Guinea pigs can eat a wide variety of fruits, vegetables and herbs with some of their most popular foods being lettuce, kale, parsley, coriander, cucumber, carrot, sweet bell peppers, tomato and apple. Our comprehensive guinea pig food list of over 60 fruit and veg tells you how often it is safe to feed these foods to your guinea pigs.
Mixing several vegetables in their daily fresh food portion helps your guinea pigs get a good range of vitamins rather than a lot of a select few nutrients. About cup of vegetables is a good amount of fresh food for a daily portion for one guinea pig.
Guinea pigs tend to stop eating when theyve had enough so after a few minutes, remove whatever veggies are left so it doesnt attract flies or go bad. However, if they arent eating fruit and veg properly for whatever reason, it may be necessary to give a supplement.
What should a guinea pig eat daily?
Timothy hay : Provide an unlimited quantity of fresh timothy hay every day. Guinea pigs need continuous access to hay to aid their digestion and limit the growth of their teeth. Fruit and vegetables: Fresh vegetables can be offered once a day and should be equivalent to about one cup total per guinea pig per day.
What do guinea pigs eat list?
Romaine lettuce (never iceberg lettuce).Carrots and carrot tops..Peas..Broccoli spears..Spinach..Artichokes..Kale..Tomatoes (not the stems or leaves)
What are guinea pigs favorite food?
Each guinea pig is different, and most will have their own favorites. Most of them love carrots and broccoli, and some love nothing better than fresh grass nibbled from a lawn.
How much should I feed my guinea pig?
Adult Guinea Pigs. Grownup guinea pigs should each eat about 1/8 cup of pellets once a day. At the same time, your pets have to have unlimited amounts of fresh timothy to chew on whenever they want. If you give more than 1/8 cup pellets per pig per day, increase the hay intake and lower the consumption of pellets.
Guinea pigs are herbivores, so their diet should be one based on high-quality guinea pig hay, pelleted guinea pig food and limited amounts of fresh vegetables and fresh fruit. An imbalance in nutrition can cause chronic diarrhea, obesity and diseases of the heart, liver or kidneys. Gradually introduce new foods to your guinea pig‘s diet as abrupt or significant dietary changes can cause problems (such as diarrhea).
Fresh, filtered, chlorine-free water must be constantly available, especially during warmer weather, as guinea pigs are susceptible to heat stroke. Guinea pigs require this kind of fiber for proper digestion; therefore, it must be available at all times.
Chewing on hay also helps to wear down your guinea pig‘s teeth, which grow continuously. Pellets : Commercial is specially formulated to provide balanced nutrition with the ideal dosage of Vitamin C and other essential nutrients. Choose pelleted food that has been veterinarian-tested and approved and follow the feeding instructions on the packaging as a guide.
Romaine lettuce (never iceberg lettuce) Carrots and carrot tops Peas Broccoli spears Spinach Artichokes Kale Tomatoes (not the stems or leaves) Green and red bell peppers Other dark green veggies Wash all produce thoroughly to remove traces of harmful pesticides and avoid serving vegetables cold. Oranges Apples Pears Strawberries Blueberries Kiwi Papayas Peaches Cucumbers
Some commercially produced treats contain artificial sweeteners, sugar or salt, so carefully read labels when selecting healthy options for your pet.Since your guinea pig‘s teeth grow continuously, you should provide a variety of fun chews, including sticks, toys, balls, blocks and treats made especially for small animals. Cecotropes : Nature has provided guinea pigs with an unusual method for supplementing their unique nutritional needs. Cecotropes are small, soft pellets that contain nutrients absorbed from plants during the digestive process.
While this process may look bizarre or even revolting, you must not discourage it as cecotropes are a necessary part of your guinea pig‘s diet. Some foods can be poisonous, some are too high in fat or sugar, some are a choking hazard, some have no nutritional value, some can cause gas and some can cause bloat. A short list of the foods to avoid feeding your guinea pig includes:
Chocolate (or anything else containing caffeine) Onions Garlic Mushrooms Iceberg lettuce Avocados Nuts Potatoes Seeds Corn kernels Peanut butter Rhubarb Cabbage Bok choy Dairy products Bread Meat You should also never offer your guinea pig any plants, flowers or grass from your yard or garden as they may contain pesticides or other hazards; many houseplants are also toxic, so always supervise your little pet when they out of their habitat. Pellets and treats fortified with Vitamin C should provide your guinea pig‘s daily needed intake, but there are also additional options.
Supplementing with treats in the form of citrus fruits and vegetables allows you to provide Vitamin C from natural sources, while still giving him the opportunity to enjoy the diversity and fulfillment that comes from a well-balanced diet. Consult with your veterinarian to ensure that your guinea pig is getting the proper nutrition they need.
Guinea pigs don’t usually overeat, but it’s important to provide the proper balance of pellets, hay and fresh vegetables. Like human beings, guinea pigs cannot make their own vitamin C, so they require vitamin C-rich foods in their daily diet.
If your guinea pig develops loose stool, reduce the amount of fresh produce for several days, then reintroduce it in smaller portions. Read a more detailed explanation and consult a veterinarian who specializes in guinea pigs with specific questions about diet.
Your pig will be perfectly happy with high quality pellets and hay and treats of fruits and vegetables. For a special snack, try mixing some rolled oats into your guinea pigs pellets or stuff a small cardboard tube with fresh hay. Spot clean your guinea pig‘s food bowl as needed throughout the week if they kick bedding or droppings into it.
The steady amount of produce in your guinea pig‘s diet means that you need to be conscientious about removing uneaten fruits, veggies and other perishable foods before they spoil.
How much to feed
Guinea pigs don’t usually overeat, but it’s important to provide the proper balance of pellets, hay and fresh vegetables. Like human beings, guinea pigs cannot make their own vitamin C, so they require vitamin C-rich foods in their daily diet.Guinea Pig Hay on Amazon.comGuinea Pig Pellets on Amazon.comFruit works well as an occasional treat that is offered once a day or several times a week. Keep the portion size small since fruit is high in sugar; a small wedge of orange or apple, several blueberries or a thin slice of banana is perfectly adequate. Kiwis, strawberries and citrus have high levels of vitamin C.Introduce new fruits and veggies gradually to avoid diarrhea. If your guinea pig develops loose stool, reduce the amount of fresh produce for several days, then reintroduce it in smaller portions.
Time for treats
There are a variety of commercial treats marketed for guinea pigs and other small animals. Loaded with artificial sweeteners such as high fructose corn syrup, fructose or sucrose, they provide little nutritional value and lots of empty calories.Commercial treats are unnecessary and a waste of money. Your pig will be perfectly happy with high quality pellets and hay and treats of fruits and vegetables. For a special snack, try mixing some rolled oats into your guinea pig’s pellets or stuff a small cardboard tube with fresh hay.Sign up to receive our exclusive e-book full of training techniques, problem-solving and important information about caring for your pet.
Multivitamins and mineral wheels
Mulitvitamins and mineral or salt wheels are marketed as supplements to your guinea pig’s diet, and the wheels are also advertised as outlets for gnawing. But if you’re feeding your guinea pig a varied and well-balanced diet, these products shouldn’t be necessary.The glues and adhesives that hold mineral and salt wheels together may be harmful. Furthermore, the bleaching process for salt wheels introduces unnecessary chemicals into your pig’s diet. Although there isn’t consensus on these products, they should be considered a low priority when considering how best to spend your pet supply budget.
A delish dish
Opt for a ceramic food dish rather than a plastic one. Ceramic dishes are sturdy, chew-resistant and difficult to overturn. They’re also durable and shouldn’t need to be replaced unless they become cracked or chipped.Look for a wide, shallow bowl. Many guinea pigs like to place their front feet on the rim of their food bowl when they eat and this design will lessen the chances that the bowl (and your pig!) could be upended.Spot clean your guinea pig‘s food bowl as needed throughout the week if they kick bedding or droppings into it. Wash the bowl with soapy water and rinse and dry thoroughly during the weekly cage cleaning.Guinea Pig Bowls on Amazon.com