How Long Do Jack Russells Live?

If you have considered adopting a dog in the past but did not want to commit to the life expectancy of a more typical dog breed, a Jack Russell may be the option for you. As long as you can provide it with adequate food, water, and shelter, a Jack Russell is likely to outlive other dog breeds.

A Jack Russells life span can realistically be 13-16 years and some having the potential to live as long as 17. Depending on the specific characteristics of an individual dog, it is theoretically possible for them to live up to 17 years of age .

This article will explain why caring for your Jack Russells grooming and health needs are critically important. If you make a consistent habit of grooming your dog, it will be easier to keep his coat healthy and shiny. This helps remove loose hair and will promote a good diet for your Jack Russell.

Jack Russells are very small dogs that require a high-protein diet in order to keep them in peak health. A Jack Russell should have no trouble getting the amount of exercise it needs in your yard by running around and through the grass and going on walks with you. Heart disease and high blood pressure Osteochondritis Cataracts Calcified laryngeal papilloma Blindness, ear infections, fractures, parasites , and more

The life expectancy of a Jack Russell depends on its overall health, quality of care, and the individual characteristics of the dog itself. A Jack Russell will get less active as he gets older, and this can lead him to gain weight if his diet is not adjusted properly. Since they need exercise on a daily basis, and because they often run , jump , and do tricks , this can, unfortunately, lead to joint issues when they get old.

Before you know it your dog may suffer from disease or other health issues that will require more care and attention. Through proper care, you will make sure that your Jack Russell has a long, happy, and healthy life. In this case, your dog could suffer from everything from obesity to a heart condition, but it could still live a long and healthy life if the issues are treated early.

If you want your Jack Russell to be healthy and live a long time there is one thing that you must consider; diet. It is important to take your dog to a veterinarian if there are any signs of heart problems to prevent further complications. If your Jack Russell becomes infected with disease, then the vet may have to prescribe antibiotics to cure the problem.

Conditions such as cataracts, glaucoma, and dry eye can lead to blindness if not taken care of quickly. The oldest Jack Russell to have ever lived was a dog called Charlie from Britain who died in 2019 at the age of 23. The current oldest living Jack Russell, Boycie, also hails from Britain and despite being deaf, he is happy at the age of 21 years.

What health problems do Jack Russells have?

Dental disease. Your Jack Russell Terrier should not have stinky breath. ….Dental abnormalities. Jack Russells are a breed known to have some sort of dental abnormalities. ….Glaucoma. ….Cataracts. ….Primary Lens Luxation (PLL) ….Patellar luxation. ….Hip and elbow dysplasia. ….Legg-Calve-Perthes.

What is the oldest Jack Russell to live?

The Jack Russell terrier is another small breed that often lives up to 16 years old. According to Guinness World Records, the oldest Jack Russell was Willie, reaching age 20 in 2014.

What do Jack Russells suffer from?

The Jack Russell Terrier is a small dog breed. With small dog breeds, health issues related to bone growth, deafness, and eye diseases are going to be the most common diagnosis.

Can Jack Russells live to 20?

Jack Russell’s Life Expectancy. In general, you can always expect a Jack Russell to live 12 or more years assuming they are healthy. However, A Jack Russell, who can altogether avoid health complications and lives a life full of exercise, can live closer to 16 years.

Jack Russells are a dog breed with one of the longer life expectancies compared to many other dog breeds, which can be one of the clear benefits if you decide to adopt a Jack Russell in the future.

Jack Russells can often have common health problems later in life, such as deafness and some eye conditions. I also wanted to touch on this topic a bit more in-depth and compare Jack Russells to some other typical terrier dog breeds to give you an idea of how long Jack Russells live.

Otherwise, give me 2 minutes and I will break down everything I think you should know about a Jack Russells life expectancy. As mentioned, a moment ago, adopting a Jack Russell means that you are typically going to get a good lifespan and have the opportunity at a long-lasting bond . In general, you can always expect a Jack Russell to live 12 or more years assuming they are healthy.

Next, I want to cover the lifespan of a Jack Russell compared to other common terrier dog breeds. Below, I have created a quick table of the most common terriers and their average life expectancy to see how the Jack Russell compares. Breed of TerrierAverage Life Expectancy Jack Russell Terrier13-16 YearsYorkshire Terrier13-16 YearsWire Fox Terrier13-14 YearsWest Highland White Terrier12-16 YearsWelsh Terrier12-15 YearsToy Fox Terrier13-14 YearsTibetan Terrier12-15 YearsStaffordshire Bull Terrier12-14 YearsWheaten Terrier12-15 YearsSkye Terrier12-15 YearsSilky Terrier12-15 YearsSealyham Terrier12-14 YearsScottish Terrier12-15 YearsRussell Terrier13-15 YearsRat Terrier 15-18 Years (Longest) Parson Russell Terrier13-15 YearsNorwich Terrier12-14 YearsNorfolk Terrier12-15 YearsMiniature Bull Terrier11-14 YearsManchester Terrier14-16 YearsLakeland Terrier12-16 YearsKerry Blue Terrier13-15 YearsIrish Terrier13-15 YearsGlen of Imaal Terrier10-14 YearsDandie Dinmont Terrier12-15 YearsCesky Terrier12-15 YearsCairn Terrier12-15 YearsBull Terrier10-14 YearsBoston Terrier13-15 YearsBorder Terrier12-15 YearsBlack Russian Terrier 10-11 Years (Shortest) Bedlington Terrier12-14 YearsAustralian Terrier11-13 YearsAmerican Staffordshire Terrier10-15 YearsAiredale Terrier10-12 Years It is not known what the age of the oldest currently living Jack Russell is at this time, but the oldest documented Jack Russell Terrier was named Willie and was born in 1994.

Willie lived until September of 2014 at the age of 20 years 106 days old in the United Kingdom before passing away. Compared to some of the other larger dog breeds, 20 years is an exceptionally long life. Do you have anything further to add about how long an individual can expect a Jack Russell Terrier to live?

Sadly, though, they do stop eventually. The Jack Russell lifespan is 1316 years, which is better than the average lifespan of 1013 years for dogs in general.

British people settling in Australia took these dogs with them to help keep down vermin on their homesteads; a feat at which they excel. Positive reinforcement has mostly replaced outdated methods of dog training that included harsh words and even physical punishment.

Eye diseases including progressive retinal atrophy, cataracts, and lens luxation. They will appear uncoordinated, will lose their balance easily, and may experience problems with vision and involuntary eye movements. Hip/elbow dysplasia poorly-formed elbow and hip joints make the bones grind together painfully, which causes inflammation and arthritis.

Patellar luxation a condition that causes the patella (kneecap) to slip out of place when the dog is walking, often resulting in a yelp of pain. This can be a real danger if the dog has an open wound or loses a tooth, and it also makes surgery extremely risky. Hemolyticanemia an immune system disease that makes the body destroy its own red blood cells, resulting in anemia.

Although they havent been completely eradicated in Jack Russells, enough work has been done over the years to reduce the possibility. As we mentioned at the start, small dogs generally live longer than larger breeds, but the Jack Russells lifespan has been boosted by the commendable actions of breeders. You can play your part by ensuring that your dog has the best diet of high-quality food, plenty of exercise, and regular checks at the vet.

So, they mostly owe their long life to good breeding, and you can build on this by giving them the right care and attention. This adorable little dog is a cross between a purebred Chihuahua and a Jack Russell Terrier, and it has a life expectancy of 13 to 18 years. The exact origin of this cute mixed breed is unknown, but they are thought to have first appeared in the US in the late 1990s when the fashion for hybrids really took off.

They inherit the charm and personality of both parents, along with the endless energy that makes them a bit of a handful at times. It is essential that you socialize your Jack Russell properly in order to avoid any unfortunate events later on. In truth, however much training you give them, you will probably never be able to fully suppress their prey drive, so it is always best to supervise them when small children and pets are around.

A big, secure yard is a good start, but youll need to find plenty of places for long walks. As a Jack Russells lifespan is as much as sixteen years and maybe more, youll have to make sure youre able to cope with all that energy for a good long time! Their nails will need a monthly clip, and you should check their ears weekly for dirt and excessive wax, and clean when necessary.

In fact, theyll tell you when someone is passing the end of your drive, or if a cat has crossed the road, or if they hear a noise in the night. Theyre usually into digging in a big way, so youll need to keep an eye on your lawn and your prized flower beds. Theyre easy to feed and wont break the bank in terms of the volume they eat, but you should always give them high-quality dog food.

For example, foods such as durian , turnips , cilantro , jicama , and brussels sprouts are not only safe but beneficial for our furry friends as well. Get ready for this as it might come as a shock: your beloved Jack Russell will most likely be zooming around at top speed well into his tenth or eleventh year. As we pointed out earlier, dogs tend to become calmer after being spayed or neutered, but this isnt guaranteed.

We then discovered that this is partly because the breeding process has protected the gene pool, resulting in fewer inherited health problems. Even grooming is a vital process, as it not only helps with the bond between you, but it also gives you the opportunity to check them over for any signs of illness, such as lumps (that could be tumors) or hidden wounds that could become infected. You should ideally book two or three routine visits to the veterinarian every year in order to have your dog checked as they may be able to identify and resolve any problems before they become too serious.

Sadly, illness isnt the only thing that affects a Jack Russells lifespan, or that of any other dog. But, veterinary consultations, treatment, operations, and medication all take their toll on your wallet, so it makes sense to be prepared! Every dog owner wants their beloved pooch to live a long and happy life.

Grooming and keeping the coat healthy

Maintaining a healthy, shiny coat is one of the best ways to keep your dog healthy. Dogs with good coats are healthier than dogs with poor coats, so do not neglect to groom your dog.If you make a consistent habit of grooming your dog, it will be easier to keep his coat healthy and shiny. The most important aspect of grooming is regularly brushing and combing the coat. This helps remove loose hair and will promote a good diet for your Jack Russell.

Dog Food

Jack Russells are very small dogs that require a high-protein diet in order to keep them in peak health. Depending on your Jack Russell’s breed, it may need a diet that contains 25% to 40% protein.

Water

Jack Russells do best when they have access to clean water all of the time, but especially during warm weather. Not letting your dog drink enough water can lead to dehydration and lead to death in a very short time frame.Be sure that you check on your dog regularly and make sure it drinks enough water daily. If you see that he is not drinking the minimum amount of water, give him some food and keep making sure he drinks plenty of water throughout the day until you see improvement.

Exercise

Jack Russells are very energetic, but they do not require a lot of exercise. They typically need around 30 minutes or less of daily exercise. A Jack Russell should have no trouble getting the amount of exercise it needs in your yard by running around and through the grass and going on walks with you.

Special Attention

Jack Russells are very healthy dogs that require very little care or medications. However, you should still familiarize yourself with the common diseases and conditions that your dog may contract in your area. Some diseases and conditions your Jack Russell may contract are:

Jack Russell old age problems

As with any other dog breed, Jack Russells can suffer from certain

Deafness

I’m listing this first as this was the first sign I noticed as my Jack Russell, Charlie, got older. Jack Russells can go completely deaf or only partially.

Blindness

Jack Russells are prone to eye problems, and they can also go blind when they get old.

Dental Issues

We all try to take good care of their teeth, but Jack Russells will eventually experience dental issues like gum diseases and decayed teeth when they get old.

Weight Problems

A Jack Russell will get less active as he gets older, and this can lead him to gain weight if his diet is not adjusted properly.

Arthritis

We all know that Jack Russells are very active dogs. Since they need exercise on a daily basis, and because they often run, jump, and do tricks, this can, unfortunately, lead to joint issues when they get old.

Constant Shaking

Jack Russells can suffer from Wobbler Syndrome, constant shaking episodes, when they get old.

Epilepsy

Our furry friends can suffer from epilepsy when they get old. This has happened to Charlie, my Jack Russell, but luckily we were able to treat it with medication.

Prevention is the best medicine

Prevention is always better than treatment. Before you know it your dog may suffer from disease or other health issues that will require more care and attention.Through proper care, you will make sure that your Jack Russell has a long, happy, and healthy life. If you have a puppy or older dog, then be sure to spend time with your dog and take care of its health needs when necessary.

The first signs of problems

Be aware of your dog’s health and don’t ignore any symptoms. Your dog might not show all the symptoms at once, but if you watch for signs that something is wrong you will be able to take care of them before they become severe.In this case, your dog could suffer from everything from obesity to a heart condition, but it could still live a long and healthy life if the issues are treated early.

Diet is key to good health

If you want your Jack Russell to be healthy and live a long time there is one thing that you must consider; diet. Be sure to feed your dog a diet that is high in protein and low in carbs.If you don’t you may end up with a dog that is overweight and suffers from diabetes. Diabetes can cause blindness, but there are treatments to prevent or reverse the effects of the disease.

Aging gracefully

As a Jack Russell gets older, it will be more susceptible to ailments and conditions such as arthritis, thyroid problems, heart conditions, eye problems, and more.When this happens the owner will need to adjust their routine with their Jack Russell. If the Jack Russell is ignored and not given the proper care it will be harder to recover.

Heart problems

The Jack Russell has a very strong heart that will overcome most issues, but small problems such as a heart murmur can present themselves to lead to fatal conditions if care is not taken.It is important to take your dog to a veterinarian if there are any signs of heart problems to prevent further complications. Although your dog may live long enough without heart problems, they will be living a shorter life than normal because of it.

Infections

Infections are the main cause of death for older dogs. If your Jack Russell becomes infected with disease, then the vet may have to prescribe antibiotics to cure the problem.Antibiotics can be very harmful to your dog’s body if they are abused and overused. Be sure to follow the instructions of how often you should give your dog antibiotics and what not to do while using them.

Eye problems

Another common issue that people don’t pay attention to in their dog is eye issues. Conditions such as cataracts, glaucoma, and dry eye can lead to blindness if not taken care of quickly.This is why it is so important to take regular trips to the vet so that they can check your dog’s eyes and make sure that there are no problems or signs of a potential problem developing.

Jack Russell’s Life Expectancy

As mentioned, a moment ago, adopting a Jack Russell means that you are typically going to get a good lifespan and have the opportunity at a long-lasting bond.Especially compared to some other terrier breeds.In general, you can always expect a Jack Russell to live 12 or more years assuming they are healthy.However, A Jack Russell, who can altogether avoid health complications and lives a life full of exercise, can live closer to 16 years.Compared to other terriers and other dog breeds in general, this is a relatively long lifespan and life expectancy for a dog.Next, I want to cover the lifespan of a Jack Russell compared to other common terrier dog breeds.

Jack Russell’s Lifespan Compared to Other Terriers

Below, I have created a quick table of the most common terriers and their average life expectancy to see how the Jack Russell compares.Here are my findings:

What Is the Oldest Living Jack Russell?

It is not known what the age of the oldest currently living Jack Russell is at this time, but the oldest documented Jack Russell Terrier was named Willie and was born in 1994.Willie lived until September of 2014 at the age of 20 years 106 days old in the United Kingdom before passing away.Compared to some of the other larger dog breeds, 20 years is an exceptionally long life.

Provide Great Care to Enjoy Long Lifespans

If you are considering a Jack Russell, it should be clear that this is a long-term play.Even longer than most dogs.With Jack Russell’s, given the fact that they live 13+ years means that you have 13 years to enjoy them but it also means that you have 13 or more years to ensure you understand how to take care of a Jack Russell properly.Jack Russell’s need socialization, exercise, and love to live their longest and best lives.Ensure you are providing this and providing the most ethical care possible for your new Jack Russell.

The Jack Russell Terrier

The Reverend John Russell was, as many people of his status were at the time, a keen hunter.He wanted a hunting dog that could keep up with the larger hounds, but which was small enough to flush foxes out of bolt-holes.So, he produced the fiery, tan and white high-energy dog that came to be known as the Jack Russell terrier, which shares its origins with a similar breed called the Fox terrier.A variation with longer legs was labeled the Parson Russell terrier, and it is considered a different breed in England, although in the US, these are probably more popular, and are known as Jack Russells.This confusion about breed standards led several groups to resist the American Kennel Club’s (AKC) wishes to recognize the breed.In the end, the AKC listed the Russell terrier and the Parson Russell terrier, but it still does not recognize any dog as a Jack Russell terrier, even though most Americans use this name for both breeds!Since its creation as a working dog in the mid-1800s, the Jack Russell has increasingly found favor as a companion dog, especially after fox hunting became unfashionable and virtually disappeared.However, that hunting instinct has remained firmly embedded in this pooch’s genes. They have a very strong prey drive and love working.In fact, companionship and hard work are their two favorite things!Although its origins lie in England, Australian enthusiasm for the breed is responsible for its development and distribution across the world.British people settling in Australia took these dogs with them to help keep down vermin on their homesteads; a feat at which they excel.Even today, Jack Russells will chase rats down and dispatch them in seconds.In character, they are bold, lively, alert, and energetic. They are also affectionate, loyal, and protective.On top of this, you can add intelligence and a touch of stubbornness that needs a firm hand to keep in check.They are very eager to please, so reward-based training is the sure way to get them onside.Positive reinforcement has mostly replaced outdated methods of dog training that included harsh words and even physical punishment. Modern society mostly regards these methods as being cruel and unnecessary, and rightly so.

What Health Problems Do Jack Russells Have?

All dogs can suffer from health issues at some point in their lives, and some breeds are more susceptible to certain conditions than others.For a breed that has such a long life expectancy, the list of potential health problems is surprisingly long:This genetic mutation causes a degenerative process that affects the dog’s ability to walk properly, resulting in an awkward gait.They will appear uncoordinated, will lose their balance easily, and may experience problems with vision and involuntary eye movements.The first relates to an obstruction of the blood flow from the heart to the lungs, while the second condition is due to a weakened heart muscle.This brings many potential health issues, along with putting extra strain on the heart and increasing the chance of diabetes, heart disease, and joint problems.That’s one scary list! However, it isn’t complete, as there are other health conditions that aren’t mentioned. But, just how much does this all affect a Jack Russell’s lifespan?Well, despite the alarming list of health problems, this is a very hardy breed that’s considered generally healthy!Just remember, not every dog will suffer from all the diseases or problems listed here, and even those that do will often make a full recovery or be able to live full and active lives.Keep reading to find out why this might be!

Why Do Jack Russells Live So Long?

The answer lies in the genes! But, the dogs can’t take all the credit. They owe their long life expectancy to the breeders who have protected the gene pool.Practices such as in-line or direct breeding thin out the gene pool in some breeds, leading to a host of inherited genetic disorders.Although they haven’t been completely eradicated in Jack Russells, enough work has been done over the years to reduce the possibility.The key here is to only use responsible breeders.Many of the health problems listed above are common to most dog breeds and not specific to JRTs. And, some of these have only remained a problem due to recessive genes that have found their way into the mix.As we mentioned at the start, small dogs generally live longer than larger breeds, but the Jack Russell’s lifespan has been boosted by the commendable actions of breeders.This has resulted in a tough, wiry, but loveable breed that is a favorite of dog lovers everywhere. There are reports of Jack Russells living for as long as 20 or 25 years!Though this might be rare, it isn’t at all impossible. You can play your part by ensuring that your dog has the best diet of high-quality food, plenty of exercise, and regular checks at the vet.So, they mostly owe their long life to good breeding, and you can build on this by giving them the right care and attention.

Lifespan Of A Jack Russell Chihuahua Mix

Ever heard of a Jack Chi? This adorable little dog is a cross between a purebred Chihuahua and a Jack Russell Terrier, and it has a life expectancy of 13 to 18 years.This impressive fact reinforces the idea that smaller dogs live longer, and you can’t get any smaller than the Chihuahua!Eighteen years is a fantastic age for a dog by anyone’s standards, but interestingly enough, the Jack Chi has a slightly lower lifespan than its Chihuahua parent, which can be up to 20 years.The exact origin of this cute mixed breed is unknown, but they are thought to have first appeared in the US in the late 1990s when the fashion for hybrids really took off.They inherit the charm and personality of both parents, along with the endless energy that makes them a bit of a handful at times.

Are JRTs Okay For Families?

Jack Russells are perfect for families. However, as with all dogs, you need to be alert and aware, and you must have your dog trained and socialized as early as possible.Training is one thing, and your dog will probably love the opportunity. These dogs are sharp-minded and always alert, eager, and willing to zoom off as soon as you give the word.Socialization is something else. It gets your pup used to the presence of other people, such as family members and other pets. It is essential that you socialize your Jack Russell properly in order to avoid any unfortunate events later on.Otherwise, that heightened prey drive might send them after small animals, including pets. They may also be intolerant of very young kids pulling them around, resulting in the odd nip.In truth, however much training you give them, you will probably never be able to fully suppress their prey drive, so it is always best to supervise them when small children and pets are around.Those high energy levels need an adequate outlet, so you’ll need to be active. A minimum of one hour every day of walking, running, and playing will be needed to keep them happy.And, a tired dog is a happy dog! Without this, they will soon become bored and get into mischief.They absolutely love playing fetch the ball. You could say they’re obsessed with it. This is a handy way of tiring them out without you having to exert yourself too much.One way of cutting back some of that energy and getting them to calm down is by having your dog spayed or neutered. It should never be seen as a cure-all solution, and results vary.But, getting your dog ‘fixed’ is the responsible thing to do anyway, unless you are actively planning to allow them to breed.Photo from: @jackrussellcrewDespite being a small dog, the Jack Russell isn’t suited for urban living or small apartments. They need space to zoom around and explore. A big, secure yard is a good start, but you’ll need to find plenty of places for long walks.As a Jack Russell’s lifespan is as much as sixteen years and maybe more, you’ll have to make sure you’re able to cope with all that energy for a good long time!Grooming your Jack Russell shouldn’t be too much of a problem. They have three different coat types: smooth, rough, or broken coat, which need brushing once a week.Their nails will need a monthly clip, and you should check their ears weekly for dirt and excessive wax, and clean when necessary.It has to be said that this is a very vocal dog. They do love to bark, and they’ll let you know when someone is calling.In fact, they’ll tell you when someone is passing the end of your drive, or if a cat has crossed the road, or if they hear a noise in the night. It’s something that dog owners get used to!They’re usually into digging in a big way, so you’ll need to keep an eye on your lawn and your prized flower beds.They’re easy to feed and won’t break the bank in terms of the volume they eat, but you should always give them high-quality dog food.Cheap food is often packed with fillers and poor-quality proteins that will make your dog sick over time. You can also add some human foods to their diet. For example, foods such as durian, turnips, cilantro, jicama, and brussels sprouts are not only safe but beneficial for our furry friends as well.

When Do Jack Russells Calm Down?

You can’t talk about the Jack Russell lifespan without mentioning their energy levels. You have noticed that we’ve mentioned it a few times here!Seriously, though, if you’ve owned or met a JRT before, you’ll have witnessed it for yourself. They can be like a miniature whirlwind racing through your home or zooming across the park.Don’t be fooled by their size! This is a solid little dog that’s all muscle, ready to spring off after a ball, a stick, or another dog. They’re prepared to take on anything, no matter how big.All that energy can be daunting for some people, especially first-time dog owners. Most dog breeds start to calm down once they mature, around a year old.Even so, we all know dogs that still keep some of that puppyish charm and bounciness well into old age.This little firecracker is something else, though. It can be exhausting just watching them. That tail never seems to stop whizzing around, and you could wonder why they don’t take off in a comical helicopter-like fashion.But, when does this energy start to fade? One year? Two years or longer?Get ready for this as it might come as a shock: your beloved Jack Russell will most likely be zooming around at top speed well into his tenth or eleventh year.Yes, that’s right, you’ll have to cope with a high-energy pup for at least a decade! If you’re okay with that, then that’s great.On the other hand, if this isn’t something you relish, then perhaps you need to look for a calmer, more suitable dog.As we pointed out earlier, dogs tend to become calmer after being spayed or neutered, but this isn’t guaranteed.Results vary, and can sometimes bring about an unwelcome change in their personality. This operation has some excellent health benefits, but it should not be viewed as a quick fix.In the end, this is the Jack Russell all over. They are loveable, affectionate, loyal, and they live life at full speed. It’s just part of their charm, so get used to it!