This is a question that more than 7678 of our readers have been asking us! Luckily, we have found the most appropriate information for you!

A common question we are asked, is “how often do you feed a betta fish?” Given their tropical nature, like most other warmer tanks, bettas need to be fed at least twice a day. This is especially important considering that many betta fish tend to be overfed, receiving large meals infrequently. Along with inappropriate water temperatures, overfeeding can lead to a very dangerous gastrointestinal condition that can kill your betta.

Once you have selected a diet for your betta , it is critical that the container is stored properly and replaced every 6 months.

How much do you feed a betta fish daily?

In the wild, bettas sometimes eat small insects that land on the water, so naturally, pellets are more effective. Anything between 4 to 6 pellets a day is a good amount to feed a betta. This measurement can vary as manufactures produce differently-sized pellets, so take this measurement as a rule of thumb.

How many days can a betta fish go without food?

As we’ve just mentioned, betta fish can survive between 10-14 days without food. However, there are some major factors you should consider before leaving your betta fish unattended for such a long period of time.

How often do betta fish eat flakes?

How often should I feed my betta fish flakes? The recommended feeding is twice daily, with the first being in the morning and the second meal 12 hours later in the evening. The flake amount should be what they can consume within two minutes and adjust to less as needed.

How do you know if your betta fish is hungry?

Floating in one place is not on the agenda, except when they’re tired. If you notice your betta lethargic most of the time, and especially when you stand in front of his tank, he’s either sick or hungry.

It’s one of the most frequently asked questions that first-time betta fish owners have on their minds. Because, believe it or not, overfeeding is extremely common.

Let’s take a look at the feeding guidelines below to make sure you’re keeping your betta healthy and happy. If you’ve bought a normal betta from a pet store, you’re typically required to feed it around twice every day . However, it’s advisable to ask the owner if there’s any additional dietary requirement that you need to keep in mind. When you’re taking care of younger bettas, feeding them twice a day is perfectly fine as well. Since bettas have short digestive tracts, they can’t process fillers like wheat and corn and may not react well to these. Many flake foods and pellets contain these fillers that may lead to digestive issues like constipation. As a betta keeper, you need to make sure their food is rich in fat, fiber, protein, phosphorous, calcium, carbohydrates, and vitamins. Most betta keepers are advised to provide a wide variety of pellets, fish flakes, live, frozen, or freeze-dried foods. They’re packed full of essential Omega 3 and 6 nutrients that fish need to maintain their health. If you have enough space in your house to hold, store, and freeze bloodworms , then this is another amazing treat that you can feed your betta. Even though these frozen bloodworms are relatively expensive than traditional fish food, they can be stored for quite long. Soak these pellets in the tank water before to make sure they don’t expand inside your betta’s stomach. Just as the name suggests, you can also freeze or defrost these dried foods in small batches whenever you need them. Most bettas can do perfectly fine without food for a few days and won’t starve to death. If you don’t keep your betta fish inside a planted tank, there’s still no need to worry. Needless to say, if you’re going away for longer, it’s advisable to get a friend, family member, or neighbor to feed your fish every once in a while. As we’ve established in this article, you need to think carefully about the type of feed your giving your betta. It’s completely fine for your betta to skip a meal for a few days, as long as it doesn’t happen regularly. Remember to buy good quality food and give them a break from meals every now and then. Don’t overfeed your fish or you’ll end up putting its health at risk.

If you’re wondering what betta fish food, or how much and how often, you’re not alone. Surprisingly this is one of the most frequent questions when it comes to first-time betta keeping, and overfeeding is very common! To further complicate things, it’s not always wise to rely on the information from pet stores or on the food product labels either.

Bettas can be downright picky eaters too and tend to prefer eating food on the surface of the water instead of on the substrate of a tank. To keep your betta happy and healthy please follow each food and feeding guideline below as these tips could literally save your fish’s life: Providing the best nutritional value focuses on a betta’s need of protein, fat, fiber, phosphorus, carbohydrates, calcium, and vitamins (A, D3, E, K, B1, B2, B3, B5, B6, B12, C, H, M). These fillers are often found in many pellet and flake foods and can lead to excess bloat and digestive issues (e.g. constipation). For pellets that expand once wet, soak them in tank water before feeding to hydrate them, especially if your betta attacks food instantly. – May be hard to find, except online$$$$5.0 New Life Spectrum Betta Formula -Crude Protein (min): 37%-Color enhancing ingredients-High-quality ingredients One large benefit to freeze dried foods, however, is they are free of bacteria and parasites.They are also easy to find at local fish stores and online and are relatively inexpensive. While they may be hard to source during the winter months, mosquitos and their larvae are very active and abundant during spring and summer and in warmer climates. Brine shrimp are packed with the nutritional needs that betta fish need to thrive on (proteins, vitamins, and amino acids), and they’re easy to raise too. They can also be found at most local fish stores, making them a good option for varying up your betta’s diet. Betta’s put on a big show when going after these guys, but they shouldn’t be used as the exclusive source of food because they lack amino acids. Instead, there is a wingless and flightless variety that is ideal for feeding betta fish and can even be bred and harvested in a small container inexpensively. Overfeeding and overeating can lead to constipation , bloating, obesity (that’s right betta fish can get fat), swim bladder problems , contracting diseases because of the bacteria feeding on the excess food breaking down, and even death. It’s also a good idea to not feed your betta one day per week, this gives their digestive tract time to fully process food and it limits problems associated with overeating. A lack of appetite may mean that they are not hungry or have recently undergone some type of stress (e.g. tank cleaning, new home, abrupt water temperature changes). Cold water that is outside of the recommended range of 76-81 degrees Fahrenheit may also cause your betta to act lethargic and will slow their metabolism . Just like when we are sick, betta fish also won’t have big appetites while they are ill. Make sure to monitor for signs of illness and disease , and initiate the proper treatments as soon as possible. How much to feed your betta fish can depend on their individual activity level, but 2-3 pellets 1-2 times daily is a safe amount.

Welcome to our betta fish feeding guide. In this in-depth article, we’ll try to answer all your questions about betta food. If we don’t, ask away in the comments.

However, if you are unsure of the amount to feed your betta, you may like to weigh out 1.8 grams of your chosen food the first time you use it so that you get a rough approximation of what the portion size should be. Some bettas will happily consume more than 1.8 grams, and you do not need to strictly adhere to this number, but it’s a good amount (as a rule of thumb) to aim for in order to maintain the health of the fish. Bettas are very intelligent compared to other fish, so if you stick to a feeding time, chances are they’ll remember it. Bettas don’t tend to like flaked food because when it sits on the surface of the water it’s similar in appearance to debris. Giving your betta living food is a very natural, healthy option for your fish, but it can also pose a risk. Even so, there’s no 100% guarantee that it won’t be carrying anything, so bear this in mind if you do decide to feed your betta living food. Cubes will vary in size depending on manufacturer, but again, stick to the rule of thumb of feeding the betta 1.8grams. Because the food lacks moisture, it can absorb and expand, causing the fish to have constipation once it enters the digestive system. If you do decide to feed your betta freeze-dried food, you should first soak it in some aquarium water with an aquatics multivitamin (or any vitamin solution for fish). As mentioned before, freeze-dried food isn’t a good regular diet for bettas as it absorbs moisture in their stomachs and expands. If your betta is a fussy eater, try soaking the freeze-dried food in a flavour enhancer too (for example Seachem’s “Garlic Guard” ). Daphnia are tiny planktonic crustaceans that live in ponds and filter feed on microscopic algae and organic matter. This isn’t necessarily problematic if it happens rarely, but it you constantly overfeed your betta it will likely make it ill. If you feel you have overfed you betta, simply leave it to fast for a few days and allow it to digest all the food in its system. Simply grab a fresh pea (make sure it hasn’t been exposed to pesticides), boil it, peel the skin off, then chop it into small pieces so that they are bitesize for your betta. Living food is great for rearing hatchlings as it’s nutritious and it moves around, so it grabs the attention of the fry, making it easy for them to hunt.

How many pellets do I feed my betta fish a meal?

Once you have selected a diet for your betta, it is critical that the container is stored properly and replaced every 6 months. We have NEVER seen a betta actually finish a container of food. Since pellet size varies so widely, it is recommended that you feed the amount of pellets that would theoretically fit inside your fish’s eyeball per meal. This could be as few as 2 or 3, or up to 6 or 7, depending on the brand you choose. You do not need to soak your fish’s pellets prior to feeding. All fish can easily eat dry pellets and soaking only decreases their nutritional content.

How often do you feed a betta fish a day?

Starting with at least two meals a day, provided your tank is at the correct temperature, space your meals at least 6-8 hours apart. You can feed up to three meals a day if your fish is currently breeding or at the warmer end of the temperature range (80-82F/27-28C). Be sure to spread more frequent meals out 4-6 hours apart. This will prevent too much food from being in the intestines at once. Knowing your tank temperature is critical for good betta health. Do not trust your heater to work without checking it. Make sure your tank has a reliable thermometer and always have a spare heater handy.

Feeding Your Betta Fish

Wondering how often you need to feed your betta fish?You’ll be surprised to find that you’re not the only one concerned about what, how much, and how often you should feed your betta.It’s one of the most frequently asked questions that first-time betta fish owners have on their minds. Because, believe it or not,What makes it worse is that you can’t always rely on the information you get from the pet stores where you purchased your fish.When you’re taking care of younger bettas, feeding them twice a day is perfectly fine as well. Just make sure you’re feeding them once in the morning and once at night.Feeding your betta more than twice a day isn’t recommended generally. It’s important to note that bettasIt’s advised to give your bettas a break from food every now and then. This allows their bodies to get rid of the toxins before they can have the next meal.To give them a break, all you need to do is feed them once a day, skip a whole day, and then go back to the normal routine.Betta fish in the wild have been found to eat irregularly. This proves that skipping a meal from time and again is not a bad thing. You should keep an eye on your fish and check how it’s handling the frequency of feeding.How much and how often you feed a betta ultimately depends on how bloated it looks. You also need to pay attention to the amount of waste inside the tank to determine if you need to adjust their diet. You should change the routine once in a while for optimal health.The majority of betta keepers feed their fish pellets as they’re quite simple and effective.They’re not as messy as other food and can be portioned quite easily too. Frozen or freeze-dried foods can be given as treats or incorporated into their daily routine as well.

Betta Fish Dietary Requirements

Since bettas have short digestive tracts, they can’t process fillers like wheat and corn and may not react well to these.Many flake foods and pellets contain these fillers that may lead to digestive issues like constipation. They don’t provide any nutritional benefits either and only contribute to more waste.Bettas areThe best kinds of betta food you can get to take care of these dietary requirements. They don’t contain unnecessary and indigestible fillers either. As a betta keeper, you need to make sure their food is rich in fat, fiber, protein, phosphorous, calcium, carbohydrates, and vitamins.Make sure you’re not purchasing flakes that are made for goldfish or other kinds of tropical fish.Most betta keepers are advised to provide a wide variety of pellets, fish flakes, live, frozen, or freeze-dried foods.Here, we’ll take a look at each of them in detail:

Fish Flakes

Fish flakes are the most common type of fish feed. They’re a great go-to feed for bettas, especially the ones prepared by Omega One, a popular betta flake brand.They’re packed full of essential Omega 3 and 6 nutrients that fish need to maintain their health.In addition to that, they also contain beta-carotene that is found in salmon. These are known to be a natural color enchantment that gives betta fish the vibrant color they’re famous over the world for.These fish flakes are quite inexpensive and are a great option for all budgets. For your first time feeding these to your betta, only give them a handful. Keep an eye on them to see whether they’re eating them all or not.If your betta doesn’t enjoy fish flakes, there’s no need to worry. You can try giving them another form of feed.

Frozen Food (Bloodworms)

If you have enough space in your house to hold, store, and freeze bloodworms, then this is another amazing treat that you can feed your betta.They’re a great source of energy and will help your betta grown, unlike any other food. These will also help you maintain a healthy routine for your fish.Even though these frozen bloodworms are relatively expensive than traditional fish food, they can be stored for quite long. Before feeding them to your betta, you simply need to defrost them in tiny batches whenever needed.Bloodworms are usually fed as a treat or reward, not as regular food. You can feed this to your betta if you end up skipping a meal or want to replace any vitamins that were missing in their regular feed.

Betta Fish Pellets

Betta fish pellets’ is the most common betta fish food available in the market is pellets.They come with varying high-quality ingredients that are meant to help your fish stay healthy. The best kind of pellets is known to have fewer fillers. Some betta fish pellets can also expand once they’re exposed to water.You need to be careful while feeding those to your fish as they can cause digestive issues and bloating.Soak these pellets in the tank water before to make sure they don’t expand inside your betta’s stomach.

Freeze-Dried Foods

Just like frozen food, you can also buy and store freeze-dried foods for your betta. Bloodworms and other treats are also available in this variety.This form of feed is particularly great for all types of freshwater and saltwater fish. They’re rich in protein which is an essential nutrient that healthy fish thrive on.It’s advisable to give these as part of staple food and not on their own. The last thing you want is for your betta to get used to this treat.Just as the name suggests, you can also freeze or defrost these dried foods in small batches whenever you need them.

Best Betta Fish Food: Dietary Requirements

Betta fish are classified as carnivores, and eat insects in the wild. The best betta food replicates these specific dietary needs without a lot of added and indigestible fillers. For most betta keepers it may not be possible to source or provide live foods as a betta fish’s main diet. It’s best then, to
Betta fish have very short digestive tracts and do not process fillers like corn and wheat very well. These fillers are often found in many pellet and flake foods and can lead to excess bloat and digestive issues (e.g. constipation). Betta’s receive no nutritional benefit from fillers and just pass them off as waste. It’s very important you provide foods high in protein to satisfy their carnivorous needs. Fiber and moisture are also important to aid their digestion.

Betta Fish Pellets

Pellets are the most common betta fish food on the market, with quality varying greatly across each. The best pellets for betta fish will have fewer fillers and more high-quality ingredients that help fish thrive. Some betta fish pellets expand significantly after they are exposed to water.This can cause bloating and digestive issues if you’re not careful as they’ll expand in your betta’s stomach. For

Freeze-Dried Betta Food

Freeze dried food is a great option to introduce some of the betta’s natural food into their diet, but it does not replace the quality of live or frozen foods. Freeze dried foods have been stripped of their moisture and have added fillers to keep them stable.It’s recommended that you soak them in tank water before feeding to rehydrate them, increasing the moisture content.One large benefit to freeze dried foods, however, is they are free of bacteria and parasites.They are also easy to find at local fish stores and online and are relatively inexpensive. They store well and often come in your typical fish food containers.

Betta Fish Flakes

There are specific flakes made specifically for betta fish. Do not feed your betta other tropical fish flakes because they lack the protein requirements bettas need. Betta flakes can be a staple in regular feedings, but they can also be very messy. Excess or sunken flakes should be removed immediately after feeding. Betta fish often refuse to eat flakes as well.

Live & Frozen Betta Food

If you’ve never fed your betta anything other than pellets then you and your betta are missing out. Betta fish are carnivores and they get increasingly aggressive during feedings when they have to stalk their prey. This is also the best way to replicate their natural habitat and food sources.Some are harder to source than others but make for a balanced diet.Frozen foods come in many of the same options. It’s a great alternative to keeping live food. Frozen betta food may be kept in your freezer until you’re ready to defrost and feed them to your betta. Only take as much as you need placing the rest back into the freezer to prevent thawing. Never refreeze any food that has been thawed as it could have been exposed to bacteria.These options below are a betta’s favorites:

1. Live/Frozen Mosquito Larvae

A staple in their natural habitat, mosquito larvae are an excellent betta food option. While they may be hard to source during the winter months, mosquitos and their larvae are very active and abundant during spring and summer and in warmer climates. Purchase a starter culture and harvest them yourself, or find a reputable local or online store that carries them.

2. Live/Frozen Brine Shrimp

Brine shrimp are an aquatic crustacean that betta fish love. The photo above is zoomed in, from the University of Utah, they only grow up to 1 centimeter as adults. Brine shrimp are packed with the nutritional needs that betta fish need to thrive on (proteins, vitamins, and amino acids), and they’re easy to raise too. They can also be found at most local fish stores, making them a good option for varying up your betta’s diet.

3. Live/Frozen Bloodworms

Bloodworms or Glycera are the larvae of the midge fly and can be found in pools and ponds of water. Betta fish commonly gorge on them in the wild, making them ideal variations for even the pickiest of eaters. Betta’s put on a big show when going after these guys, but they shouldn’t be used as the exclusive source of food because they lack amino acids. They are high in iron content, resulting in their bright red coloring. If you can’t handle the live option (they are pretty gross looking), they also come in a gel or freeze-dried option.

4. Live/Frozen Wingless Fruit Flies

Also known as the vinegar fly, the common fruit fly is something you are probably very familiar with. Have you ever left bananas, apples or other fruit out in your kitchen, and all of a sudden there’s swarms of little bugs flying around them? Those are fruit flies and betta fish love them because they are insectivores. While you can technically drop them in for feeding, you don’t know what diseases they may have and they may fly out. Instead, there is a wingless and flightless variety that is ideal for feeding betta fish and can even be bred and harvested in a small container inexpensively.

5. Live/Frozen Mysis Shrimp

Mysis shrimp, or opossum shrimp, are another great option for betta fish because of their exoskeleton. This exterior is rich in fiber, which aids the digestion of protein-rich foods. If your betta fish is a picky eater, these guys might do the trick for some variety. They are packed with betta-loving nutrients, more so than brine shrimp, and are also high in moisture and amino acids.

Ideal Feeding Schedule:

Adult bettas can be fed once per day, and babies (fry) can be fed twice per day. It might not seem like enough, but many pellets expand to more than 2X their size once they get wet. To put this into further perspective,Bettas will overeat if you let them. Overfeeding and overeating can lead to constipation, bloating, obesity (that’s right betta fish can get fat), swim bladder problems, contracting diseases because of the bacteria feeding on the excess food breaking down, and even death.

What If Your Betta Fish Won’t Eat?

If your betta fish won’t eat or seems completely uninterested in food don’t worry. A lack of appetite may mean that they are not hungry or have recently undergone some type of stress (e.g. tank cleaning, new home, abrupt water temperature changes). Again, don’t worry about a couple days because bettas can survive up to 14 days without food.Cold water that is outside of the recommended range of 76-81 degrees Fahrenheit may also cause your betta to act lethargic and will slow their metabolism. A lower metabolism means they will need fewer feedings. As betta fish get older they will also be less active and may eat less frequently, this is normal.Once a betta recovers, their appetite will also begin to come back too. As mentioned above bettas can be picky too.

How much to feed a betta fish

A good daily portion of food for an adult betta is about 1.8 grams, but it doesn’t have to be exact. This applies regardless of the type of food you are feeding your betta. A betta keeper is not expected to meticulously weigh out 1.8 grams of food everyday, especially when a betta is on a diet of different types of food. However, if you are unsure of the amount to feed your betta, you may like to weigh out 1.8 grams of your chosen food the first time you use it so that you get a rough approximation of what the portion size should be. Some bettas will happily consume more than 1.8 grams, and you do not need to strictly adhere to this number, but it’s a good amount (as a rule of thumb) to aim for in order to maintain the health of the fish.

When to feed a betta fish

It’s a good practice to feed a betta one whole portion once a day, or two half portions twice a day. We recommend the twice-a-day feed as it’ll keep your betta that little bit more happy and stimulated. Bettas are very intelligent compared to other fish, so if you stick to a feeding time, chances are they’ll remember it.

What to feed a betta

It’s very important to give your betta a varied diet in order to keep it happy. Bettas love live food. If it isn’t of that much inconvenience, consider substituting the pellets for live food on a daily basis. A betta can live purely on live foods but not purely on pellets. Move your betta onto live food as soon as possible — no transition phase is needed.

Pellets or flaked food?

As a beginner, it’s not a bad idea to feed bettas pellets, but most bettas tend to be fussy when it comes to flaked food. Bettas don’t tend to like flaked food because when it sits on the surface of the water it’s similar in appearance to debris. Pellets also sit on the surface of the water, but they look more like insects. In the wild, bettas sometimes eat small insects that land on the water, so naturally, pellets are more effective.Anything between 4 to 6 pellets a day is a good amount to feed a betta. This measurement can vary as manufactures produce differently-sized pellets, so take this measurement as a rule of thumb. Aim for about 1.8 grams worth (for an adult betta) if you are unsure.Another variable to consider is the size and age of the betta. Younger bettas will need less pellets, older bigger bettas more. When reaching the end of their life span, some bettas will start eating less as they lose their appetite, so don’t put too many pellets in the aquarium if they’re not going to eat them. The fish will either overfeed or the pellets will sink to the bottom, decompose and then cause excess waste.Something else to take into account is your brand of fish food. Some pellets instantly sink to the bottom of the aquarium as soon as they hit the water. Most manufactures that produce specifically for bettas will create pellets that float – this will be specified on the pellet packaging. Aqua One Betta Pellets are a brand that we have been impressed with and used for our bettas.When deciding which pellets to give your fish, it’s a good idea to look at the ingredients. They’re usually written somewhere on the food packaging. You want to make sure your betta is getting the right nutrients. Pellets manufactured specifically for bettas usually contain the right ingredients, but some pellets are known to be better than others. Look for the level of protein given in the pellets; bettas are carnivores so protein is one of the most important vitamins for them. Good pellets will actually contain dried meats like brine shrimp, krill or fish. A minimum of 30% protein is what you should aim for.

Live Food

Live food usually consists of aquatic insects like bloodworm, brine shrimp and daphnia; similar to what bettas would eat in the wild, thus making live food one of the best options for your betta. Live food can be bought in three different forms: living, frozen or freeze-dried. Living or frozen foods are the best option for your fish — at least one of these will usually be sold in any good fish/pet store.Dried or freeze-dried versions (for example, freeze-dried bloodworm) is good, but shouldn’t be used to regularly feed your betta. It lacks nutrients compared to other live foods and can cause constipation. When feeding live food to a betta, aim to give it about 1.8 grams on a daily basis.Just to clear up any confusion about terminology: ‘Live food’ refers to the type of food, i.e. insects. This ‘live food’ is available in three different forms: living, frozen, or freeze-dried. It may seem a bit redundant referring to live food as being living, but it’s so we can easily distinguish between the three different forms, which we’ll now look at in more detail.

Living Foods

Giving your betta living food is a very natural, healthy option for your fish, but it can also pose a risk. Living food has a very high nutritional value and will please a betta, but some living food can carry disease. Bettas have been known to catch all kinds of diseases from it, the worst being tuberculosis (although this is a rare occurrence). Once contracted, tuberculosis is fatal for a betta.In the same way that if you put an infected fish into an aquarium, the infection can spread to all the other fish, the same can happen with living food. Because it’s ‘living’ it can harbour disease or parasites. Living food should therefore only be purchased from a reliable source/farm. Even so, there’s no 100% guarantee that it won’t be carrying anything, so bear this in mind if you do decide to feed your betta living food.Any professional, reliable fish store will stock their living food from a reliable farm. These aquatic insects are alive and are usually kept in watertight packaging. The insects available are usually bloodworm, brine shrimp, daphnia, etc. The alternative option is buying eggs and hatching the living food yourself. This gives you more control, but it still doesn’t guarantee that it won’t be carrying disease.

Frozen Foods

Most live food that has been frozen comes in cube form. Cubes will vary in size depending on manufacturer, but again, stick to the rule of thumb of feeding the betta 1.8grams.Regardless of manufacturer, cubes will always be big enough that giving a whole cube to one betta is a bad idea; most cubes are way too big to be used in one go.Instead, cut the cube into quarters. Then take one of the quarters and divide it in four — generally speaking these four parts will be small enough to be fed to the betta in one sitting. Defrost them, leave them out on a plate for about 20 minutes, then give to the betta. Sometimes it doesn’t seem like a lot, but it’s appropriate for a betta fish. A betta’s stomach is only about the size of its eyeball, so it gets full up rather quickly!

Freeze-Dried Food

Freeze-dried food is not the same as frozen food. Frozen food is great to give to your betta, if not on a regular basis. Freeze-dried food, not so much. This is because freeze-dried food lacks important vitamins which are lost in the drying process. Because the food lacks moisture, it can absorb and expand, causing the fish to have constipation once it enters the digestive system.If you do decide to feed your betta freeze-dried food, you should first soak it in some aquarium water with an aquatics multivitamin (or any vitamin solution for fish). An example brand is Boyd Enterprises “Vita Chem” for freshwater. As mentioned before, freeze-dried food isn’t a good regular diet for bettas as it absorbs moisture in their stomachs and expands. Also, it doesn’t tend to contain enough nutrients. By simply soaking it in this solution for about 15 minutes before feeding it to your betta it will a) pre-expand the food and b) allow it to soak in beneficial nutrients. This is a good way to feed your betta.If your betta is a fussy eater, try soaking the freeze-dried food in a flavour enhancer too (for example Seachem’s “Garlic Guard”). This way your betta will be more likely to take the food.

Growing your Own Live Food

If you really want to give your betta a treat, you could grow your own live food. Below are instructions on how to grow bloodworm, daphnia and brine shrimp for your betta.

Bloodworm

Bloodworm isn’t actually a worm. It sure does look like one, but it’s actually the larval form of a species of fly known as a midge. In the wild, bloodworm grow in ponds, puddles, pools or any stagnant, shaded bodies of water. The flies lay their eggs in the water, which hatch into bloodworm (the stage they are used to feed fish). Then they pupate and hatch into flies. Bloodworms are usually cultivated in netted troughs on a farm. These troughs are shaded, and contain stagnant water and natural debris to help stimulate the worm growth.A good way of mimicking this at home is by simply filling a bucket up with natural / de-chlorinated water, then adding dead leaves / soil so it sits at the bottom of the water in the bucket. Leave the bucket in a shaded area and simply wait. Over time, midge flies should lay their eggs in the water. These eggs will then hatch into bloodworm and grow. Two to three weeks after setting up the bucket, check for the bloodworm. They’ll be ready to feed to your fish when they’re about 2 cm in length and a bright red colour. You can try picking them out by hand (bloodworm are harmless) or netting them. You can also tip the content of the bucket out into a net or sieve to try sieving them out.

Daphnia

Daphnia are tiny planktonic crustaceans that live in ponds and filter feed on microscopic algae and organic matter. On a farm, daphnia are usually cultivated in large, slightly-filtered troughs. To grow your own, first you’ll need to acquire some daphnia / water-flea eggs. You can usually obtain these online, or at a fish store. They’ll need to go into some sort of container, such as a bucket. Simply fill the bucket with de-chlorinated water or rainwater and leave to stand for 2 days before adding the eggs.It shouldn’t take that long for the daphnia to grow (2 weeks, max). They’ll look like little grains of salt swimming around in the water when adult. Algae will naturally grow in the bucket for them to feed on. The hatched daphnia will breed with each other over time once hatched. Simply catch them with a net to feed them to your fish, but don’t catch all of them at once if you want them to reproduce. If you are planning on maintaining them for a long time, do an 80% water change of their container every 2 to 3 weeks.

Brine Shrimp

Find a container you wish to grow your brine shrimp in: any bucket, plastic container or aquarium will do. The brine shrimp need to have aerated water, so take this into account too. The best way to aerate the water is with an air stone – you can order air pumps / air stones online, or you should be able to find one in a fish or pet store. Fill the container with de-chlorinated, treated water. You’ll need to grab some aquarium salt or salt without iodine.For every 40ml of water, add 1.25 grams of salt. Leave this to mix and add the aerator to the container. Leave the water for 12 hours before adding the brine shrimp eggs. You can buy brine shrimp eggs online or a fish store may sell them. Once the eggs have been added to the water, it should take anything between 12 to 48 hours for the shrimp to hatch. A brine shrimp will be a fully grown adult at 6 weeks of age, but are a substantial meal for an adult betta at just 4 weeks old. Simply catch the brine shrimp you want to feed to your betta within a net, or you can just use your hand – brine shrimp are harmless.

Overfeeding

Any betta enthusiast will hear, “Never overfeed your betta!”, or something along those lines. So, why’s it so bad? There are a few reasons why.Bettas are greedy, they’ll eat as much food as they can get. All that’s going through their little fishy head is, “more more more”, “this might be my last meal”, “I should cram as much in as possible”. In the wild, bettas would rarely be exposed to a mass amount of food and wouldn’t necessarily eat that often, hence the constant thought to eat as much as possible should the opportunity arise. However, it would be rare for them to overfeed, and if they do it will only be on the odd occasion. If a fish consumes too much food at once, bloating, digestive blockage and constipation can occur. This isn’t necessarily problematic if it happens rarely, but it you constantly overfeed your betta it will likely make it ill.You’ll usually be able to tell if the fish is over fed just by looking at its stomach. The fish will look disfigured as its belly will be quite bloated. It may also have trouble swimming – sometimes overfeeding can cause swim bladder disorder (SBD). If you think your fish has got SBD from overfeeding, don’t worry too much. SBD isn’t permanent, but you do need to address it.If you feel you have overfed you betta, simply leave it to fast for a few days and allow it to digest all the food in its system. Once the symptoms seemed to have dissipated, continue normal feeding.Constipation or digestive blockage won’t always occur due to overfeeding; it may be due to a poor diet. Dry food or food that contains very little moisture has been known to expand in a bettas digestive system and cause blockages. Of course, if you don’t feed your betta dried food too often, this is unlikely to occur. This is another good reason to give your betta live food as much as possible compared to dried food or pellets.

Feeding your Betta a Pea

One of the oldest tricks in the betta book known to combat betta SBD and constipation is to feed it a de-skinned pea. This may sound a little strange, but it’s been known to work effectively. The pea works as a laxative and clear a betta’s gut.Simply grab a fresh pea (make sure it hasn’t been exposed to pesticides), boil it, peel the skin off, then chop it into small pieces so that they are bitesize for your betta. A betta might not always eat the pea, but keep trying until he or she does. Be sure to take any uneaten pea out of the aquarium as they can decompose and cause excess waste.It’s worth noting that a pea doesn’t need to be a regular part of your betta’s diet and you may only wish to feed it a pea if you think the fish is constipated. It’s fine to do once, maybe twice a week, but it would be unhealthy to do it more regularly than that.