This is a question that more than 7484 of our readers have been asking us! Luckily, we have found the most appropriate information for you!

Everybody’s familiar with the German Shepherd Dog. After all, they’ve been America’s second most popular breed for years. But not everybody is quite as well acquainted with the Belgian Malinois. In fact, their similar coloring and heritage as herding breeds might lead some people to mistake the Belgian Malinois for the German Shepherd. However, there are a few key differences between these two breeds, as well as some fascinating similarities.

In fact, as early as 1908, the AKC Gazette mentioned that two Belgian Sheepdogs had been imported into the United States to work as police dogs in New York City. Also dating back to the late 1800s, the German Shepherd was developed by Captain Max von Stephanitz . “The sport of Schutzhund was developed as a test to choose appropriate animals for breeding when it wasn’t possible to evaluate the dogs by their traditional work. “Vigilant yet responsive, they balance all the qualities needed in a stock dog, protector, and sensible working partner.” “Besides being shown in conformation , German Shepherds compete in herding , obedience , agility , tracking , dock diving , disc dog , barn hunt , and more,” she affirms.

Which dog is smarter Belgian Malinois or German Shepherd?

Whilst our table of temperament may indicate these two breeds are the same, they are not. However, both dogs have similarities, as they are herding and working breeds, the Belgian Malinois and German Shepherd are highly intelligent. … The Belgian Malinois, well he is already 10 steps ahead of you.

What dog is stronger than a German Shepherd?

From the differences in weight and height, the Rottweiler stands out. The largest male Rottweiler would be 45lb (20.4kg) heavier and 1ʺ (2.5cm) taller than the largest male German Shepherd. The Rottweiler also has a stronger dog bite force when compared to the German Shepherd.

Why do police use Belgian Malinois instead of German Shepherd?

For many areas of police work, the Belgian Malinois seems to be the better dog. He is fast, athletic, possesses unlimited energy, is extremely agile, and strong despite its smaller, lighter body. He is not prone to as many ailments and health problems as the German Shepherd dog.

This article is going to pit one breed against another, the Belgian Malinois vs. German Shepherd, to identify common, different, good, bad, or dangerous traits.

This article is going to pit one breed against another, the Belgian Malinois vs. German Shepherd , to identify common, different, good, bad, or dangerous traits. Both are working breeds who require experienced owners due to their smarts and high energy levels. The Belgian Malinois is a similar breed in a lot of ways- we’ll be getting into their traits, looks, behaviors, etc. Even though they share many similarities, for some reason, the Belgian Malinois never achieved household name status like the German Shepherd. According to AKC, the Belgian Malinois ranks 43 rd out of 196 breeds in popularity (which is a steep climb in recent years.) Is it for security, a home pet, search and rescue, military, or drug and bomb detection? Both breeds can maintain an athletic and muscular build when nutrition and exercise are up to par. Because they share the same height ranges, the Belgian Malinois gives off a sleeker appearance than the Shepherd , due to the differences in weight. By nature, the German Shepherd is obedient, courageous, alert, curious, intelligent, loyal, confident, and watchful . German Shepherds are famous for working well in high-pressure situations , having the ability to keep a cool head, and staying on task. Their dedication and love for their owners make them a great family dog if they are trained properly. When German Shepherds are given daily opportunities to focus all of their strengths positively and purposefully, many of the problems that the above traits can produce are trained out of the dog. Troubles come when they are left to their own devices, and their strengths aren’t given proper focus. If the owner doesn’t give the dog purpose and direction toward where to place all of those traits, it will find its own. [ Read German Shepherd Pros and Cons Here ] By nature, the Belgian Malinois is hard working, friendly, stubborn, watchful, active, protective, alert, intelligent, and confident . It requires more attention in the early stages of their lives to eliminate the potential for stubbornly holding on to unsavory habits. Both need to have opportunities to flourish in their strengths often, to develop good habits, and to burn off some energy- both mental and physical. The coat of the German Shepherd is double-coated at a medium length down the back and hind legs, with shorter fur about the head and paws. Solid colors can be black, blue, gray, liver, sable, or white. As far as their coat goes, surprisingly, the Belgian Malinois tends to shed more than the Shepherd and requires more thorough brushing. Owners of both breeds said that German Shepherd shows less aggression than the Belgian Malinois. Being the bigger dog, it comes to no surprise that the German Shepherd needs to eat more food, and can be more expensive as it relates to feeding. Partly due to its more agile frame, but there’s one thing that German Shepherds do that the Mal doesn’t. It might satisfy some curiosity to learn that the #1 dog breed relating to biting force is the Kangal, coming in at 743 psi. I bring this up to show you how effective the Shepherd and the Mal are, though neither of them has an incredibly strong bite compared to other breeds. Steadily over time (more so in Europe than the United States), the Belgian Malinois has been incrementally replacing the German Shepherd for police work for many of the reasons listed above. The German Shepherd has done a great job over time, and for decades has been a solid staple of the police force. The following is some information that will help us to understand the lineage of these two breeds, and why they harbor the much-valued traits that owners enjoy. Back in the 1850s, different communities across Germany bred sheepdogs from a variety of other types, intending to meet their needs at the time. A man by the name of Max von Stephanitz ( image credits ) made it his goal to make the perfect and standardized breed that fulfills every need required from a sheep herding dog. In 1899, Max attended a dog show that featured a breed that was generationally bred that matched all of his expectations. He wound up purchasing the dog and spent years afterward promoting and refining the breed, resulting in the German Shepherd that we recognize today. It’s a worker and has a proven track record of being outstanding in the military, security, and as a police dog. After World War 1, the German Shepherd’s name was changed to maintain its popularity due to anti-German sentiments. The breed’s name was changed to “Alsatian Wolf Dog” after the French area of Alsace. In 1977, purists and dog-enthusiasts leveled pressure against the British Kennel Club to revert the name of the breed to the German Shepherd. And because of this, it is difficult to find direct ancestry or the exact breed combination that resulted in the Malinois. This particular breed of Belgian Sheepdog was quickly recognized for its intelligence, and capabilities while successfully herding all kinds of livestock. Its talents as a working dog and its intelligence promoted it to become well versed in other areas such as law enforcement, security, and military purposes. When Seal Team-6 was brought into Pakistan in 2011 to capture or otherwise remove Osama Bin Laden, it was a Belgian Malinois named Cairo who went in with them. More recently, in 2019, a hero was made from another Malinois that assisted in the removal of Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi, leader of the terrorist organization ISIS. Fortunately, the dog made its full recovery, and was later honored by the President of the United States and labeled a hero of the mission. There are several good reasons why it seems that the Belgian Malinois is slowly replacing the German Shepherd out in the workforce. Due to its sleeker and lighter frame, the Belgian Malinois is generally much faster and more energetic than the Shepherd. They are a wiser investment for the police force and military because they can have more years’ worth of service out of a Mal than a Shepherd due to life expectancy constraints. A lot of time, effort, and money go into training a dog for police work or military service. Though the Shepherd might be easier to take care of overall, they don’t handle heat as well as the Malinois. The Belgian Malinois’ fur is shorter, and it has an easier time handling more diverse or extreme temperatures. Super high energy, more aggressiveness, and the potential of being more anxious around small children make the Belgian Malinois a lesser choice in this regard. Belgian MalinoisGerman ShepherdHeight22-26 inches22-26 inchesWeight40-80 lbs.50-90 lbsTemperamentstubborn, watchful, active, protective, alert, intelligent, and confidentobedient, courageous, alert, curious, intelligent, loyal, confident, and watchful.Coatdouble-coated at a shorter lengthdouble-coated at a medium lengthColorsTwo basic color combinations found in a Belgian Malinois are a rich fawn color with black-tipped fur or mahogany with black-tipped fur. This breed sheds heavily twice per yearOccasional brushing, about once or twice a weekTrainabilityslightly easier to train than the Shepherdmore difficult to trainAggressionmore aggressiveless aggressiveFeedinglesser foodNeeds more due to its sizeHealth IssuesHip & Elbow Dysplasia, and certain types of eye problemsDegenerative Myelopathy, Elbow – Hip Dysplasia, and abdomen bloatProtection DogBettergoodBite Force195 psi238 psiPolice & Military Usemuch faster and more energetic than GSD.slower and less energetic than MalinoisFamily Dogfair/goodbetter So, (Belgian Malinois vs German Shepherd) which is better? As we’ve seen, police and military have found the Belgian Malinois to be the better choice for their purposes. They will protect the yard, love the kids, and serve diligently as a pet, protector, and a part of the family, more level-headedly than the Belgian Malinois. About the author:
Pablo Pascua created dogbreedsfaq.com because of his interest in all the different breeds, and his desire to learn more.

A Shared Herding Heritage

Both the Malinois and German Shepherd are members of the Herding Group and can trace their origins to livestock herding dogs. As their names imply, the Belgian Malinois was developed in Belgium and the German Shepherd in Germany.The Malinois was one of four varieties of Belgian Shepherd Dog in use in the late 1800s. It was first recognized by Professor Adolphe Reul. He characterized the variety as a medium-sized square dog with dark brown eyes and triangular ears. Each of the four types of Belgian Shepherd Dog was named for the area around Brussels where it was developed, with the Malinois hailing from the Malines region.“As the agricultural lifestyle declined, the Belgian Shepherd Dog became favored in the development of police dog training,” according to Ann MacKay, who has owned Belgian Malinois for 32 years and bred them for 26,In fact, as early as 1908, the AKC Gazette mentioned that two Belgian Sheepdogs had been imported into the United States to work as police dogs in New York City. More were imported in 1911, including two specifically identified in the AKC studbook as Malinois. Finally, in 1959 the Belgian Malinois was granted full AKC recognition as a breed of its own, separate from the other Belgian Shepherd Dog varieties.Also dating back to the late 1800s, the German Shepherd was developed by Captain Max von Stephanitz. He wanted to create the perfect dog breed. Von Stephanitz was impressed by the variety of herding dogs he saw throughout Germany. Looking for his ideal medium-to-large-sized dog with an independent, persistent, and obedient personality, he found and purchased a dog at a show in 1899. That dog became the first registered German Shepherd Dog in von Stephanitz’s newly established German Shepherd Dog Club and the founder of the breed.“Although the primary and original purpose of the German Shepherd was herding sheep (in what we refer to as a tending fashion), the breed soon became popular with the police and as military dogs,” says Julie Degen, a German Shepherd enthusiast for over 30 years and breeder for 25. “The sport of Schutzhund was developed as a test to choose appropriate animals for breeding when it wasn’t possible to evaluate the dogs by their traditional work. In short order, German Shepherds became one of the best known and most popular breeds in the world.”

Different Physical Qualities

Both breeds are similar in height. Males stand 24-26 inches high at the withers and females 22-24 inches. But the majority of Malinois are lighter than most German Shepherds. The male Malinois weighs 60-80 pounds and the female weighs 40-60 pounds. In contrast, a male German Shepherd can weigh up to 90 pounds and a female up to 70 pounds.MacKay, former vice president and over 25-year member of the American Belgian Malinois Club, points out that the Malinois’ ears more closely resemble a triangle than the German Shepherd’s ears. Plus, the Malinois is a square breed. In other words, when viewing from the side, the topline, front legs, and back legs should closely approximate a square.On the other hand, the breed standard for the German Shepherd describes a dog that is “longer than tall, deep-bodied, and presents an outline of smooth curves rather than angles.”Degen, a member of the German Shepherd Dog Club of America for 26 years who served as both the herding chair and performance chair, is struck by the German Shepherd’s movement. She describes the breed as having a unique, extremely efficient, and effortless gait. This helps them cover the most amount of ground with the least effort.

Two Breeds that Often Compete

Whether you’re a K9 enthusiast or a cat lover, you’ve probably heard about the German Shepherd.Everybody has, at some point in their lives. They’re often associated with some of the “most notorious or dangerous breeds” out there like Chow Chows, Pit-Bull Terriers, Rottweilers, or Dobermans.The truth is, any dog can be aggressive, and any breed can be poorly raised. Most people who are afraid of German Shepherds as a breed are people who have never owned one or were inexperienced dog owners.Folks who wound up with a fluff-ball puppy that didn’t understand what they were getting themselves into.German Shepherds haven’t ranked the #2 most popular breed out there for nothing, though. When an owner knows what they’re doing, German Shepherds are beloved by owners, trainers, and families alike.The Belgian Malinois is a similar breed in a lot of ways- we’ll be getting into their traits, looks, behaviors, etc. soon.Even though they share many similarities, for some reason, the Belgian Malinois never achieved household name status like the German Shepherd.Despite it being less known, the Belgian Malinois is nipping at the heels of the German Shepherd. Often, they compete against each other (whether they know it or not) for jobs.But not only for jobs. According to AKC, the Belgian Malinois ranks 43The numbers indicate that the Belgian Malinois is growing in popularity on the world scene, and is cementing its purpose in the world of working-class breeds.The following information will acquaint you with both breeds and will open your eyes to a couple of things that you may not have known about either of them.

Is a Belgian Malinois Better than a German Shepherd?

This is a loaded question that has an equally loaded answer. Shepherd enthusiasts would, of course, say that a German Shepherd is better, while Mal owners would say theirs is better. Kind of like a Coke vs. Pepsi argument.Is the Belgian Malinois better than a German Shepherd?The answer is yes, and no.Or, to make it more blurry- it depends. What’s the purpose? Is it for security, a home pet, search and rescue, military, or drug and bomb detection?Let’s make some comparisons that we can make while not appearing to have a dog in the fight (pun intended).Ready?

Belgian Malinois vs. German Shepherd Size & Weight

Both breeds can maintain an athletic and muscular build when nutrition and exercise are up to par. However, they do differ from one another.

Height

Males forBecause they share the same height ranges, the Belgian Malinois gives off a

Weight

The German Shepherd is theMale German Shepherds range from 65-90 pounds, with females weighing in at anywhere between 50-70 pounds.Male Belgian Malinois weigh in between 60-80 pounds, and females range between 40-60 pounds.

Temperament

A dog’s temperament is the general nature of the dog breed. This is often confused with how it’s brought up. Any breed’s upbringing can have a dramatic impact on what the result of the dog’s attitude is going to be.The following information about each breed’s temperament is what comes naturally to the dog. How these temperaments are dealt with is what will dictate whether or not it will be a well behaved and even-keeled pet.

German Shepherd

By nature, the German Shepherd isGerman Shepherds areTheir dedication and love for their owners make them a great family dog if they are trained properly.When German Shepherds are given daily opportunities to focus all of their strengths positively and purposefully, many of the problems that the above traits can produce are trained out of the dog.Troubles come when they are left to their own devices, and their strengths aren’t given proper focus.If the owner doesn’t give the dog purpose and direction toward where to place all of those traits, it will find its own.

Belgian Malinois

By nature, the Belgian Malinois isThe Belgian Malinois tends to beOn the other hand, they crave the attention of their owners and tend to beAmple family time, people familiarization, and love will make the Mal a solid member of the family. But stern training is necessary to give the dog focus and purpose in the right direction.Still, some have determined that this breed is not recommended for families with small children who behave erratically.

Similar Traits, yet Not the Same

As you can see above, both dogs share a lot of the same general traits. Both make for outstanding working dogs, as well as having the potential to be loving and loyal family dogs.Both need to have opportunities to flourish in their strengths often, to develop good habits, and to burn off some energy- both mental and physical.Training, physical exercise, and problem-solving exercises will reap fewer problems at home (particularly as youthful dogs.)Though they’re similar in temperament, they’re not the same.

Coat:

German Shepherd

The coat of the German Shepherd is double-coated at a

Belgian Malinois

The Belgian Malinois coat is double-coated at a

Colors:

German Shepherd

German Shepherds have a

Belgian Malinois

The

Belgian Malinois vs. German Shepherd Shedding

Which of the two breeds has a longer lifespan? The answer for this would be the Belgian Malinois. Mals’ life expectancy comes close to double that of a Shepherd.

Trainability

Both breeds need plenty of exercise to keep them healthy and happy. But between the two, the Malinois needs more exercise to release some of that boundless energy.

Aggression

While the German Shepherd can be good with people, it can be aloof with strangers. The same is true for the Belgian Malinois. Owners of both breeds said that German Shepherd shows less aggression than the Belgian Malinois.

Feeding

Being the bigger dog, it comes to no surprise that the German Shepherd needs to eat more food, and can be more expensive as it relates to feeding.

Belgian Malinois vs. German Shepherd for Protection

Between the two breeds, the Mal is known to be generally healthier. All this means is that there are fewer health risks to worry about genetically.

Belgian Malinois vs. German Shepherd for Police Work

There’s no perfect science when it comes to calculating a dog’s bite force because it’s tough to tell a dog to bite something as hard as it can. Studies have to be repeated over and over to get an approximation.Between the two, the Shepherd’s bite was found to have more force measured in psi.It might satisfy some curiosity to learn that the #1 dog breed relating to biting force is the Kangal, coming in at 743 psi. I bring this up to show you how effective the Shepherd and the Mal are, though neither of them has an incredibly strong bite compared to other breeds.

Are Belgian Malinois and German Shepherds Related?

To look at them, you’d instantly make that assumption, wouldn’t you?They do look like they should be related.All dog breeds are connected, depending on how far back you’re willing to go. As far as the history covering the past several thousand years-In a way, the fact that they are not directly related is rather astonishing when you consider the similarities between the two breeds.The following is some information that will help us to understand the lineage of these two breeds, and why they harbor the much-valued traits that owners enjoy.

Belgian Malinois vs German Shepherd Price

Unfortunately, exactly which breeds of German sheepdogs were involved in the formulation of the German Shepherd has been lost to time.Back in the 1850s, different communities across Germany bred sheepdogs from a variety of other types, intending to meet their needs at the time.A man by the name ofIn 1899, Max attended a dog show that featured a breed that was generationally bred that matched all of his expectations.He wound up purchasing the dog and spent years afterward promoting and refining the breed, resulting in the German Shepherd that we recognize today.While perfecting his vision of the breed, he founded the Society for German Shepherd Dogs, (image credits) and it didn’t take long before the breed began to grow in popularity.It’s a worker and has a proven track record of being outstanding in the military, security, and as a police dog.Herding dogs were bred widely across Europe in the 1800s, not just in Germany.And because of this, it is difficult to find direct ancestry or the exact breed combination that resulted in the Malinois. All for the same reasoning that we find with the German Shepherd.However, the Belgian Malinois is classified together with the Tervuren, Laekenois, and Groenendael as a single breed mutually known as the Belgian Sheepdogs. That much has been determined.Malinois gets its name from the city of Malines, which is in the northwestern region of Belgium. The breed was first bred in that area in the 1880s.This particular breed of Belgian Sheepdog was quickly recognized for its intelligence, and capabilities while successfully herding all kinds of livestock.Before long, it was recognized that the Malinois was capable of doing many things that its counterparts didn’t do so well in.Its talents as a working dog and its intelligence promoted it to become well versed in other areas such as law enforcement, security, and military purposes.

Belgian Malinois or German Shepherd for My Family?

Both breeds are capable of being good family dogs. Still, more caveats come with the Belgian Malinois than with the German Shepherd.When it comes to the family, the German Shepherd takes the lead. Though the Malinois is known to be easier to train, they are not easier to manage.Super high energy, more aggressiveness, and the potential of being more anxious around small children make the Belgian Malinois a lesser choice in this regard.

Belgian Malinois Vs. GSD Summary Comparison Chart