American vs English Cocker Spaniel?

Keep reading to learn all about the differences between the English vs American Cocker Spaniel, and find out which breed might make the best pet for you!

He was first known as a Cocking Spaniel due to his smaller size and the way he hunted birds. In the 20th century, American enthusiasts of the English Cocker Spaniel opted to breed a companion dog of comparable temperament and beauty.

Today, both breeds are favored by certain dog enthusiasts and clubs for their unique talents, temperaments, and looks. Both have thick wavy fur, long ears, and adoring expressive faces. However, the English Cocker Spaniel is a larger breed with a longer head.

Black Orange Liver Blue Lemon Tan White Ash Silver Golden Red Sable Black Silver Red Tri-Color Brown Tan White and Buff Both the English and the American Cocker Spaniel have good temperaments and are eager to please.

However, the American Cocker Spaniel was built for companionship and becomes incredibly bonded with his people. He is a sensitive breed who will need a loving hand in training and in discipline. The English Cocker Spaniel is also a loving breed but is more energetic with a higher prey drive.

He should be supervised around other pets in the home, including Guinea pigs, hamsters, birds, and more. Furthermore, some studies have shown that English Cocker Spaniels can show aggressive behaviors in certain situations. For the most part, these situations include aggression towards strangers and strange dogs they do not know.

As always, early socialization and obedience training beginning in puppyhood will play a key role in the temperament. Early socialization and obedience training will also help your puppy adapt to any situation and ensure that he grows up into a well-adjusted adult. Both of these breeds enjoy learning and want to make their person happy and proud.

Due to the possibility of separation anxiety, some owners choose to consider crate training. Both the English and the American Cocker Spaniel can be prone to obesity and will require enough exercise to keep them healthy. The English Cocker Spaniel, especially, will do best with long walks or hikes with his person.

His natural prey drive could get him into trouble at home as well, and while he does best in homes that have a backyard suitable for him to play in freely, owners should make sure the yard is fenced properly so the dog stays safe. This could include a nice walk and a game of catch in the park or throwing a ball in the backyard. With a lifespan of 1214 years, the English Cocker Spaniel is especially prone to:

hip dysplasia progressive retinal atrophy familial nephropathy ear infections dental issues adult-onset neuropathy Below are the following health tests recommended for the English Cocker Spaniel: The American Cocker Spaniel has a similar lifespan of 1014 years and is generally a healthy breed overall.

The recommended health tests for the American Cocker Spaniel, according to the AKC, are as follows: Keep in mind that while early health screening can get you a leg up on your pets overall genetic health, diet and grooming maintenance will also play a key role in the English and American Cocker Spaniels vigor. He should also be properly groomed to keep his skin and coat healthy and to keep him infection free.

Daily brushing as well as frequent bathing help to reduce the chances of skin and ear infections. The English Cocker Spaniel, on the other hand, will need brushing at least twice a week and occasional bathing. For the most part, it appears that both the English and the American Cocker Spaniel make wonderful pets, and it really depends on which one suits you and your unique needs most.

This means that the English Cocker Spaniel has a higher prey drive and will need more exercise. Additionally, the English Cocker Spaniel has been shown to exhibit more aggressive behaviors than the American Cocker Spaniel, and he may not be suitable for homes with very young children or homes that have other household pets. The American Cocker Spaniel, on the other hand, can be prone to separation anxiety and does best in homes whose families are around often.

He will also require more grooming than the English Cocker Spaniel, with daily brushing and frequent bathing. AL Podberscek, JA Serpell, The English Cocker Spaniel: Preliminary Findings on Aggressive Behavior , Applied Animal Behavior Science, Official Journal of the International Society for Applied Ethology M Amat, et al., Aggressive Behavior in the English Cocker Spaniel , Journal of Veterinary Behavior DN Irion, et al., Analysis of Genetic Variation in 28 Dog Breed Populations With 100 Microsatellite Markers , Journal of Heredity. L Acumen, The Genetic Connection; a Guide to Health Problems in Purebred Dogs, Second Edition, 2011 S Coren, , 1994

Are English or American cocker spaniels better?

An English cocker spaniels coat is shorter and silkier in texture. An American cocker spaniels coat is longer and denser in texture. English cocker spaniels are more active and energetic and are suitable for camping and hiking. American cocker spaniels are good-companion dogs and they love being indoors more.

How do I know if my cocker spaniel is American or English?

The American cocker spaniel has a rounder head with eyes that are bigger and rounder and placed more to the front of the face. The English cocker spaniel’s eyes are set more on the sides of the snout which is longer than the American’s. An English cocker spaniel also has distinctive longer ears.

What is the difference between cocker spaniel and English spaniel?

The cocker spaniel is the smallest of the two breeds. In fact, at just 13 to 15 inches tall and 20 to 30 pounds, the cocker spaniel is the smallest of all sporting dogs. … The springer spaniel has a longer muzzle, and the cocker spaniel has fluffier ears.

What is the difference between an American and English Springer Spaniel?

Field springers are slightly taller, leaner and more athletic than the show type, who typically stand between 19 and 20 inches at the shoulder. … Springers bred for show more closely represent the standard set out by the American Kennel Club.

The Cocker Spaniel is one of the worlds most beloved breeds. In fact, it ranks 29th in popularity out of the 193 breeds recognized by the American Kennel Club. But not far behind, in position 52, is the English Cocker Spaniel (ECS). These two members of the Sporting Group share the same early roots, which might explain why these merry and biddable, compact sporting dogs are often confused for one another.

Kepley says, Both should have muzzles/jaws along with the length of neck that allows them to carry a bird as large as a duck or pheasant through rough terrain. The Cocker Spaniel is slightly longer than tall, whereas the ECS is a taller dog that has more height than length, giving him a squarer shape.

They can thrive in city, suburban, or rural settings, as long as they get regular exercise. Their sensitivity to people and desire to please also helps them excel as therapy dogs .

Cocker Spaniels are immensely cute dogs with a rather cheerful disposition. DogAppy draws up differences between the American and English Cocker Spaniel.

Both breeds, the English and the American retain a common thread that binds themimmense popularity in their native nations. English Cockers also sport longer ears that reach the tip of his nose when pulled forward.

Therefore, English Cockers tend to be more active when they find themselves outdoorsthey love to chase birds and other game. The American Cockers, though excellent sporting dogs themselves, have not been known to retain their hunting skill over the period. Staying close to their primary purpose, English Cocker Spaniels tend to be more active and have more intensive exercise routines than the Americans.

The English enjoy running and frolicking in a yard or a park, whereas the Americans will love to give you company on long walks. Although this point is highly debatable, it has been observed that the American tends to be a tad too sensitive as compared to the English.

The Cocker Spaniel is one of the most popular breeds in the world. In fact, these pups rank 29th in popularity out of 193 breeds recognized by the American Kennel Club (AKC).

AmericanEnglishShorterTallerWeighs lessWeighs moreDome-shaped headFlatter headNarrower eyesWider eyesSmaller muzzleLonger muzzleShorter earsLonger earsLonger coatShorter coatDenser coatSilkier in textureLoves being indoorsLoves being outdoorsLess energeticMore activeMore maintenanceLess maintenance To find out what separates the two breeds, first, we have to get to know each one a little bit better. English Cockers are considered faithful, compassionate, athletic, well-balanced, and determined family pets that are said to have great alertness and intelligence.

English Cockers are prone to health problems such as skin allergies, heart murmurs, benign tumors, and deafness. The English Cocker Spaniel breed may also face an issue called rage syndrome , which means the dog may attack viciously without any warning. American Cocker Spaniels belong to a breed of sport dogs, and are considered to be the smallest in the group.

Today, the American Cocker Spaniel is considered to be the oldest breed of dogs in the USA. The American variety of Cocker Spaniels is considered to be a friendly, gentle-natured pet that gets along great with both adults and kids. The confusion only goes deeper with the even more unfamiliar roan-parti English Cockers that are white, and have colored hairs mixed together on their body with solid patches.

They were classified depending on their adult weight, with larger puppies developed into Springer and Field Spaniels, while the smaller dogs were Cockers. Also, because of their small size, Cockers have traditionally been used to hunt in deep covers such as shrubs and other heavy vegetation. During the 19th century, Cocker Spaniels were imported into the United States and the rest of North America.

Eventually, some breeding dogs went back to the British Isles, but the breeders on both sides of the ocean had different priorities. Even though they were still considered the same breed, the American Kennel Club recognized the English type as a separate variety in 1936. English Cocker Spaniels have a much stronger prey drive as these dogs are still heavily used for this purpose in the United Kingdom.

In any case, both breeds are known for good temperament and for being excellent family dogs, although English Cocker Spaniels can be a bit difficult if you dont fulfill their exercise needs. Even though they are different breeds of dogs, both English and American cockers possess a high energy level, and dont like being left alone. But, it is always a good idea that younger children should be supervised and taught how to properly interact with canines.

Since English Cocker Spaniels are still bred for fieldwork, they tend to have more energy and be more active than their American relatives. If you and your family enjoy camping, hunting, or hiking trips, then the English Cocker would love to be your companion. You can find examples of both breeds competing in sports such as agility as well as working with people as therapy dogs.

And, despite their energetic nature, they are both good choices for apartments due to their gentle temperament and small size. Both breeds were bred to work closely with humans as hunting companions, and they thrive with positive reinforcement training. As long as you keep your pup groomed regularly, you wont have too much trouble trying to care for your Cocker Spaniel.

The American Cockers delicate coat needs some extra effort on your part in order to ensure that their hair stays healthy and shiny all the time. A slicker brush works best with its little curve that latches on to loose hairs, so that they are easy to gently pull out without hurting your furry friend. When cataracts develop, the light cant reach the retina, which causes partial or complete blindness.

Dilated cardiomyopathy is a recognized genetic condition in dogs, typically giant or large breeds such as Great Danes, Doberman Pinschers, or Irish Wolfhounds. This condition begins in dogs as they grow, and can result in instability or a loose fit of the hip jointure. The eyes of English Cocker Spaniels are set wide apart, and they come with a comparatively longer muzzle.

On the other hand, American Cockers have narrowly set eyes, a smaller muzzle, and their ears are much shorter. On the flip side, American Cockers are friendly companion dogs that love to be indoors with their humans. But, when you further compare the two breeds, you realize that American Cockers are the ideal choice for families who favor spending time indoors rather than outdoors.

On the other hand, the English Cocker is the perfect option for people who prefer spending time outdoors and are always eager to discover different places and parks. English Cockers are the perfect fit for these people because they are very energetic and active dogs , with a high hunting drive.

English vs American Cocker Spaniel History

Both the English and American Cocker Spaniel share a similar heritage.As you may have assumed, the English Cocker Spaniel came first, by way of England.Originally, the English Cocker Spaniel was grouped with a number of other spaniel hunting breeds and was separated only by type and hunting ability.He was first known as a Cocking Spaniel due to his smaller size and the way he hunted birds.The Cocking Spaniel became the English Cocker Spaniel after finally being classified as his own breed in the 19th century.

American Personality

The English Cocker Spaniel and American Cocker Spaniel vary quite a bit in appearance, although it may not be that obvious at first.Both have thick wavy fur, long ears, and adoring expressive faces.However, the English Cocker Spaniel is a larger breed with a longer head.He is around 15–17 inches tall and weighs between 26–34 pounds.His coat can come in a variety of colors, such as:The American Cocker Spaniel, also known simply as the Cocker Spaniel, is around 13.5–15.5 inches and weighs about 20–30 pounds.His coat is more abundant than the coat of the English Cocker Spaniel, and it comes in seven colors and color combinations:

English Personality

The English Cocker Spaniel is also a loving breed but is more energetic with a higher prey drive.He will always need to be on a leash when out on walks.Still, both breeds can make wonderful family dogs.They are both playful and outgoing and get along with both children and other household pets.

Temperament Issues

The English Cocker Spaniel has high prey drive.He should be supervised around other pets in the home, including Guinea pigs, hamsters, birds, and more.Furthermore, some studies have shown that English Cocker Spaniels can show aggressive behaviors in certain situations.For the most part, these situations include aggression towards strangers and strange dogs they do not know.As always, early socialization and obedience training beginning in puppyhood will play a key role in the temperament.Early socialization and obedience training will also help your puppy adapt to any situation and ensure that he grows up into a well-adjusted adult.

English vs American Cocker Spaniel Training

Training dogs who are as eager to please as the American Cocker Spaniel and the English Cocker Spaniel is a treat!Both of these breeds enjoy learning and want to make their person happy and proud.They are both sensitive breeds who respond best to positive reinforcement methods like treats and lots of praise.Due to the possibility of separation anxiety, some owners choose to consider crate training.can be a safe and effective way to keep a dog happy and healthy while home alone.While it is not always necessary for every dog, it could help with anxious dogs who can develop anxiety-induced behaviors like potty accidents and chewing.Furthermore, if you are planning on getting an English or American Cocker Spaniel puppy and would like tips on potty training, click here!

English vs American Cocker Spaniel Exercise

Both the English and the American Cocker Spaniel can be prone to obesity and will require enough exercise to keep them healthy.

English Exercise

The English Cocker Spaniel, especially, will do best with long walks or hikes with his person.Although a leash will be necessary if you don’t have a great recall.His natural prey drive could get him into trouble at home as well, and while he does best in homes that have a backyard suitable for him to play in freely, owners should make sure the yard is fenced properly so the dog stays safe.

American Exercise

The American Cocker Spaniel, bred for companionship, does not need as much exercise as the English Cocker Spaniel, although he certainly needs some.Since he so thoroughly enjoys being with his people, any exercise activity that involves the two of you together will do just fine.This could include a nice walk and a game of catch in the park or throwing a ball in the backyard.

English vs American Cocker Spaniel Health

Unfortunately, all dogs are susceptible to genetic health issues, and the English Cocker Spaniel and American Cocker Spaniel are no exception.

General Care

With a lifespan of 12–14 years, the English Cocker Spaniel is especially prone to:Below are the following health tests recommended for the English Cocker Spaniel:To learn more about the overall health of the English Cocker Spaniel, visit the English Cocker Spaniel’s Official Breed Club Health Statement.But what about the American Cocker Spaniel?

Which Breed Makes a Better Pet?

For the most part, it appears that both the English and the American Cocker Spaniel make wonderful pets, and it really depends on which one suits you and your unique needs most.

Summary of English Cocker Spaniel

Remember, the English Cocker Spaniel was bred for hunting while the American Cocker Spaniel was created for companionship.This means that the English Cocker Spaniel has a higher prey drive and will need more exercise.He also has more health issues than the American Cocker Spaniel.If you have concerns about getting a puppy and facing future health issues, you may want to consider adopting an adult dog from a shelter.Additionally, the English Cocker Spaniel has been shown to exhibit more aggressive behaviors than the American Cocker Spaniel, and he may not be suitable for homes with very young children or homes that have other household pets.

Summary of American Cocker Spaniel

The American Cocker Spaniel, on the other hand, can be prone to separation anxiety and does best in homes whose families are around often.He will also require more grooming than the English Cocker Spaniel, with daily brushing and frequent bathing.Do you know of any fun facts we may have missed about the English Cocker Spaniel or American Cocker Spaniel?Let us know in the comment section!

Cocker Confusion

“Many people do not realize that there are two kinds of Cocker Spaniels,” says Diane Kepley, breeder, judge, and president of the American Spaniel Club. She explains that the name adds to the confusion. “In the United States, the breed that is shown in three varieties is known simply as the ‘Cocker Spaniel,’ but everywhere else in the world it is known as the ‘American Cocker Spaniel.’” Of course, the reverse is true for the English Cocker Spaniel. America’s ECS is known simply as the “Cocker Spaniel” in the rest of the world.Chereen Nawrocki, breeder and past president of the English Cocker Spaniel Club of America, says that people who aren’t familiar with the ECS know they are a spaniel, but simply aren’t sure which kind. “Their guesses have to do with color, I think. If it’s a solid color, they may think it is an American Cocker, but if it’s an open-parti (white with red, black, or liver patches), they often guess Springer Spaniel or American Cocker.” And there is further confusion with the even more unfamiliar roan-parti ECSs (white and colored hairs mixed together on the body with solid patches).

A Shared Heritage

According to Nawrocki, spaniels are mentioned as far back as the 1300s as a dog used to hunt game. “Weight was the defining characteristic at that time in land spaniels. In one litter you could have dogs considered any of the various land spaniel types — Springers (English Springer Spaniels), Fields (Field Spaniels), Cockers, or Toys (English Toy Spaniels) — depending on their adult weight,” she says.Kepley says, “The larger puppies developed into Field Spaniels and Springer Spaniels, while the smaller dogs were the Cockers.” Their name came from the small, stocky bird they were used to hunt — the woodcock. Cockers were used to flush or startle the birds out of their hiding places. “Cockers have traditionally been used to hunt in deep cover (shrubs and other heavy vegetation) because of their small size,” she says.From the mid-1800s onward, Cocker Spaniels were imported into North America. Eventually, some breeding stock went back to the British Isles. But the breeders on either side of the ocean had different priorities. “Most American breeders concentrated on the smaller, elegant solid-colored Cockers blended with the smaller Field Spaniels. While the British breeders were breeding roan and parti-colored springer types with their Cocker Spaniels to produce a larger, leggier Cocker who would hunt and retrieve,” explains Nawrocki.Although they were still considered the same breed, in 1936 the AKC recognized the English type as a separate variety of Cocker Spaniel. But fanciers wanted to keep the English variety pure and vowed not to breed the two types together. Ten years later, in 1946, their efforts were rewarded when the AKC granted the ECS status as a separate breed from the Cocker Spaniel.

Physical Appearance

There are definite structural similarities between the two breeds. Kepley says, “Both should have muzzles/jaws along with the length of neck that allows them to carry a bird as large as a duck or pheasant through rough terrain. Both should be solid, well-proportioned, and balanced in their front and rear construction to allow them to push through heavy brush. And both have coats that are easy to care for with proper grooming.”But breed differences are clear when you know what to look for. The Cocker Spaniel is slightly longer than tall, whereas the ECS is a taller dog that has more height than length, giving him a squarer shape.The ECS is also groomed a little differently and doesn’t carry the amount of coat that the Cocker Spaniel can have. “While both breeds have the same coat texture, Cocker Spaniel fanciers have selectively bred for more coat. In Cocker Spaniels, the length of hair is pronounced on the legs and sides,” Kepley says.According to Nawrocki, “I think that the head is the definitive characteristic of the ECS. The correct expression is soft and melting, with tight eyes that are full and slightly oval. The muzzle is equal in length to the skull and plushy, but not overdone.” The Cocker Spaniel head is equally distinctive with its shorter muzzle, deep stop (versus the moderate stop on the ECS), rounded skull, and deep chiseling under the almond-shaped eyes.

They were one and the same until…

The American and English Cocker Spaniel was considered to be the same breed until the 1930s, when their rather apparent differences led to them being classified as two separate breeds.The American and English Cocker Spaniels bear a passing resemblance with each other, but that’s where most of the similarity ends. These two breeds are quite distinct, both in the manner of their appearance, as well as their personality.Spaniels have had a long history, which mainly speaks of their evolution as reputable sporting dogs. Both breeds, the English and the American retain a common thread that binds them―immense popularity in their native nations.For now, let’s take a look at some stand-out points of difference between the American and English Cocker Spaniel.

SIZE

English Cocker Spaniels are larger and taller compared to their American counterparts.

COAT

American Cockers have a longer and more lustrous coat.

SHAPE OF THE HEAD

The American’s skull is quite distinctly dome-shaped as against the English Cocker’s flatter one.

FACIAL FEATURES

Both breeds have a different kind of eye placement. The American Cocker’s eyes are a bit wider and set more forward than the English Cocker’s. The English Cocker has a longer muzzle, while the American’s is shorter, with a droopy mouth. English Cockers also sport longer ears that reach the tip of his nose when pulled forward.

PROCLIVITY TO HUNT

The American breed has long been used as a companion dog, unlike the English, which is still seen as a sporting breed. Therefore, English Cockers tend to be more active when they find themselves outdoors―they love to chase birds and other game. The American Cockers, though excellent sporting dogs themselves, have not been known to retain their hunting skill over the period.

EXERCISE REQUIREMENTS

Staying close to their primary purpose, English Cocker Spaniels tend to be more active and have more intensive exercise routines than the Americans. The English enjoy running and frolicking in a yard or a park, whereas the Americans will love to give you company on long walks.

EXERCISE REQUIREMENTS

Although this point is highly debatable, it has been observed that the American tends to be a tad too sensitive as compared to the English. Both breeds have several similarities regarding their temperament―they’re cheerful, family-oriented, and affectionate. But the American is known to be a bit prone to displaying mood swings―although it is definitely unfair to generalize this point.

English Cocker Spaniel vs American Cocker Spaniel

To find out what separates the two breeds, first, we have to get to know each one a little bit better. So, let’s dive right into it.
An English Cocker Spaniel belongs to the breed of gun dogs. English Cockers are considered faithful, compassionate, athletic, well-balanced, and determined family pets that are said to have great alertness and intelligence.The eyes of English Cockers are dark, and they have close-lying and lush ears, and these dogs can either be show dogs or field dogs.The tail of the English Cocker can be docked in North America. The field-bred English Cocker’s tail is docked to about four to five inches, and for show dogs, the tail is docked very close to the dog’s body. Tail docking is also made legal in Australia and South Africa.The male pups of this breed are about 15.5 to 17 inches tall, and female ones are about 15 to 15.5 inches in height. Both genders of this breed weigh around 26 to 34 pounds, and they are considered to be dogs of balanced temperament and movement.English Cockers can come in various hues like red-golden, black, brown, as well as partly colored like brown and white ticked, white with black pigmentation, orange with black pigmentation, etc.The English Cocker Spaniel is said to have a cheerful and merry nature.English Cockers are prone to health problems such as skin allergies, heart murmurs, benign tumors, and deafness. The English Cocker Spaniel breed may also face an issue called rage syndrome, which means the dog may attack viciously without any warning. English Cockers have a lifespan of about eleven to twelve years.
American Cocker Spaniels belong to a breed of sport dogs, and are considered to be the smallest in the group. These dogs are covered with silky fur at the ears and throughout the body, extending to their legs.The ears of American Cockers hang down, and they have an upturned nose. Males of this breed are around 15.5 inches tall while the female American Cockers are 13 inches in height. They typically weigh between 24 and 28 pounds.American Cockers also come in numerous hues such as tan and black, and they can also be partly colored. Also, these dogs can come in a color called merle, which is technically a genetic color pattern.The first-ever American Cocker Spaniel was a brown and white dog named Captain, in the year 1878. Today, the American Cocker Spaniel is considered to be the oldest breed of dogs in the USA.The American variety of Cocker Spaniels is considered to be a friendly, gentle-natured pet that gets along great with both adults and kids. They are not viewed as working dogs, but rather as merry and intelligent pups. American Cockers were once hunting dogs, and now, most of them are show dogs.American Cocker Spaniels also face health issues such as glaucoma, dilated cardiomyopathy, ear infections, deafness, and eye infections. They are also prone to rage syndrome, canine epilepsy, and cataracts. And, American Cockers also have a life expectancy of around ten to eleven years.

Cocker Confusion

Most people do not realize that there are two kinds of Cocker Spaniels, and it might have something to do with their name.In the United States, the breed that comes in three varieties is known simply as the “Cocker Spaniel,” but everywhere else, it is known as the “American Cocker Spaniel.”The same thing goes for the English Cocker Spaniel, but in reverse. What American’s call an English Cocker Spaniel is known simply as a “Cocker Spaniel” anywhere else in the world.People who aren’t familiar with English Cockers know they are spaniels, but simply aren’t sure which kind. So, they mostly guess based on colors. If the dog is a solid color, they may guess it is an American Cocker, but if it’s an open-parti (white with black, liver, or red patches), then people mostly guess it is a Springer Spaniel or an English Cocker.The confusion only goes deeper with the even more unfamiliar roan-parti English Cockers that are white, and have colored hairs mixed together on their body with solid patches.

A shared heritage

According to history records, spaniels are mentioned as far back as the 1300s as dogs that were used to hunt game. The weight of the dog was a defining characteristic at that time in land spaniels.One litter could have dogs that were considered various land spaniel types:• Springers (English Springer Spaniels)• Fields (Field Spaniels)• Cockers• Toys (English Toy Spaniels)They were classified depending on their adult weight, with larger puppies developed into Springer and Field Spaniels, while the smaller dogs were Cockers.The name of the Cocker came from the small, stocky bird they used to hunt – the woodcock. These small but agile dogs were used to flush or startle the birds out of their hiding places. Also, because of their small size, Cockers have traditionally been used to hunt in deep covers such as shrubs and other heavy vegetation.During the 19th century, Cocker Spaniels were imported into the United States and the rest of North America. Eventually, some breeding dogs went back to the British Isles, but the breeders on both sides of the ocean had different priorities.Most American breeders concentrated on the smaller, elegant-looking, solid-colored Cockers mixed with the smaller Field Spaniels. On the other side, British breeders bred parti and roan-colored Springer varieties with their Cockers in order to produce larger Cockers that would retrieve and hunt.Even though they were still considered the same breed, the American Kennel Club recognized the English type as a separate variety in 1936. However, fanciers wanted to keep the English Cockers pure and vowed not to breed the two types together. And, ten years later, their efforts were rewarded when the AKC granted English Cocker Spaniels status as a separate breed from the American Cocker Spaniel.

American vs English Cocker Spaniel Temperament

American and English Cockers have different temperaments due to their breeders’ focus on different things. English Cocker Spaniels have a much stronger prey drive as these dogs are still heavily used for this purpose in the United Kingdom.While their American counterparts are still used in hunting in some areas of the world, these dogs have been bred more as companion dogs and for the show ring.In any case, both breeds are known for good temperament and for being excellent family dogs, although English Cocker Spaniels can be a bit difficult if you don’t fulfill their exercise needs.Even though they are different breeds of dogs, both English and American cockers possess a high energy level, and don’t like being left alone. They need regular exercise and someone to play with them during the day.Both breeds do well with other dogs and pets you might have in your home, and both are great with children. But, it is always a good idea that younger children should be supervised and taught how to properly interact with canines.

English versus American Cocker Spaniel: training

Cocker Spaniels of both types are very intelligent pups that are trained with ease. Both breeds were bred to work closely with humans as hunting companions, and they thrive with positive reinforcement training.As with all other dog breeds, early socialization is key for having a well-behaved adult dog of both types.

English vs American Cocker Spaniel: Shedding

The short answer to this question would have to be yes, but hold on. Cockers do shed, but not as much as some people assume.As a dog breed, Cockers do experience shedding throughout their lives. However, most American Cockers shed very little or not at all. They can sometimes shed to a certain degree, but nowhere near some other dog breeds such as German Shepherds or Labrador Retrievers.While shedding varies from one pup to another, you will generally have fewer headaches when it comes to your Cocker’s shedding.As long as you keep your pup groomed regularly, you won’t have too much trouble trying to care for your Cocker Spaniel.Are these dogs hypoallergenic? Not exactly. Even though they do not shed much, they still produce allergens that can cause allergic reactions in humans.

Grooming tips for your Cocker Spaniel

A cocker will barely shed during its lifetime, but that does not mean that you should skip on grooming routines. In fact, American Cocker Spaniels will require regular maintenance of its coat.If you brush your dog’s hair regularly, the loose hair will gather up easily on the brush. This is much more manageable than letting the hairs tangle or drop to the ground. Dogs that are bathed regularly and brushed at least twice a week will shed a lot less in comparison to those that aren’t kept well-groomed.The American Cocker’s delicate coat needs some extra effort on your part in order to ensure that their hair stays healthy and shiny all the time. Grooming will help your dog be fit inside and out, and it will also save you from cleaning loose strands frequently.To groom your Cocker Spaniel correctly, you need to have the right tool, and also use a high-quality shampoo. A slicker brush works best with its little curve that latches on to loose hairs, so that they are easy to gently pull out without hurting your furry friend.

American or English Cocker Spaniel: health

Both English and American Cockers are prone to the same medical conditions:
Atrophy means complete or partial wasting of a body part. PRA is a group of diseases that affect the photoreceptor cells. This ailment causes the cells to deteriorate over time, eventually leading to blindness.This condition is not a painful one, so it is rarely noticed in its early stages of development. The earliest sign of PRA is night blindness. Affected canines tend to be nervous when the lights are off, and they may be reluctant to go into dark rooms, or may bump into furniture when the light is dim.As this medical condition progresses, your pup’s vision will gradually worsen until he or she becomes completely blind. Dogs with PRA should not be used for breeding.
A pup develops cataracts when the lens of its eye clouds. This is caused by changes in the water balance in the eye lens or changes in the proteins within the lens.When cataracts develop, the light can’t reach the retina, which causes partial or complete blindness. Mature cataracts look like a white disk behind your dog’s iris. The part of the eyes that usually look black will now look white.Sadly, there is no eye drop or pill that can reverse the changes. However, the affected dogs can have surgery to remove the ailment.
This ailment occurs when an imbalance in the production and drainage of fluid in the eyes causes a buildup of liquid that increases eye pressure to dangerous levels. This increased pressure can cause the destruction of the optic disk and the retina.
This chronic kidney disease happens when the filtration process becomes inefficient and ineffective. When that occurs, blood flow to the kidneys is increased in an attempt to increase filtration.The body increases the amount of blood flowing through the kidneys, but fewer and fewer toxins are being removed each time, and this results in the production of more urine. To keep the dog from becoming dehydrated, thirst and water consumption is increased.Photo from: @fr._stage
This is the most common type of deafness in dogs, and it happens in numerous dog breeds.Dilated CardiomyopathyDilated cardiomyopathy is a recognized genetic condition in dogs, typically giant or large breeds such as Great Danes, Doberman Pinschers, or Irish Wolfhounds. It is also seen in Cockers that are associated with taurine deficiency.
This condition begins in dogs as they grow, and can result in instability or a loose fit of the hip jointure. The cause of this ailment comes from multiple factors, but genetics is the single biggest factor.