How Many Calories Should a Dog Eat?

This tool was designed to aid the veterinary health care team in making nutritional assessments and recommendations to help their patients maintain or achieve their healthy weight. You can share this information with clients with a take-home worksheet. Use the report function to generate a summary of the calculation.

How do I calculate how many calories my dog needs?

(Resting Energy Requirements or RER), which can be calculated by multiplying the animal’s body weight in kilograms raised to the ¾ power by 70, for example, a 10kg (22lb) adult neutered dog of healthy weight needs RER = 70(10kg) 3 / 4 ≈ 400 Calories/day. One also can use the charts below to estimate resting calorie needs.

How many calories are in 1 cup of dry dog food?

The average 1-cup serving of dry dog food has anywhere between 325 and 600 calories. Also, keep in mind all of the treats that you feed your dog. A simple dog bone has about 35-40 calories.

The amount of calories a dog needs to eat in order to maintain a healthy body weight depends on a number of factors like age, breed and activity level. A good rule of thumb though is that a dog will need about 25-30 calories for every pound of body weight. Of course, this is just a rough estimate, if you want a more definitive answer you can use the dog calorie requirement calculator located at the top of this article.

Since an adult dog wont be growing anymore their caloric needs will only be dependent on their weight and activity level. How many calories should a dog eat in a day is highly correlated with their overall activity level.

A very active dog can burn through three to four times their recommended baseline calorie level. If your dogs activity levels have recently changed then you will most likely have to adjust the amount of food you give them in order to compensate for their new energy requirements. This should be done slowly in order to limit any gastrointestinal distress and to avoid any unwanted swings in their weight.

Just be sure to keep an eye on your dogs body composition while you modify their food intake, in order to make sure they are not getting too skinny or fat on their new diet. This is the bare minimum amount of energy a dog needs just to stay alive and it doesnt take into account physical activity or any other external factors. In order to calculate a dogs RER (resting energy requirement), you will need to know their weight in kilograms.

Once you have that figured out then you just have to take that number and multiply it by 70, and then you will have your dogs resting energy requirement, which in this case will be 616 calories. If your dog is obese or overweight, you will need to lower their caloric intake to a level that is equal to or less than their resting energy requirements. A puppy that is younger than four months old will need at least 80-90 calories per pound of body weight in order to properly develop.

The question of how much food a dog should eat per day per pound of body weight can only really be a rough estimate. As previously mentioned a number of factors play a role in a dogs energy needs like age and activity level. If you would just like a rough estimate, then in order to provide a dog with 25-30 calories per pound of body weight, they will need to eat about 8 grams of dry food, or about 23 grams of wet food to meet their daily energy requirements.

Average Adult DogModerate ActivityHigh Activity 349 calories654 calories1308 caloriesA 10 pound dog that is relatively inactive will need to eat 349 calories per day. Extremely active 30 pound dogs, on the other hand, could need up to 2980 calories a day in order to meet their energy needs. In order for a 70 pound dog to engage in a moderate level of activity, they will need 2813 calories per day.

Very active 70 pound working dogs will need to consume up to 5627 calories a day to keep up with their jobs energy requirements.

Just when everyone sits down for dinner, you hear the pounding of four furry paws as your Chocolate Lab dashes towards the dining room. She skids to a stop next to your chair, and drool begins to pool on the floor under her open mouth as she stares longingly at the delicious meal atop the table. While she patiently waits for a morsel of food to drop you think to yourself: is she still hungry? Am I not feeding her enough? How much food should I be feeding her?

*Notice: The calorie counts below are for general guidance only, please consult your vet for a specific caloric recommendation.

Calorie Calculator for Dogs

A Weight Management Tool for Adult DogsThis tool was designed to aid the veterinary health care team in making nutritional assessments and recommendations to help their patients maintain or achieve their healthy weight. You can share this information with clients with a take-home worksheet. Use the report function to generate a summary of the calculation.

How Many Calories Does a Dog Need?

The amount of calories a dog needs to eat in order to maintain a healthy body weight depends on a number of factors like age, breed and activity level. A good rule of thumb though is that a dog will need about

Age

A dog’s age plays a significant role in how many calories they will need since a puppy will require proportionally more calories than an adult in order to grow. The younger a puppy is the more calories they will need since they experience the most rapid rate of growth when they are less than 4 months old. After their initial growth spurt until they finally become an adult they will still need more calories, but the amount will slowly taper off as they reach their expected adult size.Once a dog reaches full maturity at about two years of age, their metabolism will slow down significantly. Since an adult dog won’t be growing anymore their caloric needs will only be dependent on their weight and activity level. The only other factor that can contribute to an adult dogs caloric needs is if they are neutered or not. Dogs that aren’t fixed will have a slightly higher metabolism, if your dog is not fixed you can select that option on the dog calorie calculator located above to get a more accurate answer.

Activity Level

How many calories should a dog eat in a day is highly correlated with their overall activity level. A very active dog can burn through three to four times their recommended baseline calorie level. Moderate activity alone can double a dogs caloric needs, and even light activity like a vigorous walk can increase the amount of energy they need by up to twenty percent.If your dog’s activity levels have recently changed then you will most likely have to adjust the amount of food you give them in order to compensate for their new energy requirements. This should be done slowly in order to limit any gastrointestinal distress and to avoid any unwanted swings in their weight. Just be sure to keep an eye on your dog’s body composition while you modify their food intake, in order to make sure they are not getting too skinny or fat on their new diet.

Calculating a Dogs Resting Energy Requirement

A dogs resting energy requirement is the amount of energy a dog needs in order to maintain vital bodily functions. Some of which are respiration, digestion, thermoregulation and nervous system function. This is the bare minimum amount of energy a dog needs just to stay alive and it doesn’t take into account physical activity or any other external factors.

Calculate Maintenance Energy Requirements

In order to calculate a dogs RER (resting energy requirement), you will need to know their weight in kilograms. If you already know your dog’s weight in pounds simply take that number and divide it by 2.2 to get your dogs weight in kilograms. For example, if your dog weighs 40 pounds then their weight in kilograms will be (40 lbs / 2.2 = 18.18 kg).Once you have your dogs weight in kilograms you will then have to raise that number to the power of 0.75. For example, if your dog weighs 18.18kg then 18.18 to the power of 0.75 will equal 8.8 (18.18

Dog Calorie Calculator

Just when everyone sits down for dinner, you hear the pounding of four furry paws as your Chocolate Lab dashes towards the dining room. She skids to a stop next to your chair, and drool begins to pool on the floor under her open mouth as she stares longingly at the delicious meal atop the table. While she patiently waits for a morsel of food to drop you think to yourself: is she still hungry? Am I not feeding her enough? How much food should I be feeding her?Although dogs communicate in other ways, they cannot tell us what they’re thinking. It can be difficult to understand what kind of food they need or how much they really should be eating.In order to better understand dogs’ daily food requirements, the University of California-Davis School of Veterinary Medicine created the MER, or the “maintenance energy requirement.” Your pup’s MER represents the amount of calories she needs to consume in order to do her everyday activities. Weight and exercise habits are contributing factors in your dog’s MER.We created a handy calculator to eliminate all the guesswork in determining your dog’s MER. Just plug in your pup’s information and voila! It will tell you how many calories your dog should consume every day. We want all pet parents to #GoTogether confidently with their pups, and this calorie counter is one way for dog owners to educate themselves on their dog’s proper nutrition.Now that you know your dog’s MER, you can determine how much food she needs by checking out our food brand chart. The chart shows the average calories per cup from many popular food brands,* so you can see how many cups of food your dog needs every day to stay healthy and fit. If you’re planning a hiking trip, you can also get an idea of how much extra food you’ll need to bring so that your pup can safely replenish the calories she burns.Just remember that this calorie counter is not meant to take the place of your veterinarian’s recommendations. It should give you a general idea of what your adult dog should be eating. Every breed is different, every dog is different, and the same dog will need more or less as they age.