My Dog Is Throwing Up and Has Diarrhea?

Dr. Jeff Werber is an Emmy Award-winning, nationally renowned veterinarian and former president of the Association of Veterinary Communicators. For more from Dr. Werber, find him on Facebook or on his website at www.drjeff.com.

These dogs are often more depressed or lethargic and seem sick. In contrast, large intestinal diarrhea is often more soft or mushy, more like cow patties, and can even appear to be encased in mucus or even frank, or red, blood.

What should I do if my dog has diarrhea and vomiting?

It’s a good idea to offer your pet a bland diet for a couple of days following an episode of vomiting and/or diarrhoea. It is best to feed smaller sized meals more regularly until your pet is back to normal. You can then gradually reintroduce their usual diet. In most cases, your pet should recover without a problem.

What does it mean when your dog is having diarrhea and throwing up?

Gastroenteritis refers to inflammation of the gastrointestinal tract, meaning the stomach and the intestines. It can be caused by infection with bacteria, viruses, parasites, medications, or even new foods. The condition often causes abdominal pain, diarrhea, vomiting, and/or other clinical signs.

What medicine can I give my dog for vomiting and diarrhea?

Pepto-Bismol Dosage For Dogs: The recommended dosage is 1 teaspoon for every 10 pounds, according to Dr. Klein. It can be offered to the dog every 6-to-8 hours, but if your dog still has diarrhea after a few doses, stop the medication and call your veterinarian.

How long does a stomach bug last in dogs?

With proper treatment, your dog’s stomach virus should subside within three to seven days. If symptoms last longer than two weeks, call or visit your veterinarian. To learn more about the symptoms your pet may be experiencing and get advice from our in-house vet, review Gastroenteritis in Dogs.

Diarrhea is defined as loose or unformed stools. The intestinal tract has the capability of reabsorbing 99.99% of the fluid that is presented to it, if it is working correctly. We all know that if we drink a half-gallon of water, it does not cause diarrhea, it simply makes us urinate more. That is because the colon reabsorbs all of that excess water and our kidneys get rid of that excess.

If the irritation is severe enough, it will also trigger inflammation throughout the system, leading to mucus production in the colon or even the appearance of fresh blood and straining. This inflammation may affect all areas of the GI system or be more prominent in one area of the GI system, leading to specific signs of either loose stools, weight loss from lack of proper absorption of nutrients, mucus production, bleeding, straining to defecate or a combination of symptoms.

If the history and physical exam do not give us a treatment plan, then another appropriate step is to do some testing on the stool, looking for parasites and abnormal bacteria. It is not common to find the reason for “sudden onset” diarrhea or vomiting on blood work, but those laboratory tests will tell us if your pet is dehydrated or if any of the important organs are affected. In these simple cases, I usually suggest taking away ALL food for a period of 24 hours to give the GI tract a chance to rest and recover.

They may include antibiotics +/- a Probiotic for a bacterial overgrowth, anti-inflammatory drugs or diet changes for Inflammatory Bowel Disease, or scoping for a GI foreign body, or surgery for an obstruction.

Vomiting and Diarrhea in DogsVomiting and diarrhea are two of the most common concerns that cause a dog owner to seek veterinary advice. Dogs seem to enjoy eating all sorts of things that they shouldnt, which can lead to pretty severe stomach upset. Some cases of vomiting and diarrhea are easily resolved at home, while others require veterinary treatment. Read on to learn more about the signs, causes, and treatment of vomiting and diarrhea in dogs.Are you concerned about your pet? Book a video consultation with an experienced veterinarian within minutes. Professional vet advice online Unlimited vet visits – for just $90 Open 24 hours a day, 365 days a year Rating: 4.9 – more than 1600 reviewsRating: 4.9 – more than 1300 reviewsRating: 4.9 – more than 1600 reviews Book Video Consultation Symptoms of Vomiting and Diarrhea in DogsNausea: drooling, lip licking, excessive swallowingVomit: note the color, volume, frequency, and when the last meal wasDiarrhea: note the color, consistency, and look for signs of bloodCauses of Vomiting and Diarrhea in DogsVomiting and diarrhea occur when the stomach and/or intestines become irritated or inflamed.There are many causes, including:Certain viruses, such as parvovirus in puppiesDietary indiscretion (when a dog eats something inappropriate)Swallowing an object that causes stomach or intestinal obstructionSudden changes in dietIntestinal parasitesToxins/poisonsPancreatitisMedication side effectsChronic disease, such as inflammatory bowel disease (IBD)Stress due to boarding or other change in environment or routinePreventing Vomiting and Diarrhea in DogsAvoid feeding fatty, salty, or spicy foodsIntroduce diet changes slowly, over 5-7 days, to allow the intestinal bacteria to adjust.Speak to your vet about calming supplements or anxiety medication if your pet is easily stressed.During times of stress, it may be helpful to use a soothing pheromone spray or plug-in adapter (Adaptil).Consider feeding a probiotic supplement if your pet is prescribed antibiotics. Always ask the advice of a vet before giving your pet supplements or medication.If your dog eats a raw diet or has exposure to rodents or wildlife, your vet may recommend routinely submitting a fresh stool sample to rule out intestinal parasites.Roundworms are extremely common in puppies. Your vet will recommend deworming your new puppy with an appropriate dewormer.Ask your vet or make an appointment with one of the FirstVet vets to discuss deworming your puppy or adult dog.Vaccinating your dog against parvovirus is extremely important. Puppies should be vaccinated starting at 6-8 weeks, then every 3 weeks until 16-18 weeks of age. Adult boosters will be needed to maintain immunity. Prevention of this disease is VERY important. Parvovirus is extremely contagious and can cause fatalities, especially in young puppies.Treating Your Dog‘s Vomiting or Diarrhea at HomeIf your dog is bright and happy, and there is no blood in the diarrhea or vomit, then you can often start by providing symptomatic treatment at home.If your dog is vomiting, withhold food for 12-24 hours.Very small dogs and puppies should NOT be fasted at all due to a high risk of developing severely low blood sugar levels.Offer a bland diet in small portions. Examples include boiled rice or potatoes with cooked chicken breast or very lean hamburger, or a prescription intestinal diet.Recommended feeding protocol:Day 1: give 50% of the recommended daily amount divided into 6-8 portionsDay 2 and 3: give 75% divided into 4-6 portionsDay 4 and 5: give 100% divided into 3-4 portionsOnce the dog has been normal for a couple of days you can gradually re-introduce its normal food.Your dog should always have access to fresh water.On average, a dog should drink about 1 ounce of water (1/8 cup) per pound of body weight each day. This requirement will be significantly increased if your dog is vomiting or has diarrhea.Ensure that your dog is allowed quiet time to rest and fully recover.In the case of contagious diseases, its important to avoid contact with other dogs until your dog has completely recovered.When to Visit Your VeterinarianBlood in the vomitBlood in the stools or very dark/black stoolsIf your dog is increasingly lethargic or weakRefusing food for more than 24-48 hours, or does not want to drinkVomiting continues despite withholding food for 12-24 hoursIf your dog cannot hold down water or is dehydrated (check for dry sticky gums)If a foreign body may have been swallowed that could obstruct the stomach or intestinesAbdominal pain or a swollen abdomenNo response to supportive treatment for 3-4 days at home (for young puppies and older dogs you should seek help earlier)If the dog has recurrent episodes of vomiting and or diarrhea.Veterinary Treatment of Vomiting and DiarrheaIf your dog is very ill or dehydrated, he may need to be hospitalized.Your dog may be given intravenous fluids to correct dehydration and replace lost electrolytes (sodium, potassium, chloride).Blood tests may be performed to check red and white blood cell levels, as well as internal organ function.Other diagnostics may be performed to determine the cause of your dogs vomiting or diarrhea. These include x-rays or ultrasound of the abdomen, stool analysis, and tests for diseases like pancreatitis or parvovirus.Symptomatic treatments will likely continue when your dog is ready to go home.A bland diet that requires minimal digestion will likely be prescribed.Your dog may go home with prescriptions for anti-nausea medication, antacids, pain relief, and probiotics to replace normal gut bacteria.Read more:Food Allergies in Dogs and Cats7 Lesser-Known Foods That Are Toxic to DogsCan Dogs Drink Pedialyte?Need to speak with a veterinarian regarding your dog‘s vomiting or diarrhea condition?Click here to book a video consultation and get instantly connected with an expert vet. You can also download the FirstVet app from the Apple App Store or Google Play Store.

Its inevitable that your pet may have a bout of diarrhoea or even an episode of vomiting at some point in their life. The truth is, no one likes talking about these reasonably common events, let alone having to clean them up but its important to know what to do and when to take your pet to the vet.

Its a good idea to offer your pet a bland diet for a couple of days following an episode of vomiting and/or diarrhoea. It is best to feed smaller sized meals more regularly until your pet is back to normal.

Steamed chicken without any bones with some boiled rice is an example of a bland diet but this should only be fed short term as it is not balanced and wont meet all of your pets nutritional requirements. If the vomiting or diarrhoea persists or if your pet seems to deteriorate you should ask your veterinarian for advice and arrange an appointment as soon as possible. Other causes might be due to ingestion of a toxin, infection from a virus, a bacteria or a parasite, conditions such as pancreatitis, a gastric obstruction from a foreign body and other systemic diseases.

Treatment for vomiting and diarrhoea generally involves medications to help reduce nausea and pain and treat the underlying cause. It may be necessary for your vet to perform blood tests and undertake further imaging such as radiographs or an ultrasound of the abdomen to rule out the more concerning causes. This can be caused by dehydration alone or serious underlying issues such as gastrointestinal obstruction or after ingesting a toxin.

Vomiting tends to smell sour and usually contains partially digested foods and yellow bile. Its not uncommon for dogs to suffer from motion sickness and this can make car trips very unpleasant for everyone.