How to Care for a Betta Fish for Beginners?

Bettas are generally calm, slow-moving fish who do not require as much space as many other fish. Bettas will “flare” fins when threatened or disturbed and to show aggression.

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What do you need for a betta fish beginners?

They require tropical climate water between 75 – 80 degrees. Water pH should be neutral (around 7) and ammonia and nitrates should be as low as possible (ideally zero) Betta fish are carnivores and eat a protein-rich diet. Don’t feed them flakes.

Do betta fish need an air pump?

Do betta fish need air? Bettas can survive without an air pump, unlike other aquarium fish, since they have a special respiratory organ called a labyrinth in addition to their gills. The labyrinth allows them to breathe very small amounts of air.

Can you use tap water for a betta fish?

Your tap water is an easy choice for betta fish water and is the most popular choice. Tap water can be used as long as you condition it properly. … Most tap water pH will fall within a range of 6.5 to 7.5. It’s easy to adjust the temperature directly out of the faucet to the best range for your fish.

The Betta Fish (also known as Siamese fighting fish) is an incredibly popular freshwater fish whos beautiful and vividly colored tails can be found elegantly swimming in aquariums all around the world.

Thats why I decided to write this guide to teach you absolutely everything you need to know about caring for a Betta fish. This guide will cover everything you need to know from the size of the tank, the filtration system, the water temperature, their diet, and even how to decorate your aquarium to accurately replicate the Betta fishs natural environment.

Water pH should be neutral (around 7) and ammonia and nitrates should be as low as possible (ideally zero) Betta fish are carnivores and eat a protein-rich diet. In their natural habitat, Betta fish are typically found in small, shallow streams and rice paddies in Thailand. Our goal with our Betta fish tanks is to simulate their natural environment as closely as possible.

Things like temperature, water parameters, filtration, lighting, and diet all need to be consistent and natural for your fish. The biggest issue I see with beginners trying to care for a Betta fish is keeping them in tanks that are far too small. Dont be fooled into thinking Betta Fish can live happily in a fishbowl.

With that being said, its true that Betta fish are often found in insanely small tanks and ridiculous crescent-moon shaped bowls in the pet stores, but that doesnt mean they enjoy being there. Betta fish become withdrawn and lethargic when their surroundings deviate from the warmer temperature and they are highly sensitive to changes in water parameters. Bettas are labyrinth fish, meaning they have the ability to breathe oxygen from the surface of the water.

Because of this, you should aim to leave some space at the top of the tank for your Betta fish to breathe. The Labyrinth bladder that allows them to breathe at the surface requires frequent use in order for the fish to be healthy, so its an important factor to consider. I would recommend keeping a lid on your aquarium or at the very least, leaving plenty of space between the water and the top of the tank.

My number one recommendation for a betta fish filter is this Tetra Whisper (Amazon). Its ideal for aquariums up to 70-gallons and it provides multiple forms of filtration while barely disrupting the water surface. In their natural habitat, Betta fish live in shallow, slow-flowing rivers and beds of water.

Pros:Cons:Water is filtered slowly and smoothly so theres no disruption to the aquarium.They arent the most powerful. Larger tanks may require two running simultaneously.They are inexpensive and filter media is easy to change.They only provide mechanical filtration. The sponges arent exactly nice to look at.Cleaning is quick and simple.ProsConsThey typically have more room for multiple kinds of filtration such as biological and chemical.

Although quiet ones are easy to find.Having the output above the water level will help to circulate oxygen around the tank more efficiently. Changing too much water at once can disrupt the balance of your aquarium and cause stress to your Betta fish. For more general information on setting up a fish tank correctly, check out our Starter Guides .

Any live plants in your aquarium will require adequate lighting too in order to synthesize and produce oxygen. Live plants also provide hiding places if your Betta fish decides it wants some shade. Betta fish are carnivores by nature and require either a high-protein pellet or frozen foods such as brine shrimp and blood worms.

The key to a healthy Betta fish diet is that its rich in protein and varied . You can use a Betta specific floating pellet such as this one from Amazon as their daily food source. Overfeeding is a huge issue with Betta fish since their stomach is no bigger than one of their eyeballs!

Fighting to the death is not uncommon, and the stress from being placed in an unwanted environment is often enough to kill them if the battle wounds dont. Female Betta fish are not as solitary as males, and they would prefer to establish a sorority. Learning about the different kinds of common betta fish diseases will equip you with the knowledge to quickly identify the issue and do further research into how to treat them.

Fish becomes agitated and rubs against objects.Cotton Fin FungusWhite cotton-like growth on body and fins.Bacterial InfectionsScales become red and inflamed. A large appetite Vibrant colors Fast, energetic movements Interacting with you at the surface Healthy, flowing fins Aggressive reactions to unknown stimuli

Betta fish (also known as Betta splendens or the Siamese fighting fish) are a long-time favorite pet for both beginner and veteran fish keepers because of their colorful finnage and spirited personalities. If youre brand new to the aquarium hobby, this care guide is for you! Find out the key essentials you need to know to successfully keep your first betta fish.

We love Fritz Complete Water Conditioner because it comes with an easy-to-use pump head for quickly removing chlorine and detoxifying ammonia compounds. In the United States, where room temperatures are commonly between 67F to 69F, a betta fish without a heater is quite lethargic and may even become sick from the constant stress of being too cold.

To prevent an oily film of proteins from forming, you need adequate filtration to provide good surface agitation, cleaner water, and improved oxygenation. Its very easy to overfeed betta fish, so make sure his belly does not become swollen with food or else he may get constipation and other health issues.

Setting up your first betta fish tank can be somewhat intimidating, but it shouldnt be scary! In fact, it is good if you do feel a little worried, it proves you care and want to learn. This post will cover important steps you should take in order to create the perfect setting for a betta fish tank, it will state the importance of water cycling and give you tips for taking care of your new fish.

We have selected and reviewed some of our favorite betta fish tanks in the linked article. We recommend 5 gallon (20 25 litre tank) or more , this will ensure you have the healthiest and happiest betta fish which is what having a pet is all about.

Some recommended tanks include, Fluval Spec V Aquarium Kit and biOrb FLOW . Fluval Spec VBiOrb Flow Position the tank where there is no direct sunlight , but still remains open and visible. After adding it to the aquarium make sure that it works and hopefully it wont be creating too strong of a current.

On very small tanks having a heater can be dangerous to the fishs health due to the temperature of the water warming and cooling too fast. Add some fun aquarium decorations or maybe create a themed tank with the use of some ornaments there are unlimited possibilities. The traditional and iconic aquarium castle actually makes a great feature to the betta fish tank and they love hiding in them.

Without a fishless cycle your betta could experience new tank syndrome it can kill fish. These beneficial bacteria are used in the tank to break down harmful fish waste (ammonia) into a less toxic form, first to nitrite and then down to nitrate. Its time to choose your new betta fish from the local pet store and add it to the newly setup aquarium.

And remember, please dont use tiny tanks or vases the water gets dirty / poisonous fast and limiting the movement of the fish is unhealthy and just plain cruel. Hope you now have your betta tank set up perfectly with many happy years of friendship ahead of you :). Leave a comment describing your betta fish tank or even better a picture or video and let me know what you thought of the article or if you would like to add to it.

Recommended aquarium mates

A well-balanced Betta diet consists of:Things to remember when feeding your betta:

Betta Fish Tank Setup

To take care of a Betta fish, you need to have a clear understanding of its particular requirements. The most important things to remember when caring for a Betta fish are:The most important part of looking after a Betta fish is to set up their tank correctly.

What Size Aquariums Do Betta Fish Need?

Don’t be fooled into thinking Betta Fish can live happily in a fishbowl. The minimum tank size for a betta fish is at least 10 gallons, but that’s a bare minimum. More is always better.Now we all know this isn’t the cheapest hobby, so it can sting a little to see the price of some of the larger tanks, but it’s a necessary investment if you want to succeed in building a beautiful tank while simultaneously keeping your Betta fish healthy.With that being said, it’s true that Betta fish are often found in insanely small tanks and ridiculous crescent-moon shaped bowls in the pet stores, but that doesn’t mean they enjoy being there. Like all other fish, Bettas love as much space as possible.

My number 1 tank recommendation:

If you’ve already got a Betta fish tank, then please continue full-steam ahead with this guide. If you haven’t, then I would highly recommend this one (Amazon).They are the best-value beginner aquariums on the internet in my opinion. They are also 20 gallons, making them the perfect size for a Betta fish but with enough room to add more fish or different plants and decorations.I’ve also written an article dedicated to choosing the perfect size aquarium for your own needs if you need further help.

How Big Do Betta Fish Get?

Betta fish will generally grow to around 2.5 – 3 inches (not including the tail). The size of the tail will vary from fish to fish but generally speaking, healthier fish tend to have bigger tails.Fish that are sick will tend to curl up their tails whereas healthy, vibrant fish will have long, widely opened tails that flow smoothly.

Filtration & Lighting

Hailing from the tropical waters of Thailand, it is CRUCIAL not to have your water too cold when keeping Bettas. A tropical temperature of 75 – 80 degrees is optimal.Betta fish become withdrawn and lethargic when their surroundings deviate from the warmer temperature and they are highly sensitive to changes in water parameters.Keeping an eye on your water temperature with an aquarium-safe thermometer is necessary to maintain steady temperature control.And unless your household temperature is consistently above 75 degrees, you’re going to need a heater.The one that I use and recommend is this one from Amazon. It ticks all of the boxes above and is genuinely the best quality heater I have used at this price range. You simply set the temperature between 75 – 80 degrees, and it will auto-regulate the temperature of the water to make sure your Bettas are comfortable 24 hours a day.
Bettas are labyrinth fish, meaning they have the ability to breathe oxygen from the surface of the water. Because of this, you should aim to leave some space at the top of the tank for your Betta fish to breathe.

How Much Shall I Feed Them?

Betta fish require plenty of light during the day and darkness at night. The lighting can be natural, or artificial, but natural light is hard to control and too much sunlight can accelerate algae growth.A good set of artificial aquarium lights will provide your betta fish with the lights they need during the day, without fluctuations.Any live plants in your aquarium will require adequate lighting too in order to synthesize and produce oxygen. Live plants also provide hiding places if your Betta fish decides it wants some shade.Betta fish are carnivores by nature and require either a high-protein pellet or frozen foods such as brine shrimp and blood worms. The healthiest diet would be the closest to their natural diet of small insects and larvae.The key to a healthy Betta fish diet is that it’sYou can use a Betta specific floating pellet such as this one from Amazon as their daily food source. You need a pellet that floats, allowing your betta fish to feed on the surface. For an occasional treat, you can try your Betta with a few of these:

Are Betta Fish Good With Other Fish?

Is it just a coincidence that these fish are also known as ‘Siamese Fighting Fish’?Unfortunately, it’s not. Betta fish were once bred as fighting fish, and some of this aggression has kept it’s roots, making them

What About Female Betta Fish?

However, not all hope is lost. There are certain types of fish that can live harmoniously with male Betta fish, but there are certain criteria that the tank mates have to meet;As with all fish, personalities will differ, so knowing your Betta fish before adding them to an aquarium with other fish, is a good idea. If they show signs of aggression, it’s common sense to keep them away, but if they don’t show any hostile behavior, then feel free to experiment with other species.

Recommended Tankmates for Betta Fish

Tetras in general, can have a tendency to nip, but neon tetras usually stick to their groups and keep to themselves, making them a good mate for Bettas.Blue Gouramis are another perfect tank mate for Betta fish since they are closely related and they share the same dietary requirements and tank environment.Blue gourami will require at least 20 gallons, so as long as you have enough space, these two will most likely live in peace.Although not necessarily a fish, the African dwarf frog is definitely a recommended tank mate. They do share the same diet, so make sure they both get enough to eat.Catfish such as the Pictus Catfish keep out of the way, and they clean algae from the bottom of the tank. What more could you ask for in a tank mate?Female Betta’s are generally fine with other fish, and will happily share a tank with different species as long as they have their own group of female Bettas around.
Diseases are a natural part of the underwater world as they are a part of our world. They can’t be completely avoided. We all have to deal with outbreaks of them from time to time.Learning about the different kinds of common betta fish diseases will equip you with the knowledge to quickly identify the issue and do further research into how to treat them. Pretty much all diseases in an aquarium can be cured with simple adjustments and medcation.Here are a few of the most common Betta fish diseases to look out for:Fortunately, all of the common betta diseases mentioned in the graph are all treatable with a commonly available medication and a few changes being made to your maintenance routine.We have a specific guide for each of these diseases with step-by-step treatment methods in our Diseases & Cures section.

Do Bettas Need a Heater?

Yes, they do. Betta fish prefer temperatures around 80°F and tend to be much more active when kept in warmer waters. In the United States, where room temperatures are commonly between 67°F to 69°F, a betta fish without a heater is quite lethargic and may even become sick from the constant stress of being too cold. For recommendations on heaters, read our article How to Choose the Right Aquarium Heater.

The tank

Have you chosen your bettas home yet? We have selected and reviewed some of our favorite betta fish tanks in the linked article.Here are a few tips on choosing your own…Another tip is that is is also good to have an aquarium that is longer than high. This isn’tSome recommended tanks include, Fluval Spec V Aquarium Kit and biOrb FLOW.

Does a betta fish need a heater?

An ideal water temperature for a betta fish is around 77 – 80 degree Fahrenheit. Remember they are from tropical waters! This means that in most countries,It is important to keep temperatures at a constant. Fluctuations can be dangerous to your fish’s health. This is the job of the aquarium heater, it includes a thermostat ensuring a constant correct temperature even if the temperature in your house goes up and down. We have reviewed some ideal aquarium heaters and for larger tanks like 20-gallons heaters and produced a guide here.On very small tanks having a heater can be dangerous to the fish’s health due to the temperature of the water warming and cooling too fast. (But we know that betta fish should not be kept in small tanks anyways. )