Hedgehogs have smooth spines on their coat, similar to the bristles of a brush. Unlike rigid porcupine quills, which are sharp, these creatures are more approachable and not dangerous as pets. The African pygmy hedgehog, or four-toed hedgehog, is the smallest of the hedgehog species and is the species often sold for the pet trade. You can find these animals in a wide array of color patterns, including salt and pepper, snowflake, and cinnamon. Pet hedgehogs are quiet, active, and entertaining, but they require a lot of care. They need spacious housing that must be cleaned often and a quality hedgehog food. Plus, as nocturnal animals you will need to feed and care for them in the evening hours.
When a hedgehog gets introduced to a new scent or food, it begins to froth at the mouth and spread its saliva all over its back. African pygmy hedgehogs stretch between 5 and 8 inches long and weigh about 1 pound on average.
The hedgehogs housing should be in a spot that’s quiet, dimly lit, and warm (around 70 to 85 degrees Fahrenheit). Unlike some small animals, hedgehogs do not tend to use litter pans, so expect to do a lot of cleaning. Some African pygmy hedgehog owners use indoor-outdoor carpeting or fleece fabric to line the cage instead of using loose bedding material.
However, if you choose carpeting or fabric, make sure to clip loose threads that can tangle up your hedgehog, and always have a backup piece for easy cleaning and replacing. In addition to the staple diet, provide around 1 teaspoon of chopped fruits and veggies per day in a separate small bowl. Chasing live insects mimics foraging efforts in the wild and provides mental stimulation for captive hedgehogs
Whatever you choose, make sure to change your hedgehog’s water daily (or more often if it gets dirty), and check regularly that the bottle tip is working. Be patient and cradle the ball in your hand, allowing your hedgehog to unroll itself and start exploring in its own time. Also, dont forget to factor in the cost of an annual veterinary checkup, along with emergency vet visits.
A good breeder will breed for sound temperament and handle their young hedgehogs regularly. Hedgehogs require a moderate amount of maintenance, primarily in keeping their environment clean.
How big is a full grown hedgehog?
A full-grown four-toed hedgehog is between 6 and 11 inches long and weighs 18-25 ounces (510-708 grams).
Do hedgehogs make good pets?
Pet hedgehogs are quiet, active, entertaining, and require a lot of care. They make great companion pets, however, as nocturnal animals, you will need to feed and care for them in the evening hours.
How big do domestic hedgehogs get?
What is the average size of a pet Hedgehog? On average when fully grown a pet hedgehog is between 6 to 8 inches (around 15 to 20 centimetres) long and this can be seen when they are fully uncurled and relaxed.
Can hedgehogs hurt you?
Even in this state, you can touch a hedgehog without too much damage (few hedgehog owners are ever poked hard enough to break their skin). However, try to avoid getting your fingers trapped by a hedgehog rolling into a ball as they are strong and being squeezed and poked at the same time is sure to be painful for you!
I recently got infatuated with hedgehogs, so I decided to get me one. African pygmy is the most common domesticated Hedgehog, And If you are thinking about getting a Hedgehog, or if you are new to owning one, Youre probably wondering how big they can get or how fast they grow, me too so:
Their size is all relative depending on an adequate feeding schedule, bedding, and the property room temperature for the Hedgehog to flourish. Maintaining a diet within those respective ranges ensures that your hedgehog
does not gain too much weight and become obese.
Which is about 6 to 10 inches in length, and Commonly reach up to about 2.5 lbs in weight. Some have known to be even upwards of 4 pounds, but this is very rare with males tending to be slightly larger than the female. Around six weeks (nearly a month and a half) the baby hoglet can weigh up to 260 grams, which is equivalent to 0.57 lb.
Eleven months old a hedgehog is considered fully grown. Autumn time is the most prominent weight gain due to fat storage for wild hedgehogs.
Domesticated breeds have been domesticated because they tend to be smaller than wild breeds. The 13 wild breeds of hedgehog can grow to be a foot in length and several pounds in weight. This compared to the 3 domesticated breeds that reach 5 and 9 inches in size, and pound and 1 pound in weight.
The 3 common domesticated breeds (the African Pygmy, Egyptian Long-Eared, and Indian Long-Eared) are smaller than their undomesticated, wild counterparts, which make up the other 13 recognized species of hedgehog. As briefly discussed above, the main factor in determining the hedgehogs adult size is breed, not whether they are in the wild or captivity.
Too small of an area can lead to health problems in hedgehogs, including depression, loss of appetite, and related negative consequences. Therefore, its important to ensure that hedgehogs have a running wheel in their enclosure, and plenty of room to move around, to make sure they get enough exercise every day. If they seem to be getting fatter, weighing more than they should, or otherwise seem abnormal, you can always consult with a vet or expert most of the time, its a weight issue, and more exercise or better diet can help.
African Pygmy Hedgehog Behavior and Temperament
Requiring a moderate amount of care and active mostly at night, African pygmy hedgehogs are a good pet for someone who has a 9-to-5 job. They are quiet and solitary animals that do not crave human interaction or the company of other animals. They take time to get used to humans but can be hand-tamed with constant, gentle handling and interaction. Hedgehogs are not known to bite; the spines are their main form of defense.Most hedgehogs have an interesting “self-anointing” habit, which can be off-putting to witness for the first time. When a hedgehog gets introduced to a new scent or food, it begins to froth at the mouth and spread its saliva all over its back. No one is entirely sure why hedgehogs do this, and some do it more than others. But it is not a cause for concern. Experts think it could be a stress release or a form of protection.
African pygmy hedgehogs stretch between 5 and 8 inches long and weigh about 1 pound on average. They reach maturity in roughly two to eight months.
These solitary animals prefer to be housed alone and might fight if kept with other hedgehogs. Even individually, they need room to explore. An enclosure that’s at least 2 feet wide and 4 feet long is sufficient, though bigger is always better. Select housing with a smooth floor and walls, such as an aquarium. Make sure it has a tight-fitting mesh lid to allow for air flow and security. An enclosure with wire walls is also an option, but make sure the wire spacing is 1 inch or less to prevent the hedgehog from squeezing through. Do not use an enclosure with wire floors, as this can hurt their feet.The hedgehog’s housing should be in a spot that’s quiet, dimly lit, and warm (around 70 to 85 degrees Fahrenheit). Include a box or other hiding spot where the hedgehog can go to feel safe and sleep. Some hedgehogs also enjoy playing with toys, such as small balls. And they tend to enjoy tunnels. Unlike some small animals, hedgehogs do not tend to use litter pans, so expect to do a lot of cleaning.
Specific Substrate Needs
Aspen shavings and recycled paper alternatives are commonly used bedding options, as is kiln-dried pine. Avoid cedar shavings, as the scent can be toxic to small mammals. Some African pygmy hedgehog owners use indoor-outdoor carpeting or fleece fabric to line the cage instead of using loose bedding material. These options are more sustainable, as they can be washed and reused. However, if you choose carpeting or fabric, make sure to clip loose threads that can tangle up your hedgehog, and always have a backup piece for easy cleaning and replacing.
Training Your African Pygmy Hedgehog
The most common training hedgehogs respond to is being hand-tamed. At first, this discerning animal might curl into a spiky ball when you try to pick it up. Be patient and cradle the ball in your hand, allowing your hedgehog to unroll itself and start exploring in its own time. When your hedgehog realizes you mean no harm, it will get more active and its spines will flatten.
African pygmies like to exercise, and they need it to prevent obesity and other health issues. In the wild, they travel great distances daily. Provide an exercise wheel for your hedgehog to get active. The wheel should be open-sided and have a solid surface rather than bars, which can cause injury. It should be at least 10 inches in diameter to allow your hedgehog plenty of room to run in place.
A hedgehog will generally groom itself. However, it might need periodic nail trims, as it likely won’t wear down its nails in captivity like it would in its natural environment. Many owners can learn to trim their hedgehog’s nails on their own after a vet shows them how. It’s important to keep your hedgehog calm and still during this process.
Regular purchases of essentials for your hedgehog will include a quality diet and fresh bedding. Some additional costs you might incur include treats and toys. Also, don’t forget to factor in the cost of an annual veterinary checkup, along with emergency vet visits. On a monthly basis, you can look at spending between $20 and $40 on average, depending on the types of diet and bedding you choose.
Purchasing or Adopting Your African Pygmy Hedgehog
Instead of buying your spiny companion from a pet store where you don’t know its origin, look for a reputable breeder or rescue. There are hedgehog-specific rescue groups in many areas. You also can check with a local exotic animal veterinarian to see whether they know someone who wants to rehome a pet. The average price ranges from $100 to $300, though this can vary widely. Young, hand-tamed hedgehogs often go for higher prices, as do hedgehogs with desirable coloring.
How big do hedgehogs get?
Hedgehogs raised in captivity generally grow larger than wild hedgehogs,When it comes to size for a male and female Hedgehog, the male is slightly bigger than the female. However, the difference is not that great a half a pound or so, and now the question is which one you prefer.Pet food, of course, it is all relative to your pet hedgehogs recommended diet. However, I suggest premium dry cat food. One that is high in protein 30% or more and low in fat 15% or less. Maintaining a diet within those respective ranges ensures that your hedgehog does not gain too much weight and become obese. Just a handful per day will do just fine and watch your hedgehog you might have to adjust the portion of how much or how little to give your hedgehog.The length of the biggest Hedgehog in the world is a breed called the European Hedgehog. Which is about 6 to 10 inches in length, and Commonly reach up to about 2.5 lbs in weight. Some have known to be even upwards of 4 pounds, but this is very rare with males tending to be slightly larger than the female.Well, typically a newborn baby hedgehog (also known as a hoglet) can weigh between 30 grams to 80 grams at birth and up to two weeks of age. By the time the hoglet baby reaches about four weeks in age. They can weigh about 110 in grams up to 170 grams in weight which is equivalent to 0.24 lb — 0.37 lbs. in weight. Around six weeks (nearly a month and a half) the baby hoglet can weigh up to 260 grams, which is equivalent to 0.57 lb. in weight. Generally, hedgehogs in captivity have a better succession rate, gain weight more rapidly than non-domesticated Hedgehog so, by the six weeks, a hedgehog in captivity ( given adequate feeding, room temperature, bedding) overall care can reach weights up to 600 grams, or equivalent to 1.3 lb. in weight.Eleven months old a hedgehog is considered fully grown. Moreover, the weight of an 11-month-old Hedgehog would be about 1 lb. to 1.25 lbs. in weight And have a length of 1 of 5 inches to 8 inches long.Well, the biggest breed of Hedgehog known on record is the European Hedgehog which has a length of 6.3 inches to 10 inches long. A full-grown adult European pants off way up to 2.4 pounds in weight. The most massive recorded weight of a hedgehog to date is 4.4 lb in weight. Autumn time is the most prominent weight gain due to fat storage for wild hedgehogs.