Black and White Yorkie?

The traditional Yorkie colors are very distinctive and an important characteristic of the breed, making it easy to recognize a purebred. Yorkshire Terrier puppies are born with black and tan colors, which change to blue and gold as they mature. However, other Yorkie colors, although rare, are also possible. Today we take a look at the unique coloring of the Yorkshire Terrier coat and the genes responsible.

Genetically, the Yorkie is a black and brown terrier that turns to a blue color as it matures because it possesses the unique graying gene. The graying gene affects production of eumelanin, the black pigment occurring in their hair and skin.

Yorkshire Terriers do not achieve their true colors until they are two to three years old, so may fit into any of the possible categories when registering. The hair on a Yorkies head, breast and belly is golden and should not include any blue. The blue color stretches from the neck to the base of the tail, and no tan or gold is visible.

Some do survive, however, when they reach the age at which they would typically transition from black to blue, they lose their coat instead, showing leathery skin. Beware of unethical breeders who knowingly produce blue born Yorkie puppies. However, we cannot recommend a teacup Yorkshire Terrier as a pet, as they require special care and have numerous health problems due to their tiny size.

Although you are unlikely to ever meet a purebred black and white Yorkie, there are some other pretty cool color combinations. The parti Yorkie is a unique color combination of traditional blue, with added white and tan. This tri-colored Yorkie has become extremely popular over the last few years, but many breeders refuse to accept that it is a purebred because of the white coloring.

These dogs were considered low quality and either killed or secretly given away with the understanding that the owners would not acknowledge their origin, to save the breeders reputation. Many think it is because some dogs carry the recessive gene for brow coat, probably as a result of crossbreeding with something like the Dachshund . Although most breeds of dogs acquire their appearance from their parents, some can obtain physical traits that go back five generations.

Red legged Yorkie pups are born when both parents carry two copies of a specific recessive gene. While the red legged Yorkie does not meet the AKC breed standard requirements and is not allowed to show, it is 100% purebred and can be registered. Instead of changing to blue, the black on a puppy remains, whereas the tan color turns to a deep shiny red.

The texture of the coat is not as silky as traditional Yorkies and tends to be wiry, with the facial hair growing longer than that on the body. Quite often, the true Yorkie colors of blue and gold can appear faded, and over generations, their silky coats become excessively thin. Yorkie colors that are off-standard are rare to find mainly because of the strict regulations of the AKC, with many believing they are not purebred.

What is the rarest color of Yorkie?

The Chocolate and Tan Yorkie Terrier is arguably the rarest variation of the breed based on coat color combinations. It may appear very similar to the Black and Tan Yorkie in terms of color intensity and marking patterns on the face and body especially when the dog is young.

How much is a Parti Yorkie?

Parti Yorkies are expensive, with prices starting from $1,500 for pups. The price you pay, though high, is still minimal as compared to what you pay for lower-priced ill-bred and sickly breeds when you consider the veterinary costs. A well-bred Parti only needs the right diet, grooming, love, and normal checkups.

How do you get a Parti Yorkie?

A Parti Yorkie can and often will occur in the litter of a purebred Yorkshire Terrier. The Parti Gene is what produces the Parti color and is a recessive gene. This means that both parents need to be carriers of the Parti gene for Parti Yorkie puppies to be born.

Are black Yorkies rare?

It is quite impossible to find a purebred black Yorkie. If you do see one, it is usually the result of cross-breeding with other breeds that have a black coat. A solid black dog carries a dominant gene for blackness.

One of the most recognizable attributes of the Yorkie dog breed is their glossy, colorful coats. Yorkie coats are unique both in the way they resemble human hair rather than dog fur, and because they change colors as the dog and its hair grows.

These genes carry all of the information that makes your pup unique: their sex, size, color, personality, and more. The genes each Yorkie inherits from its parents will determine how light or dark its coat is, and where different colors will manifest.

Traditionally, the AKC recognizes four colors pairs for the Yorkire Terrier breed: A Yorkies colors depend on the genes passed on from their parents, as well as the age of the pup. Well break down the typical Yorkie colors based on each stage of a dogs life, below.

The genes passed from parent to puppy in the Yorkshire Terrier breed create a unique type of coat that doesnt just come in specific colors, but that changes colors as the puppy ages. The proportion and location of each color will vary by dog, but typically, a pup will have a predominantly black coat with tan points on the tips and undersides of the ears, above the eyes, around the mouth, down the chest, and sometimes on the feet or tail. Black and gold Yorkie The shade and proportion of every pup will differ, as will the rate at which its hair changes colors.

Because of this, its also possible to have a black and gold Yorkie, especially if the dogs coat is in the process of changing, but the lighter phaeomelanin is progressing at a faster rate than the dark eumelanin . Its common for a brand new Yorkie puppys coat to be almost entirely black, but upon close inspection, you should see a few patches of tan hair, and this lighter hair will only continue to expand as the Yorkie ages. A truly all-black Yorkie is probably the result of a crossbreed between a Yorkshire Terrier and another dog with black fur.

Not only would it be all black, but it may have a rougher, more brittle consistency, characteristic of some breeds with wiry fur. Starting at around six months of age, the black hair from the puppys formative years will begin to lighten into a grayish steel blue color. At two or three years of age, your once black Yorkie puppy should look completely different, often with a fully golden head and chest and a gray-blue back.

However, blue and tan is officially its own color category in the AKCs Yorkshire Terrier registry. Other variations are the result of breeders intentionally mating two dogs with recessive genes. Producing a Parti Yorkie requires breeding two parents with the recessive S-Locus gene that manifests itself in white hair around the dogs body.

However, some people also believe the Chocolate Yorkie was only made possible by crossbreeding somewhere up the family tree.

Youre probably familiar with the standard Yorkshire Terrier coat colors: gold and blue. Yorkies actually come in a huge array of colors, however, some of which are recognized by the AKC. One of the most unique types of Yorkie is the Parti Yorkie. If youve ever seen a white Yorkshire Terrier with tan and black, youve seen a Parti.

The breed standard was even changed recently by the AKC to include the Parti Yorkie colors, which have been documented as appearing in litters since at least the beginning of the 19th century. Many Yorkshire Terrier breeders are now actively working to try and produce Parti Yorkies with an even greater variety of colors.

While there isnt much information available as to the complete history of Parti Yorkies and where they originally came from, its theorized that they come from parentage of the Dandy Dinmont, the Clyesdale, and the Paisley. Its also been documented that many people would often mate Maltese dogs with Yorkshire Terriers in an attempt to improve the length and texture of the Yorkies coats. Long before dog shows were around, other breeds were mated with Yorkies to develop the gold and blue look that is now recognized as the distinctive colors of a purebred Yorkshire Terrier.

Following the advent of the dog show, the selective breeding of Yorkshire Terriers with the distinctive blue and gold coloring began. Alternatively, many breeders would simply put the pups down, as these were seen as low quality dogs and they didnt want them associated with their purebred Yorkshire Terriers. The standard colors of a Yorkshire Terrier pup are black and tan, while the adult Yorkies will be blue and gold.

Most puppies will have a few spots of tan under their tails, on their front legs, on their muzzles, on the hinds outer parts, and above the eyes. Around the neck, back, shoulders and waist, the standard silvery steel coloring will start to appear, and if looking from above, owners will be able to easily spot the lighter roots and the darker tips. This will mean that they are unable to participate in AKC sponsored events and most likely wont be considered for breeding unless they are Parti Yorkies an exception to this rule.

While this is obviously going to be different for each individual Yorkshire Terrier, owners will start to see a change in the colour of their Yorkies coat once they reach somewhere around 6 months of age. If the neck and the shoulders begin to change from black to sliver by the 8 th to 9 th month, then the Yorkie will develop a softer coat. Once considered to be of low quality and unwanted by reputable breeders, this often lead to Parti Yorkies being discreetly given away, or even executed.

All Yorkies are born with black and tan markings. However, as they age, their colors can change, giving them a distinctive look that their owners know and love.

The color combinations above represent the vast majority of hues that youll find on these dogs. Featured Image Credit: PeakpxIf your dog retains its black and tan color after reaching maturity, then that means it lacked the graying gene.

Typically, most of the black fur is on the torso, while the tan hair is on the legs, face, and chest. Image Credit: Alas_spb, ShutterstockThese dogs have one graying gene that affects the tan portion of their coloring. Image Credit: Csanad Kiss, ShutterstockThese dogs also just have a single graying gene.

Image Credit: PikrepoBlue and gold Yorkies have two copies of the graying gene. Typically, their coats are darker at the root before fading at the tip, but this can be affected by a variety of factors, including how closely you cut their hair. Image Credit: Pezibear, PixabayThe white fur can be mixed in with the rest and is often the predominant color.

The whiteness is a result of the recessive piebald gene, and both parents must possess it to create a Parti Yorkie. These dogs rarely survive longer than a year, and the ones that do live such a miserable existence that its generally considered humane to put them down. Its certainly possible for purebred Yorkies to have a chocolate coat, but sometimes the coloring is a telltale sign that the breeder has mixed in another dogs DNA (usually a Dachshund).

You might not believe it, given their dainty appearance, but these British dogs were originally bred to be coal miners or rather, they would hunt the rats that lived in mine shafts. Beginning in the mid-19th century, workers would take them down into the mine and turn them loose, allowing them to kill any vermin that would otherwise prove to be a nuisance. Rather than being used for brutish tasks like killing rats, it began to be prized as a companion animal, as it was dainty and gorgeous.

Many Yorkies have something thats known as the graying gene. Basically, it causes their bodies to produce a certain type of pigment that causes the color of their coats to fade a bit. However, dont let that put you off unless youre planning on breeding or showing your Yorkie , a mutt is every bit as good a dog as a purebred animal. Regardless of what color your Yorkie turns out to be, you can rest assured youll have a plucky and spirited animal on your hands.

Where Do Yorkshire Terrier Colors Come From?

The Yorkie was developed in Yorkshire, England, around 130 years ago. They were bred to catch rats in mines and factories. The exact breeds that helped create the Yorkshire Terrier are undocumented. However, it’s believed that they included the Maltese, Skye Terrier, black and tan Manchester Terrier and the now-extinct Leeds Terrier.

Yorkie Colors And Markings

The Yorkie is renowned for its perfectly straight, silky, glossy coat as well its unique coloring. The four Yorkie colors that combine on the coat are:• Black

What Does A Yorkie Puppy Look Like?

Yorkie puppies are born black with tan points, although the amount varies from pup to pup. The tan is on the ears, muzzle, legs and above the eyes, as well as on the underside of the tail.

When does puppy fur change?

Yorkshire Terrier puppies usually start to change color at around six months old. This is a gradual process.

The Genetics of Yorkie Colors

A dog color genetics chart is a shockingly complicated thing to compile. But there are some simple ideas behind it which we can all get on board with.Genetically, the Yorkie is a black and brown terrier that turns to a blue color as it matures because it possesses the unique graying gene. The graying gene affects production of eumelanin, the black pigment occurring in their hair and skin. However, it doesn’t change the color of the eyes or nose.Since genes come in pairs at each location in a dog’s DNA, Yorkies can have one, or two copies of the graying gene. Two copies results in a light steel blue coat when your pup is grown up. One copy produces a dark steel blue coat. Good breeders are likely to know by the colors in their dog’s family tree what colors are likely to appear in their litter.

Yorkie Colors and Markings in Adults

The AKC recognizes five categories of Yorkie dog fur colors:• Black and tan YorkieYorkshire Terriers do not achieve their true colors until they are two to three years old, so may fit into any of the possible categories when registering. As the Yorkie changes from a puppy to adult, there is more tan/gold coloring than black or blue. Therefore, an adult has a much lighter coat color than a puppy.

Golden Yorkies

The hair on a Yorkie’s head, breast and belly is golden and should not include any blue. Legs are also golden up to the elbows and knees. The blue color stretches from the neck to the base of the tail, and no tan or gold is visible. The tail is a darker shade of blue compared to the rest of the body. This isn’t a truly blonde Yorkie therefore, but they do have that distinctive golden coloration.

Blue Yorkie Puppies

So we’ve seen how blue Yorkies start out black as puppies, then gradually turn blue as they grow up, thanks to the graying gene. But perhaps you’ve heard about blue born Yorkie puppies. A blue born Yorkie puppy carries two copies of a recessive gene which gives them a blue coat from birth. Sadly, this genetic combination is also lethal.Blue born Yorkie puppies rarely live much more than a year. Some do survive, however, when they reach the age at which they would typically transition from black to blue, they lose their coat instead, showing leathery skin.Many are in extreme pain, and it is kinder to have them put down. Although some blue born pups do go on to live healthy lives, most develop skin issues and allergies. Beware of unethical breeders who knowingly produce blue born Yorkie puppies.

Teacup Yorkie Colors

Teacup Yorkies are not an actual breed, but a micro version of the breed standard weighing four pounds or less. The colors for these micro dogs are the same as for standard Yorkshire Terriers. So you can get a Teacup parti Yorkie, black or golden Yorkie. However, we cannot recommend a teacup Yorkshire Terrier as a pet, as they require special care and have numerous health problems due to their tiny size.

Rare Yorkie Colors

99.9% of Yorkshire Terriers are the traditional blue and gold colors. However, other Yorkie colors are sometimes seen. Although you are unlikely to ever meet a purebred black and white Yorkie, there are some other pretty cool color combinations.

Parti Yorkies

The parti Yorkie is a unique color combination of traditional blue, with added white and tan. It’s caused by a rare, recessive gene.Many theories surround how the gene was introduced to the Yorkie population. One such theory is that the white Maltese was crossbred with the Yorkie to improve the texture of the coat. When this cross-breeding occurred, it is possible that Yorkies were produced carrying the white recessive gene. There is also a blonde parti color and a chocolate parti color.This tri-colored Yorkie has become extremely popular over the last few years, but many breeders refuse to accept that it is a purebred because of the white coloring. However, as of 2000, the AKC accepted registrations for the parti Yorkie after conducting studies on 42 litters, sires and dams, with DNA revealing a purebred Yorkie.Despite popular belief, the parti colors are not new. They have been around since the 1800s, but were unknown to the general public. These dogs were considered “low quality” and either killed or secretly given away with the understanding that the owners would not acknowledge their origin, to save the breeder’s reputation.

The genes

The parti gene can remain hidden for many generations and only expressed if breeding from two dogs that are carriers. As a result:• 25% of the offspring will be traditional Yorkie colors but non-carriers of the recessive geneParti colored Yorkies are neither mutts nor unhealthy. They only differ from the traditional Yorkshire Terrier in color.

Black Yorkie

It is quite impossible to find a purebred black Yorkshire Terrier. If you do see one, it is usually the result of cross-breeding with other breeds that have a black coat. A solid black dog carries a dominant gene for blackness. When Yorkies carry this gene, it usually has one of two results:

Black with dull hair

Yorkies with black, dull hair have a thick coat that grows faster than it should, lacks shine and often makes the dog look like it has a short neck.

Rigid hair

The hair does not grow to the required length for a Yorkie and has a rough texture.If you are looking for a black Yorkie puppy and find one that is purebred, then it won’t stay black forever. And it won’t have an all black coat either! Any all black Yorkie, is a mixed breed. Which isn’t necessarily a bad thing, but might not be what you are looking for. Black is not a standard Yorkie color.

Chocolate Yorkie

Traditional Yorkies are born virtually black in color but chocolate Yorkies are completely brown from the get-go. It is not known how the chocolate Yorkie developed. Many think it is because some dogs carry the recessive gene for brow coat, probably as a result of crossbreeding with something like the Dachshund.Technically if your brown Yorkie had picked up a dilute gene from being mixed with another breed then you could end up with a silver Yorkie in the same way that Weimaraners are silver. But this wouldn’t be a purebred dog.Chocolate Yorkies can be registered with the AKC as either Chocolate/Tan or Liver/Tan, but are not allowed to show. There are no known health or temperament issues with these chocolate Yorkie colors.

Red Yorkie

Although most breeds of dogs acquire their appearance from their parents, some can obtain physical traits that go back five generations. This is often the case with the red legged Yorkie. This genetic jump is often known as a throwback gene.Red legged Yorkie pups are born when both parents carry two copies of a specific recessive gene. While the red legged Yorkie does not meet the AKC breed standard requirements and is not allowed to show, it is 100% purebred and can be registered.Instead of changing to blue, the black on a puppy remains, whereas the tan color turns to a deep shiny red. The texture of the coat is not as silky as traditional Yorkies and tends to be wiry, with the facial hair growing longer than that on the body.

Using red legged Yorkies to improve bloodlines

Quite often, the true Yorkie colors of blue and gold can appear faded, and over generations, their silky coats become excessively thin. Serious Yorkie breeders occasionally use red legged Yorkies to add color and improve coat texture in future litters.

Yorkie Colors

Yorkie colors that are “off-standard” are rare to find mainly because of the strict regulations of the AKC, with many believing they are not purebred. As a result, breeders wish to produce dogs that have the colors typical for the Yorkshire Terrier.However, as we have seen, there is still a place for non-standard colors in responsible Yorkie breeding. And if you don’t want to show your dog, and non-standard coat is a great talking point!If you do wish to buy a rare-colored Yorkie, we recommend you go to a reputable breeder who can provide AKC registration details of the puppy’s parents and DNA documents.

Do you have a rare-colored Yorkie?

Please tell us about them in the comments box!

Why do Yorkies change colors?

Genetics are complicated, but here’s how it works in a nutshell.Every cell in your dog’s body contains 39 pairs of chromosomes, one from their dad and one from their mom. And every one of these chromosomes includes thousands of genes. These genes carry all of the information that makes your pup unique: their sex, size, color, personality, and more.If one parent passes along a dominant gene and the other a recessive gene, the dominant gene will manifest in your dog. If both genes are dominant or both are recessive, you can get rarer, unexpected results. This is why every Yorkie looks, acts, andWhen it comes to Yorkie colors and the way they change, it all comes down to melanin. “Despite the huge variety in coat color,” says Dr. Lynn Buzhardt, “there are only two basic pigments that determine the color of canines:As puppies, the black, sableThe genes each Yorkie inherits from its parents will determine how light or dark its coat is, and where different colors will manifest. But no matter what, purebred Yorkies should have one of a set list of color combinations.

Yorkie puppy coloring

Traditionally, the AKC recognizes four colors pairs for the Yorkire Terrier breed:However, some nonstandard variations of the breed may have brown, white, and red mixed in. A Yorkie’s colors depend on the genes passed on from their parents, as well as the age of the pup.Color variations could also result from a dog having an impure bloodline. We’ll break down the typical Yorkie colors based on each stage of a dog’s life, below.

Black and tan Yorkie

All standard, purebred Yorkie puppies are born with black and tan coats, although some might describe the colors and black and brown.The proportion and location of each color will vary by dog, but typically, a pup will have a predominantly black coat with tan points on the tips and undersides of the ears, above the eyes, around the mouth, down the chest, and sometimes on the feet or tail. This will persist for most of the dog’s first year.

Black and gold Yorkie

The shade and proportion of every pup will differ, as will the rate at which its hair changes colors. Because of this, it’s also possible to have a black and gold Yorkie, especially if the dog’s coat is in the process of changing, but the lighter

Adult Yorkie coloring

As Yorkies grow up, their coat colors will start to change. The color change will be a gradual process that varies by dog, but typically, you should notice your dog’s black fur start to turn to blue at around the six-month mark.

Blue and gold Yorkie

Most adult Yorkies will eventually settle into a blue and gold coat. This could also be described as a simple lightening of the coat.Starting at around six months of age, the black hair from the puppy’s formative years will begin to lighten into a grayish steel blue color. It may be hard to notice at first, especially without direct sunlight, but over time the change should be unmistakable.Along the same lines, the puppy’s tan points should start to lighten. It’s common for the dog’s roots to be a darker bronzy color and then a lighter gold color at their ends, although this depends entirely on your dog and the length of the Yorkie haircut you’ve chosen for your dog.At two or three years of age, your once black Yorkie puppy should look completely different, often with a fully golden head and chest and a gray-blue back.

Blue and tan Yorkie

Just as you can have a black and gold Yorkie, you can also have a Blue and tan adult Yorkie. This is the result of theOf course, whether a color is tan or gold is somewhat subjective and up for debate. However, blue and tan is officially its own color category in the AKC’s Yorkshire Terrier registry.

Rare Yorkie colors

Although the four color combinations mentioned above are historically the official colors of the breed, there are nonstandard color combinations you may find. Some of these color variations are simply the result of cross-breeding with other dogs. Other variations are the result of breeders intentionally mating two dogs with recessive genes.There may be health implications that result from breeding a dog for color rather than health, so make sure you do your research on the breed and the breeder before purchasing a dog with a nonstandard coat.

Parti Yorkie

Parti Yorkies usually have a tri-colored coat of blue, white, and tan, although blonde and chocolate Partie Yorkies also exist. Some people will also refer to these pups as White Yorkies, but none of them have a completely white coat.Producing a Parti Yorkie requires breeding two parents with the recessive S-Locus gene that manifests itself in white hair around the dog’s body.However, whether the Parti Yorkie is a purebred Yorkshire Terrier is a matter of debate. Some people believe at some point in the breed’s lineage, a Yorkie was bred with another breed, such as a Maltese to produce the white hair.Despite this debate, the AKC now recognizes the Parti Yorkie as an official member of the Yorkshire Terrier breed, although they are disqualified from showing in conformation shows due to their nonstandard coat.

Chocolate / Brown Yorkie

Some breeders advertise brown or Chocolate Yorkies. These Yorkies can be produced by crossbreeding Parti Yorkies with other Parties or standard Yorkies that both have the recessiveHowever, some people also believe the Chocolate Yorkie was only made possible by crossbreeding somewhere up the family tree.

Golden Yorkie

Golden Yorkies, as the name implies are blonde or golden all over. This comes from a predominance of the

Red Yorkshire Terrier

Red Yorkshire Terriers, or sometimes “Red-Legged Yorkies,” are another variant of the breed. Again, the red (think bronze) coloring comes from theMax, The Dog Tale’s resident Yorkie, happens to be a red-legged Yorkie. We didn’t realize this until he started to grow up and his colors didn’t lighten, but he’s still the dark shades of black and red he was when he was just a puppy.

Parti Yorkies

You’re probably familiar with the standard Yorkshire Terrier coat colors: gold and blue. Yorkies actually come in a huge array of colors, however, some of which are recognized by the AKC. One of the most unique types of Yorkie is the Parti Yorkie. If you’ve ever seen a white Yorkshire Terrier with tan and black, you’ve seen a Parti.Here’s what makes a Parti Yorkie so unique.

What Is a Parti Yorkie?

Strictly speaking, Parti Yorkies are nothing more than purebred Yorkshire Terriers, only with a difference in their coloring. Where standard Yorkshire Terriers have blue and tan colored hair, Parti Yorkies will be black, white, and tan in color.It’s also possible to find other color combinations occurring in the Parti Yorkie breed, such as a black and white Yorkie, a white Yorkie, a blonde Yorkie (or Golden Parti Yorkie), and a chocolate Parti Yorkie.So, what is a Parti Yorkie? Any Yorkie with significant white patches or white colors combined with black and gold is considered a Parti Yorkie. A Parti Yorkie can also have golden or chocolate colors, although that’s less common.

Are Parti Yorkies Purebred?

Once considered low quality by breeders and experts, and often euthanized or given away, as of 2000, the Parti Yorkie is now officially recognized by the American Kennel Club (AKC). Due to the belief that the Parti Yorkie was a result of Yorkshire Terriers being mated with Maltese and other dogs for numerous reasons — such as in an attempt to improve features such as the length and texture of the Yorkie’s coat — many critics believed that the color of the Parti Yorkie is a leftover from non-Yorkie stock.Despite this controversy, Parti Yorkies originate from purebred Yorkshire Terriers, and therefore are still considered to be purebred themselves. The breed standard was even changed recently by the AKC to include the Parti Yorkie colors, which have been documented as appearing in litters since at least the beginning of the 19th century.In spite of some of the negative attitudes certain breeders hold toward Parti Yorkies, it would seem that prospective dog owners are very interested in the Parti Yorkie colors. The Parti Yorkshire Terrier has become so popular among buyers that the AKC is seeing Parti Yorkies registered more frequently than ever before — and more frequently even than the traditionally colored Yorkshire Terriers! Many Yorkshire Terrier breeders are now actively working to try and produce Parti Yorkies with an even greater variety of colors.

Where Do Parti Yorkies Come From?

While there isn’t much information available as to the complete history of Parti Yorkies and where they originally came from, it’s theorized that they come from parentage of the Dandy Dinmont, the Clyesdale, and the Paisley. What is known, however, thanks to some of the earliest kept records of Yorkshire Terriers, is that this type of Yorkshire Terrier is a crossbred breed without pedigrees. In the 17th and 18th centuries, since dog owners were not yet familiar with the concept of neutering and spaying their dogs, it would stand to reason that, as Yorkshire Terriers and other Terriers were often kept by the farmers and working class of the time, there were many male dogs of random breeds impregnating many of the female Yorkies.It’s also been documented that many people would often mate Maltese dogs with Yorkshire Terriers in an attempt to improve the length and texture of the Yorkies’ coats. History describes the Parti Yorkie back in those days as broken haired, with coarser, short coats. Long before dog shows were around, other breeds were mated with Yorkies to develop the gold and blue look that is now recognized as the distinctive colors of a purebred Yorkshire Terrier.Here are some facts regarding the history of the Parti Yorkie.Books from the 19th century hold some of the oldest known references pertaining to the tri-colored Yorkshire Terriers.Following the advent of the dog show, the selective breeding of Yorkshire Terriers with the distinctive blue and gold coloring began. This was also the time when people could begin to identify reputable Yorkshire Terrier breeders. None of these reputable breeders, however, wanted to be associated with the tri colored Yorkies, which they considered to be “trashy” but kept appearing in their litters. For this reason, breeders would not hesitate to give these Yorkie pups away in secret, with the agreement that where their new owner obtained them from would be kept secret. Alternatively, many breeders would simply put the pups down, as these were seen as “low quality” dogs and they didn’t want them associated with their purebred Yorkshire Terriers.The recessive genes of the Parti Yorkie usually lay dormant within the Yorkie until two Yorkshire Terriers carrying the Parti Yorkie gene are mated together. Back in the day, however, no breeders were aware of this fact, nor were they aware of which Yorkshire Terrier in particular was carrying the Parti Yorkie gene, due to there being no special marks or signs to distinguish them as such. It is because of this that the recessive tri-colored genes were able to be transferred from generation to generation, and how sometimes breeders would find the white Yorkies appearing all of a sudden in the litter.After the American Kennel Club officially recognised the Parti Yorkie in the year 2000, a huge rise was seen in the number of reputable breeders who were starting to breed Parti Yorkshire Terriers.

Yorkshire Terrier Color Combinations

Now that you understand more about what a Parti Yorkie is, let’s go into greater detail about the color combinations and options.

Standard Colors of a Yorkie Pup

Due to the distinctive colors of the Yorkshire terrier, it’s pretty simple and easy to determine whether or not it’s purebred. The Yorkshire Terrier is different from other dog breeds in a few regards: the color of a Yorkie pup will change as the puppy ages, Yorkies actually have hair instead of fur, and Yorkies are known for a distinctive coat color called Yorkshire Terrier blue. Because of this, identifying whether the Yorkie is an adult or a puppy becomes pretty easy.The standard colors of a Yorkshire Terrier pup are black and tan, while the adult Yorkies will be blue and gold. This color scheme is so common and typical of the breed that when a couple in Germany bred one in the 1980s with 3 distinct colors, it became a whole new breed of its own known as the Biewer Terrier. We’ll have more on that breed to come as it’s often confused with the Parti Yorkie. With the typical coloring of the Yorkshire Terrier being blue and gold, the blue should start from around the neck and make its way all the way up to the tail. This isn’t always the case, however, as sometimes the Yorkshire Terrier can have a different color entirely.Because of the various genes a purebred Yorkie pup may be carrying, including genes responsible for the puppy’s coat changing from black to blue as they grow into an adult, and for the silky coat typical of the breed, many Yorkshire Terriers can feature a variety of different colors and patterns. The vast majority of Yorkie puppies are born black and tan, but the ratio of black to tan can vary significantly from pup to pup. Most puppies will have a few spots of tan under their tails, on their front legs, on their muzzles, on the hind’s outer parts, and above the eyes. Sometimes tan spots may be visible on the inner side of the front paws, from the armpits, and from the chest to the hind paws. There will also be a significant bronzing on the lower part of the body and the Yorkie’s throat and chin. These spots can all come in different sizes and different shades, from a dark golden bronze to a golden yellow. Over time, this should lighten up as the pup ages.As the Yorkie pup grows into a adult, the colors will start to evolve, usually starting from the head, turning from black into a golden bronze, and there should be no black spots remaining once the Yorkie has become a fully grown adult. The mixed coloring of the paws and chest will also start to change, with the shades becoming much brighter and much more clearly defined. Around the neck, back, shoulders and waist, the standard silvery steel coloring will start to appear, and if looking from above, owners will be able to easily spot the lighter roots and the darker tips.

Yorkshire Terriers and Their Changing Colors

While this is obviously going to be different for each individual Yorkshire Terrier, owners will start to see a change in the colour of their Yorkies coat once they reach somewhere around 6 months of age. Once the Yorkie reaches around 2 to 3 years of age, they should have reached their final coloring. For some Yorkies, this may take even longer, and they might also begin to develop some silver hairs.This change of coloring of the Yorkshire Terrier is not a drastic change that happens overnight, but by the time the Yorkie reaches adulthood, their coat should appear to be a bit lighter in comparison to their coat as a puppy, due to the tan or gold coloring being much more predominant than the black coloring, which in turn will transform from black into more of a blue (which in reality is a bit more of a diluted black color). Different shades of blue may be seen such as a dark steel blue, which can often be mistaken for black, or shiny silver blue.While over time the black hair will change to blue, the tan too will also change into more of a gold color. This hair will start off darker at the roots and get lighter as it reaches the ends. As the Yorkie is growing up and its hair is changing color, it should be noted that, for a short time at least, owners may find all four colors present on their Yorkie’s coat at the same time. Also, it’s not really such a case of the old hairs changing their color as it is the old hairs growing out and being replaced with new hairs in the new colors. As the old hair grows out and is replaced by new hairs gradually, the Yorkie’s coat will continue to look as thick as it always has. Just like human hair, Yorkshire Terrier hair is in a constant state of renewal.Here is a rough breakdown of how the average Yorkie pup’s hair color will change with age:If prospective owners wish to seek a correctly coloured Yorkie, they should seek out one with straight, silky hair, a reddish muzzle and paws, and a red tint at the base of the hair.

Parti Yorkies & Their Color Variations

Parti Yorkies are one of the most unique Yorkshire Terriers with beautiful coloring and patterns. Every Parti Yorkie is different as their colors and patterns don’t follow the strict and common patterns you’ll see with the breed standard of blue and gold. Here’s what to expect in terms of Parti color variations.

Parti Yorkies

Once considered to be of low quality and unwanted by reputable breeders, this often lead to Parti Yorkies being discreetly given away, or even executed. This has all changed since the 19th century, and today Parti Yorkies are more popular than ever. Unlike regular, traditional Yorkshire Terriers with their blue and tan coloring, a Parti Yorkie is usually a black and white Yorkie with tan or gold patches.

Golden or Blonde Parti Yorkies

The Golden or Blonde Parti Yorkie is essentially a Yorkshire Terrier without any dark blue or black coloring. As puppies, Blonde Parti Yorkies may be either solid gold in color, or gold with white markings. Adult Golden Parti Yorkies can vary in color from a blonde gold to a deep, rich gold.

Chocolate Parti Yorkies

Where the standard Yorkshire Terrier is born almost exclusively black, Chocolate Parti Yorkies are entirely brown. There’s no historical information pertaining to just how the Chocolate Parti Yorkie developed, but it’s believed that the brown color results from a parent carrying the double recessive chocolate gene. Alternatively, others believe it occurred as a result of other breeds being crossed with the Yorkshire Terrier.While Chocolate Yorkies may sometimes be considered a separate breed of their own, this is in fact not true. They are simply just Yorkshire Terriers, however with a different color. However, Chocolate Parti Yorkies are also not allowed to participate in any events sponsored by the AKC and they aren’t recognized by the group.

A Quick Look at Various Yorkie Colors

Yorkies come in four colors, although these can be mixed and matched into different combinations.According to the AKC, the only way those colors can be matched on “true” Yorkies is as follows:As mentioned, though, Yorkies start as black and tan when they’re puppies. They don’t mature into their final coat colors until they reach two or three years old.

Black and Tan Yorkies

If your dog retains its black and tan color after reaching maturity, then that means it lacked the graying gene.Typically, most of the black fur is on the torso, while the tan hair is on the legs, face, and chest. Of course, this can differ from dog to dog, but it’s rare to see many variations in that regard.

Black and Gold Yorkies

These dogs have one graying gene that affects the tan portion of their coloring. They still closely resemble black and tan Yorkies, although the non-black areas are much lighter.

Blue and Tan Yorkies

These dogs also just have a single graying gene. However, the blue Yorkshire Terrier coloring really stands out compared to the standard black.These pups have bright, shimmery coats that reflect light. Also, their tails tend to be darker than the rest of their bodies.

Blue and Gold Yorkies

Blue and gold Yorkies have two copies of the graying gene. This is the color combination that’s most commonly found on adult dogs.Typically, their coats are darker at the root before fading at the tip, but this can be affected by a variety of factors, including how closely you cut their hair.

Parti Yorkies

Parti (short for “particolored”) Yorkies are blue and tan, with a dash of white thrown in for good measure. You may also see chocolate in place of the white.The white fur can be mixed in with the rest and is often the predominant color.The whiteness is a result of the recessive piebald gene, and both parents must possess it to create a Parti Yorkie. However, even if both dogs have the gene, that doesn’t mean you’ll get any Parti puppies.

Blue-Born Yorkies

While most Yorkie puppies are black and tan, occasionally, you’ll have Yorkies that are blue from birth.Unfortunately, this is a tragic combination. These dogs rarely survive longer than a year, and the ones that do live such a miserable existence that it’s generally considered humane to put them down. Some breeders advertise blue Yorkies as if they’re some sort of status symbol. Needless to say, you should stay far away from those breeders.

Black Yorkies

You may stumble across a black Yorkie, but how is that possible? Simple: you mix them with another dog.There’s no such thing as a purebred black Yorkie, so don’t believe any breeder who tries to tell you otherwise. However, that doesn’t mean that these aren’t good dogs; it simply means you won’t be able to brag about their bloodlines.

Red-Legged Yorkies

Genetics are a funny thing. While most genes are clearly taken from the parents, occasionally one will pop up that can be traced back several generations. That’s what happens with red-legged Yorkies.These are technically red and black Yorkies, with the red coming from two copies of a specific recessive gene that they inherited from long-ago ancestors. In addition to being a strange color, the gene also makes their hair stiff and wiry.

Chocolate Yorkies

Chocolate Yorkies have an entirely brown coat. It’s due to a specific recessive gene known as theIt’s certainly possible for purebred Yorkies to have a chocolate coat, but sometimes the coloring is a telltale sign that the breeder has mixed in another dog’s DNA (usually a Dachshund). Be sure to do your homework before paying purebred prices for a chocolate Yorkie puppy.

A Brief History of Yorkies

You might not believe it, given their dainty appearance, but these British dogs were originally bred to be coal miners — or rather, they would hunt the rats that lived in mine shafts. Beginning in the mid-19th century, workers would take them down into the mine and turn them loose, allowing them to kill any vermin that would otherwise prove to be a nuisance.They were also valued as hunting dogs. Since they’re so small and tenacious, they were perfect for diving in holes to ferret out foxes and badgers. In fact, the breed was known for its remarkable bravery.Late in the 19th century, popular opinion of the dog began to change. Rather than being used for brutish tasks like killing rats, it began to be prized as a companion animal, as it was dainty and gorgeous.That’s still how most Yorkies are viewed today: as beautiful lap dogs. Very rarely are they called upon to hunt, although the skills are still buried in their genes. Instead, they’re content to sit in luxury, soaking up affection and devouring the occasional treat.Many Yorkies have something that’s known as “the graying gene.” Basically, it causes their bodies to produce a certain type of pigment that causes the color of their coats to fade a bit.As a result, the black can turn to blue, and the tan can turn to gold. Or it can stay the same, and you’ll have a black and tan puppy that grows up into a black and tan dog.All genes come in pairs, so the coat’s ultimate color depends on how many graying genes your dog has. If just one, then you’ll either have a black and gold or blue and tan dog. If both, you’ll have a blue and gold Yorkshire Terrier.A few Yorkies have what’s known as a “recessive piebald gene.” This is what causes the white Yorkie coloring. This is extremely rare, though — and it makes those dogs extremely expensive.There’s no way of knowing what a Yorkie puppy’s coat will do as it matures. You may be able to get some idea by looking at their parents, but even then, it’s a crapshoot.