to a urinary obstruction in your pet’s body. When blood flow decreases, it leaves your dog’s kidneys less oxygenated and more prone to infection.Kidney issues may also result from:
Chronic kidney disease is most common in older dogs, and the exact cause is often difficult to pinpoint because of its slow onset. Early symptoms of chronic kidney disease are easily overlooked or dismissed because they are mild in nature.Dental disease is a leading cause of chronic kidney failure in older dogs. Bacteria build up on your dog’s teeth and enter the digestive system when eating and drinking. While your dog’s kidneys are designed to filter waste, bacteria can lessen kidney function over time.
How Can Kidney Failure Be Prevented?
How Is Kidney Disease Treated?
Kidney disease doesn’t have to be a problem for your dog. Keep your dog safe by taking preventative measures to ensure they don’t have access to household chemicals and cleaners.It is important to keep in mind that dogs are chewers by nature, so keeping chemicals in a closed cabinet isn’t enough. You may also have false assurance that “child-proof” seals will keep your dog safe, but they won’t.Dogs can easily chew through plastic bottles and drink dangerous chemicals. Make sure bottles are kept in locked cabinets or up high where dogs cannot reach them.
In addition to keeping your dog away from dangerous household cleaners and chemicals, it may also be important to avoid having your pet near medications, food, and other substances.These could include:
Since chronic kidney disease can occur from poor dental hygiene, keeping your dog’s teeth clean is crucial for long-term health.Talk to your vet about how often you should have your dog’s teeth cleaned and ask about food and treats that may help with dental hygiene in dogs.
What Foods are Good for Dogs With Kidney Disease?
While you may be tempted to create a DIY home-cooked diet for your dog, that may not be best. Dog food has the correct balance of nutrients your dog needs to stay healthy.