Full Grown West Highland White Terrier?

The West Highland White Terrier, commonly known as the Westie, is a breed of dog from Scotland with a distinctive white harsh coat with a somewhat soft white undercoat. It is a medium-sized terrier, although with longer legs than other Scottish breeds of terrier. It has a white double coat of fur which fills out the dog’s face, giving it a rounded appearance.

The Westie is an active breed, and is social with a high prey drive, as they were once used to hunt rodents . Cousin to the Cairn Terrier , the Westie was bred to hunt small rodents at places such as farms.

It has been featured in television and film, including in Hamish Macbeth , and in advertising by companies such as Cesar dog food and the Scotch whisky Black & White . [2] Members of the breed typically weigh between 15 and 20 pounds (6.8 and 9.1 kg), and the average height is between 1011 inches (2528 cm) at the withers . They also have a deep chest, muscular limbs, a black nose, and a short, closely fitted jaw with “scissors” bite (lower canines locked in front of upper canines, upper incisors locked over lower incisors).

[3] The Westie’s paws are slightly turned out to give it better grip than flat-footed breeds when it climbs on rocky surfaces. [4] In young puppies, the nose and footpads have pink markings, which slowly turn black as they age. They have a soft, dense, thick undercoat and a rough outer coat, [2] which can grow to about 2 inches (5.1 cm) long.

The temperament of the West Highland White Terrier can vary greatly, with some being friendly towards children, while others prefer solitude. [ citation needed ] It will not typically tolerate rough handling, such as a child pulling on its ears or fur, and can frequently be both food- and toy-possessive. It is a loyal breed that bonds with its owner but is often on the move, requiring daily exercise (1530 min though ideally, at least an hour).

Having a typical terrier prey drive, it tends to be highly interested in toys , especially chasing balls. [14] The disease is an autosomal recessive condition, so a puppy can only be affected by it if both of its parents are carriers of the faulty gene . [3] About a quarter of Westies surveyed are affected by atopic dermatitis , a heritable chronic allergic skin condition.

[16] An uncommon but severe breed-specific skin condition, hyperplastic dermatosis, may affect West Highland White Terriers, both juveniles and adults dogs. The condition typically develops over one to three days, resulting in tremors of the head and limbs, ataxia, and hypermetria . Other less common conditions which appear in the breed include hydroxyglutaric aciduria, which is where elevated levels of Alpha-Hydroxyglutaric acid are in the dog’s urine, blood plasma, and spinal fluid.

It can cause seizures, muscle stiffness, and ataxia , but is more commonly found in Staffordshire Bull Terriers . [21] However, the chances of this condition occurring are much higher in some other breeds, such as the Australian Shepherd and the Miniature Pincher . The king ordered that a dozen of these white terriers be procured from Argyll to be presented to the Kingdom of France as a gift.

The dog seemed to produce these white puppies regardless of the sire to which she was bred, and after drowning over 20 of these offspring, he came upon the theory that it was an ancient trait of the Scottish Terrier that was trying to reappear. Flaxman is credited with classes being added to dog shows for white Scottish Terriers towards the end of the 19th century. The first generation of Poltallochs had sandy-coloured coats, and had already developed prick ears, which is a trait seen later in the modern breed.

The first breed club was set up in 1904; Niall Campbell, 10th Duke of Argyll , was the society’s first president. By the time of Malcolm’s death in 1930, a stable type had appeared with prick ears, a white coat, and a short back. A Westie in a modern show-cutIn major conformation shows , the breed has been equally successful on both sides of the Atlantic.

Because the breed was not yet recognised independently, the championship title was not retained when the dog was reregistered as a West Highland White Terrier. Dianthus Buttons, owned by Kath Newstead and Dorothy Taylor, took the title for the breed in 1976. [35] As of 2010, the Westie is the third-most popular breed of terrier in the UK, with 5,361 puppies registered with the Kennel Club.

[46] In the film Lethal Weapon 3 , Carrie Murtaugh, played by Ebonie Smith, carried a Westie early in the movie when Martin Riggs (played by Mel Gibson ) brings his laundry to the Murtaugh home. ^ “West Highland White Terrier Health Survey Final Report” (PDF) . “Inbreeding impact on litter size and survival in selected canine breeds” (PDF) .

“2007 West Highland White Terrier Health Survey Final Report” (PDF) . “Col. Edward Donald Malcolm, 16th Laird of Poltalloch, and the West Highland White Terrier” (PDF) . [Jinnah] had two dogs, one formidable black Doberman, the other a white West Highland Terrier.

West Highland Terriers: The dogs that are clever, funny and inquisitive, with an irresistibly smiley demeanour and a skip in their step” .

Is a Westie a good family dog?

We can conclude Westies are lovable, affectionate companions who make the best pets for families with children older than eight. They enjoy playing and moving around due to their energetic nature. You will want to seek training to make sure your dog is well-behaved and heeds your commands.

Do Westies bark a lot?

Barking is a natural dog behavior and sometimes its okay when our furry little friends are trying to communicate, but sometimes they just don’t want to shut up. If you have a West Highland Terrier that is constantly barking, here are a few tips that you can use to stop (or at least reduce) your Westie’s barking.

How big do West Highland White terriers get?

Male Westie terriers grow to be about 11 inches tall, while females will be just a smidge shorter at 10 inches.

What is the average price for a West Highland Terrier?

The average price of a West Highland Terrier is $1,000, with $800 and $1,500 being the upper and lower price limits with most breeders. While it may not be the most expensive dog breed out there, it is still quite pricey especially considering how small the doggies are.

The West Highland White Terrier, often simply called the Westie, is a small, sturdy dog. The head is in proportion to the body and when viewed from the front gives off a round appearance. The blunt muzzle is slightly shorter than the skull and tapers toward the nose. There is a defined stop. The nose is black. The teeth meet in a scissors bite with teeth that are large in proportion to the dog. The almond-shaped, deep-set, dark brown eyes are set wide apart. The ears are erect, set wide apart on top of the head and triangular in shape, coming to a point. The legs are somewhat short but not too low to the ground. The undocked tail is relatively short, about 5-6 inches (12.5-15 cm) long, thicker at the base and tapering to a point. Dewclaws are sometimes removed. The double coat has a straight, hard outer coat that is about 2 inches long (5 cm) and a soft, dense undercoat. The coat color is solid white.

A lack of leadership on the owners part can cause many behavior problems, such as biting, guarding food and furniture . Living Conditions West Highland White Terriers are suitable for people in towns and cities as well as in the country.

Life ExpectancyLitter SizeGrooming The harsh, straight, shorthaired double coat is fairly easy to groom and sheds little to no hair. Like the Cairn, the Westie was originally bred for controlling the population of rats, fox, badger, otter and other vermin.

Smart, confident, and always entertaining at play, the adorable West Highland White Terrier (Westie, for short) has charmed owners for over 300 years. This diminutive but sturdy earthdog is among the most popular of the small terriers.

The West Highland white terrier, commonly called the Westie, is a small, hardy, and rambunctious breed that possesses no small amount of self-esteem. They’re fun-loving and always excited to do anything with their owners, whether it be hiking and taking long walks outside or lying around the house and cuddling. The Westie’s distinctive white coatwhich feels tough rather than fluffysets them apart from their terrier relatives. And when their head is trimmed round and chrysanthemum-like, their little faces are irresistible.

The West Highland white terriers are excellent vermin hunters, and they will chase just about anything that moves. “Once you have built the trust between you and your Westie, they are amazing with moves and changes in environment,” says Brittany Fowler, DVM, Small Animal Veterinary Internist.

This trademark coat acts like a mini suit of armor: The coarse outer fur protects him and his soft undercoat as he runs through rough shrubs to catch rats and small mammals. Stripping (or plucking) the old, dead hair is the traditional way of caring for the Westie’s coat, but a visit to a professional groomer every four to six weeks for a trim is a practical timesaver. Overall, West Highland white terriers don’t shed much and daily brushing will keep his coat in top shape and unmatted.

Along with their white coat, this small dog breed has a cute carrot-shaped tail, pointy ears, dark eyes, and a black button nose. They have a predisposition to run and chase (after hundreds of years of being bred to hunt rats and other rodents), so it’s a good idea to keep your terrier on a leash or make sure he has a fenced-in yard to play in. “Like many other terrier breeds, they are high-energy dogs and very independent, so they need an owner who has sufficient time to work with them on training , obedience, and to help them get outside regularly and burn off some excess energy ,” says Sarah Moore, DVM, Diplomate ACVIM (Neurology).

West Highland white terrier puppies are especially full of energy and need plenty of activity during the dayplaying, hunting, and going for walksto become snuggle bunnies at night. But because of their hunting instincts, young children might not be a great fit for the easily excitable Westie. “I would always caution families with small children under seven years old with getting a Westie, unless they will always be supervised and have consistent training with the adults in the house,” Fowler says.

“I think one of their unique features is how much they enjoy being outside and do outdoor activities like long walks and real hikes,” Fowler says. While West Highland white terriers can be left alone for longer periods of time, they appreciate the noise of a TV or radio to keep them company, and they definitely need plenty of toys so they stay busy and active. Their short, double coat isn’t prone to shedding, so don’t worry about finding little white hairs clinging to your couch or clothes.

But while they look cute and show dog-worthy with a perfectly trimmed round head, West Highland white terriers are not dogs that particularly enjoy being pampered. “A really unique feature of the breed is the fact that they can so comfortably share both favored family pet status as well as be competitive athletes that participate in things like agility, time trials, and hunting sports.” But they’re also intelligent, and with consistent positive reinforcement training, they will learn to stop digging in your yard and barking at birds.

You have to prepare for the most diligent training with consistency, while still knowing you might never be able to have a dog that’s going to listen to you off leash if a chipmunk or squirrel runs by.” The West Highland white terrier is a relatively healthy breed and typically lives to be between 12 and 15 years old. Common ailments include a form of dry eye called keratoconjunctivitis sicca , as well as mild to moderate orthopedic problems in their hips and kneecaps.

Like many of the terriers Westies are related to (including the Scottish , Skye, and Cairn ), they were bred to be the bonafide rodent hunters of the British Isles.

West Highland White Terrier

TheThe breed is intelligent, quick to learn, and can be good with children, but does not always tolerate rough handling. The Westie is an active breed, and is social with a high prey drive, as they were once used to hunt rodents.The modern breed is descended from a number of breeding programmes of white terriers in Scotland before the 20th century. Cousin to the Cairn Terrier, the Westie was bred to hunt small rodents at places such as farms. Edward Donald Malcolm, 16th Laird of Poltalloch, is credited with the creation of the modern breed from his Poltalloch Terrier, but did not want to be known as such.Other related breeds included George Campbell, 8th Duke of Argyll’s Roseneath Terrier and Dr Americ Edwin Flaxman’s Pittenweem Terriers. This breed of small white Scottish terriers was given its modern name for the first time in 1908, with recognition by major kennel clubs occurring around the same time.The breed remains very popular in the UK, with multiple wins at Cruft’s. It has been in the top third of all breeds in the US since the 1960s. It has been featured in television and film, including inSeveral breed-specific and non-specific health issues appear in the breed, including a condition in young dogs nicknamed “westie jaw” which causes an overgrowth of bone in the jaw of the dog. It can also be prone to skin disorders, with a breed-specific condition called hyperplastic dermatosis occurring. They are a very energetic and boisterous breed, needing regular exercise of around one hour per day.

Appearance[edit]

Commonly, Westies have bright, deep-set, almond-shaped eyes that are dark in colour. Their ears are pointed and erect.They also have a deep chest, muscular limbs, a black nose, and a short, closely fitted jaw with “scissors” bite (lower canines locked in front of upper canines, upper incisors locked over lower incisors).They have a soft, dense, thick undercoat and a rough outer coat,

Temperament[edit]

The temperament of the West Highland White Terrier can vary greatly, with some being friendly towards children, while others prefer solitude.It is a hardy breed, and can be stubborn, leading to issues with training. A Westie may need to have its training refreshed on occasion during its lifetime. Having a typical terrier prey drive, it tends to be highly interested in toys, especially chasing balls. It does retain the instincts of an earth-dog, including inquisitive and investigative traits,

Health[edit]

The American breed club puts the lifespan of the Westie at 12 to 16 years.The breed is pre-disposed to conditions found in many breeds, such as abdominal hernias.The breed is prone to skin disorders.An inherited genetic problem that exists in the breed is globoid cell leukodystrophy. It is not breed-specific, and can appear in Cairn Terriers and other breeds including Beagles and Pomeranians. It is a neurological disease wherein the dog lacks the enzyme galactosylceramidase. The symptoms are noticeable as the puppy develops, and can be identified by the age of 30 weeks. Affected dogs have tremors, muscle weakness, and trouble walking. Symptoms slowly increase until limb paralysis begins to occur. Due to it being a hereditary condition, owners should avoid breeding affected animals to eliminate it from the breed.Other less common conditions which appear in the breed include hydroxyglutaric aciduria, which is where elevated levels of Alpha-Hydroxyglutaric acid are in the dog’s urine, blood plasma, and spinal fluid. It can cause seizures, muscle stiffness, and ataxia, but is more commonly found in Staffordshire Bull Terriers.

History[edit]

Scottish white terriers were recorded as early as during the reign of James VI of Scotland, who reigned between 1567 and 1625. The king ordered that a dozen of these white terriers be procured from Argyll to be presented to the Kingdom of France as a gift.Reports of a ship from the Spanish Armada being wrecked on the island of Skye in 1588 indicated the ship carried white Spanish dogs, whose descendants were kept distinct from other breeds by Clan Donald, including the families of the Chiefs.George Campbell, 8th Duke of Argyll, chief of Clan Campbell, bred a breed of white Scottish terriers known as the “Roseneath Terrier“.The person most closely associated with developing the modern breed of West Highland White Terrier is Edward Donald Malcolm, 16th Laird of Poltalloch. Malcolm owned terriers used to work game; the story told is that a reddish-brown terrier was mistaken for a fox and shot. Following this, Malcolm decided to develop a white terrier breed, which became known as the “Poltalloch Terrier“. The first generation of Poltallochs had sandy-coloured coats, and had already developed prick ears, which is a trait seen later in the modern breed.The first breed club was set up in 1904; Niall Campbell, 10th Duke of Argyll, was the society’s first president. A second club was subsequently set up, with the Countess of Aberdeen as chairman. Edward Malcolm succeeded the Countess as the club’s second chairman. Kennel Club recognition followed in 1907, and the breed appeared at Crufts for the first time in the same year.In major conformation shows, the breed has been equally successful on both sides of the Atlantic. The first member of the breed to win a show championship was Ch. Morvan in 1905, owned by Colin Young. The dog was registered at the time as a Scottish Terrier, and won the title at the Scottish Kennel Club show at the age of seven months. Because the breed was not yet recognised independently, the championship title was not retained when the dog was reregistered as a West Highland White Terrier.The popularity of the breed during the early 20th century was such that dogs were being exchanged for hundreds of guineas.

West Highland White Terrier (Westie)

The West Highland white terrier, commonly called the Westie, is a small, hardy, and rambunctious breed that possesses no small amount of self-esteem. They’re fun-loving and always excited to do anything with their owners, whether it be hiking and taking long walks outside or lying around the house and cuddling. The Westie’s distinctive white coat—which feels tough rather than fluffy—sets them apart from their terrier relatives. And when their head is trimmed round and chrysanthemum-like, their little faces are irresistible.But don’t let that cuteness fool you: Despite being rather short in stature, there’s not a lot a Westie is afraid of. The West Highland white terriers are excellent vermin hunters, and they will chase just about anything that moves. Known for their tenacity, adaptability, and affection for their humans, Westies are a long-loved breed (their lineage dates back to the 1800s!).”Once you have built the trust between you and your Westie, they are amazing with moves and changes in environment,” says Brittany Fowler, DVM, Small Animal Veterinary Internist. “As long as you are by their side, they tend to be pretty happy.”

Appearance

The West Highland white terrier is easily identified by his characteristic white fur. This trademark coat acts like a mini suit of armor: The coarse outer fur protects him and his soft undercoat as he runs through rough shrubs to catch rats and small mammals. This special coat may be durable, but it does require regular light grooming. Stripping (or plucking) the old, dead hair is the traditional way of caring for the Westie’s coat, but a visit to a professional groomer every four to six weeks for a trim is a practical timesaver. Overall, West Highland white terriers don’t shed much and daily brushing will keep his coat in top shape and unmatted.Along with their white coat, this small dog breed has a cute carrot-shaped tail, pointy ears, dark eyes, and a black button nose. Male Westie terriers grow to be about 11 inches tall, while females will be just a smidge shorter at 10 inches. They weigh in anywhere from 13–22 pounds, so they’re the perfect size for your lap.

Temperament

Both a hunter and a snuggler, these little guys are very affectionate with their owners while also fostering a strong prey drive. They have a predisposition to run and chase (after hundreds of years of being bred to hunt rats and other rodents), so it’s a good idea to keep your terrier on a leash or make sure he has a fenced-in yard to play in.The West Highland white terrier is just as smart as he is scrappy, so while it might take patience, he can be quite well-trained.”Like many other terrier breeds, they are high-energy dogs and very independent, so they need an owner who has sufficient time to work with them on training, obedience, and to help them get outside regularly and burn off some excess energy,” says Sarah Moore, DVM, Diplomate ACVIM (Neurology). “They may benefit from consistency and someone who is dedicated to working with them on training and behavior.”Because they’re great problem-solvers and total people pleasers, Westies are a breed that does well with agility training. West Highland white terrier puppies are especially full of energy and need plenty of activity during the day—playing, hunting, and going for walks—to become snuggle bunnies at night.Westies are wonderful family pets. They get along well with cats and other dogs, and they are social butterflies that love being around people. But because of their hunting instincts, young children might not be a great fit for the easily excitable Westie. Make sure your Westie has continual socialization experiences starting in puppyhood.”I would always caution families with small children under seven years old with getting a Westie, unless they will always be supervised and have consistent training with the adults in the house,” Fowler says.

Living Needs

Westies thrive with their people. It doesn’t matter if you’re a city dweller or live on a farm—they can be happy with apartment living (with lots of walkies) or on acres of land. And while they need to live primarily indoors and be close to their humans in order to deter undesirable behaviors like barking and digging—attributes that, according to the West Highland White Terrier Club of America, were bred to make effective hunters—Westies love to run around, be outside, and dirty up their white fur.”I think one of their unique features is how much they enjoy being outside and do outdoor activities like long walks and real hikes,” Fowler says. “There is a large misconception that small dogs just like to be inside, held all the time, [and] cannot touch the floor. If that’s what you are looking for, then a Westie is not for you.”When you do take your Westie outside, make sure he’s inside a fenced-in yard or kept on a leash. Otherwise, he might fall victim to the irresistible temptation of a squirrel and take off after it. While West Highland white terriers can be left alone for longer periods of time, they appreciate the noise of a TV or radio to keep them company, and they definitely need plenty of toys so they stay busy and active. And don’t forget to pencil in play time—it’s what Westies love best.

Care

Westies are not high-maintenance dogs when it comes to grooming, but they do require daily brushing—thankfully, mud picked up during their outside zoomies comes out easily. Their short, double coat isn’t prone to shedding, so don’t worry about finding little white hairs clinging to your couch or clothes. Simple brushing and regular trips to the groomer will keep their fur gleaming.But while they look cute and show dog-worthy with a perfectly trimmed round head, West Highland white terriers are not dogs that particularly enjoy being pampered.”Even though they are small dogs, they don’t tend to be prissy or delicate,” Moore says. “A really unique feature of the breed is the fact that they can so comfortably share both favored family pet status as well as be competitive athletes that participate in things like agility, time trials, and hunting sports.”Westies are strong-willed and independent, characteristics that might require additional patience when training. But they’re also intelligent, and with consistent positive reinforcement training, they will learn to stop digging in your yard and barking at birds. Just remember: Always keep your Westie on a leash when out and about, no matter how well he’s been trained.”Being a terrier, they were bred to hunt vermin and small predators,” Fowler says. “So having a Westie you can trust to ever be off leash is very rare. You have to prepare for the most diligent training with consistency, while still knowing you might never be able to have a dog that’s going to listen to you off leash if a chipmunk or squirrel runs by.”

Health

The West Highland white terrier is a relatively healthy breed and typically lives to be between 12 and 15 years old. But, as with all breeds, there are certain health issues that can arise.Common ailments include a form of dry eye called keratoconjunctivitis sicca, as well as mild to moderate orthopedic problems in their hips and kneecaps.Westies are also prone to allergies that affect their skin. When left untreated, this can turn into infections. Keep an eye out for itchy paws and head or ear shaking.They may also deal with Addison’s disease (a hormonal problem with the adrenal glands), Mitral valve endocardiosis (heart valve issue), and Pulmonary fibrosis.

History

Like many of the terriers Westies are related to (including the Scottish, Skye, and Cairn), they were bred to be the bonafide rodent hunters of the British Isles. According to the official breed club, Colonel Edward Donald Malcolm first bred the terriers to have their characteristic white coat in the 1800s so they would be easily distinguishable from foxes.Primarily used as hunters for years, Westies began appearing in dog shows in the early 1900s—the first West Highland white terrier was registered with the American Kennel Club in 1908—and have remained popular ever since.