Dogs will have their first estrous (reproductive or heat) cycle when they reach puberty. Each cycle consists of several stages; the stage called estrus refers to when the female can become pregnant. Often a dog that is in the estrus stage is said to be in heat or in season.
In many cases, a bloody vaginal discharge is the first sign that a pet owner will notice when their dog comes into heat. Male dogs can detect a female in heat from a great distance and may begin marking your property with their urine in an attempt to claim their territory.
However, sperm can survive for a week in the reproductive tract and still be capable of fertilizing the eggs, so it is possible for her to get pregnant at any point while she is in estrus. The best way to prevent your dog from becoming pregnant is to have her surgically sterilized (an ovariohysterectomy or spay operation) before she has her first estrous cycle. Since it can be difficult to predict when this first cycle will occur, most veterinarians recommend performing an ovariohysterectomy before the dog is six to seven months of age.
How long does a dog bleed in first heat?
The first signs your dog is in heat are the swelling of her vulva and bright red bloody discharge. “There will be lots of licking,” Nielsen says. A dog in heat can bleed for around 7 to 10 days. During this first stage of the reproductive cycle, the female will not accept a male.
What should I expect when my dog goes into heat for the first time?
Proestrus : Proestrus is the start of the heat period where your dog’s body is preparing to mate. Signs seen during this phase include a swollen vulva, blood-tinged discharge, excessive licking of the genital area, clingy behavior, and aggression toward male dogs. Your dog may also hold her tail close to her body.
How long does a dog stay in heat after bleeding stops?
How long does a heat cycle or estrus last? Heat cycles vary, but average two to three weeks for most dogs. The heat cycle begins with the first signs of vulvar swelling or vaginal discharge. It ends when all discharge ceases and the vulva has returned to its normal size.
An unspayed female dog who is ovulating and ready to breed is commonly referred to as being in heat. Heres what you should know about the dog heat cycle.
The first signs your dog is in heat are the swelling of her vulva and bright red bloody discharge. As this final stage ends, the vulva returns to normal and the discharge tapers off.
Nielsen says in her experience, “They seem to show a preference for spring and fallwhen the days lengthen and then when it starts getting cooler.”
Do you have a male or female dog, which has not yet been spayed or neutered? In this case, knowing the signs of a dog in heat is very important for both male and female dog parents. This can help you to do the following:
On average, most dogs reach puberty by the age of six months , but this can vary. Most female dogs will have have their first periods irregularly, but the cycle tends to normalize in the first two years.
Normally, female dogs are in heat twice a year, for a period of two to three weeks. urinate more often raise her leg differently while urinating or when she sees a male dog pay more attention to male dogs become more affectionate become lazier or aroused handle her heat period well by herself or not really know how to react run away, to practice hiding from male dogs Your male dog might even neglect opportunities for food or water, since his instinct is very much focused on mating.
Get some tips on how to persuade your dog to drink water in order to avoid dehydration. Interesting facts show that some female dogs in heat even run away from home . Very often, they sense the heat cycle of a female dog and start to track it.
Use a Tractive GPS tracker to keep an eye on your dog during the heat cycle . Sometimes a female dog will become more affectionate and clingy with her owner, other times she may seem a bit grumpy. Appetite changes: Its not unusual for a dog to go off her food a bit during this first week, or she may get hungrier.
Whatever the change is, taking note of it can be a significant clue that the heat cycle has begun. Flirting: Whereas she previously tucked her tail to push away male company, she now begins to behave flirtatiously. E.g. inviting the male by turning her rear toward him and holding the tail high and out of the way.
As diestrus takes over, the fertile part of the heat cycle comes to an end. This stage can last from 60-90 days and, at this point, the dog is no longer fertile . If the dog has been impregnated, the diestrus stage lasts from the end of the estrus until the birth of the puppies (around 60 days).
Menthol on the tip of her tail: When walking outdoors, this may be a good trick to hide the scent. It may become handy if a male dog suddenly appears nearby, so he does not detect your female in heat. Use a Tractive GPS tracker: If a dog in heat suddenly runs away in search of a mate, a Tractive GPS tracker will show you exactly where your dog is headed.
That way you will quickly and easily find your female friend again and protect her from unwanted pregnancy. This following infographic illustrates the act of sex or mating between two dogs. T he different stages and duration of the dog mating process are as follows:
For this reason, they will change positions (the turn), and the dogs will continue mating (second stage coitus) as illustrated in the infographic below. The uterus, vagina, bulb, vulva and penis are all involved in the sexual act between dogs. One of the main takeaways from the infographic is the fact that it is forbidden to separate dogs during the mating act, since this can lead to serious consequences.
Female dogs are, similar to humans, very neat during the heat period. You could start preparing your dog for the new clothing item, before the period kicks in. Abortion shot : This option is not without risks and should be only used in extreme emergency cases.
Hormonal suppression : With this treatment, one can provoke various uterus illnesses to the female dog.
A dogs first season can be a messy and turbulent time for pets and owners alike, but if youve decided not to neuter your new puppy or if you plan to breed from her in the future, its an inevitable stage to be gotten through.
Lets take a closer look at the dog heat cycle, understanding your bitchs first season and how to make life easier for her during this time. An un-neutered female dog will usually come into her first season at around 6 months old, although smaller breeds can come into season earlier and larger breeds a while later (sometimes not until theyre 12 months old).
Unlike humans, female dogs can go into heat throughout their lives although the length of time between seasons will increase as they get older. This occurs 7-10 days before she comes into season and usually stops once the oestrus period has begun, although this isnt the case for all. They might display sexual behaviour: mounting other dogs, your furniture or your leg, for example.
Some bitches may become more domineering or commanding during their season; others may appear anxious and display maternal characteristics such as gathering toys in her bed or sleeping area. If you have other dogs in your house, its a good idea to separate them at night and when you leave the room consider a baby gate if you dont already have one. Shell be feeling confused during her season so keep her reassured with lots of cuddles and quality time.
Youll naturally be exercising her outside less so if your bitch is restless, keep her mind occupied with some indoor games. If she really doesnt like wearing pants, keep her somewhere with a laminate floor or a surface thats easy to clean blood/discharge from! This will eliminate the risk of womb infections , unwanted pregnancies and free both you and your pet from the hassle associated with their season.
How long does estrus last?
The earliest sign of estrus is swelling or engorgement of the vulva, but this swelling is not always obvious. In many cases, a bloody vaginal discharge is the first sign that a pet owner will notice when their dog comes into heat. In some cases, the discharge will not be apparent until several days after estrus has begun. The amount of discharge varies from dog to dog.The vaginal discharge will change in color and appearance as the cycle progresses. At first, the discharge is very bloody, but as the days pass, it thins to become watery and pinkish-red in color. A female dog that is in heat will often urinate more frequently than normal, or may develop marking behavior, in which she urinates small amounts on various objects either in the home or when out on a walk. During this phase of her cycle, the urine contains pheromones and hormones, both of which signal her reproductive state to other dogs. This is the reason that dogs in heat will attract other dogs, particularly males.Male dogs can detect a female in heat from a great distance and may begin marking your property with their urine in an attempt to claim their territory.
How Long Are Dogs in Heat?
An unspayed female dog who is ovulating and ready to breed is commonly referred to as being “in heat.” Here’s what you should know about the dog heat cycle.If your sweet little girl is not yet spayed, don’t be caught off guard if she gets her period. You should be in the know about the female canine heat cycle, called estrus—including the signs of a dog in heat and how long a dog stays in heat.
When Do Dogs Go Into Heat?
This time of fertility and breeding can be a fact of life for your dog at a surprisingly young age. Lonna J. Nielsen, DVM, of Winterset Veterinary Center in Winterset, Iowa, says, “The timing of the first heat varies by the size of the dog. It can be as soon as 6 months of age for small dogs or 1.5 years for giant breeds. Having an intact [non-neutered] male in the house will bring heat in faster for a female. It can be as young as four months for small dogs!”
How Often Do Dogs Go Into Heat?
A dog’s heat cycle recurs roughly every 6 months for unspayed female dogs until 8 to 10 years of age. Nielsen says in her experience, “They seem to show a preference for spring and fall—when the days lengthen and then when it starts getting cooler.” The first heat cycle, Nielsen explains, will be light and owners may be thinking
How long does a dog’s season last?
The typical heat cycle will last between 2 and 4 weeks.
Keep your bitch separate from male dogs
A dog in heat is essentially sending pheromones out to the male dogs in the area, so she’ll be getting her fair share of attention! If you have other dogs in your house, it’s a good idea to separate them at night and when you leave the room – consider a baby gate if you don’t already have one.When walking, keep your bitch on the lead. Aim to walk during quieter times of the day, avoiding other dogs where possible. Don’t let her outside on her own and give any dog socialising classes a miss until the season is over.
Spend some quality time with your dog
She’ll be feeling confused during her season so keep her reassured with lots of cuddles and quality time. You’ll naturally be exercising her outside less so if your bitch is restless, keep her mind occupied with some indoor games.
Use special dog pants
These are lifesavers when your dog is in season. If she really doesn’t like wearing pants, keep her somewhere with a laminate floor or a surface that’s easy to clean blood/discharge from!