Pembroke vs Cardigan Corgi?

If youve paid any attention to the Royal Family, then youre probably familiar with Pembroke Welsh corgis. For most of her life, the Queen has had at least a few them at her side, and shes had a big hand in making corgis well-known across the globe.

Pembrokes lived with weavers in the area that is now Belgium and traveled to Southwestern Wales by invitation of King Henry I in 1107. For a long time, Pembroke and Cardigan Corgis were interbred and were even considered a single breed by the AKC.

Since that led to confusion and accusations of unfairness come judging time, they were eventually separated into two breeds, though that didnt happen until 2006. Both dogs work great as watchdogs since their famously perky ears are perfect for hearing noises that are out of place. Due to their unusual shape, Corgis are prone to back problemssomething only made worse by carrying around extra weight.

A dog thats usually OK with whatever you want to do, Cardigans are up for a hike, but also totally fine with just tossing the ball around the back yard a few times, if thats what youre in the mood for. Some of their biggest risks are hip dysplasia, eye disorders, and degenerative myelopathy (a progressive disease of the spinal cord). Pembrokes are also susceptible to cardiac issues and a bleeding disorder called von Willebrands disease.

Both Cardigan and Pembroke Welsh corgis are happy, loving dogs who would make great additions to many families, but that doesnt mean theyre a perfect match for yours. Its important to weigh the pros and cons of corgis in general before deciding between the Pembroke and Cardigan. Also, remember that Cardigan and Pembroke corgi owners must take precautions to avoid back injuries.

If the Cardigan or Pembroke corgis (or their associated costs) arent a match for you, remember that there is always an abundance of shelter dogs waiting patiently for their forever families.

What's the difference between a Pembroke and a cardigan corgi?

The most instantly noticeable difference between the two types of corgis is that the Cardigan has a long tail, whereas the Pembroke has a bobbed tail. The Pembroke is slightly smaller than the Cardigan, who also tends to be slightly heavier set. … Cardigans also have more accepted coat colors than Pembrokes.

Which corgi is more popular?

The Pembroke is the more popular of the two, yet still appears on The Kennel Club’s vulnerable dog breeds of the United Kingdom list. The Pembroke Welsh Corgi gained in popularity because the Queen has personally owned more than 30 Pembrokes or Corgi-Dachshund crosses, known as dorgis.

Are Cardigan corgis affectionate?

The Cardigan Welsh Corgi is affectionate and loving, but she has a herding instinct that may lead to herding behaviors and nipping at hands and feet during play. Early training can reduce nipping behavior.

Are Cardigan corgis lazy?

Welsh corgis tend to be extremely bright dogs. Training these corgis effectively usually is relatively simple and straightforward. They are usually diligent workers, perhaps due to their roots in herding work on farms in their homeland of Wales. Laziness is not a typical characteristic of corgis.

Queen Elizabeth IIs love of the Pembroke Welsh Corgi has made the breed a household name. But Pembrokes arent the only corgi that hails from Wales. The Cardigan Welsh Corgi is another sturdy little herding breed from the same country. Although there are some obvious differences between these two affectionate and intelligent members of the Herding Group, people often confuse the two breeds.

Physically, the Cardigan and Pembroke are both dwarf breeds with large heads and heavy, long bodies on short, thick legs. They both have upright ears, although the Cardigans are larger and more rounded, and their double-coated fur requires little grooming besides regular bathing and brushing .

When it comes to the Pembroke Welsh Corgi, Anne says, They are high energy, friendly (even effusive), affectionate, happy and funny at times. She believes they are the more outgoing of the two breeds. A Pembroke always seems ready for a party. Cardigans are also less high-energy and although they wont turn down a long hike, are satisfied with a short romp in the yard.

All dogs are special, but some are capable of changing your life for the better and inspiring you to become the best version of yourself. We think that Corgis are such dogs.

We admit that you might notice some similarities at first, look, but if you dig a bit deeper, you are sure to find out Pembroke Corgis and Cardigans do not have that much in common. Since you are here, we can safely assume that you either already own a Corgi or plan to get one and you want to find out everything you can about this unique dog breed.

No matter what type of Corgi you ultimately choose, it will not make much difference you will still be getting a fantastic dog and a new loving family member. Pembroke Welsh Corgis rank relatively high on all the online dog breed popularity lists. The history of Pembroke Corgis does begin on the island of Great Britain, but not on the London court.

The claims are further supported by the fact that the Norman invaders used to refer to any local dog as a cur in the years that followed. We will not disappoint you; it goes something like this: Two kids were tending their familys cattle on royal land when they stumbled upon a pair of puppies. First, they thought they found foxes , but when they brought the puppies back home with them they were told that they were a gift from the fairies.

Namely, Welsh people believed that the fairies used these tiny dogs to pull their carriages or even rode them during battles. The puppies remained with children, and as they grew they learned to help their human owners watch the cattle. This theory is further reinforced by the fact that the Swedish Vallhund bears many similarities to todays Pembroke Welsh Corgi.

In the year 1107, Henry I of Britain invited a community of Flemish weavers to come and live in his kingdom. A number of these master craftsmen accepted Henrys invitation and settled in southwestern Wales. They did their best to recreate the agrarian lifestyle in the new homeland, and that meant that they brought their dogs to help them herd cattle and sheep.

Interesting Fact Many years ago, both Pembroke and Cardigan Corgis were referred to as Ci-llathed or as Ci Sawdlo. The name Ci Sawdlo reveals a little about the nature of Corgis and their habit of nipping at cattles heels. Many reach as much as fifteen or sixteen years of age, but a lot depends on how they spend their life and how well they are cared for .

APPEARANCE The Pembroke Welsh Corgis also have distinct markings on each side of the withers the already mentioned fairy saddle . They shed predominantly during the spring and autumn or annually. If they do get a tail it will most probably be docked when they are 25 days in order to conform to the historical tradition or the Breed Standard. HEALTH We have good news for all the Pembroke Welsh Corgis they are generally quite a healthy breed.

The first step to avoiding any future health issues is to purchase a healthy puppy from a reputable breeder . Health clearance from the Orthopedic Foundation for Animals (OFA) for hip and elbow dysplasia (the score should be at least fair or better), hypothyroidism, and von Willebrands disease Health clearance from Auburn University for thrombophilia Health clearance from the Canine Eye Registry Foundation (CERF) which guarantees that your dogs eyes are normal If your dog has inherited this condition, his or her thighbone will not fully develop and will thus not fit snugly into the hip joint.

Cutaneous Asthenia causes the defective connective tissue located in your dogs skin to become fragile and loose. Many vets misdiagnose this condition as disk disease due to similar symptoms such as rear leg lameness and weakness that, sadly, end up with paralysis. Dogs that suffer from this condition can have either mild or severe seizures and thus exhibit unusual behavior such as:

Frantic running as if being chased Staggering Hiding Falling down with rigid limbs Losing consciousness It is highly important to take your four-legged pet to the vet as soon as you notice the seizures or any unusual behavior we have listed. Patent Ductus Arteriosus (PDA) with Pulmonary Hypertension Patent Ductus Arteriosus is a congenital defect of the vascular system that can be diagnosed early on during your puppys regular veterinary examination.

This defect enables unoxygenated blood to bypass the lungs and can lead to pulmonary hypertension. Luckily, high blood pressure within the lungs is a rare complication of the PDA disease. On the bright side, Corgis are highly adaptive, just like most animals, and can cope with their limited or lost vision quite well.

Even though your Corgi cannot be cured entirely, there are treatments that can keep this condition under control and allow your pup to lead a more-less normal life. It is crucial to test your dog for this condition prior to any surgical intervention, or you risk his or her life. CARE Since Pembroke Corgis have such short legs, you must not expect them to be able to hop on or down from any tall furniture.

HISTORY The Cardigan Welsh Corgi is one of the oldest breeds of dogs in the British Isles. There are no fairy tales or legends to enjoy here since it is generally agreed that the first Cardigan Welsh Corgis were brought in aboriginal form by the Celtic tribes during their migration from central Europe to Wales. The original role of a Cardigan Corgi was to go in front of the herd or cattle and chase off any potential predator.

In time, Cardigans started acting as true herders driving the cattle from the Welsh farms to numerous markets across the country. Probably, somewhere around this time, the Cardigans got crossed with local sheepdogs in order to create a more versatile working dog. The owners were unsatisfied with such treatment of their dogs and raised their voices so, in 1934, the Kennel Club finally corrected the error and separated these two breeds.

These days, the Cardigan Welsh Corgi Club of America, Inc. has numerous members and holds a popular annual contest for champions. APPEARANCE Even though Cardigan and Pembroke Corgis look alike, they are distinct breeds with differences that cannot be overlooked. Cardis, as many refer to dogs of this breed, are trained easily, especially if you start at an early age.

They are athletic, rugged herders, and even though they can spend hours lying around your home, they need physical activity and mental stimulation in order to thrive. Hip dysplasia Progressive retinal atrophy (PRA) which can lead to blindness Degenerative myelopathy You should also remember that you should be a responsible owner (especially if you want to breed your Cardigan Corgi) and perform the following tests:

Corgi Breed History: Cardigan vs. Pembroke

They may have similar names and even more similar looks, but the Pembroke Welsh corgi and the Cardigan Welsh corgi are not actually related at all.Both dogs hale from Wales, where they helped farmers heard cattle. But they come from different parts of Wales, and the Cardigan is about two thousand years older than the Pembroke.

Cardigan Welsh Corgi

According to the American Kennel Club, the Cardigans are one of the oldest British dog breeds, likely brought to Wales by the Celts when they migrated from Central Europe around 1200 BC. Not only did they help herd cattle but also guarded livestock, guarded families, and worked as hunting dogs.Pembrokes lived with weavers in the area that is now Belgium and traveled to Southwestern Wales by invitation of King Henry I in 1107. They helped herd cattle and sheep for the weavers as they established new homesteads.For a long time, Pembroke and Cardigan Corgis were interbred and were even considered a single breed by the AKC. Since that led to confusion and accusations of unfairness come judging time, they were eventually separated into two breeds, though that didn’t happen until 2006.

Appearance

Cardigan and Pembroke Corgis look a lot alike, but if you look closely, you can see the difference between the two.

Cardigan Welsh Corgi

The Cardigan corgi is the bigger of the two breeds. While they’re both about the same height (10-12 inches), the Cardigan can be up to eight pounds heavier. That may not sound like much, but eight pounds is a lot on a dog that only stands around a foot off the ground. Male Cardigans, which are slightly bigger than females, weigh up to 38 pounds. Males Pembrokes don’t usually get over 30 pounds.

Pembroke Welsh Corgi

Cardigans also have a wider range of coat colors. Pembrokes are limited to sable, red, and tricolor. Cardigans, on the other hand, can be brindle, black and white with tan or brindle, blue merle, or red and sable with white.Still not seeing a difference? Just look at the rear.Pembroke corgis usually have their tail docked as short as possible, while Cardigans retain their tail. That’s a difference that’s hard to miss.

Corgi Grooming

Both the Pembroke and Cardigan corgi have water-resistant coats, meaning they don’t need to bathed very often. Throughout much of the year, both breeds also need to be brushed as little as once per week, meaning they’re a definite plus for anyone looking for a low-maintenance dog.Where the breeds start to differ, though, is when the shedding season arrives.Pembroke corgis do shed some throughout the year, but that really ramps up during late spring and early summer. During this time of year, Pembrokes need daily brushing to keep the shedding hair in check, or else your house (and you) will be covered in corgi hair in no time flat.

Temperament and Training

Pembroke and Cardigan Welsh corgis are both happy, loyal, and love to be around their people. They also both have a knack for being a bit bossy, despite their small stature.Since they’re so intelligent, training is a must with either breed—both to show them their manners, and to show them who’s boss. They pick up on cues easily but get bored quickly, so you’ll need to get creative and switch up your methods.Anne Bowes, 50-year breeder, owner, and handler of Pembroke Welsh corgis and judge of Pembrokes, Cardigans, and other breeds, told the American Kennel Club the Pembroke is the more outgoing of the two breeds, explaining that Cardigans are often more reserved with new situations and people, though they do usually come around.Vivian Moran, member of the Cardigan Welsh Corgi Club of America’s Judge’s Education Committee and 30-year Cardigan breeder, agrees. “A Cardigan will generally assess a situation before he decides to take part,” she says. “A Pembroke always seems ready for a party.”Both dogs work great as watchdogs since their famously perky ears are perfect for hearing noises that are out of place. And while they may not have an intimidating look, they both have big dog barks that may scare intruders away before they see what kind of canine they’re dealing with.

Exercise

If you’re not a fan of exercise, Corgis may not be the dog for you.Due to their unusual shape, Corgis are prone to back problems—something only made worse by carrying around extra weight. For this reason, it’s very important that both breeds get exercise every day, both to keep their backs strong and their weight in check. A long walk is usually adequate, though they can go on easy hikes, as well.Also thanks to their unique structure, corgis can’t run very fast, so while they can go for a slow jog, a fast run or a bike ride is out—unless you’re putting them in a wagon on the back.While both types of corgi are high energy, the Cardigans are the less-energetic of the two. A dog that’s usually OK with whatever you want to do, Cardigans are up for a hike, but also totally fine with just tossing the ball around the back yard a few times, if that’s what you’re in the mood for.

Breed Health

Pembroke and Cardigan Welsh corgis are predisposed to a lot of the same health issues. Some of their biggest risks are hip dysplasia, eye disorders, and degenerative myelopathy (a progressive disease of the spinal cord). Pembrokes are also susceptible to cardiac issues and a bleeding disorder called von Willebrand’s disease. Responsible breeders should screen for these issues, but it’s still important to be vigilant and take your corgi to regular checkups with your veterinarian to make sure you catch any issue early.Also, as previously mentioned, both breeds of corgi are at risk for back issues. This means they shouldn’t jump, and stairs are especially dangerous.

Cardigan vs. Pembroke: Easily Confused

Many a Cardigan owner has had to explain that her corgi is not a Pembroke cross, but rather a breed all his own. Vivian Moran, member of the Cardigan Welsh Corgi Club of America’s Judge’s Education Committee and 30-year Cardigan breeder, says, “People see a short dog with a long body and say ‘Corgi?’” As people are more familiar with the Queen’s tail-free Pembrokes, the Cardigan’s long tail throws them off. “We have to work hard to explain there are two corgis and what the differences are.”Anne Bowes, 50-year breeder/owner/handler of Pembroke Welsh Corgis and Judge of Pembrokes, Cardigans, Shelties, Pugs, and Junior Showmanship, says people often confuse the two breeds. “They hear the word ‘Corgi’ and they think both breeds are the same. Nothing could be further from the truth.”

Cardigan vs. Pembroke: An Interesting Heritage

The Cardigan and the Pembroke both worked with farmers to take the cattle to grazing land and to guard the barnyard, but they don’t share a common ancestor and come from different sections of Wales. Anne explains, “Cardigans were found in the rough, rocky terrain of Cardiganshire in southwest Wales. Pembrokes were found in the flatter, easier terrain of Pembrokeshire in southern Wales.”The two breeds also have completely different origins, with the Cardigan, one of the oldest breeds in the British Isles, being older by over two thousand years. “Their ancestors were brought to Wales by the Celtic tribes of central Europe,” says Vivian. They descended from the German Teckel lineage (which also gave us the Dachshund) and arrived in Wales in roughly 1200 BC.As for the Pembroke Welsh Corgi, Vivian explains, “Pembrokes arrived in Wales with the Vikings and are descended from the Nordic Spitz breeds.” The relatively younger breed’s appearance can be traced back to 1000 AD. Except for a brief period in the 1930s, the two corgis have never been interbred. In 2006, the American Kennel Club officially recognized the names of the two breeds as the Cardigan Welsh Corgi and the Pembroke Welsh Corgi rather than the Welsh Corgi (Cardigan) and the Welsh Corgi (Pembroke).

Cardigan vs. Pembroke: Physical Qualities

Physically, the Cardigan and Pembroke are both dwarf breeds with large heads and heavy, long bodies on short, thick legs. They both have upright ears, although the Cardigan’s are larger and more rounded, and their double-coated fur requires little grooming besides regular bathing and brushing.However, if you look closer, the differences are many. Besides the tail – Cardigans have a long, foxlike tail whereas Pembrokes have their tail docked close to their body – Cardigans are slightly larger with heavier bone. Male Cardigans weigh up to 38 pounds while Pembrokes only weigh up to 30 pounds. The basic structure of the two breeds is also different. Pembrokes have oval bone and a squared-off rear end giving them a more linear and rectangular feel. On the other hand, Cardigans feel curvier due to round bone and a sloping rear.The acceptable coat colors are more varied for the Cardigan. They come in brindle, black and white with brindle or tan points, red and sable with white markings, and blue merle. The only coat colors for the Pembroke are red, sable, and tricolor with white markings. Cardigans are also less restricted in their white markings than the Pembroke.

The Pembroke Welsh Corgi

Pembroke Welsh Corgis rank relatively high on all the online dog breed popularity lists. It does not surprise us at all. When it comes to emotions the more you give, the more you get in return and Corgis are very affectionate and loyal dogs. A Queen of England has fallen madly in love with this breed, so why wouldn’t we, the “commoners”?The history of Pembroke Corgis does begin on the island of Great Britain, but not on the London court. Do you want to find out where these short-legged pups originated from? Stay with us, and you will.

HISTORY

Most dog breeds have traceable breed history, but things are not that simple when it comes to Pembroke Welsh Corgis. As its name suggests, this breed is believed to originate in Wales, but tales, legends, and folklore obscure its actual origins.Even the name of the breed is a thing of discussion. Some experts claim that the word Corgi is a combination of the Welsh word “cor,” which translates as “to watch over or gather,” and considering the fact that Corgis are indeed small cattle herders and guardians.Still, there is another theory that ascribes the word corgi to the Celtic language. According to this theory, Corgi is actually a form of the Celtic word for dog. The claims are further supported by the fact that the Norman invaders used to refer to any local dog as a “cur” in the years that followed.The last theory is quite imaginative and has to do with a legend. Namely, the word “cor” can be interpreted as “dwarf.” When combined with the Welsh form of the word “gi” for a dog, you get “dwarf dog.” The problem is that many interpret it as a “dog of the dwarfs,” too.You are now probably interested to hear that legend, right? We will not disappoint you; it goes something like this: Two kids were tending their family’s cattle on royal land when they stumbled upon a pair of puppies. First, they thought they found foxes, but when they brought the puppies back home with them they were told that they were a gift from the fairies. Namely, Welsh people believed that the fairies used these tiny dogs to pull their carriages or even rode them during battles. The marks on the puppies’ shoulders were actually imprinted by the fairy saddles. The puppies remained with children, and as they grew they learned to help their human owners watch the cattle. This is how Corgis transformed from magical fairy dogs to become the herding dogs in the centuries to follow and to this very day.Interesting story, isn’t it? Unfortunately, it is probably only that.The most plausible theory that has numerous historical findings to support it is far less amusing. The small dog of the British Isles probably came along with the Scandinavian raiders somewhere around the 9th or 10th century. This theory is further reinforced by the fact that the Swedish Vallhund bears many similarities to today’s Pembroke Welsh Corgi. It is believed that the first Corgis came to be when Vallhunds bred with native Welsh dogs. The offsprings most likely expressed excellent cattle herding/driving traits and were thus selectively bred from thereon.The story does not end there. In the year 1107, Henry I of Britain invited a community of Flemish weavers to come and live in his kingdom. These weavers from Flanders (what we now know as northern Belgium) were among the best ones in the world at that time. Every monarch wanted them to work in their kingdom. A number of these master craftsmen accepted Henry’s invitation and settled in southwestern Wales. They did their best to recreate the agrarian lifestyle in the new homeland, and that meant that they brought their dogs to help them herd cattle and sheep. Many believe that the dogs Flemish weavers brought to Pembrokeshire were also bred with the local herding dogs. For this reason, the Pembroke Welsh Corgi expresses some Spitz characteristics as well.You can choose to believe any of the theories. The fact remains that the Pembroke Welsh Corgis have an impressive and very long history.

Interesting Fact

Many years ago, both Pembroke and Cardigan Corgis were referred to as “Ci-llathed” or as “Ci Sawdlo”. The first expression translates as “yard-long dog.” Do mind that it is referring to a Welsh yard here. The name “Ci Sawdlo” reveals a little about the nature of Corgis and their habit of nipping at cattle’s heels.

SIZE

Pembroke Welsh Corgis weigh up to 30 pounds but are usually about 22-26 pounds heavy. They are somewhere between 10 and 12 inches tall (at the shoulders).

APPEARANCE

The Pembroke Welsh Corgis have firm, medium-sized, erect ears in proportion to their head’s equilateral triangle. Their ears should be slightly tapered to a rounded point. Their head resembles that of a fox.The Pembroke Welsh Corgis also have distinct markings on each side of the withers – the already mentioned “fairy saddle.” They shed predominantly during the spring and autumn or annually. The intact females shed during heat too.If you want to learn more about Corgi shedding and how to deal with it, go here.Their coat is rather thick and weather-resistant. It can be a combination of the following colors: fawn, black, white, red, sable.Most Pembroke Welsh Corgis are born with quite a short tail or even no tail at all. If they do get a tail it will most probably be docked when they are 2–5 days in order to conform to the historical tradition or the Breed Standard.

PERSONALITY

Pembroke Welsh Corgis are herding dogs, but nowadays, they are highly-popular family pets as well. They are still used as working dogs throughout England, though.As family pets, they are sure to brighten up your home with their positive attitude and loving personality. They are happy and intelligent dogs but are also independent and often have a stubborn streak too.Nevertheless, you should not have a lot of trouble training your Pembroke Corgi as long as you do not expect him or her to be subservient. These dogs think for themselves, and we believe that is a good thing. The good news is that your Pembroke Corgi is a loyal dog that will want to please you.The easiest way to train a Pembroke Welsh Corgi is to use treats. When it comes to this breed, food is an excellent motivator during training. Be careful, though, not to overdo it; Pembroke Corgis enjoy eating too much and can quickly become overweight if you do not limit their food intake.If you need a watchdog, you can rely on a Pembroke Corgi as well. Do not let their size and timid look fool you. These small dogs have quite a big bark that will warn you of anything suspicious going on around your house. Pembrokes are often fearless when they sense that something is threatening their family or home.Pembroke Welsh Corgis need to be socialized at an early age, like most other dog breeds. You should expose your Corgi to other dogs as well as different people, sights & sounds when he or she is very young. In this way, you can rest assured that your pup is going to grow up to become a well-rounded dog.

Hip Dysplasia

We have good news for all the Pembroke Welsh Corgis – they are generally quite a healthy breed. Unfortunately, this does not mean that they are not prone to some diseases and health conditions – all dog breeds are.Of course, not all Pembroke Corgis will have any or all of these dire conditions. Your Corgi might be a lucky dog and get to live a happy, long, disease-free life. Still, it is crucial that you are aware of all the health concerns if you’re considering this breed so that you can work on prevention as well.The first step to avoiding any future health issues is to purchase a healthy puppy from a reputable breeder. A breeder should be able to show you health clearances for both parents of the puppy you plan to buy. Health clearances are valid proof that dogs have been tested for most common health conditions and cleared.When buying a Pembroke Welsh Corgi, you need to ask for the following health clearances:The best way to confirm all these health clearances is to check the OFA website (offa.org).Here is a detailed list of all the health concerns that you, as a Pembroke Corgi owner, should be aware of:

Cataracts

A cataract is a condition that usually affects dogs in old age. It causes opacity on the eye’s lens, and as a result, your dog will have poor vision. When you look into your dog’s eye(s), you will notice that they look cloudy. The good news is that cataracts can usually be surgically removed to improve your Corgi’s vision.

Cutaneous Asthenia

Cutaneous Asthenia is a condition which is known as Ehlers-Danlos syndrome or dermatosparaxis too. Sometimes it is also called dominant collagen dysplasia. No matter how you name it, it is more important to know how it can affect your Corgi pet.Cutaneous Asthenia causes the defective connective tissue located in your dog’s skin to become fragile and loose. It affects the blood vessels too, and thus leads to excessive bruising and blood blisters.

Cystinuria

Cystinuria is a condition characterized by the high levels of a protein named cystine. The cystine gets into the dog’s urine and can lead to stone formation. Typically this can cause a significant problem and require vet intervention only in males.

Degenerative Myelopathy (DM)

DM is a progressive disease that occurs as a result of the degeneration of the nervous tissue of the spinal cord located in the lower back area. Many vets misdiagnose this condition as disk disease due to similar symptoms such as rear leg lameness and weakness that, sadly, end up with paralysis.

Intervertebral Disk Disease

Epilepsy is a neurological condition that is most usually inherited. Dogs that suffer from this condition can have either mild or severe seizures and thus exhibit unusual behavior such as:The seizures are far from being pleasant to watch, especially by the loving owner. Still, the long-term prognosis for Corgis who suffer from this disease is generally very good. It is highly important to take your four-legged pet to the vet as soon as you notice the seizures or any unusual behavior we have listed. The sooner your dog is properly diagnosed, the sooner will he or she get the appropriate treatment and feel better.

Patent Ductus Arteriosus (PDA) with Pulmonary Hypertension

Patent Ductus Arteriosus is a congenital defect of the vascular system that can be diagnosed early on during your puppy’s regular veterinary examination. This defect enables unoxygenated blood to bypass the lungs and can lead to pulmonary hypertension. Luckily, high blood pressure within the lungs is a rare complication of the PDA disease. The most important thing is to get the proper diagnosis as soon as possible since this condition; sadly surgically corrected.

Progressive Retinal Atrophy (PRA)

PRA is an eye disease that leads to the gradual deterioration of the retina. At first, dogs who suffer from this condition lose sight during the night and thus become night-blind. Over time, the illness progresses, and dogs lose sight during the day too. On the bright side, Corgis are highly adaptive, just like most animals, and can cope with their limited or lost vision quite well. It would be best to try not to make any changes to their surroundings, though.

Retinal Dysplasia

Retinal Dysplasia, as you can assume, is yet another eye-related disease. It is characterized by the abnormal development of the retina. In some cases, the retina can even detach and cause blindness.

The Cardigan Welsh Corgi

Von Willebrand’s disease is not reserved only for humans, sadly your dog can suffer from it as well. It is a blood disorder that prevents normal blood clotting. As a result, the affected Corgi can have some of the following symptoms:Your vet can diagnose this disorder usually somewhere between three and five years of age. Even though your Corgi cannot be cured entirely, there are treatments that can keep this condition under control and allow your pup to lead a more-less normal life. These treatments include:It is crucial to test your dog for this condition prior to any surgical intervention, or you risk his or her life.

HISTORY

The Cardigan Welsh Corgi is one of the oldest breeds of dogs in the British Isles. Namely, Cardigans have been around in Wales for more than 3,000 years. This breed is believed to descend from the Teckel family of dogs and is thus related to the Dachshund breed too.There are no fairy tales or legends to enjoy here since it is generally agreed that the first Cardigan Welsh Corgis were brought in aboriginal form by the Celtic tribes during their migration from central Europe to Wales. The first Corgis were most likely a result of breeding between the members of the Teckel and the Spitz families.The original role of a Cardigan Corgi was to go in front of the herd or cattle and chase off any potential predator. In time, Cardigans started acting as true herders driving the cattle from the Welsh farms to numerous markets across the country. Probably, somewhere around this time, the Cardigans got crossed with local sheepdogs in order to create a more versatile working dog. From there on, people started adopting the faithful cardigan as their family dogs and used them as guardians, herding dogs, and vermin exterminators.Some of the Corgis were affected by the Viking invasion that occurred about 1,000 years ago. Some were changed when Flemish weavers arrived in Wales. The latter were bred with a Spitz-type of dog to produce what we now know as the Pembroke Welsh Corgi. Still, some Corgis lived in areas untouched by all these influences and thus retained their original blood – those are the descendants of the Cardigan Welsh Corgis as we know them today.When the first dog shows began in the late 1800s, Corgis were not the public’s favorites. It was not until the 1920’s that the term “Corgi” was widely used and the breed history documented.In 1925, the Corgi breed was exhibited under the Great Britain Kennel Club jurisdiction, but no distinction was made between the Pembroke and Cardigan Welsh Corgis. These two breeds were thus registered as a single one. Unfortunately, as a consequence, these two breeds were crossed. Some judges preferred the traits of Cardigan Corgis, while others fancied Pembroke Corgis more. The owners were unsatisfied with such treatment of their dogs and raised their voices so, in 1934, the Kennel Club finally corrected the error and separated these two breeds.It was in June of 1932 that the first pair of the Cardigan Welsh Corgis was imported into the USA. These days, the Cardigan Welsh Corgi Club of America, Inc. has numerous members and holds a popular annual contest for champions.

SIZE

The tiny Cardigan Welsh Corgis do not differ much from their Pembroke relatives in terms of size, even though they are slightly bigger. They are somewhere between 10.5 and 12.5 inches tall. The males weigh more than females – from 30 to 38 pounds on average. Females weigh from 25 to 34 pounds.

LIFE EXPECTANCY

Cardigan Welsh Corgis are small dogs and are thus expected to live quite long, just as their Pembroke relatives. They typically live somewhere around 12 to 15 years. If you are fortunate, your Cardigan can live up to 18 years, as that is the maximum age for this breed. This does not happen too often, regretfully.If you want to learn more about your Corgi-s lifespan, go here.

APPEARANCE

Even though Cardigan and Pembroke Corgis look alike, they are distinct breeds with differences that cannot be overlooked. Cardigan Welsh Corgis, for example, have a tail of standard length, while Pembrokes are, as we have already mentioned, often born without a tail.Cardigan Welsh Corgis have a thick weatherproof coat as well. Unlike Pembroke Corgis, which come in limited colors, Cardigans are more diverse. They can come in all shades of red, brindle, sable, brindle, or be black with or without tan points.One unusual color is quite specific for this particular breed and is often used to distinguish it from the Pembroke Welsh Corgi breed. It is a blue merle. Only Cardigans come in this shade combined with black and gray color. They can be marbled and have tan or brindle points.Cardigans often have flashes of white color around their neck, often as a collar. Often white can be seen on their chest, legs, underpants, and muzzle. The tip of their tail is often white too. There should not be too much white on their head, though, especially not around the eyes. Predominantly white Cardigan Welsh Corgis are often disqualified at the dog exhibits.The Cardigans have blue eyes and black noses; only blue merles sometimes feature a butterfly nose.

PERSONALITY

Being so similar in appearance, Cardigan and Pembroke Welsh Corgis cannot but be as similar in their temperament too. Cardigan Corgis are as faithful and lovable dogs as their relatives, which makes them suitable for family pets, even in families with small children. When socialized early on, Cardigans enjoy spending time with children and playing with them. They can befriend other pets too, so there is no need for you to limit yourself in that regard – you can have another dog or a cat if you want to!Cardis, as many refer to dogs of this breed, are trained easily, especially if you start at an early age. They can be loyal and vigilant guardians since their “big dog” bark is likely to scare off any intruder.Their herding nature makes them especially fond of the outdoors. They are athletic, rugged herders, and even though they can spend hours lying around your home, they need physical activity and mental stimulation in order to thrive.Cardigans have a stubborn streak, just like Pembrokes. It should not be much of an issue though, especially if you show them you are the boss early on.