Dr. Jeff Werber is an Emmy Award-winning, nationally renowned veterinarian and former president of the Association of Veterinary Communicators. For more from Dr. Werber, find him on Facebook or on his website at www.drjeff.com.
These dogs are often more depressed or lethargic and seem sick. In contrast, large intestinal diarrhea is often more soft or mushy, more like cow patties, and can even appear to be encased in mucus or even frank, or red, blood.
If you’re a cat owner, you will want your feline friend to enjoy good health and contentment for a lifetime. The first step to ensuring you pet’s good health is to schedule routine wellness exams. The veterinarian will examine your cat and offer helpful advice. In addition, you can care for your furry feline companion in many different ways, including the following.
If your puppy is exposed to canine parvovirus in any way, they can become infected and will quickly become ill, especially if your dog has not received their full series of vaccinations for the virus. Until you can get to the vet, use a syringe to supply water or a clear electrolyte liquid to your puppy to prevent dehydration and possibly save their life.
Your puppy‘s vet will immediately place your dog on an IV line to rehydrate their body and give them round-the-clock care to boost their chances of surviving this deadly disease.
Vomiting and Diarrhea in DogsVomiting and diarrhea are two of the most common concerns that cause a dog owner to seek veterinary advice. Dogs seem to enjoy eating all sorts of things that they shouldnt, which can lead to pretty severe stomach upset. Some cases of vomiting and diarrhea are easily resolved at home, while others require veterinary treatment. Read on to learn more about the signs, causes, and treatment of vomiting and diarrhea in dogs.Are you concerned about your pet? Book a video consultation with an experienced veterinarian within minutes. Professional vet advice online Unlimited vet visits – for just $90 Open 24 hours a day, 365 days a year Rating: 4.9 – more than 1600 reviewsRating: 4.9 – more than 1300 reviewsRating: 4.9 – more than 1600 reviews Book Video Consultation Symptoms of Vomiting and Diarrhea in DogsNausea: drooling, lip licking, excessive swallowingVomit: note the color, volume, frequency, and when the last meal wasDiarrhea: note the color, consistency, and look for signs of bloodCauses of Vomiting and Diarrhea in DogsVomiting and diarrhea occur when the stomach and/or intestines become irritated or inflamed.There are many causes, including:Certain viruses, such as parvovirus in puppiesDietary indiscretion (when a dog eats something inappropriate)Swallowing an object that causes stomach or intestinal obstructionSudden changes in dietIntestinal parasitesToxins/poisonsPancreatitisMedication side effectsChronic disease, such as inflammatory bowel disease (IBD)Stress due to boarding or other change in environment or routinePreventing Vomiting and Diarrhea in DogsAvoid feeding fatty, salty, or spicy foodsIntroduce diet changes slowly, over 5-7 days, to allow the intestinal bacteria to adjust.Speak to your vet about calming supplements or anxiety medication if your pet is easily stressed.During times of stress, it may be helpful to use a soothing pheromone spray or plug-in adapter (Adaptil).Consider feeding a probiotic supplement if your pet is prescribed antibiotics. Always ask the advice of a vet before giving your pet supplements or medication.If your dog eats a raw diet or has exposure to rodents or wildlife, your vet may recommend routinely submitting a fresh stool sample to rule out intestinal parasites.Roundworms are extremely common in puppies. Your vet will recommend deworming your new puppy with an appropriate dewormer.Ask your vet or make an appointment with one of the FirstVet vets to discuss deworming your puppy or adult dog.Vaccinating your dog against parvovirus is extremely important. Puppies should be vaccinated starting at 6-8 weeks, then every 3 weeks until 16-18 weeks of age. Adult boosters will be needed to maintain immunity. Prevention of this disease is VERY important. Parvovirus is extremely contagious and can cause fatalities, especially in young puppies.Treating Your Dog’s Vomiting or Diarrhea at HomeIf your dog is bright and happy, and there is no blood in the diarrhea or vomit, then you can often start by providing symptomatic treatment at home.If your dog is vomiting, withhold food for 12-24 hours.Very small dogs and puppies should NOT be fasted at all due to a high risk of developing severely low blood sugar levels.Offer a bland diet in small portions. Examples include boiled rice or potatoes with cooked chicken breast or very lean hamburger, or a prescription intestinal diet.Recommended feeding protocol:Day 1: give 50% of the recommended daily amount divided into 6-8 portionsDay 2 and 3: give 75% divided into 4-6 portionsDay 4 and 5: give 100% divided into 3-4 portionsOnce the dog has been normal for a couple of days you can gradually re-introduce its normal food.Your dog should always have access to fresh water.On average, a dog should drink about 1 ounce of water (1/8 cup) per pound of body weight each day. This requirement will be significantly increased if your dog is vomiting or has diarrhea.Ensure that your dog is allowed quiet time to rest and fully recover.In the case of contagious diseases, its important to avoid contact with other dogs until your dog has completely recovered.When to Visit Your VeterinarianBlood in the vomitBlood in the stools or very dark/black stoolsIf your dog is increasingly lethargic or weakRefusing food for more than 24-48 hours, or does not want to drinkVomiting continues despite withholding food for 12-24 hoursIf your dog cannot hold down water or is dehydrated (check for dry sticky gums)If a foreign body may have been swallowed that could obstruct the stomach or intestinesAbdominal pain or a swollen abdomenNo response to supportive treatment for 3-4 days at home (for young puppies and older dogs you should seek help earlier)If the dog has recurrent episodes of vomiting and or diarrhea.Veterinary Treatment of Vomiting and DiarrheaIf your dog is very ill or dehydrated, he may need to be hospitalized.Your dog may be given intravenous fluids to correct dehydration and replace lost electrolytes (sodium, potassium, chloride).Blood tests may be performed to check red and white blood cell levels, as well as internal organ function.Other diagnostics may be performed to determine the cause of your dogs vomiting or diarrhea. These include x-rays or ultrasound of the abdomen, stool analysis, and tests for diseases like pancreatitis or parvovirus.Symptomatic treatments will likely continue when your dog is ready to go home.A bland diet that requires minimal digestion will likely be prescribed.Your dog may go home with prescriptions for anti-nausea medication, antacids, pain relief, and probiotics to replace normal gut bacteria.Read more:Food Allergies in Dogs and Cats7 Lesser-Known Foods That Are Toxic to DogsCan Dogs Drink Pedialyte?Need to speak with a veterinarian regarding your dog’s vomiting or diarrhea condition?Click here to book a video consultation and get instantly connected with an expert vet. You can also download the FirstVet app from the Apple App Store or Google Play Store.
Throughout a dogs life, he may have occasional bouts of vomiting and diarrhea. Occasional vomiting and diarrhea may be nothing to be concerned about, and sometimes foods may not agree with your dogs system and cause them to have an upset stomach. However, if a dog is vomiting and has diarrhea (or has one or the other) often and for extended periods of time, this could point to a more serious condition which needs to be looked at by a veterinarian.
Knowing what your dog is eating and giving him a healthy lifestyle will keep you more aware of why he may be vomiting or having runny stools. If your dog is vomiting and has diarrhea, or one or the other, and you are concerned that he may have eaten something he should not have or is having other symptoms, do not hesitate to contact your veterinarian.
Certain foods Bacterial imbalances Stress and anxiety Toxic substances Viruses Parasites Organ failure Diabetes Inflammatory bowel disease Intestinal obstruction Plan ahead for routine pet care costs Several of the reasons are less worrisome than others, as they not a sign of an underlying health condition.
A few reasons, however, can show signs of an underlying health condition, especially if your dog is having the diarrhea and vomiting for more than a day or has other symptoms. If you are unsure of as to why your dog is having an upset stomach, it is always safest to call your veterinarian. Your dog may vomit or have diarrhea caused by a viral infection in his intestines, such as rotavirus or coronavirus.
Annual wellness checks and vaccines are two ways to prevent the infection caused by many viruses. Whipworms, roundworms, tapeworms, and other parasites can cause your dog to have many symptoms, including a very upset gastrointestinal system. Other serious issues with your dogs glandular or organ systems, such as pancreatic abnormalities or diabetes may be characterized with the symptoms of vomiting or diarrhea.
If there is an inflammation in your dogs stomach or upper intestine, it can lead to a highly-inflamed colon. If your dog has a twisted bowel or other intestinal obstruction, he may vomit and have runny diarrhea leaking from him. If you notice that your dog has started with signs of an upset stomach, remove all food and water to allow his gastrointestinal tract to calm down.
It is important, however, to give your dog very small amounts of water to prevent dehydration. You may choose to monitor the situation on your own for 24 hours to see if your pets stomach settles down. If you see other symptoms, such as blood in the stool or vomit, or any other alarming symptoms, such as your dog vomiting consistently over a short time or having abdominal pain, contact your veterinarian immediately.
After 24 hours, you may begin to reintroduce very bland food into his diet, as well as water. Be sure he drinks water in small quantities, frequently, as well. He will ask you questions about his signs, such as when the vomiting and diarrhea began, how long it has lasted and the frequency of each.
He may then choose to run blood work, a urinalysis, and a biochemistry profile to take a closer look at what is going on in his body. Once those tests come back, they will guide him as to whether additional laboratory work is required. These tests may include radiography or an ultrasound of your dog’s abdominal area.
Your veterinarian will know which tests to perform in order to come to a definitive diagnosis as to what is causing your dog to be ill. Keeping up-to-date with his flea and tick prevention and also keeping him out of harsh environments, such as areas that are heavily soiled and away from murky water can prevent parasites from infesting your dog. Also, making sure you take your dog to the veterinarian on a regular basis for checkups can keep parasites and other infections at bay.
Making sure your dog lives in a healthy and safe environment, free from toxic substances within his reach, such as rodent killer or antifreeze, is another way to prevent your dog from vomiting and having diarrhea due to a toxic substance that has been ingested. Paying for your pets routine shots, bloodwork and tests can also be difficult to budget for. Wellness plans cover costs for routine care for your pet, getting your money straight back into your bank account within 24 hours.
my puppy has been having consistent Diarrhea for about 3 week and some vomiting then and there we took him to the vet and they said he had virus in his small intestine which is contagious they gave him medication foe 5 days . Also, consider feeding him a bland diet of boiled chicken and rice until his stool returns to normal. Vomiting and diarrhoea can have a wide range of causes including parasites, a viral infection, a bacterial infection, toxin ingestion, a gut obstruction, a new food allergy or sensitivity, pancreatitis etc.
The main thing is that he remains alert and active, has a good appetite and has wet and pink gums with no abdominal bloating. See more See more Plan ahead for routine pet care costs