American Cocker Spaniel vs English Cocker Spaniel?

The Cocker Spaniel is one of the most popular breeds in the world. In fact, these pups rank 29th in popularity out of 193 breeds recognized by the American Kennel Club (AKC).

AmericanEnglishShorterTallerWeighs lessWeighs moreDome-shaped headFlatter headNarrower eyesWider eyesSmaller muzzleLonger muzzleShorter earsLonger earsLonger coatShorter coatDenser coatSilkier in textureLoves being indoorsLoves being outdoorsLess energeticMore activeMore maintenanceLess maintenance To find out what separates the two breeds, first, we have to get to know each one a little bit better. English Cockers are considered faithful, compassionate, athletic, well-balanced, and determined family pets that are said to have great alertness and intelligence.

English Cockers are prone to health problems such as skin allergies, heart murmurs, benign tumors, and deafness. The English Cocker Spaniel breed may also face an issue called rage syndrome , which means the dog may attack viciously without any warning. American Cocker Spaniels belong to a breed of sport dogs, and are considered to be the smallest in the group.

Today, the American Cocker Spaniel is considered to be the oldest breed of dogs in the USA. The American variety of Cocker Spaniels is considered to be a friendly, gentle-natured pet that gets along great with both adults and kids. The confusion only goes deeper with the even more unfamiliar roan-parti English Cockers that are white, and have colored hairs mixed together on their body with solid patches.

They were classified depending on their adult weight, with larger puppies developed into Springer and Field Spaniels, while the smaller dogs were Cockers. Also, because of their small size, Cockers have traditionally been used to hunt in deep covers such as shrubs and other heavy vegetation. During the 19th century, Cocker Spaniels were imported into the United States and the rest of North America.

Eventually, some breeding dogs went back to the British Isles, but the breeders on both sides of the ocean had different priorities. Even though they were still considered the same breed, the American Kennel Club recognized the English type as a separate variety in 1936. English Cocker Spaniels have a much stronger prey drive as these dogs are still heavily used for this purpose in the United Kingdom.

In any case, both breeds are known for good temperament and for being excellent family dogs, although English Cocker Spaniels can be a bit difficult if you dont fulfill their exercise needs. Even though they are different breeds of dogs, both English and American cockers possess a high energy level, and dont like being left alone. But, it is always a good idea that younger children should be supervised and taught how to properly interact with canines.

Since English Cocker Spaniels are still bred for fieldwork, they tend to have more energy and be more active than their American relatives. If you and your family enjoy camping, hunting, or hiking trips, then the English Cocker would love to be your companion. You can find examples of both breeds competing in sports such as agility as well as working with people as therapy dogs.

And, despite their energetic nature, they are both good choices for apartments due to their gentle temperament and small size. Both breeds were bred to work closely with humans as hunting companions, and they thrive with positive reinforcement training. As long as you keep your pup groomed regularly, you wont have too much trouble trying to care for your Cocker Spaniel.

The American Cockers delicate coat needs some extra effort on your part in order to ensure that their hair stays healthy and shiny all the time. A slicker brush works best with its little curve that latches on to loose hairs, so that they are easy to gently pull out without hurting your furry friend. When cataracts develop, the light cant reach the retina, which causes partial or complete blindness.

Dilated cardiomyopathy is a recognized genetic condition in dogs, typically giant or large breeds such as Great Danes, Doberman Pinschers, or Irish Wolfhounds. This condition begins in dogs as they grow, and can result in instability or a loose fit of the hip jointure. The eyes of English Cocker Spaniels are set wide apart, and they come with a comparatively longer muzzle.

On the other hand, American Cockers have narrowly set eyes, a smaller muzzle, and their ears are much shorter. On the flip side, American Cockers are friendly companion dogs that love to be indoors with their humans. But, when you further compare the two breeds, you realize that American Cockers are the ideal choice for families who favor spending time indoors rather than outdoors.

On the other hand, the English Cocker is the perfect option for people who prefer spending time outdoors and are always eager to discover different places and parks. English Cockers are the perfect fit for these people because they are very energetic and active dogs , with a high hunting drive.

Which is better English Cocker Spaniel or American?

An English cocker spaniels coat is shorter and silkier in texture. An American cocker spaniels coat is longer and denser in texture. English cocker spaniels are more active and energetic and are suitable for camping and hiking. American cocker spaniels are good-companion dogs and they love being indoors more.

How do I know if my cocker spaniel is American or English?

The American cocker spaniel has a rounder head with eyes that are bigger and rounder and placed more to the front of the face. The English cocker spaniel’s eyes are set more on the sides of the snout which is longer than the American’s. An English cocker spaniel also has distinctive longer ears.

Is cocker spaniel same as English cocker spaniel?

Although they were still considered the same breed, in 1936 the AKC recognized the English type as a separate variety of Cocker Spaniel. … Ten years later, in 1946, their efforts were rewarded when the AKC granted the ECS status as a separate breed from the Cocker Spaniel.

Are American cocker spaniels aggressive?

Although they are popular family pets, cocker spaniels are consistently ranked among the most aggressive dogs. However, each dog is an individual, and aggression is a highly preventable behavior problem. While it’s easier to prevent aggression than treat it, even the most aggressive dogs can usually learn gentle ways.

Cocker Spaniels are one of the finest, most charming dog breeds in regards to being working dogs and family pets because they are smart, faithful, and lively canines to have around for theyd make wonderful friends for youngsters to play and grow with.

English cocker spaniel may face health problems like skin allergies, deafness, heart murmurs, and benign tumors. The English cocker spaniel may also face an issue called rage syndrome which means a canine may attack viciously without any warning.

American cocker spaniels come in numerous hues such as black, tan, and also may partial colors. The first-ever American cocker spaniel was a brown and white dog called Captain in the year 1878. Presently, American cocker spaniels are considered to be the oldest breed of dogs in the USA.

American cocker spaniels are considered to be a gentle friendly natured pet whichs said to get along pretty well with family and kids. An English cocker spaniel is viewed as a larger breed which weighs around 26 to 34 pounds and is about 15 to 17 inches tall. The eyes of an American cocker spaniel are narrower and they have a smaller muzzle and their ears are comparatively shorter.

When compared, even though the English and American Cocker Spaniel have slightly different features, it probably isnt that apparent at first sight.

English and American cocker spaniels are both beloved breeds of dogs in the United States and United Kingdom. While they have similarities, the breeds are clearly different.

The English cocker spaniel‘s eyes are set more on the sides of the snout which is longer than the American‘s. English and American cocker spaniels have different temperaments due to their breeders’ focus.

English cockers have a much stronger prey drive as they are still used heavily in the United Kingdom for this purpose. Both breeds are known for good temperaments and are excellent family dogs, although English cockers can be more difficult if they don’t exercise enough. Because English cockers are still bred for field work, they tend to be more energetic and active than their American cousins.

Despite their energetic nature, they still are good choices for apartments due to their size and genial temperament. Both were bred to work closely with humans as hunting companions, and they adapt well to positive reinforcement training .

The Cocker Spaniel is one of the worlds most beloved breeds. In fact, it ranks 29th in popularity out of the 193 breeds recognized by the American Kennel Club. But not far behind, in position 52, is the English Cocker Spaniel (ECS). These two members of the Sporting Group share the same early roots, which might explain why these merry and biddable, compact sporting dogs are often confused for one another.

Kepley says, Both should have muzzles/jaws along with the length of neck that allows them to carry a bird as large as a duck or pheasant through rough terrain. The Cocker Spaniel is slightly longer than tall, whereas the ECS is a taller dog that has more height than length, giving him a squarer shape.

They can thrive in city, suburban, or rural settings, as long as they get regular exercise. Their sensitivity to people and desire to please also helps them excel as therapy dogs .

English Cocker Spaniel vs American Cocker Spaniel

To find out what separates the two breeds, first, we have to get to know each one a little bit better. So, let’s dive right into it.
An English Cocker Spaniel belongs to the breed of gun dogs. English Cockers are considered faithful, compassionate, athletic, well-balanced, and determined family pets that are said to have great alertness and intelligence.The eyes of English Cockers are dark, and they have close-lying and lush ears, and these dogs can either be show dogs or field dogs.The tail of the English Cocker can be docked in North America. The field-bred English Cocker’s tail is docked to about four to five inches, and for show dogs, the tail is docked very close to the dog’s body. Tail docking is also made legal in Australia and South Africa.The male pups of this breed are about 15.5 to 17 inches tall, and female ones are about 15 to 15.5 inches in height. Both genders of this breed weigh around 26 to 34 pounds, and they are considered to be dogs of balanced temperament and movement.English Cockers can come in various hues like red-golden, black, brown, as well as partly colored like brown and white ticked, white with black pigmentation, orange with black pigmentation, etc.The English Cocker Spaniel is said to have a cheerful and merry nature.English Cockers are prone to health problems such as skin allergies, heart murmurs, benign tumors, and deafness. The English Cocker Spaniel breed may also face an issue called rage syndrome, which means the dog may attack viciously without any warning. English Cockers have a lifespan of about eleven to twelve years.
American Cocker Spaniels belong to a breed of sport dogs, and are considered to be the smallest in the group. These dogs are covered with silky fur at the ears and throughout the body, extending to their legs.The ears of American Cockers hang down, and they have an upturned nose. Males of this breed are around 15.5 inches tall while the female American Cockers are 13 inches in height. They typically weigh between 24 and 28 pounds.American Cockers also come in numerous hues such as tan and black, and they can also be partly colored. Also, these dogs can come in a color called merle, which is technically a genetic color pattern.The first-ever American Cocker Spaniel was a brown and white dog named Captain, in the year 1878. Today, the American Cocker Spaniel is considered to be the oldest breed of dogs in the USA.The American variety of Cocker Spaniels is considered to be a friendly, gentle-natured pet that gets along great with both adults and kids. They are not viewed as working dogs, but rather as merry and intelligent pups. American Cockers were once hunting dogs, and now, most of them are show dogs.American Cocker Spaniels also face health issues such as glaucoma, dilated cardiomyopathy, ear infections, deafness, and eye infections. They are also prone to rage syndrome, canine epilepsy, and cataracts. And, American Cockers also have a life expectancy of around ten to eleven years.

Cocker Confusion

Most people do not realize that there are two kinds of Cocker Spaniels, and it might have something to do with their name.In the United States, the breed that comes in three varieties is known simply as the “Cocker Spaniel,” but everywhere else, it is known as the “American Cocker Spaniel.”The same thing goes for the English Cocker Spaniel, but in reverse. What American’s call an English Cocker Spaniel is known simply as a “Cocker Spaniel” anywhere else in the world.People who aren’t familiar with English Cockers know they are spaniels, but simply aren’t sure which kind. So, they mostly guess based on colors. If the dog is a solid color, they may guess it is an American Cocker, but if it’s an open-parti (white with black, liver, or red patches), then people mostly guess it is a Springer Spaniel or an English Cocker.The confusion only goes deeper with the even more unfamiliar roan-parti English Cockers that are white, and have colored hairs mixed together on their body with solid patches.

A shared heritage

According to history records, spaniels are mentioned as far back as the 1300s as dogs that were used to hunt game. The weight of the dog was a defining characteristic at that time in land spaniels.One litter could have dogs that were considered various land spaniel types:• Springers (English Springer Spaniels)• Fields (Field Spaniels)• Cockers• Toys (English Toy Spaniels)They were classified depending on their adult weight, with larger puppies developed into Springer and Field Spaniels, while the smaller dogs were Cockers.The name of the Cocker came from the small, stocky bird they used to hunt – the woodcock. These small but agile dogs were used to flush or startle the birds out of their hiding places. Also, because of their small size, Cockers have traditionally been used to hunt in deep covers such as shrubs and other heavy vegetation.During the 19th century, Cocker Spaniels were imported into the United States and the rest of North America. Eventually, some breeding dogs went back to the British Isles, but the breeders on both sides of the ocean had different priorities.Most American breeders concentrated on the smaller, elegant-looking, solid-colored Cockers mixed with the smaller Field Spaniels. On the other side, British breeders bred parti and roan-colored Springer varieties with their Cockers in order to produce larger Cockers that would retrieve and hunt.Even though they were still considered the same breed, the American Kennel Club recognized the English type as a separate variety in 1936. However, fanciers wanted to keep the English Cockers pure and vowed not to breed the two types together. And, ten years later, their efforts were rewarded when the AKC granted English Cocker Spaniels status as a separate breed from the American Cocker Spaniel.

American vs English Cocker Spaniel Temperament

American and English Cockers have different temperaments due to their breeders’ focus on different things. English Cocker Spaniels have a much stronger prey drive as these dogs are still heavily used for this purpose in the United Kingdom.While their American counterparts are still used in hunting in some areas of the world, these dogs have been bred more as companion dogs and for the show ring.In any case, both breeds are known for good temperament and for being excellent family dogs, although English Cocker Spaniels can be a bit difficult if you don’t fulfill their exercise needs.Even though they are different breeds of dogs, both English and American cockers possess a high energy level, and don’t like being left alone. They need regular exercise and someone to play with them during the day.Both breeds do well with other dogs and pets you might have in your home, and both are great with children. But, it is always a good idea that younger children should be supervised and taught how to properly interact with canines.

English versus American Cocker Spaniel: training

Cocker Spaniels of both types are very intelligent pups that are trained with ease. Both breeds were bred to work closely with humans as hunting companions, and they thrive with positive reinforcement training.As with all other dog breeds, early socialization is key for having a well-behaved adult dog of both types.

English vs American Cocker Spaniel: Shedding

The short answer to this question would have to be yes, but hold on. Cockers do shed, but not as much as some people assume.As a dog breed, Cockers do experience shedding throughout their lives. However, most American Cockers shed very little or not at all. They can sometimes shed to a certain degree, but nowhere near some other dog breeds such as German Shepherds or Labrador Retrievers.While shedding varies from one pup to another, you will generally have fewer headaches when it comes to your Cocker’s shedding.As long as you keep your pup groomed regularly, you won’t have too much trouble trying to care for your Cocker Spaniel.Are these dogs hypoallergenic? Not exactly. Even though they do not shed much, they still produce allergens that can cause allergic reactions in humans.

Grooming tips for your Cocker Spaniel

A cocker will barely shed during its lifetime, but that does not mean that you should skip on grooming routines. In fact, American Cocker Spaniels will require regular maintenance of its coat.If you brush your dog’s hair regularly, the loose hair will gather up easily on the brush. This is much more manageable than letting the hairs tangle or drop to the ground. Dogs that are bathed regularly and brushed at least twice a week will shed a lot less in comparison to those that aren’t kept well-groomed.The American Cocker’s delicate coat needs some extra effort on your part in order to ensure that their hair stays healthy and shiny all the time. Grooming will help your dog be fit inside and out, and it will also save you from cleaning loose strands frequently.To groom your Cocker Spaniel correctly, you need to have the right tool, and also use a high-quality shampoo. A slicker brush works best with its little curve that latches on to loose hairs, so that they are easy to gently pull out without hurting your furry friend.

American or English Cocker Spaniel: health

Both English and American Cockers are prone to the same medical conditions:
Atrophy means complete or partial wasting of a body part. PRA is a group of diseases that affect the photoreceptor cells. This ailment causes the cells to deteriorate over time, eventually leading to blindness.This condition is not a painful one, so it is rarely noticed in its early stages of development. The earliest sign of PRA is night blindness. Affected canines tend to be nervous when the lights are off, and they may be reluctant to go into dark rooms, or may bump into furniture when the light is dim.As this medical condition progresses, your pup’s vision will gradually worsen until he or she becomes completely blind. Dogs with PRA should not be used for breeding.
A pup develops cataracts when the lens of its eye clouds. This is caused by changes in the water balance in the eye lens or changes in the proteins within the lens.When cataracts develop, the light can’t reach the retina, which causes partial or complete blindness. Mature cataracts look like a white disk behind your dog’s iris. The part of the eyes that usually look black will now look white.Sadly, there is no eye drop or pill that can reverse the changes. However, the affected dogs can have surgery to remove the ailment.
This ailment occurs when an imbalance in the production and drainage of fluid in the eyes causes a buildup of liquid that increases eye pressure to dangerous levels. This increased pressure can cause the destruction of the optic disk and the retina.
This chronic kidney disease happens when the filtration process becomes inefficient and ineffective. When that occurs, blood flow to the kidneys is increased in an attempt to increase filtration.The body increases the amount of blood flowing through the kidneys, but fewer and fewer toxins are being removed each time, and this results in the production of more urine. To keep the dog from becoming dehydrated, thirst and water consumption is increased.Photo from: @fr._stage
This is the most common type of deafness in dogs, and it happens in numerous dog breeds.Dilated CardiomyopathyDilated cardiomyopathy is a recognized genetic condition in dogs, typically giant or large breeds such as Great Danes, Doberman Pinschers, or Irish Wolfhounds. It is also seen in Cockers that are associated with taurine deficiency.
This condition begins in dogs as they grow, and can result in instability or a loose fit of the hip jointure. The cause of this ailment comes from multiple factors, but genetics is the single biggest factor.

What is English Cocker Spaniel?

An English cocker spaniel belongs to the breed of gun dogs. English cocker spaniels are considered determined, faithful, compassionate, athletic, well-balanced, great family pets said to have great intelligence and alertness. The eyes of the English cocker spaniel are dark and they have close-lying and lush ears. The English cocker spaniel can either be field dogs or show dogs.The tail of the English cocker spaniel can be docked in North America. Field bred English cocker spaniel’s tail is docked to about 4-5 inches and for show dogs, the tail is docked practically closer to the English cocker spaniel’s body. Docking is also made legal in South Africa and Australia. The male English cocker spaniel is about 15.5 to 16 inches and the female English cocker spaniel is about 15 to 15.5 inches. The English cocker spaniel weighs 13-14.5 kgs and is considered to be a dog of balance temperament and movement.English cocker spaniel can come in numerous hues like brown, black, red-golden, and partly colored like orange with lack pigmentation, brown and white ticked, white with black pigmentation, etc. The English cocker spaniel is said to have a merry and cheerful nature.English cocker spaniel may face health problems like skin allergies, deafness, heart murmurs, and benign tumors. The English cocker spaniel may also face an issue called rage syndrome which means a canine may attack viciously without any warning. English cocker spaniels have a life expectancy of about 11-12 years.

Conclusion

An American cocker spaniel belongs to a breed of sports dogs. This breed is considered to be the smallest of sporting dogs. It is a canine covered with silky fur at the ears, the body and also extends to their legs. The ears of the American cocker spaniel hang down and they have an upturned nose. The male American cocker spaniel is 15.5 inches tall while the female American cocker spaniel is 14.5 inches tall. They weigh over 11 to 14 kgs.American cocker spaniels come in numerous hues such as black, tan, and also may partial colors. American cocker spaniel can likewise come in a color called the merle (which is a genetic pattern). The first-ever American cocker spaniel was a brown and white dog called Captain in the year 1878. Presently, American cocker spaniels are considered to be the oldest breed of dogs in the USA.American cocker spaniels are considered to be a gentle friendly natured pet which’s said to get along pretty well with family and kids. It is not viewed as a working dog but is a merry and intelligent breed. These canines were once hunting dogs and now most of them are considered show dogs.American cocker spaniels also face health issues like deafness, glaucoma, dilated cardiomyopathy, ear infections, and also sometimes infections in their eyes. They are also prone to rage syndrome, cataracts, or canine epilepsy. American cocker spaniels also have a life expectancy of over 10 to 11 years.

Origins of the Cocker Spaniel

The cocker spaniel originated with most other spaniel breeds in Spain and were moved throughout Europe by the Romans. “Cocker” spaniels were bred specifically to hunt woodcocks. As they were brought to the U.S., people started to breed more for show and companionship. Both versions of the cocker spaniel were considered the same breed until the 1940s when it was clear U.S. and British breeders had moved in separate directions, and the dogs were no longer the same.The American Kennel Club recognized the English cocker spaniel and the cocker spaniel (the American version) in 1946. However, in the United Kingdom, the name cocker spaniel refers to the British version and the U.S. version of the breed is called the American cocker spaniel.

Physical Differences

Because the English and American cocker spaniels have been bred over time for different purposes, many of their most striking differences are physical.

Size

English cocker spaniels are bigger than their American counterparts. An English cocker spaniel weighs 26 to 34 pounds and is 15 to 17 inches high. American cocker spaniels are 12 to 13 inches high and weigh between 24 and 28 pounds.

Head

The American cocker spaniel has a rounder head with eyes that are bigger and rounder and placed more to the front of the face. The English cocker spaniel‘s eyes are set more on the sides of the snout which is longer than the American‘s. An English cocker spaniel also has distinctive longer ears.

Coat

The American cocker spaniel has a long coat while the English cocker coat is medium-length. American cocker coats also have more feathering. Both breeds’ coats come in a range of colors, although English cockers can be any color without disqualification with the AKC in the show ring. American cockers’ color requirements are more specific for show dogs. Both breeds require daily brushing, and show dogs require additional care including stripping and trimming.

Temperament

English and American cocker spaniels have different temperaments due to their breeders’ focus. English cockers have a much stronger prey drive as they are still used heavily in the United Kingdom for this purpose. While American cockers are still used in hunting, they are bred more for companionship and the show ring. Both breeds are known for good temperaments and are excellent family dogs, although English cockers can be more difficult if they don’t exercise enough. Both also do well with other dogs and pets, and both are good with children, although it’s best that younger children be supervised and taught to interact properly with dogs.

Exercise and Activities

Because English cockers are still bred for field work, they tend to be more energetic and active than their American cousins. They require daily walks and love being outdoors. If you are active in activities like hiking, camping, and hunting, then the English cocker would love to be your outdoors companion. You can find examples of both competing in dog sports such as agility and working with people as therapy dogs. Despite their energetic nature, they still are good choices for apartments due to their size and genial temperament.

Training

Cocker spaniels of both types are very intelligent dogs that are easily trained. Both were bred to work closely with humans as hunting companions, and they adapt well to positive reinforcement training. As with all breeds, early socialization is important with puppies of both types.

Getting an English Cocker Spaniel

Both breeds are prone to the same medical conditions:

Cocker Confusion

“Many people do not realize that there are two kinds of Cocker Spaniels,” says Diane Kepley, breeder, judge, and president of the American Spaniel Club. She explains that the name adds to the confusion. “In the United States, the breed that is shown in three varieties is known simply as the ‘Cocker Spaniel,’ but everywhere else in the world it is known as the ‘American Cocker Spaniel.’” Of course, the reverse is true for the English Cocker Spaniel. America’s ECS is known simply as the “Cocker Spaniel” in the rest of the world.Chereen Nawrocki, breeder and past president of the English Cocker Spaniel Club of America, says that people who aren’t familiar with the ECS know they are a spaniel, but simply aren’t sure which kind. “Their guesses have to do with color, I think. If it’s a solid color, they may think it is an American Cocker, but if it’s an open-parti (white with red, black, or liver patches), they often guess Springer Spaniel or American Cocker.” And there is further confusion with the even more unfamiliar roan-parti ECSs (white and colored hairs mixed together on the body with solid patches).

A Shared Heritage

According to Nawrocki, spaniels are mentioned as far back as the 1300s as a dog used to hunt game. “Weight was the defining characteristic at that time in land spaniels. In one litter you could have dogs considered any of the various land spaniel types — Springers (English Springer Spaniels), Fields (Field Spaniels), Cockers, or Toys (English Toy Spaniels) — depending on their adult weight,” she says.Kepley says, “The larger puppies developed into Field Spaniels and Springer Spaniels, while the smaller dogs were the Cockers.” Their name came from the small, stocky bird they were used to hunt — the woodcock. Cockers were used to flush or startle the birds out of their hiding places. “Cockers have traditionally been used to hunt in deep cover (shrubs and other heavy vegetation) because of their small size,” she says.From the mid-1800s onward, Cocker Spaniels were imported into North America. Eventually, some breeding stock went back to the British Isles. But the breeders on either side of the ocean had different priorities. “Most American breeders concentrated on the smaller, elegant solid-colored Cockers blended with the smaller Field Spaniels. While the British breeders were breeding roan and parti-colored springer types with their Cocker Spaniels to produce a larger, leggier Cocker who would hunt and retrieve,” explains Nawrocki.Although they were still considered the same breed, in 1936 the AKC recognized the English type as a separate variety of Cocker Spaniel. But fanciers wanted to keep the English variety pure and vowed not to breed the two types together. Ten years later, in 1946, their efforts were rewarded when the AKC granted the ECS status as a separate breed from the Cocker Spaniel.

Physical Appearance

There are definite structural similarities between the two breeds. Kepley says, “Both should have muzzles/jaws along with the length of neck that allows them to carry a bird as large as a duck or pheasant through rough terrain. Both should be solid, well-proportioned, and balanced in their front and rear construction to allow them to push through heavy brush. And both have coats that are easy to care for with proper grooming.”But breed differences are clear when you know what to look for. The Cocker Spaniel is slightly longer than tall, whereas the ECS is a taller dog that has more height than length, giving him a squarer shape.The ECS is also groomed a little differently and doesn’t carry the amount of coat that the Cocker Spaniel can have. “While both breeds have the same coat texture, Cocker Spaniel fanciers have selectively bred for more coat. In Cocker Spaniels, the length of hair is pronounced on the legs and sides,” Kepley says.According to Nawrocki, “I think that the head is the definitive characteristic of the ECS. The correct expression is soft and melting, with tight eyes that are full and slightly oval. The muzzle is equal in length to the skull and plushy, but not overdone.” The Cocker Spaniel head is equally distinctive with its shorter muzzle, deep stop (versus the moderate stop on the ECS), rounded skull, and deep chiseling under the almond-shaped eyes.