While some birds of prey, such as condors and pelicans, are bigger, the eagle is one of the largest birds of prey. There are over 60 eagle species in the world, with most living in Asia and Africa. Some eagles living in forests have small wingspans while those living in the open country have large wingspans. To introduce you to these birds, we have put together a list of eagles with the largest wingspans.
The colossal wingspan is unusual for a bird living in lowland forests throughout Central and South America . This eagle, weighing about 9 pounds, is a fantastic sight as it soars above the hills and mountain ranges in Southern and Eastern Africa .
This Australian eagle has a vast territory, but it prefers open range and forested habitats. While farmers have shot and poisoned this bird, thinking it was eating lambs, its most common food is rabbits , which it often scoops up live. While this eagle is primarily an opportunity feeder and does not mind stealing food from other birds, it prefers to dine on fish .
After being reliant on their parents for about the first 15 to 17 weeks of their lives, young white-tailed eagles often fly across a large area before finding the perfect place to call home. The white head and brown body weighing about 17 pounds make the American bald eagle one of the most recognized birds in the world.
What are the top 5 largest eagles in the world?
Martial Eagle, 193 cm (75.8 inches) ….Harpy Eagle, 200 cm (78.7 inches) ….Philippine Eagle, 220 cm (86.6 inches) ….Golden Eagle, 220 cm (86.6 inches) ….Australian Wedge-Tailed Eagle, 230 cm (90.55 inches) ….White-tailed Eagle, 244 cm (96 inches) ….Steller’s Sea Eagle, 250 cm (98.4 inches)
What is the biggest eagle in the world that can fly?
Is the golden eagle the biggest eagle?
Golden Eagle: Largest Hunting Bird in North America. With a wingspan topping seven feet, Golden Eagles are the largest hunting birds in North America. … Their range, which wraps around much of the Northern Hemisphere, is the largest of any eagle.
With its expressive face, collar of feathers, and black and grey tones, there’s no denying that the harpy eagle is a striking creature. But if its distinct appearance isn’t impressive enough, its height and wingspan certainly are. These powerful birds of prey can reach up to 3 feet 5 inches in height, with an overall wingspan of up to 7 feet 4 inchesmaking them look almost like a puppet out of Jim Henson’s Labyrinth.
Harpy eagle nests are sparingly spaced out over large amounts of rainforest and well hidden up in the trees’ huge canopies. Similar to an owl, harpy eagles move their facial feathers in order to direct sound waves to their ears and improve hearing.
The harpy eagle was the inspiration behind the design of Fawkes the Phoenix (Dumbledore’s animal companion) in the Harry Potter film series.
Eagles are big birds, but some species are bigger than others. The biggest eagle is absolutely massive by all standards, though several species are relatively large, even for a predatory bird. Of course, some birds are larger, like pelicans and marabou storks. However, that doesnt diminish the awe-inspiring size of some eagle species.
They live in coastal northeastern Asia, and many consume fish, though they occasionally hunt other waterbirds. Despite their extensive range, they tend to nest in specific areas due to human activity.
This eagle is considered threatened or extinct in some countries, primarily due to pesticides and similar human activities. These birds spend most of the year near bodies of large water, including the sea and freshwater lakes. They are one of the only members of a particular eagle genus, as they have feathering over their tarsus, which is the upper part of their leg.
Credit: Derek Keats, Commons WikimediaThis is a large eagle found in sub-Saharan Africa. They are present in a considerable stretch of Eurasia and North America, with one of the largest ranges of any eagle. She currently resides in Tennessee with four dogs, three cats, two fish, and a lizard, though she has dreams of owning chickens one-day!
Many of the largest eagles in the world are apex predators, dominating their environment, whilst at the same time experiencing habitat loss and being hunted by humans. These issues combined with climate change mean that many eagle species are in danger of becoming extinct. In fact, the largest eagle below is Haasts eagle, which was hunted to extinction around 600 years ago.
This diet includes African monkeys , guinea fowl, hyraxes, snakes, mongoose , and small antelopes. The massive Philippine Eagle is a striking bird with blue-tinged black bill, pale gray-blue eyes, neon yellow feet, and creamy brown feathers.
This extremely rare predator is found on just four of the Philippines 7,000 islands, preferring to nest and hunt in the countrys ever-decreasing pristine primary forest. The Philippine eagles do eat monkeys but also preys on other medium and small-sized animals such as bats, civets, flying squirrels, other birds , snakes, and lizards. Their long talons have enough strength to break a humans arm, and are put to good use hunting on sloths, monkeys, and other large birds.
The harpy eagle wingspan is shorter than most other large birds of prey to allow them maneuverability in their habitats of dense forests in Central and South America. This bird of prey has a highly specialized diet of hyrax, though in times of scarcity will hunt other small and medium-sized animals, including monkeys. This is one of the few eagles on this list that practices siblicide , when the largest of the hatchlings either directly kills its siblings, or takes all the available food, leaving them to starve to death.
The name comes from their characteristic wedge-shaped tail, which combines with a pale beak, white feet, and dark brown colour around the eyes to make them easily distinguishable. These large predators are fast birds that use their speed and talons to hunt primarily mid-sized mammals, though have been known to capture prey the size of coyotes and pronghorns. The eagle has a brown body, offset by a bright white tail and yellow legs, feet, eyes and beak.
Their diet primarily consists of fish and other birds, but as with many eagles, they are opportunistic hunters, happy to target small and medium-sized mammals and reptiles. The male eagle helps feed the chicks for their first few months, and the breeding pair keep the same nest throughout their whole lives, improving and adding to the structure each year. This magnificent bird is found across sub-Saharan Africa in open and semi-open areas from Senegal to Somalia and south to the Cape.
#9. Philippine Eagle – 6.5-foot Wingspan
The Philippine eagle has a 6.5-foot wingspan. This endangered eagle that weighs approximately 17.5 pounds is also called the monkey eagle. Philippine eagles, which are the national bird of the Philippines, dine on a diet of monkeys, bats, civets, flying squirrels, other birds, snakes, and lizards. Most of these eagles live in Mindanao.
#8. Harpy Eagle – 6.5-foot Wingspan
The Harpy Eagle is the national bird of Panama. While you can see harpy eagles from southern Mexico to northern Argentina, the largest population is in the Darien, Panama, region. With a 6.5-foot wingspan and weighing about 11 pounds, this eagle is one of the most powerful birds in the world. The colossal wingspan is unusual for a bird living in lowland forests throughout Central and South America. It uses its tail as a rudder as it navigates through the woods.These eagles lay their eggs on top of emergent trees. Once the eaglets hatch, the male finds food and brings it to the mother, who feeds herself and her babies.
#7. Verreaux’s Eagle – 7.5-foot wingspan
This eagle, weighing about 9 pounds, is a fantastic sight as it soars above the hills and mountain ranges in Southern and Eastern Africa. Its 7.5-foot wingspan makes it easy to spot. Its diet consists almost exclusively of rock hyraxes. This eagle lives almost exclusively in dry, rocky environments called kopjes.These eagles are unusual in that the male eagle often brings food to the female before she lays her egg. Then, he brings almost all of the food while she incubates the egg. Despite his food gathering, the male sits on the eggs about 50% of the day, but females usually do all the incubating at night. Typically, the female lays two eggs three days apart. When the youngest one hatches, the older sibling generally kills it. Unfortunately, the older sibling only survives to be independent about 50% of the time.
#6. Wedge-tailed Eagle – 7.5-foot wingspan
This hawk has several different names, including wedge-tailed, Bunjil, and Eaglehawk. People will not call it small as it has a 7.5-foot wingspan and weighs about 12 pounds. It is the biggest bird of prey in Australia.This eagle is born featherless and pale pink. Throughout the first 10 years of its life, it becomes progressively blacker. This Australian eagle has a vast territory, but it prefers open range and forested habitats. They build nests in the tallest tree in their environment, even if it is dead. While farmers have shot and poisoned this bird, thinking it was eating lambs, its most common food is rabbits, which it often scoops up live.
#5. Golden Eagle – 7.5-foot Wingspan
Weighing in at about 14 pounds, the golden eagle is the largest in North America. Its territory is not restricted to that country. It is the national bird of Mexico. This eagle has a 7.5-foot wingspan. It is also one of the strongest birds as it can swoop live coyotes off their feet.This eagle typically returns to its same nest each year. Annually, it adds plant material to it so that the nest can become huge. Female golden eagles lay from one to three eggs, which they incubate, while the male looks for food for both. The eggs hatch in about 45 days. Then, both parents help raise the young who take their first flight when they are about 72 days old.
#4. White-tailed Eagle: 7.8 feet
The White-tailed eagle has a wingspan of about 7.9 feet and weighs about approximately 11 pounds. This is the biggest European eagle, and you can see it in most of Europe, Russia, and Northern Japan. Once considered endangered, this bird has made a remarkable comeback. While this eagle is primarily an opportunity feeder and does not mind stealing food from other birds, it prefers to dine on fish.After being reliant on their parents for about the first 15 to 17 weeks of their lives, young white-tailed eagles often fly across a large area before finding the perfect place to call home. Once found, they will usually stay in that area for the rest of their lives. They return to the same nest to lay their young each year. These nests can be up to 6.5-feet deep and 6.5-feet across.
#3. American Bald Eagle – 8.2-foot Wingspan
The white head and brown body weighing about 17 pounds make the American bald eagle one of the most recognized birds in the world. This is especially true in America, where it is the national bird. It is hard to miss this bird soaring through the air because of its 8.2-foot wingspan.While they may hunt when necessary, they are a scavenger, who prefers to dine on roadkill and meat killed by others. Other birds often scatter when one is present because of this eagle’s size.
#2. Stellar’s Sea Eagle – 8.3-foot Wingspan
Barely beating out the American bald eagle, most Stellar’s sea eagles have about an 8.3-foot wingspan and weigh about 20 pounds. In Japan, where they are summer visitors, they are called O-washi.This vulnerable bird only breeds along the Sea of Okhotsk and the Bering Sea in Far East Russia. While they prefer to live in areas where salmon runs are massive when in their summer homes in Japan and South Korea, they will feed on crabs, shellfish, squid, small animals, ducks, gulls, and carrion. The size of this eagle makes seeing one an impressive sight.
1. Steller’s Sea Eagle
The Steller’s sea eagle weighs about 15 pounds, though some have been found that weigh up to 20 pounds. By weight, this is the largest eagle around. If you use wingspan or some other measurements, it may be smaller than the Harpy and Philippine eagle, though. It depends on what measurements you’re looking at.This eagle has dark brown plumage and a bright yellow beak and talons. They’re pretty unique as far as eagles go. They live in coastal northeastern Asia, and many consume fish, though they occasionally hunt other waterbirds. As their name suggests, they hang out mostly around water.There are various populations spread throughout their range. The largest one is on the Kamchatka Peninsula in Russia, where about 4,000 of these birds regularly live. Because of population segmentation, these eagles are considered vulnerable.
2. Philippine Eagle
The Philippine eagle could be considered the largest eagle by some measurements. They weigh up to 17.5 pounds, with 10 pounds being the average. They are comparable with the Steller’s sea eagle in most cases. They have the longest wingspan, though. They are thinner, less bulky birds.They are also known as the monkey-eating eagle – because they eat monkeys. They are native to the Philippines, as the name suggests. They are only found in the Philippines in very particular locations. They do not have an extensive range and are considered to be critically endangered, mostly due to massive loss of habitat in their already small range. Killing a Philippine eagle is punishable under the law by up to 12 years in prison. They are heavily protected birds.Between 180 to 500 of these eagles currently survive in the wild, though the number may now be closer to 600 thanks to conservation efforts.
3. Harpy Eagle
The Harpy eagle is popularly known as the largest eagle and is by some measurements. However, the harpy eagle weighs less than both the Steller’s sea eagle and the Philippine eagle. They are very long and have an extensive wingspan, though.ItThough these eagles are known to be top-tier predators, they are occasionally caught by big cats like the ocelot. Their primary diet consists of tree-dwelling mammals, like monkeys and sloths. Most of their diet is made up of sloths.
4. White-Tailed Eagle
The white-tailed eagle is relatively large. This common eagle species is widely found throughout temperate Eurasia. They are found as far west as Greenland and as far east as Japan. Their extensive range means they are in the least concerned category.Despite their extensive range, they tend to nest in specific areas due to human activity. They are not very outgoing birds and usually stay far away from human populations. This eagle is considered threatened or extinct in some countries, primarily due to pesticides and similar human activities.These birds spend most of the year near bodies of large water, including the sea and freshwater lakes. They require large, old trees or cliffs for nesting. They are an apex predator, but they also will become scavengers when they can. They eat mostly fish and other water birds.
5. Martial Eagle
The martial eagle is found in sub-Saharan Africa. They are one of the only members of a particular eagle genus, as they have feathering over their tarsus, which is the upper part of their leg. They are an opportunistic predator and will pretty much eat everything, including mammals, birds, and reptiles. They aren’t picky.They have a unique hunting method, even compared to other eagles. They sore up very high and then dive on their quarry at high-speed. They inhabit the wooded areas of the savanna. Their somewhat small range and niche habitat have caused them to become endangered.
6. Wedge-Tailed Eagle
Wedge-tailed eagles do not weigh very much by any means, but they are quite long. For this reason, they are considered to be large by some measurements. They are the largest bird of prey found in Australia, though they are also found in southern New Guinea. They have enormous wings and fully-feathered legs. Their wedge-shaped tail is unmistakable and explains where they get their name from.These birds fly relatively high and are opportunistic predators, which means they eat almost anything. They have been known to team up to take down larger prey, like kangaroos and goats. They are brilliant birds and will even scare goats off cliffs to kill them. They will drive flocks of sheep to zone-in on the weakest animal.These birds are quite territorial and have been known to attack hang gliders. They can damage the fabric of these gliders with their talons. They may even attack and destroy unmanned aerial vehicles.
7. Crowned Eagle
This is a large eagle found in sub-Saharan Africa. However, they do not range across all of Southern Africa. They prefer woodlands and very forested areas. These birds eat mostly mammals, though the exact animal depends on the location. They are not picky and will eat whatever they can find.Despite their preferred habitat, these eagles are quite adaptable. This has allowed them to thrive when many other eagles are being put on the endangered list. However, their populations are still declining thanks to the destruction of their natural habitat.