Arachnophobia is one of the most common fears people have. Even the smallest, harmless house spiders can evoke a shriek of terror. If thats the case for you, might as well close this page right now because Id like to introduce you to Theraphosa blondi, also known as the goliath birdeater, officially recognized as the worlds largest spider.
During one night in the Peruvian jungle, Michael Grundler of the University of Michigan witnessed with his very own eyes how a goliath birdeater killed and started eating a mouse opossum ( Marmosa murina ). The tarantula lives in shallow burrows beneath the forest floor, which it lines with ultra-strong silk to enhance the stability of the structure.
T. blondi simply has to rub their legs on their abdomen to release a hail of these sharp hairs into the air, which inflict massive damage. The younglings hatch 6 to 8 weeks after the eggs were laid, but it will take another two to three years before they reach sexual maturity, a mighty long time for a spider.
What is the world's biggest spider ever found?
The world’s largest known spider is a male goliath bird-eating spider (Theraphosa blondi) collected by members of the Pablo San Martin Expedition at Rio Cavro, Venezuela in April 1965. It had a record leg-span of 28 cm (11 in) – sufficient to cover a dinner plate.
What is the 2 biggest spider in the world?
Giant Huntsman Spider (Sparassidae) ….Goliath Birdeater Tarantula (Theraphosa blondi) ….Hercules Baboon Spider (Hysterocrates hercules) ….Brazilian Salmon Pink Birdeater (Lasiodora parahybana) ….Grammostola anthracina. ….Chaco golden-knee (Grammostola pulchripes)
Is there a bigger spider than the Goliath birdeater?
Some sources say the giant huntsman spider, which has a larger leg span, is bigger than the birdeater.
The Goliath birdeater (Theraphosa blondi) belongs to the tarantula family Theraphosidae. Found in northern South America, it is the largest spider in the world by mass 175 g (6.2 oz) and body length up to 13 cm (5.1 in) but it is second to the giant huntsman spider by leg span. It is also called the Goliath bird-eating spider; the practice of calling theraphosids “bird-eating” derives from an early 18th-century copper engraving by Maria Sibylla Merian that shows one eating a hummingbird. Despite the spider‘s name, it rarely preys on birds.
Found in northern South America , it is the largest spider in the world by mass 175 g (6.2 oz) and body length up to 13 cm (5.1 in) but it is second to the giant huntsman spider by leg span.  It is also called the Goliath bird-eating spider ; the practice of calling theraphosids “bird-eating” derives from an early 18th-century copper engraving by Maria Sibylla Merian that shows one eating a hummingbird .
 Birdeaters are one of the few tarantula species that lack tibial spurs, located on the first pair of legs of most adult males. Unlike other species of spider/tarantula, females do not eat the males during mating. Colors range from dark to light brown with faint markings on the legs.
The female lays 100 to 200 eggs, which hatch into spiderlings within 68 weeks. Like all tarantulas, T. blondi spiders have fangs large enough (24 cm or 0.791.57 in) to break the skin of a human. Despite its name, the Goliath birdeater only rarely actually preys on birds; in the wild, its diet consists primarily of other large arthropods , worms , and amphibians .
 However, because of its size and opportunistic predatory behavior, this species commonly kills and consumes a variety of insects and small terrestrial vertebrates . They do not consume their prey in the open; rather, they drag it back to their burrow and begin the digesting process.  In the wild, T. blondi has been observed feeding on rodents , frogs , toads , lizards , and even snakes .
The spider is part of the local cuisine in northeastern South America, prepared by singeing off the urticating hairs and roasting it in banana leaves. ^ World‘s biggest spider face-off – see which bug wins here Archived October 23, 2014, at the Wayback Machine Herzig, Volker; King, Glenn F. (2013). “The Neurotoxic Mode of Action of Venoms from the Spider Family Theraphosidae”.
“The stridulatory setae of Acanthoscurria suina (Araneae, Theraphosidae) and their possible role in sexual communication: an experimental approach” (PDF) .
Unlike many spider species, huntsman spiders “don’t build webs to catch prey,” said Christy Bills, an entomologist and the invertebrate collections manager at the Natural History Museum of Utah. Instead, these spiders hunt down their prey.
An image of a female huntsman spider ( Heterpoda venatoria ) taken in a home in West Bengal, India. Kingdom : Animalia Subkingdom : Bilateria Infrakingdom : Protostomia Superphylum : Ecdysozoa Phylum : Arthropoda Subphylum : Chelicerata Class : Arachnida Order : Araneae Family : Sparassidae Genus & species : Heteropoda maxima
The huntsman runs after or ambushes its prey, killing it with venom and strong mouthparts, called the chelicerae. Once captured, the prey will be injected with deadly venom from glands within the spider‘s body, according the University of Florida. According to the Australian Reptile Park , although huntsman are venomous and their bites can be painful to humans, they do not cause anything more serious than mild nausea or headaches.
According to the Australian Museum, their mating ritual can last for several hours and involves lengthy caresses and other demonstrations of interest. The male drums his pedipalps antennae-like appendages near the mouth against tree trunks before inserting them into the female to fertilize her eggs. (Image credit: Elliekay/Public Domain ) After mating, the female lays up to 200 eggs and encases them in a large, oval, spun-silk sac.
According to the University of Florida’s Entomology and Nematology Department, some females carry the sac with them under their bodies, which severely restricts their movements.
There are estimated to be over 46,000 species of spiders alive today, stretching their eight legs all across the world in every continent and country except Antarctica. These many species come in all shapes and sizes, and a handful of the most venomous spiders can actually be very dangerous for humans, leading to death if bitten.
They are found only in Laos , but their slightly smaller relatives the huntsmen live in warm and temperate climates around the world. The twisted, splays orientation of the huntsmans legs can give them a crab-like walk, but these spiders are fast a trait they use to hunt down their prey.
Goliath birdeaters live in the swamps and rainforests of northern South America, though despite their name dont frequently eat birds more usually preying on invertebrates, mice, frogs, and lizards at night. When under threat they often rear up on their hind legs and show their fangs, or fire their barbed hairs at attackers with can lodge in skin or eyes, causing irritation for days. Hercules baboon spiders are native to Africa and famed as being enormous and aggressive, though havent been seen in the wild since 1900 .
Although these spiders are considered docile, when provoked Brazilian salmon pink bird eater can deliver a bite with their 2-centimeter fangs thats comparable to a cat, with no venom that impacts humans. They are quite common as pets as aside from their stunning looks they breed readily in captivity, and dont spin large webs or burrow, so make good display tarantulas. Grammostola anthracina belong to the tarantula family, and live in scrub, desert areas and grasslands in Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay and Uruguay.
Their diet consists of insects and small reptiles and invertebrates including beetles, moths, grasshoppers, lizards, cockroaches, and mealworms. Like the Brazilian salmon pink birdeaters, Grammostola anthracina are popular as pets due to their looks, size, and behaviour. Even though they are one of the largest spider species in the world they are considered gentle giants, having a l aid back, docile temperament .
Although theyre not particularly venomous, these spiders are known to be particularly aggressive, commonly spinning and striking out with their spiked rear legs, so steer clear if you see one in the wild. As with most other spiders on this list Colombian giant tarantulas live on a mix of whatever mice, small lizards, and large insects they can find. Their bites are not deadly to humans, but their venom allows them to kill animals as large as mice, lizards, and small birds and snakes before eating them.
Thankfully the rumours were exactly that, and whilst camel spiders do use digestive fluids to liquefy their victims flesh, and have jaws one third the size of their 15 centimeters body length, they are not dangerous to humans. The truth is that the venom of the Brazilian wandering spider is extremely potent , but its not particularly good at injecting it into humans. The Cerbalus aravaensis is an extremely rare species of huntsmen spider found only in the Arava Valley of Israel and Jordan.
This spider is the most endangered species on this list as its limited habitat is in imminent danger of destruction from agriculture and sand quarries.
These spiders can have a legspan up to 30 cm (12 in),
Unlike other species of spider/tarantula, females do not eat the males during mating. Females mature in 3–6 years and have an average lifespan of 15 to 25 years. Males die soon after maturity and have a lifespan of three to six years. Colors range from dark to light brown with faint markings on the legs. Birdeaters have hair on their bodies, abdomens, and legs. The female lays 100 to 200 eggs, which hatch into spiderlings within 6–8 weeks.
In response to threats, Goliath birdeaters stridulate by rubbing setae on their pedipalps and legs.Like all tarantulas,
Despite its name, the Goliath birdeater only rarely actually preys on birds; in the wild, its diet consists primarily of other large arthropods, worms, and amphibians.
Distribution and habitat
The Goliath birdeater is native to the upland rain forest regions of northern South America: Suriname, Guyana, French Guiana, northern Brazil, and southern Venezuela. Most noticeable in the Amazon rainforest, the spider is terrestrial, living in deep burrows, and is found commonly in marshy or swampy areas. It is a nocturnal species.
Goliath birdeater as food
The Goliath birdeater is an edible spider. The spider is part of the local cuisine in northeastern South America, prepared by singeing off the urticating hairs and roasting it in banana leaves. The flavor has been described as “shrimp-like”.
What do huntsman look like?
Because of their size, huntsman spiders are sometimes incorrectly identified as tarantulas. One way to tell a huntsman from a tarantula is by the position of the creature’s legs. Most spiders’ legs bend vertically under the body. “Huntsman spiders usually have legs that are splayed out to the sides, crablike,” Bills said. In fact, huntsman spiders are also referred to as giant crab spiders.Huntsman spiders’ legs have twisted joints, which allow the appendages to extend forward like a crab’s and their alignment allows the spider to move side-to-side, also similar to a crab. Males have longer legs, although females have larger bodies. “Colors and patterns vary,” Bills said. The spiders’ legs are typically gray or brown, and banded.Many huntsman species’ bodies have a flattened appearance, ideal for squeezing into tight places, according to the Australian Museum.
Where are they found?
According to the Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS), the taxonomy of giant huntsman spiders is:
Where environments so they live in?
Bills extolled the huntsman’s speed: “They can often be quite large and very quick.” In fact, the huntsman spider can move up to a yard (almost 1 meter) a second, she said. The spider typically lives under loose bark on trees, under rocks, in crevices and under foliage. Huntsman spiders, especially Australian species, are notorious for entering houses and cars. According to the Australian Museum, they have been “found hiding behind sun visors or running across the dashboard.” These spiders can be social, and dozens will sometimes sit together on dead trees or stumps.
What do huntsman eat?
The huntsman runs after or ambushes its prey, killing it with venom and strong mouthparts, called the chelicerae. Once captured, the prey will be injected with deadly venom from glands within the spider‘s body, according the University of Florida. The huntsman can also be a valuable spider because it eats cockroaches, in addition to other spiders and domestic insect pests.
Huntsman are not deadly to humans. According to the Australian Reptile Park, although huntsman are venomous and their bites can be painful to humans, they do not cause anything more serious than mild nausea or headaches. Usually localized swelling and pain are the only symptoms of a huntsman spider bite.
How do huntsman reproduce?
Compared to other spider species that eat their mates, huntsman spiders are downright romantic. According to the Australian Museum, their mating ritual can last for several hours and involves lengthy caresses and other demonstrations of interest. The male drums his pedipalps — antennae-like appendages near the mouth — against tree trunks before inserting them into the female to fertilize her eggs.After mating, the female lays up to 200 eggs and encases them in a large, oval, spun-silk sac. “Some huntsmans are dedicated mothers,” Billa said. They “look after their egg sacs, guarding them fiercely.”According to the University of Florida’s Entomology and Nematology Department, some females carry the sac with them under their bodies, which severely restricts their movements. Others place the sac under a rock or piece of bark and stand over it, without eating, for up to three weeks. In both cases, females may become aggressive when guarding their egg sacs.According to the Australian Reptile Park, at birthing time, the mother may tear the egg sac open to help her spiderlings emerge. She’ll then stay with the babies for several weeks. Baby huntsmen are pale in color and darken with each molt. Huntsman spiders can live for more than two years.